Wright was the representative for Texas’s 12th congressional district and was a Democrat. He served from 1955 to 1989.
Alleged misconduct & resolution
In 1989, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Wright for improper lobbying efforts on behalf of a constituent with whom Wright had an interest in a private gas well, 2) intervention in a matter before the Department of the Interior on behalf of Texas Oil and Gas Company, 3) improper use of campaign funds to pay for publication of a book for which Wright received a 55% royalty (Reflections of a Public Man), 4) improper use of government resources on the book, 5) improper use of a condominium in Fort Worth, TX (free and below market housing from real estate developer George Mallick) and 6) exercise of undue influence with officials of the Federal Home Loan Bank Board on behalf of four Texas businessmen regarding the savings and loan crisis. On Apr. 17, 1989, the committee made the report of Special Outside Counsel public. On Jun. 30, 1989, rep. Wright resigned as Speaker on House floor after having announced his intent to do so in May.
|Apr. 17, 1989||House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct made the report of Special Outside Counsel public|
|Jun. 30, 1989||Wright resigned as Speaker on House floor after having announced his intent to do so in May.|
Wright is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the House of Representatives in 1990 positioned according to our ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Wright sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 3, 1985 to Oct 27, 1990. See full analysis methodology.
Wright was the primary sponsor of 25 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:
- H.R. 5484 (99th): Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986
- H.J.Res. 672 (99th): A joint resolution ratifying and affirming the report of January 15, 1986, of the Director of the Office of Management and Budget and the Director of the ...
- H.J.Res. 485 (99th): A joint resolution waiving the printing on parchment of enrolled bills and joint resolutions during the remainder of the first session of the Ninety-Ninth Congress.
- H.J.Res. 394 (99th): A joint resolution reaffirming our historic solidarity with the people of Mexico following the devastating earthquake of September 19, 1985.
- H.R. 2268 (99th): United States-Israel Free Trade Area Implementation Act of 1985
- H.J.Res. 649 (98th): A joint resolution changing the date for the counting of the electoral votes in 1985.
- H.J.Res. 520 (98th): A joint resolution designating April 13, 1984, as “Education Day, U.S.A.”.
Does 25 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Wright sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Government Operations and Politics (19%) International Affairs (16%) Economics and Public Finance (16%) Education (13%) Armed Forces and National Security (11%) Taxation (10%) Native Americans (9%) Private Legislation (7%)
Some of Wright’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- H.R. 5729 (99th): Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986
- H.Con.Res. 415 (99th): A concurrent resolution to make corrections in the enrollment of the bill ...
- H.Res. 582 (99th): A resolution designating Room H-324 of the Capitol as the “Thomas P. ...
- H.R. 5664 (99th): Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986
- H.J.Res. 747 (99th): A joint resolution making further continuing appropriations for the fiscal year 1987, ...
- H.R. 5484 (99th): Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986
- H.Con.Res. 380 (99th): A concurrent resolution providing for a conditional adjournment of the two Houses ...
From Jan 1955 to Jun 1989, Wright missed 1,340 of 10,802 roll call votes, which is 12.4%. This is much worse than the median of 4.8% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Jun 1989. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress for the photo
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills