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Sen. Jeff Flake’s 2016 Report Card

Senior Senator from Arizona
Republican
Served Jan 3, 2013 – Jan 3, 2019


These statistics cover Flake’s record during the 114th Congress (Jan 6, 2015-Jan 3, 2017) and compare him to other senators also serving at the end of the session. Last updated on Aug 24, 2017. The statistics were updated on Jan 20, 2017 and Aug 24, 2017 to improve how we counted enacted laws. Originally published on Jan 7, 2017.

A higher or lower number below doesn’t necessarily make this legislator any better or worse, or more or less effective, than other Members of Congress. We present these statistics for you to understand the quantitative aspects of Flake’s legislative career and make your own judgements based on what activities you think are important.

Keep in mind that there are many important aspects of being a legislator besides what can be measured, such as constituent services and performing oversight of the executive branch, which aren’t reflected here.

 

Cosponsored the fewest bills compared to Senate Sophomores

Flake cosponsored 171 bills and resolutions introduced by other Members of Congress. Cosponsorship shows a willingness to work with others to advance policy goals. View Cosponsored Bills »

Compare to all Senate Sophomores (0th percentile); Senate Republicans (19th percentile); All Senators (11th percentile).


 

Got influential cosponsors the most often compared to Senate Sophomores (tied with 1 other)

9 of Flake’s bills and resolutions in the 114th Congress had a cosponsor who was a chair or ranking member of a committee that the bill was referred to. Getting support from committee leaders on relevant committees is a crucial step in moving legislation forward.

Those bills were: S. 145: National Park Access Act; S. 299: Freedom to Travel to Cuba ...; S. 638: Commonsense Legislative Exceptional Events Reforms ...; S. 639: Agency PAYGO for Greenhouse Gases ...; S. 640: ORDEAL Act of 2015; S. 1603: Born-Alive Abortion Survivors Protection Act; S.Res. 104: A resolution to express the ...; S.J.Res. 25: A joint resolution providing for ...; S.J.Res. 35: A joint resolution providing for ...

Compare to all Senate Sophomores (88th percentile); Senate Republicans (78th percentile); All Senators (81st percentile).


 

Supported government transparency the least often compared to Senate Sophomores (tied with 1 other)

GovTrack looked at whether Flake supported any of 22 government transparency, accountability, and effectiveness bills in the Senate that we identified in this session. We gave Flake 0 points, based on one point for cosponsoring and three points for sponsoring any of these bills.

Compare to all Senate Sophomores (0th percentile); Senate Republicans (0th percentile); All Senators (0th percentile).


 

Introduced the 2nd most bills compared to Senate Sophomores

Flake introduced 55 bills and resolutions in the 114th Congress. View Bills »

Compare to all Senate Sophomores (88th percentile); Senate Republicans (80th percentile); All Senators (77th percentile).


 

Got their bills out of committee the 2nd most often compared to Senate Sophomores

Most bills and resolutions languish in committee without any action. Flake introduced 7 bills in the 114th Congress that got past committee and to the floor for consideration.

Those bills were: S. 145: National Park Access Act; S. 1592: A bill to clarify the ...; S. 1603: Born-Alive Abortion Survivors Protection Act; S. 2564: Dine College Act of 2016; S. 2902: Western Water Supply and Planning ...; S.Res. 104: A resolution to express the ...; S.Res. 485: A resolution urging the Government ...

Compare to all Senate Sophomores (88th percentile); Senate Republicans (50th percentile); All Senators (66th percentile).


 

Ranked the 2nd top leader compared to Senate Sophomores

Our unique leadership analysis looks at who is cosponsoring whose bills. A higher score shows a greater ability to get cosponsors on bills.

For more, see our methodology. Note that because on this page only legislative activity in the 114th Congress is considered, the leadership score here may differ from Flake’s score elsewhere on GovTrack.

Compare to all Senate Sophomores (88th percentile); Senate Republicans (67th percentile); All Senators (74th percentile).


 

Was 2nd most absent in votes compared to Senate Sophomores

Flake missed 4.2% of votes (21 of 502 votes) in the 114th Congress. View Flake’s Profile »

Compare to all Senate Sophomores (88th percentile); All Senators (82nd percentile).


 

Ranked 4th most conservative compared to Senate Sophomores

Our unique ideology analysis assigns a score to Members of Congress according to their legislative behavior by how similar the pattern of bills and resolutions they cosponsor are to other Members of Congress.

For more, see our methodology. Note that because on this page only legislative activity in the 114th Congress is considered, the ideology score here may differ from Flake’s score elsewhere on GovTrack.

Compare to all Senate Sophomores (75th percentile); Senate Republicans (48th percentile); All Senators (72nd percentile).


 

Joined bipartisan bills the 19th least often compared to All Senators

Of the 171 bills that Flake cosponsored, 18% were introduced by a legislator who was not a Republican. View Cosponsored Bills »

Compare to all Senate Sophomores (20th percentile); Senate Republicans (33rd percentile); All Senators (18th percentile).

Only Democratic and Republican Members of Congress who cosponsored more than 10 bills and resolutions are included in this statistic.


 

Laws Enacted

Flake introduced 2 bills that became law, including via incorporation into other measures, in the 114th Congress. Keep in mind that it takes a law to repeal a law. Very few bills ever become law. View Enacted Bills »

Those bills were: S. 1603: Born-Alive Abortion Survivors Protection Act; S. 2935: End Housing Subsidies for the ...

Compare to all Senate Sophomores (50th percentile); Senate Republicans (37th percentile); All Senators (40th percentile).

The legislator must be the primary sponsor of the bill or joint resolution that was enacted or the primary sponsor of a bill or joint resolution for which at least about one third of its text was incorporated into another bill or joint resolution that was enacted as law, as determined by an automated analysis. While a legislator may lay claim to authoring other bills that became law, these cases are difficult for us to track quantitatively. We also exclude bills where the sponsor’s original intent is not in the final bill.


 

Working with the House

The House and Senate often work on the same issue simultaneously by introducing companion bills in each chamber. 9 of Flake’s bills and resolutions had a companion bill in the House. Working with a sponsor in the other chamber makes a bill more likely to be passed by both the House and Senate.

Those bills were: S. 299: Freedom to Travel to Cuba ...; S. 1603: Born-Alive Abortion Survivors Protection Act; S. 2320: Universal Savings Account Act; S. 2384: Ratepayer Fairness Act of 2015; S. 2490: Judicial Administration and Improvement Act ...; S. 2980: Health Savings Account Expansion Act ...; S.Res. 104: A resolution to express the ...; S.J.Res. 25: A joint resolution providing for ...; S.J.Res. 35: A joint resolution providing for ...

Compare to all Senate Sophomores (44th percentile); Senate Republicans (44th percentile); All Senators (38th percentile).

Companion bills are those that are identified as “identical” by Congress’s Congressional Research Service.


 

Writing Bipartisan Bills

In this era of partisanship, it is important to see Members of Congress working across the aisle. 8 of Flake’s 55 bills and resolutions had both a Democratic cosponsor and a Republican cosponsor in the 114th Congress.

Compare to all Senate Sophomores (31st percentile); Senate Republicans (35th percentile); All Senators (30th percentile).


 

Committee Positions

Flake held a leadership position on 0 committees and 2 subcommittees, as either a chair (majority party) or ranking member (minority party), at the end of the session. View Flake’s Profile »

Compare to all Senate Sophomores (38th percentile); Senate Republicans (22nd percentile); All Senators (21st percentile).


 

Cosponsors

Flake’s bills and resolutions had 288 cosponsors in the 114th Congress. Securing cosponsors is an important part of getting support for a bill, although having more cosponsors does not always mean a bill will get a vote. View Bills »

Compare to all Senate Sophomores (69th percentile); Senate Republicans (63rd percentile); All Senators (65th percentile).


Additional Notes

The Speaker’s Votes: Missed votes are not computed for the Speaker of the House. According to current House rules, the Speaker of the House is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings.” In practice this means the Speaker of the House rarely votes but is not considered absent.

Leadership/Ideology: The leadership and ideology scores are not displayed for Members of Congress who introduced fewer than 10 bills, or, for ideology, for Members of Congress that have a low leadership score, as there is usually not enough data in these cases to compute reliable leadership and ideology statistics.

Missing Bills: We exclude bills from some statistics where the sponsor’s original intent is not in the final bill because the bill’s text was replaced in whole with unrelated provisions (i.e. it became a vehicle for passage of unrelated provisions).

Ranking Members (RkMembs): The chair of a committee is always selected from the political party that holds the most seats in the chamber, called the “majority party”. The “ranking member” (sometimes “RkMembs”) is the title given to the senior-most member of the committee not in the majority party.

Freshmen/Sophomores: Freshmen and sophomores are Members of Congress whose first term (in the same chamber at the end of the 114th Congress) was the 114th Congress (freshmen) or 113th (sophomores). Members of Congress who took office within the last few months of a Congress are considered freshmen in the next Congress as well.