Randolph is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the Senate in 1984 positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Randolph sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 15, 1979 to Oct 12, 1984. See full analysis methodology.
Randolph was the primary sponsor of 28 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:
- S.J.Res. 228 (98th): A joint resolution to designate the week of May 20, 1984, through May 26, 1984 as “National Digestive Diseases Awareness Week”.
- S.J.Res. 266 (98th): A joint resolution designating the week beginning April 8, 1984, as “National Hearing Impaired Awareness Week”.
- S. 2475 (98th): A bill granting the consent of Congress to an amendment to the Wheeling Creek Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention District Compact entered into by the States of ...
- S.J.Res. 170 (97th): A joint resolution to designate the week of November 7, 1982, through November 14, 1982, as “National Hospice Week”.
- S. 2134 (96th): A bill to provide for the acquisition of certain property in Square 758 in the District of Columbia as an addition to the grounds of the United ...
- S. 3152 (96th): An act to amend the Public Works and Economic Development Act of 1965 and the Appalachian Regional Development Act of 1965 to extend the authorization for such ...
- S. 1156 (96th): Solid Waste Disposal Act Amendments of 1980
Does 28 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Randolph sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Private Legislation (26%) Economics and Public Finance (12%) Immigration (12%) Environmental Protection (12%) Government Operations and Politics (12%) Water Resources Development (8%) Transportation and Public Works (8%) Labor and Employment (7%)
Some of Randolph’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- S.Res. 480 (98th): A resolution creating a standing order of the Senate requiring that each ...
- S.J.Res. 266 (98th): A joint resolution designating the week beginning April 8, 1984, as “National ...
- S. 2475 (98th): A bill granting the consent of Congress to an amendment to the ...
- S. 2441 (98th): A bill to suspend the duty on certain nitrogenous chemical compounds until ...
- S. 2440 (98th): A bill to suspend the duty on certain benzoid chemicals until the ...
- S. 2439 (98th): A bill to suspend the duty on certain surface active agents until ...
- S.J.Res. 228 (98th): A joint resolution to designate the week of May 20, 1984, through ...
From Jan 1959 to Oct 1984, Randolph missed 766 of 10,385 roll call votes, which is 7.4%. This is on par with the median of 6.9% among the lifetime records of senators serving in Oct 1984. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress for the photo
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills