Helms is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the Senate in 2002 positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Helms sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 7, 1997 to Nov 20, 2002. See full analysis methodology.
Helms was the primary sponsor of 42 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:
- S. 1010 (107th): A bill to extend the deadline for commencement of construction of a hydroelectric project in the State of North Carolina.
- S. 1572 (107th): Freedom Consolidation Act of 2001
- S. 248 (107th): United Nations Dues Payment bill
- S. 2943 (106th): Assistance for International Malaria Control Act
- S. 1078 (106th): A bill for the relief of Mrs. Elizabeth Eka Bassey, Emmanuel O. Paul Bassey, and Mary Idongesit Paul Bassey.
- S. 3239 (106th): A bill to amend the Immigration and Nationality Act to provide special immigrant status for certain United States international broadcasting employees.
- S. 2629 (106th): A bill to designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 114 Ridge Street in Lenoir, North Carolina, as the “James T. Broyhill Post ...
Does 42 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Helms sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Foreign Trade and International Finance (26%) Environmental Protection (15%) Government Operations and Politics (12%) International Affairs (12%) Agriculture and Food (11%) Armed Forces and National Security (8%) Civil Rights and Liberties, Minority Issues (8%) Law (8%)
Some of Helms’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- S. 3155 (107th): Language Mastery Support Act of 2002
- S. 3004 (107th): Rural Community Revitalization and Transition Act
- S. 2150 (107th): A bill to suspend temporarily the duty on mucochloric acid.
- S. 2176 (107th): A bill to suspend temporarily the duty on Triticonazole.
- S. 2153 (107th): A bill to extend the duty suspension on cyclanilide technical.
- S. 2177 (107th): A bill to suspend temporarily the duty on Glufosinate-Ammonium.
- S. 2165 (107th): A bill to suspend temporarily the duty on paclobutrazole technical.
From Jan 1973 to Nov 2002, Helms missed 834 of 12,574 roll call votes, which is 6.6%. This is much worse than the median of 1.8% among the lifetime records of senators serving in Nov 2002. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- The House and Senate websites, for committee membership and voting records
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- Congressional Pictorial Directory for the photo
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills