Sen. Jesse Helms

Former Senator from North Carolina, Republican

Helms, a Republican, was a senator from North Carolina from 1973 to 2002.



Our unique analysis of the bills Helms sponsored and cosponsored provides insight into his position in the Senate.

Each dot in the chart below was a member of the Senate in 2002. The dots are positioned horizontally according to our progressive—conservative ideology score and vertically according to our leadership score (leaders toward the top). Helms is shown as a purple triangle. (analysis methodology)

Enacted Legislation

Helms was the primary sponsor of 30 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:

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We consider a bill enacted if it is enacted or if about one third or more of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted, as determined by an automated text analysis.

Bills Sponsored

Issue Areas

Helms sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:

Foreign Trade and International Finance (26%) Environmental Protection (15%) Government Operations and Politics (12%) International Affairs (12%) Agriculture and Food (11%) Armed Forces and National Security (8%) Civil Rights and Liberties, Minority Issues (8%) Law (8%)

Recent Bills

Some of Helms’s most recently sponsored bills include...

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Voting Record

Missed Votes

From Jan 1973 to Nov 2002, Helms missed 834 of 12,574 roll call votes, which is 6.6%. This is much worse than the median of 1.8% among the lifetime records of senators serving in Nov 2002. The chart below reports missed votes over time.

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Primary Sources

The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including: