Adams was the representative for Massachusetts’s 8th congressional district and was a Whig. He served from 1847 to 1849.
He was previously the representative for Massachusetts’s 8th congressional district as a Whig from 1845 to 1847; the representative for Massachusetts’s 8th congressional district as a Whig from 1843 to 1845; the representative for Massachusetts’s 12th congressional district as a Whig from 1839 to 1843; the representative for Massachusetts’s 12th congressional district as a Whig from 1837 to 1839; the representative for Massachusetts’s 12th congressional district as an Anti Masonic from 1835 to 1837; the representative for Massachusetts’s 12th congressional district as an Anti Masonic from 1833 to 1835; the representative for Massachusetts’s 11th congressional district as a Whig from 1831 to 1833; President of the United States as a Democratic-Republican from 1825 to 1829; and a senator from Massachusetts as a Federalist from 1803 to 1809.
Alleged misconduct & resolution
Adams faced an allegation of breaching of privileges of the House by presenting a petition to the House from his constituents regarding dissolution of the Union on January 24, 1842. On Feb. 7, 1842, the House of Representatives tabled the censure resolution, 106-93.
|Feb. 7, 1842||House of Representatives tabled the censure resolution, 106-93|
Adams faced an allegation of gross disrespect on February 6, 1837 because Adams violated the House "gag rule" on slavery discussions by requesting to present a petition to the House purported to be from slaves. Adams knew a censure resolution would require debate for a vote and thus would provide a way around the gag rule. On Feb. 9, 1837, the House of Representatives withdrew the censure resolution, 21-137.
|Feb. 9, 1837||House of Representatives withdrew the censure resolution, 21-137|
Adams faced an allegation of committing a breach of the rules of the House by refusing to vote on Stanbery censure after having his application to be excused from the vote rejected on July 11, 1832. On Jul. 12, 1832, the House of Representatives tabled the censure resolution, 89-63.
|Jul. 12, 1832||House of Representatives tabled the censure resolution, 89-63|
From Dec 1831 to Feb 1848, Adams missed 615 of 4,762 roll call votes, which is 12.9%. This is better than the median of 24.5% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Feb 1848. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
|Dec 1831-Feb 1832||53||0||0.0%||0th|
|Dec 1832-Mar 1833||143||7||4.9%||0th|
|Dec 1833-Feb 1834||35||0||0.0%||0th|
|Dec 1834-Mar 1835||105||2||1.9%||0th|
|Dec 1835-Feb 1836||57||0||0.0%||0th|
|Dec 1836-Mar 1837||136||24||17.6%||29th|
|Dec 1837-Feb 1838||52||3||5.8%||25th|
|Dec 1838-Mar 1839||145||9||6.2%||6th|
|Dec 1839-Feb 1840||170||7||4.1%||0th|
|Dec 1840-Mar 1841||123||31||25.2%||42nd|
|Dec 1841-Mar 1842||204||15||7.4%||10th|
|Dec 1842-Mar 1843||172||6||3.5%||0th|
|Dec 1843-Feb 1844||140||17||12.1%||25th|
|Dec 1844-Mar 1845||170||18||10.6%||13th|
|Dec 1845-Mar 1846||149||18||12.1%||16th|
|Dec 1846-Mar 1847||179||139||77.7%||98th|
|Dec 1847-Mar 1848||75||10||13.3%||27th|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- @unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress for the photo