Rep. John Bird
Former Representative for New York
Legislators who enslaved Black people
From Dec 1799 to Mar 1801, Bird missed 27 of 96 roll call votes, which is 28.1%. This is much worse than the median of 12.5% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Mar 1801. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses, major life events, and running for higher office.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
|Dec 1799-May 1800||54||19||35.2%||90th|
|Nov 1800-Mar 1801||42||8||19.0%||67th|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000