East is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the Senate in 1986 positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills East sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 5, 1981 to Oct 18, 1986. See full analysis methodology.
East was the primary sponsor of 4 bills that were enacted:
- S.J.Res. 173 (99th): A joint resolution to designate the Month of September 1985 as “National Sewing Month”.
- S.J.Res. 302 (98th): A joint resolution to designate the month of September 1984 as “National Sewing Month”.
- S.J.Res. 93 (98th): A joint resolution to designate the month of September each year as “National Sewing Month”.
- S.J.Res. 205 (97th): A joint resolution to designate September 1982 as “National Sewing Month.”
Does 4 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
East sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Government Operations and Politics (26%) Foreign Trade and International Finance (22%) Armed Forces and National Security (9%) Civil Rights and Liberties, Minority Issues (9%) Law (9%) Labor and Employment (9%) Crime and Law Enforcement (9%) Public Lands and Natural Resources (9%)
Some of East’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- S. 1972 (99th): A bill to authorize the furnishing of military assistance to the National ...
- S. 1801 (99th): Fair Furniture Trade Act of 1985
- S.J.Res. 173 (99th): A joint resolution to designate the Month of September 1985 as “National ...
- S. 1178 (99th): A bill to extend for 5 years the existing temporary duty-free treatment ...
- S. 782 (99th): A bill to extend for 5 years the existing temporary duty-free treatment ...
- S. 783 (99th): A bill to extend for 5 years the existing temporary duty-free treatment ...
- S. 717 (99th): A bill to suspend for 3 years the duty on secondary butyl ...
From Jan 1981 to Jul 1986, East missed 268 of 2,169 roll call votes, which is 12.4%. This is much worse than the median of 6.0% among the lifetime records of senators serving in Jul 1986. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress for the photo
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills