Sparkman is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the Senate in 1978 positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Sparkman sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 3, 1973 to Oct 15, 1978. See full analysis methodology.
Sparkman was the primary sponsor of 34 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:
- S. 1826 (95th): A bill for the relief of Kainoosh-Fard Bullock and her son, Kami Bullock.
- S. 1006 (95th): A bill for the relief of Concrete Industries (Monier), Limited.
- S. 3075 (95th): International Security Assistance Act
- S. 2152 (95th): A bill to amend the Bretton Woods Agreements Act to authorize the United States to participate in the Supplementary Financing Monetary Fund.
- S. 1235 (95th): An Act to authorize appropriations for the Peace Corps for fiscal year 1978.
- S. 3621 (94th): A bill to amend the International Claims Settlement Act of 1949 to provide for the determination of the validity and amounts of claims of nationals of the ...
- S. 3380 (94th): A bill for the relief of Miss Mary Vance Trent.
Does 34 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Sparkman sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
International Affairs (29%) Economics and Public Finance (15%) Government Operations and Politics (14%) Foreign Trade and International Finance (11%) Finance and Financial Sector (10%) Private Legislation (10%) Housing and Community Development (7%) Armed Forces and National Security (4%)
Some of Sparkman’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- S.Res. 594 (95th): A resolution authorizing the giving of testimony in the cases of United ...
- S. 3601 (95th): A Bill for the relief of Borislav Subotic.
- S.Res. 582 (95th): A Resolution expressing the sense of the Senate with respect to the ...
- S.Res. 572 (95th): A resolution waiving section 402(a) of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 ...
- S.Res. 546 (95th): A resolution waiving section 402(a) of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 ...
- S. 3358 (95th): A bill to authorize the Secretary of the Army to make studies ...
- S.Res. 491 (95th): A resolution authorizing the production of certain materials and the giving of ...
From Jan 1945 to Oct 1978, Sparkman missed 1,729 of 9,722 roll call votes, which is 17.8%. This is worse than the median of 12.1% among the lifetime records of senators serving in Oct 1978. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress for the photo
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills