Our unique analysis of the bills Tower sponsored and cosponsored provides insight into his position in the Senate.
Each dot in the chart below was a member of the Senate in 1984. The dots are positioned horizontally according to our progressive—conservative ideology score and vertically according to our leadership score (leaders toward the top). Tower is shown as a purple triangle. (analysis methodology)
Tower was the primary sponsor of 10 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:
- S. 2449 (98th): A bill for the relief of the Sisters of Mercy of the Union, Province of St. Louis, Missouri.
- S. 1894 (98th): A bill to designate the Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine as the “Henry M. Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine”, and for other ...
- S. 675 (98th): Department of Defense Authorization Act, 1984
- S.J.Res. 98 (98th): A joint resolution to designate October 2 through October 9, 1983, as “National Housing Week”.
- S. 2248 (97th): Department of Defense Authorization Act, 1983
- S. 2706 (97th): A bill to amend title 28, United States Code, to modify the bar membership requirements for United States magistrates.
- S. 815 (97th): Department of Defense Authorization Act, 1982
We consider a bill enacted if it is enacted or if about one third or more of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted, as determined by an automated text analysis.
Tower sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Armed Forces and National Security (20%) Private Legislation (18%) Government Operations and Politics (15%) Economics and Public Finance (12%) Education (12%) Taxation (9%) Immigration (8%) Labor and Employment (6%)
Some of Tower’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- S. 3077 (98th): A bill to exempt any activity involving the harvesting of penaeid shrimp ...
- S.J.Res. 321 (98th): A joint resolution to designate the week of October 14, 1984 through ...
- S. 2723 (98th): Omnibus Defense Authorization Act, 1985
- S.Res. 394 (98th): An original resolution waiving section 402(a) of the Conressional Budget Act of ...
- S. 2498 (98th): A bill to amend section 1034(h) of the Internal Revenue Code of ...
- S.Res. 360 (98th): A resolution to amend Rule XV of the Standing Rules of the ...
- S. 2449 (98th): A bill for the relief of the Sisters of Mercy of the ...
View All » (including bills from previous years)
From Jun 1961 to Oct 1984, Tower missed 1,861 of 9,887 roll call votes, which is 18.8%. This is much worse than the median of 6.9% among the lifetime records of senators serving in Oct 1984. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- Congressional Biographical Directory for elected positions
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress for the photo
- GPO.gov/FDSys, for sponsored bills