Montoya is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the Senate in 1976 positioned according to our ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Montoya sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 3, 1973 to Oct 1, 1976. See full analysis methodology.
Montoya was the primary sponsor of 6 bills that were enacted:
- S. 2220 (94th): A bill to authorize and direct the Secretary of the Interior to reinstate oil and gas lease New Mexico 18302.
- S. 3201 (94th): Public Works Employment Act
- S. 3031 (94th): A bill to authorize the erection of a statue of Bernardo de Galvez on public grounds in the District of Columbia.
- S. 1965 (94th): A bill to provide for the striking of medals in commemoration of the Bicentennial of the U.S. Army, the U.S. Navy, and the U.S. Marine Corps.
- S.J.Res. 224 (93rd): Joint resolution to authorize and request the President to issue a proclamation designating January, 1975, as “March of Dimes Birth Defects Prevention Month”.
- S. 2429 (93rd): A bill to authorize the conveyance of certain lands to the New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, N. Mex.
Does 6 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Montoya sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Taxation (16%) Government Operations and Politics (16%) Private Legislation (13%) Labor and Employment (12%) Public Lands and Natural Resources (12%) Armed Forces and National Security (12%) Social Welfare (10%) Agriculture and Food (9%)
Some of Montoya’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- S. 3812 (94th): A bill to grant a Federal charter to the American GI Forum ...
- S. 3814 (94th): A bill for the relief of Technical Sergeant Herman F. Baca, United ...
- S. 3816 (94th): A bill to amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 to allow ...
- S. 3813 (94th): A bill to authorize the Administrator of Veterans’ Affairs to pay to ...
- S. 3659 (94th): A bill to provide for control of incipient or emergency outbreaks of ...
- S.Con.Res. 122 (94th): A concurrent resolution directing the Secretary of the Senate to make corrections ...
- S.J.Res. 197 (94th): A joint resolution requesting the Secretary of the Interior to take certain ...
From Jan 1965 to Oct 1976, Montoya missed 1,141 of 5,163 roll call votes, which is 22.1%. This is much worse than the median of 13.0% among the lifetime records of senators serving in Oct 1976. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress for the photo
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills