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Sen. Joseph Montoya

Former Senator for New Mexico

Montoya was a senator from New Mexico and was a Democrat. He served from 1964 to 1976.

He was previously the representative for New Mexico’s at-large district as a Democrat from 1957 to 1964.

Photo of Sen. Joseph Montoya [D-NM, 1964-1976]


Ideology–Leadership Chart

Montoya is shown as a purple triangle in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the Senate in 1976 positioned according to our ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).

The chart is based on the bills Montoya sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 3, 1973 to Oct 1, 1976. See full analysis methodology.

Enacted Legislation

Montoya was the primary sponsor of 6 bills that were enacted:

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Does 6 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.

We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).

Bills Sponsored

Issue Areas

Montoya sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:

Taxation (16%) Government Operations and Politics (16%) Private Legislation (13%) Armed Forces and National Security (12%) Labor and Employment (12%) Public Lands and Natural Resources (12%) Social Welfare (10%) Agriculture and Food (9%)

Recently Introduced Bills

Montoya recently introduced the following legislation:

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Most legislation has no activity after being introduced.

Voting Record

Missed Votes

From Jan 1965 to Oct 1976, Montoya missed 1,141 of 5,163 roll call votes, which is 22.1%. This is much worse than the median of 13.0% among the lifetime records of senators serving in Oct 1976. The chart below reports missed votes over time.

We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses, major life events, and running for higher office.

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Primary Sources

The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including: