Giddings was the representative for Ohio’s 20th congressional district and was a Republican. He served from 1857 to 1859.
He was previously the representative for Ohio’s 20th congressional district as an Ind. Republican-Democrat from 1855 to 1857; the representative for Ohio’s 20th congressional district as a Free Soil from 1853 to 1855; the representative for Ohio’s 20th congressional district as a Free Soil from 1851 to 1853; the representative for Ohio’s 20th congressional district as a Free Soil from 1849 to 1851; the representative for Ohio’s 20th congressional district as a Whig from 1847 to 1849; the representative for Ohio’s 20th congressional district as a Whig from 1845 to 1847; the representative for Ohio’s 20th congressional district as a Whig from 1843 to 1845; the representative for Ohio’s 16th congressional district as a Whig from 1839 to 1843; and the representative for Ohio’s 16th congressional district as a Whig from 1837 to 1839.
Giddings faced an allegation of violating House "gag rule" on slavery discussions by introducing a series of resolutions defending a slave rebellion aboard the Creole, a ship that had sailed from Virginia carrying 135 persons to be sold in New Orleans. On Mar. 22, 1842, the House of Representatives censured him, 125-69. On Mar. 22, 1842, he resigned. On May. 5, 1842, he was re-elected to fill the vacancy caused by his own resignation.
|Mar. 22, 1842||House of Representatives censured, 125-69|
|Mar. 22, 1842||Resigned.|
|May. 5, 1842||Re-elected to fill the vacancy caused by his own resignation.|
From Sep 1837 to Mar 1859, Giddings missed 2,018 of 6,384 roll call votes, which is 31.6%. This is worse than the median of 23.0% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Mar 1859. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses, major life events, and running for higher office.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
|Dec 1838-Mar 1839||145||40||27.6%||17th|
|Dec 1839-Feb 1840||170||28||16.5%||20th|
|Dec 1840-Mar 1841||123||48||39.0%||33rd|
|Dec 1841-Mar 1842||179||19||10.6%||10th|
|Dec 1842-Mar 1843||172||51||29.7%||30th|
|Dec 1843-Feb 1844||140||36||25.7%||55th|
|Dec 1844-Mar 1845||170||45||26.5%||55th|
|Dec 1845-Mar 1846||149||15||10.1%||19th|
|Dec 1846-Mar 1847||179||64||35.8%||52nd|
|Dec 1847-Mar 1848||101||18||17.8%||33rd|
|Dec 1848-Mar 1849||155||24||15.5%||32nd|
|Dec 1849-Feb 1850||108||19||17.6%||55th|
|Dec 1850-Mar 1851||133||24||18.0%||34th|
|Dec 1851-Mar 1852||96||23||24.0%||51st|
|Dec 1852-Mar 1853||114||25||21.9%||36th|
|Dec 1853-Mar 1854||114||37||32.5%||68th|
|Dec 1854-Mar 1855||155||49||31.6%||75th|
|Dec 1855-Mar 1856||177||24||13.6%||40th|
|Dec 1856-Mar 1857||231||160||69.3%||97th|
|Dec 1857-Feb 1858||104||32||30.8%||72nd|
|Dec 1858-Mar 1859||196||64||32.7%||76th|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000