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Vice President Kamala Harris

Vice President of the United States

pronounced KAH-muh-luh // HAR-iss

Harris is Vice President of the United States and is a Democrat. The Vice President can vote in the Senate to break ties. She has served since Jan 20, 2021. Harris is next up for reelection in 2024 and serves until Jan 20, 2025. She is 58 years old.

She was previously a senator from California as a Democrat from 2017 to 2021.

Photo of Vice President Kamala Harris [D]


Ideology–Leadership Chart

Harris is shown as a purple triangle in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the Senate in 2022 positioned according to our ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).

The chart is based on the bills Harris sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 3, 2017 to Dec 22, 2022. See full analysis methodology.

Enacted Legislation

Harris was the primary sponsor of 3 bills that were enacted:

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Does 3 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.

We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).

Bills Sponsored

Issue Areas

Harris sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:

Public Lands and Natural Resources (18%) Health (17%) Crime and Law Enforcement (15%) Immigration (12%) Taxation (11%) Environmental Protection (11%) Labor and Employment (10%) Housing and Community Development (7%)

Recently Introduced Bills

Harris recently introduced the following legislation:

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Most legislation has no activity after being introduced.

Voting Record

Key Votes

Harris voted Yea

Veto Overridden 81/13 on Jan 1, 2021.

This was the Senate's vote to override President Trump's veto of H.R. 6395, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021, which is the …

Harris voted Nay

Conference Report Agreed to 83/16 on Feb 14, 2019.

This bill, in its final form, funded the parts of the federal government whose funding was to lapse on February 15, 2019. On December 22, …

Harris voted Yea

Conference Report Agreed to 87/13 on Dec 11, 2018.

See the Congressional Research Service's 122-page summary of the bill. * * * H.R. 2 amends and extends major programs for income support, food and …

Harris voted Nay

Motion Agreed to 71/28 on Feb 9, 2018.

This bill became the vehicle for passage of funding for the federal government through March 23, 2018, to avert a government shutdown that would have …

Harris voted Nay

Harris voted Nay

Missed Votes

From Jan 2017 to Jan 2021, Harris missed 398 of 1,320 roll call votes, which is 30.2%. This is much worse than the median of 2.4% among the lifetime records of senators serving in Jan 2021. The chart below reports missed votes over time.

We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses, major life events, and running for higher office. Legislators running for president or vice president typically miss votes while on the campaign trail — that’s normal. See our analysis of presidential candidates’ missed votes.

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Primary Sources

The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including: