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Sen. Kamala Harris’s 2018 Report Card

Junior Senator from California
Democrat
Serving Jan 3, 2017 – Jan 3, 2023


These statistics cover Harris’s record during the 115th Congress (Jan 3, 2017-Jan 3, 2019) and compare her to other senators also serving at the end of the session. Last updated on Jan 20, 2019.

A higher or lower number below doesn’t necessarily make this legislator any better or worse, or more or less effective, than other Members of Congress. We present these statistics for you to understand the quantitative aspects of Harris’s legislative career and make your own judgements based on what activities you think are important.

Keep in mind that there are many important aspects of being a legislator besides what can be measured, such as constituent services and performing oversight of the executive branch, which aren’t reflected here.

 

Joined bipartisan bills the least often compared to Senate Democrats

Of the 396 bills that Harris cosponsored, 20% were introduced by a legislator who was not a Democrat. View Cosponsored Bills »

Compare to all Senate Freshmen (10th percentile); Senate Democrats (0th percentile); All Senators (12th percentile).

Only Democratic and Republican Members of Congress who cosponsored more than 10 bills and resolutions are included in this statistic.


 

Got the most cosponsors on their bills compared to Senate Freshmen

Harris’s bills and resolutions had 363 cosponsors in the 115th Congress. Securing cosponsors is an important part of getting support for a bill, although having more cosponsors does not always mean a bill will get a vote. View Bills »

Compare to all Senate Freshmen (90th percentile); Senate Democrats (53rd percentile); All Senators (69th percentile).


 

Ranked most liberal compared to Senate Freshmen

Our unique ideology analysis assigns a score to Members of Congress according to their legislative behavior by how similar the pattern of bills and resolutions they cosponsor are to other Members of Congress.

For more, see our methodology. Note that because on this page only legislative activity in the 115th Congress is considered, the ideology score here may differ from Harris’s score elsewhere on GovTrack.

Compare to all Senate Freshmen (0th percentile); Senate Democrats (4th percentile); All Senators (3rd percentile).


 

Ranked the top leader compared to Senate Freshmen

Our unique leadership analysis looks at who is cosponsoring whose bills. A higher score shows a greater ability to get cosponsors on bills.

For more, see our methodology. Note that because on this page only legislative activity in the 115th Congress is considered, the leadership score here may differ from Harris’s score elsewhere on GovTrack.

Compare to all Senate Freshmen (90th percentile); Senate Democrats (43rd percentile); All Senators (45th percentile).


 

Got influential cosponsors the most often compared to Senate Freshmen (tied with 1 other)

8 of Harris’s bills and resolutions in the 115th Congress had a cosponsor who was a chair or ranking member of a committee that the bill was referred to. Getting support from committee leaders on relevant committees is a crucial step in moving legislation forward.

Those bills were: S. 2272: A bill to amend the ...; S. 2467: A bill to direct the ...; S. 2918: Do No Harm Act; S. 3178: Justice for Victims of Lynching ...; S. 3363: Maternal CARE Act; S. 3624: Families, Not Facilities Act of ...; S.Res. 459: A resolution recognizing “Black Maternal ...; S.Con.Res. 42: A concurrent resolution supporting America’s ...

Compare to all Senate Freshmen (80th percentile); Senate Democrats (66th percentile); All Senators (69th percentile).


 

Got bicameral support on the most bills compared to Senate Freshmen (tied with 1 other)

The House and Senate often work on the same issue simultaneously by introducing companion bills in each chamber. 13 of Harris’s bills and resolutions had a companion bill in the House. Working with a sponsor in the other chamber makes a bill more likely to be passed by both the House and Senate.

Those bills were: S. 349: A bill to clarify the ...; S. 1593: Pretrial Integrity and Safety Act ...; S. 1926: Saint Francis Dam Disaster National ...; S. 1959: Central Coast Heritage Protection Act; S. 2162: ENOUGH Act; S. 2467: A bill to direct the ...; S. 2849: DONE Act; S. 3033: COUNT Victims Act; S. 3131: Fairness for Farm Workers Act; S. 3250: Rent Relief Act of 2018; S. 3363: Maternal CARE Act; S. 3538: DHS Body-Worn Camera Act of ...; S.Con.Res. 42: A concurrent resolution supporting America’s ...

Compare to all Senate Freshmen (80th percentile); Senate Democrats (51st percentile); All Senators (59th percentile).

Companion bills are those that are identified as “identical” by Congress’s Congressional Research Service.


 

Introduced the 2nd most bills compared to Senate Freshmen

Harris introduced 52 bills and resolutions in the 115th Congress. View Bills »

Compare to all Senate Freshmen (80th percentile); Senate Democrats (51st percentile); All Senators (61st percentile).


 

Was 2nd most present in votes compared to Senate Freshmen (tied with 1 other)

Harris missed 0.3% of votes (2 of 599 votes) in the 115th Congress. View Harris’s Profile »

Compare to all Senate Freshmen (10th percentile); All Senators (13th percentile).


 

Supported government transparency the 9th most often compared to All Senators (tied with 4 others)

GovTrack looked at whether Harris supported any of 14 government transparency, accountability, and effectiveness bills in the Senate that we identified in this session. We gave Harris 6 points, based on one point for cosponsoring and three points for sponsoring any of these bills.

Harris cosponsored S. 210: Global Health, Empowerment and Rights ...; S. 298: Senate Campaign Disclosure Parity Act; S. 1989: Honest Ads Act; S. 2159: ME TOO Congress Act; S. 2236: Congressional Harassment Reform Act; S. 3027: Modernizing Congressional Reporting Act of ...

Compare to all Senate Freshmen (70th percentile); Senate Democrats (77th percentile); All Senators (87th percentile).


 

Cosponsored the 22nd most bills compared to All Senators

Harris cosponsored 396 bills and resolutions introduced by other Members of Congress. Cosponsorship shows a willingness to work with others to advance policy goals. View Cosponsored Bills »

Compare to all Senate Freshmen (60th percentile); Senate Democrats (57th percentile); All Senators (78th percentile).


 

Got bipartisan cosponsors on the 23rd fewest bills compared to All Senators (tied with 7 others)

In this era of partisanship, it is important to see Members of Congress working across the aisle. 14 of Harris’s 52 bills and resolutions had a cosponsor from a different political party than the party Harris caucused with in the 115th Congress.

Compare to all Senate Freshmen (70th percentile); Senate Democrats (26th percentile); All Senators (22nd percentile).


 

Laws Enacted

Harris introduced 3 bills that became law, including via incorporation into other measures, in the 115th Congress. Keep in mind that it takes a law to repeal a law. Very few bills ever become law. View Enacted Bills »

Those bills were: S. 729: John Muir National Historic Site ...; S. 3033: COUNT Victims Act; S. 3055: Disaster Victims Passport and ID ...

Compare to all Senate Freshmen (40th percentile); Senate Democrats (43rd percentile); All Senators (36th percentile).

The legislator must be the primary sponsor of the bill or joint resolution that was enacted or the primary sponsor of a bill or joint resolution for which at least about one third of its text was incorporated into another bill or joint resolution that was enacted as law, as determined by an automated analysis. While a legislator may lay claim to authoring other bills that became law, these cases are difficult for us to track quantitatively. We also exclude bills where the sponsor’s original intent is not in the final bill.


 

Bills Out of Committee

Most bills and resolutions languish in committee without any action. Harris introduced 8 bills in the 115th Congress that got past committee and to the floor for consideration.

Those bills were: S. 729: John Muir National Historic Site ...; S. 1446: A bill to reauthorize the ...; S. 3033: COUNT Victims Act; S. 3055: Disaster Victims Passport and ID ...; S. 3178: Justice for Victims of Lynching ...; S.Res. 118: A resolution condemning hate crime ...; S.Res. 317: A resolution celebrating the 40th ...; S.Res. 409: A resolution honoring the dedication ...

Compare to all Senate Freshmen (70th percentile); Senate Democrats (38th percentile); All Senators (29th percentile).


 

Committee Positions

Harris held a leadership position on 0 committees and 0 subcommittees, as either a chair (majority party) or ranking member (minority party), at the end of the session. View Harris’s Profile »

Compare to all Senate Freshmen (0th percentile); Senate Democrats (0th percentile); All Senators (0th percentile).


Additional Notes

The Speaker’s Votes: Missed votes are not computed for the Speaker of the House. According to current House rules, the Speaker of the House is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings.” In practice this means the Speaker of the House rarely votes but is not considered absent.

Leadership/Ideology: The leadership and ideology scores are not displayed for Members of Congress who introduced fewer than 10 bills, or, for ideology, for Members of Congress that have a low leadership score, as there is usually not enough data in these cases to compute reliable leadership and ideology statistics.

Missing Bills: We exclude bills from some statistics where the sponsor’s original intent is not in the final bill because the bill’s text was replaced in whole with unrelated provisions (i.e. it became a vehicle for passage of unrelated provisions).

Ranking Members (RkMembs): The chair of a committee is always selected from the political party that holds the most seats in the chamber, called the “majority party”. The “ranking member” (sometimes “RkMembs”) is the title given to the senior-most member of the committee not in the majority party.

Freshmen/Sophomores: Freshmen and sophomores are Members of Congress whose first term (in the same chamber at the end of the 115th Congress) was the 115th Congress (freshmen) or 114th (sophomores). Members of Congress who took office within the last few months of a Congress are considered freshmen in the next Congress as well.