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Sen. Kamala Harris’s 2020 Report Card

Junior Senator from California
Democrat
Served Jan 3, 2017 – Jan 18, 2021


These statistics cover Harris’s record during the 116th Congress (Jan 3, 2019-Jan 3, 2021) and compare her to other senators also serving at the end of the session. Last updated on Jan 30, 2021.

A higher or lower number below doesn’t necessarily make this legislator any better or worse, or more or less effective, than other Members of Congress. We present these statistics for you to understand the quantitative aspects of Harris’s legislative career and make your own judgements based on what activities you think are important.

Keep in mind that there are many important aspects of being a legislator besides what can be measured, such as constituent services and performing oversight of the executive branch, which aren’t reflected here.

 

Joined bipartisan bills the least often compared to Senate Democrats

Of the 696 bills that Harris cosponsored, 14% were introduced by a legislator who was not a Democrat. View Cosponsored Bills »

Compare to all Senate Sophomores (0th percentile); Senate Democrats (0th percentile); All Senators (1st percentile).

Only Democratic and Republican Members of Congress who cosponsored more than 10 bills and resolutions are included in this statistic.


 

Ranked most politically left compared to Senate Democrats

Our unique ideology analysis assigns a score to Members of Congress according to their legislative behavior by how similar the pattern of bills and resolutions they cosponsor are to other Members of Congress.

For more, see our methodology. Note that because on this page only legislative activity in the 116th Congress is considered, the ideology score here may differ from Harris’s score elsewhere on GovTrack.

Compare to all Senate Sophomores (0th percentile); Senate Democrats (0th percentile); All Senators (1st percentile).


 

Wrote the fewest laws compared to Senate Sophomores

Harris introduced 1 bill that became law, including via incorporation into other measures, in the 116th Congress. Keep in mind that it takes a law to repeal a law. Very few bills ever become law. View Enacted Bills »

Those bills were: S. 129: Saint Francis Dam Disaster National …

Compare to all Senate Sophomores (0th percentile); Senate Democrats (4th percentile); All Senators (9th percentile).

The legislator must be the primary sponsor of the bill or joint resolution that was enacted or the primary sponsor of a bill or joint resolution for which at least about one third of its text was incorporated into another bill or joint resolution that was enacted as law, as determined by an automated analysis. While a legislator may lay claim to authoring other bills that became law, these cases are difficult for us to track quantitatively. We also exclude bills where the sponsor’s original intent is not in the final bill.


 

Got bicameral support on the most bills compared to Senate Sophomores

The House and Senate often work on the same issue simultaneously by introducing companion bills in each chamber. 27 of Harris’s bills and resolutions had a companion bill in the House. Working with a sponsor in the other chamber makes a bill more likely to be passed by both the House and Senate.

Those bills were: S. 129: Saint Francis Dam Disaster National …; S. 280: A bill to reauthorize the …; S. 385: Fairness for Farm Workers Act; S. 488: Justice for Victims of Lynching …; S. 728: A bill to direct the …; S. 1106: Rent Relief Act of 2019; S. 1109: San Gabriel Mountains Foothills and …; S. 1111: Central Coast Heritage Protection Act; S. 1377: EQUAL Defense Act of 2019; S. 1600: Maternal Care Access and Reducing …; S. 1730: Living Shorelines Act of 2020; S. 1926: PrEP Access and Coverage Act; S. 2111: SHIELD Act of 2019; S. 2112: Domestic Workers Bill of Rights …; S. 2221: DONE Act; S. 2225: BASIC Act; S. 2227: MORE Act of 2019; S. 2466: Water Justice Act; S. 2500: Mental Health Professionals Workforce Shortage …; S. 3614: FEED Act; S. 3787: Saving Our Street Act; S. 3963: COVID–19 Whistleblower Protection Act; S. 4047: Saving Our Street Act; S. 4248: COVID–19 Bias and Anti-Racism Training …; S. 4397: Uterine Fibroid Research and Education …; S. 4513: Climate Equity Act of 2020; S.Res. 316: A resolution supporting the clean …

Compare to all Senate Sophomores (90th percentile); Senate Democrats (61st percentile); All Senators (78th percentile).

Companion bills are those that are identified as “identical” by Congress’s Congressional Research Service.


 

Got the most cosponsors on their bills compared to Senate Sophomores

Harris’s bills and resolutions had 594 cosponsors in the 116th Congress. Securing cosponsors is an important part of getting support for a bill, although having more cosponsors does not always mean a bill will get a vote. View Bills »

Compare to all Senate Sophomores (90th percentile); Senate Democrats (59th percentile); All Senators (77th percentile).


 

Got their bills out of committee the least often compared to Senate Sophomores (tied with 1 other)

Most bills and resolutions languish in committee without any action. Harris introduced 4 bills in the 116th Congress that got past committee and to the floor for consideration.

Those bills were: S. 129: Saint Francis Dam Disaster National …; S. 488: Justice for Victims of Lynching …; S. 1730: Living Shorelines Act of 2020; S.Res. 231: A resolution condemning the horrific …

Compare to all Senate Sophomores (0th percentile); Senate Democrats (4th percentile); All Senators (7th percentile).


 

Held the fewest committee positions compared to Senate Sophomores (tied with 1 other)

Harris held a leadership position on 0 committees and 0 subcommittees, as either a chair (majority party) or ranking member (minority party), at the end of the session. For comparison to other Members of Congress, we assigned a score giving five points for each full committee leadership position and one point for each subcommittee leadership position. View Harris’s Profile »

Compare to all Senate Sophomores (0th percentile); Senate Democrats (0th percentile); All Senators (0th percentile).


 

Was 2nd most absent in votes compared to All Senators

Harris missed 55.1% of votes (397 of 720 votes) in the 116th Congress. View Harris’s Profile »

Compare to all Senate Sophomores (90th percentile); All Senators (98th percentile).


 

Ranked the 2nd top leader compared to Senate Sophomores

Our unique leadership analysis looks at who is cosponsoring whose bills. A higher score shows a greater ability to get cosponsors on bills.

For more, see our methodology. Note that because on this page only legislative activity in the 116th Congress is considered, the leadership score here may differ from Harris’s score elsewhere on GovTrack.

Compare to all Senate Sophomores (80th percentile); Senate Democrats (48th percentile); All Senators (57th percentile).


 

Got bipartisan cosponsors on the 2nd fewest bills compared to Senate Democrats (tied with 1 other)

In this era of partisanship, it is important to see Members of Congress working across the aisle. 10 of Harris’s 80 bills and resolutions had a cosponsor from a different political party than the party Harris caucused with in the 116th Congress.

Compare to all Senate Sophomores (10th percentile); Senate Democrats (2nd percentile); All Senators (8th percentile).

Cosponsors who caucused with neither the Democratic nor Republican party do not count toward this statistic.


 

Cosponsored the 10th most bills compared to All Senators

Harris cosponsored 696 bills and resolutions introduced by other Members of Congress. Cosponsorship shows a willingness to work with others to advance policy goals. View Cosponsored Bills »

Compare to all Senate Sophomores (70th percentile); Senate Democrats (78th percentile); All Senators (90th percentile).


 

Got influential cosponsors the 15th most often compared to All Senators (tied with 5 others)

13 of Harris’s bills and resolutions in the 116th Congress had a cosponsor who was a chair or ranking member of a committee that the bill was referred to. Getting support from committee leaders on relevant committees is a crucial step in moving legislation forward.

Those bills were: S. 388: Families, Not Facilities Act of …; S. 513: HEART Act of 2019; S. 593: Do No Harm Act; S. 728: A bill to direct the …; S. 2227: MORE Act of 2019; S. 3787: Saving Our Street Act; S. 4048: Fair and Accurate Census Act; S. 4781: Asuncion Valdivia Heat Illness and …; S.Res. 154: A resolution recognizing the week …; S.Res. 231: A resolution condemning the horrific …; S.Res. 316: A resolution supporting the clean …; S.Res. 429: A resolution recognizing the importance …; S.Res. 580: A resolution condemning all forms …

Compare to all Senate Sophomores (70th percentile); Senate Democrats (65th percentile); All Senators (80th percentile).


 

Bills Introduced

Harris introduced 80 bills and resolutions in the 116th Congress. View Bills »

Compare to all Senate Sophomores (70th percentile); Senate Democrats (59th percentile); All Senators (74th percentile).


Additional Notes

Leadership/Ideology: The leadership and ideology scores are not displayed for Members of Congress who introduced fewer than 10 bills, or, for ideology, for Members of Congress that have a low leadership score, as there is usually not enough data in these cases to compute reliable leadership and ideology statistics.

Missing Bills: We exclude bills from some statistics where the sponsor’s original intent is not in the final bill because the bill’s text was replaced in whole with unrelated provisions (i.e. it became a vehicle for passage of unrelated provisions).

Ranking Members (RkMembs): The chair of a committee is always selected from the political party that holds the most seats in the chamber, called the “majority party”. The “ranking member” (sometimes “RkMembs”) is the title given to the senior-most member of the committee not in the majority party.

Freshmen/Sophomores: Freshmen and sophomores are Members of Congress whose first term (in the same chamber at the end of the 116th Congress) was the 116th Congress (freshmen) or 115th (sophomores). Members of Congress who took office within the last few months of a Congress are considered freshmen in the next Congress as well.