Holland, a Democrat, was the representative for South Carolina’s 5th congressional district from 1975 to 1982.
Holland is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the House of Representatives in 1982 positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Holland sponsored and cosponsored. See full analysis methodology.
Holland was the primary sponsor of 2 bills that were enacted:
- H.R. 1716 (97th): A bill to authorize the Secretary of the Interior to assist in the preservation of historic Camden in the State of South Carolina, and for other purposes.
- H.R. 7581 (95th): An Act to amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 with respect to the treatment of mutual or cooperative telephone company income from nonmember telephone companies, and ...
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if about one third or more of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Holland sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Some of Holland’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- H.R. 7269 (97th): A bill to amend the Tax Reform Act of 1976 to extend ...
- H.R. 7233 (97th): Multiemployer Retirement Income Protection Act of 1982
- H.R. 6358 (97th): A bill to prevent retroactive recharacterization for tax purposes of certain binding ...
- H.R. 6278 (97th): A bill to apply duty-free treatment to tetra amino biphenyl.
- H.R. 6045 (97th): A bill to provide special temporary rules for taxing the income of ...
- H.R. 5732 (97th): Periodic Payment Settlement Act of 1981
- H.R. 5599 (97th): A bill to provide that recent amendments of section 1239 of the ...
From Jan 1975 to Dec 1982, Holland missed 1,280 of 4,901 roll call votes, which is 26.1%. This is much worse than the median of 7.8% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Dec 1982. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- @unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- GPO.gov/FDSys, for sponsored bills