Kramer was the representative for Colorado’s 5th congressional district and was a Republican. He served from 1979 to 1986.
Kramer is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the House of Representatives in 1986 positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Kramer sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 5, 1981 to Oct 18, 1986. See full analysis methodology.
Kramer was the primary sponsor of 1 bill that was enacted:
- H.R. 3601 (98th): A bill to modify the boundary of the Pike National Forest in the State of Colorado, and for other purposes.
Does 1 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Kramer sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Armed Forces and National Security (24%) Government Operations and Politics (24%) Economics and Public Finance (16%) International Affairs (13%) Crime and Law Enforcement (9%) Labor and Employment (4%) Science, Technology, Communications (4%) Environmental Protection (4%)
Some of Kramer’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- H.R. 5433 (99th): Repeat Drug Offender Penalty Enhancement Act of 1986
- H.R. 4869 (99th): A bill to provide that cost-of-living adjustments of certain Federal benefit programs ...
- H.Con.Res. 312 (99th): A concurrent resolution calling for support for the assertion by the United ...
- H.R. 4304 (99th): Terrorist Prosecution Act of 1986
- H.R. 4189 (99th): A bill to allow the National Aeronautics and Space Administration to accept ...
- H.J.Res. 400 (99th): Balanced Budget Constitutional Convention Convening Resolution
- H.R. 3436 (99th): A bill to designate the Fallen Firefighter Statue and Plaza in Colorado ...
From Jan 1979 to Oct 1986, Kramer missed 227 of 3,884 roll call votes, which is 5.8%. This is on par with the median of 6.2% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Oct 1986. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills