Roukema is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the House of Representatives in 2002 positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Roukema sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 7, 1997 to Nov 19, 2002. See full analysis methodology.
Roukema was the primary sponsor of 2 bills that were enacted:
- H.R. 1306 (105th): Riegle-Neal Amendments Act of 1997
- H.R. 5001 (100th): A bill to establish the Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area Citizen Advisory Commission.
Does 2 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Roukema sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Finance and Financial Sector (20%) Government Operations and Politics (18%) Health (11%) Crime and Law Enforcement (11%) Law (10%) Commerce (10%) Housing and Community Development (10%) Social Welfare (9%)
Some of Roukema’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- H.R. 5153 (107th): To designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located on ...
- H.R. 4982 (107th): To waive the time limitation specified by law for the award of ...
- H.R. 4447 (107th): To suspend temporarily the duty on certain prepared or preserved artichokes, not ...
- H.R. 4448 (107th): To suspend temporarily the duty on certain prepared or preserved artichokes.
- H.R. 4210 (107th): Working From Poverty to Promise Act of 2002
- H.R. 4157 (107th): To amend the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States to correct ...
- H.R. 4066 (107th): Mental Health Equitable Treatment Act of 2002
From Jan 1981 to Nov 2002, Roukema missed 806 of 11,242 roll call votes, which is 7.2%. This is much worse than the median of 2.8% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Nov 2002. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- The House and Senate websites, for committee membership and voting records
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- Congressional Pictorial Directory for the photo
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills