Holt was the representative for Maryland’s 4th congressional district and was a Republican. She served from 1973 to 1986.
Holt is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the House of Representatives in 1986 positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Holt sponsored and cosponsored. See full analysis methodology.
Holt was the primary sponsor of 9 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:
- H.R. 737 (99th): A bill for the relief of Ms. Chang Ai Bae.
- H.R. 739 (99th): A bill relating to the documentation of the vessel MARILYN to be employed in the coastwise trade.
- H.R. 3735 (99th): A bill to designate the pedestrian walkway crossing the Potomac River at Harpers Ferry National Historic Park as the “Goodloe E. Byron Memorial Pedestrian Walkway”.
- H.J.Res. 180 (99th): A joint resolution to approve the obligation of funds made available by Public Law 98-473 for the procurement of MX missiles, subject to the enactment of a ...
- H.R. 3278 (97th): A bill to amend title 10, United States Code, to provide additional standards for determining the amount of space to be programmed for military retirees and their ...
- H.R. 9611 (95th): A bill for the relief of Craig Day.
- H.R. 1401 (94th): A bill for the relief of Robert M. Johnston.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Holt sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Taxation (20%) Government Operations and Politics (17%) Education (13%) Armed Forces and National Security (12%) Private Legislation (11%) Economics and Public Finance (10%) Civil Rights and Liberties, Minority Issues (10%) Crime and Law Enforcement (6%)
Some of Holt’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- H.R. 3735 (99th): A bill to designate the pedestrian walkway crossing the Potomac River at ...
- H.R. 3138 (99th): A bill to make the theft, embezzlement, or unlawful concealment of a ...
- H.R. 1712 (99th): A bill for the relief of Gregory Wayne Cote.
- H.J.Res. 180 (99th): A joint resolution to approve the obligation of funds made available by ...
- H.R. 1250 (99th): A bill entitled: “Income Eligibility for Assisted Housing Stabilization Act of 1985”.
- H.R. 673 (99th): Uniformed Services Dental Officers Special Pay Act of 1985
- H.R. 675 (99th): A bill to repeal the Davis-Bacon Act, and for other purposes.
From Jan 1973 to Oct 1986, Holt missed 649 of 7,775 roll call votes, which is 8.3%. This is on par with the median of 6.2% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Oct 1986. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- @unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress for the photo
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills