She was previously the representative for California’s 35th congressional district as a Democrat from 1993 to 2012; and the representative for California’s 29th congressional district as a Democrat from 1991 to 1992.
Alleged misconduct & resolution
In 2009 Waters was investigated for a conflict of interest with respect to meetings with a bank in which she had a financial interest. The House Committee on Ethics concluded that Representative Waters' chief of staff was at fault for creating the appearance of conflict, but Waters was not.
|Jul. 24, 2009||House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct further review the allegations|
|Sep. 25, 2012||House Committee on Ethics concluded that Representative Waters' chief of staff was at fault for creating the appearance of conflict, but Waters was not|
Read our 2018 Report Card for Waters.
Waters is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot is a member of the House of Representatives positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Waters has sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 6, 2015 to Dec 11, 2019. See full analysis methodology.
Ratings from Advocacy Organizations
Maxine Waters sits on the following committees:
Waters was the primary sponsor of 5 bills that were enacted:
- H.R. 3827 (114th): Project-Based Voucher Improvement Act of 2015
- H.R. 5569 (111th): National Flood Insurance Program Extension Act of 2010
- H.R. 4573 (111th): Haiti Debt Relief and Earthquake Recovery Act of 2010
- H.R. 1116 (111th): Honest FHA Originator Act of 2009
- H.R. 289 (109th): To designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 8200 South Vermont Avenue in Los Angeles, California, as the Sergeant First Class John Marshall ...
Does 5 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Waters sponsors bills primarily in these issue areas:
Finance and Financial Sector (22%) Housing and Community Development (21%) Health (17%) Education (11%) Crime and Law Enforcement (10%) Transportation and Public Works (7%) Armed Forces and National Security (6%) International Affairs (6%)
Some of Waters’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- H.R. 5187: Housing is Infrastructure Act of 2019
- H.Res. 694: Recognizing the importance of the Civil Rights Act of 1866 and the laws ...
- H.R. 5028: Protecting Benefits for Disabled Veterans Act of 2019
- H.R. 4863: United States Export Finance Agency Act of 2019
- H.R. 4634: Terrorism Risk Insurance Program Reauthorization Act of 2019
- H.R. 4550: Minority Diabetes Initiative Act
- H.R. 4328: Protecting Innocent Consumers Affected by a Shutdown Act
From Jan 1991 to Dec 2019, Waters missed 1,351 of 18,770 roll call votes, which is 7.2%. This is much worse than the median of 2.2% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including: