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Rep. Maxine Waters

Representative for California’s 43rd District

pronounced mak-SEEN // WAH-terz

Waters is the representative for California’s 43rd congressional district (view map) and is a Democrat. She has served since Jan 3, 2013. Waters’s current term ends on Jan 3, 2023.

She was previously the representative for California’s 35th congressional district as a Democrat from 1993 to 2012; and the representative for California’s 29th congressional district as a Democrat from 1991 to 1992.

Photo of Rep. Maxine Waters [D-CA43]


Ideology–Leadership Chart

Waters is shown as a purple triangle in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot is a member of the House of Representatives positioned according to our ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).

The chart is based on the bills Waters has sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 3, 2017 to Dec 2, 2022. See full analysis methodology.

Committee Membership

Maxine Waters sits on the following committees:

Enacted Legislation

Waters was the primary sponsor of 9 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:

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Does 9 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.

We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).

Bills Sponsored

Issue Areas

Waters sponsors bills primarily in these issue areas:

Finance and Financial Sector (35%) Housing and Community Development (24%) Health (13%) Armed Forces and National Security (7%) International Affairs (7%) Education (5%) Crime and Law Enforcement (5%)

Recently Introduced Bills

Waters recently introduced the following legislation:

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Most legislation has no activity after being introduced.

Voting Record

Key Votes

Waters voted Nay

Passed 360/64 on Sep 22, 2022.

Waters voted Yea

Waters voted Nay

Passed 338/88 on May 13, 2015.

The USA Freedom Act (H.R. 2048, Pub.L. 114–23) is a U.S. law enacted on June 2, 2015 that restored in modified form several provisions of …

Waters voted Aye

Waters voted No

Passed 304/117 on Jun 23, 2011.

The Leahy–Smith America Invents Act (AIA) is a United States federal statute that was passed by Congress and was signed into law by President Barack …

Missed Votes

From Jan 1991 to Dec 2022, Waters missed 1,390 of 19,974 roll call votes, which is 7.0%. This is much worse than the median of 2.0% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving. The chart below reports missed votes over time.

We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.

Show the numbers...

Primary Sources

The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including: