Parker was the representative for Mississippi’s 4th congressional district and was most recently a Republican (1995-1998) and previously a Democrat (1989-1995). He served from 1989 to 1998.
Parker is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the House of Representatives in 1998 positioned according to our ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Parker sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 5, 1993 to Dec 17, 1998. See full analysis methodology.
Parker was the primary sponsor of 3 bills that were enacted:
- H.R. 3253 (104th): To name the Department of Veterans Affairs medical center in Jackson, Mississippi, as the “G. V. (Sonny) Montgomery Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center”.
- H.R. 5998 (102nd): For the relief of the Wilkinson County School District, in the State of Mississippi.
- H.R. 4501 (101st): To provide for the acquisition of the William Johnson House and its addition to the Natchez National Historical Park, and for other purposes.
Does 3 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Parker sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Some of Parker’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- H.R. 3253 (104th): To name the Department of Veterans Affairs medical center in Jackson, Mississippi, ...
- H.R. 1117 (104th): To provide for the establishment of the Margaret Walker Alexander National African-American ...
- H.R. 880 (104th): To require the Secretary of the Army to carry out such activities ...
- H.R. 539 (104th): To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to provide a tax ...
- H.R. 3507 (103rd): To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to provide a tax ...
- H.R. 3274 (103rd): Historic Natchez Bluffs Stabilization Act
- H.R. 937 (103rd): To provide for the establishment of the Margaret Walker Alexander National African-American ...
From Jan 1989 to Dec 1998, Parker missed 270 of 5,485 roll call votes, which is 4.9%. This is worse than the median of 2.6% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Dec 1998. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- The House and Senate websites, for committee membership and voting records
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress for the photo
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills