Kassebaum is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the Senate in 1996 positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Kassebaum sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 4, 1991 to Oct 3, 1996. See full analysis methodology.
Kassebaum was the primary sponsor of 22 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:
- S. 1044 (104th): Health Centers Consolidation Act of 1996
- S. 641 (104th): Ryan White CARE Act Amendments of 1996
- S. 1458 (103rd): General Aviation Revitalization Act of 1994
- S.J.Res. 319 (102nd): A joint resolution to designate the second Sunday in October of 1992 as “National Children’s Day”.
- S.J.Res. 92 (102nd): A joint resolution to designate July 28, 1992, as “Buffalo Soldiers Day”.
- S.J.Res. 251 (102nd): A joint resolution to designate the month of May 1992 as “National Huntington’s Disease Awareness Month.”
- S.J.Res. 271 (102nd): A joint resolution expressing the sense of the Congress regarding the peace process in Liberia and authorizing reprogramming of existing foreign aid appropriations for limited assistance to ...
Does 22 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Kassebaum sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Some of Kassebaum’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- S. 2170 (104th): Save Our Savings Act of 1996
- S. 2178 (104th): Better Pharmaceuticals for Children Act
- S. 2117 (104th): Haskell Indian Nations University Administrative Systems Act of 1996
- S. 1897 (104th): National Institutes of Health Revitalization Act of 1996
- S.Con.Res. 63 (104th): A concurrent resolution to express the sense of Congress that the Secretary ...
- S.Con.Res. 42 (104th): A concurrent resolution concerning the emancipation of the Iranian Baha’i community.
- S.Res. 217 (104th): A resolution to designate the first Friday in May 1996, as “American ...
From Feb 1979 to Oct 1996, Kassebaum missed 368 of 7,052 roll call votes, which is 5.2%. This is worse than the median of 2.6% among the lifetime records of senators serving in Oct 1996. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- The House and Senate websites, for committee membership and voting records
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress for the photo
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills