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Rep. Nathaniel Howell

Former Representative for New York’s 21st District

Howell was the representative for New York’s 21st congressional district and was a Federalist. He served from 1813 to 1815.

Legislators who enslaved Black people

Howell was among more than 1,800 legislators who enslaved Black people. The Washington Post compiled the first database of slaveholding members of Congress by examining thousands of pages of census records and historical documents. Howell was one of them.

Voting Record

Missed Votes

From May 1813 to Mar 1815, Howell missed 220 of 352 roll call votes, which is 62.5%. This is much worse than the median of 18.4% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Mar 1815. The chart below reports missed votes over time.

We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses, major life events, and running for higher office.

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Primary Sources

The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including: