Gingrich was the representative for Georgia’s 6th congressional district and was a Republican. He served from 1979 to 1998.
In 1998, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Gingrich for violation of laws governing tax-exempt organizations, improper intervention with government agencies, receipt of improper personal benefits from a PAC and violation of campaign finance rules.
On Jan. 17, 1997, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Gingrich for improper use of official resources in preparation of a college course, conflict of interest, and improper use of tax-exempt entities in support of college course. The investigation was expanded to 1) false statements to the Committee on Standards, 2) his relationship with the foundation/course in violation of foundation’s tax-exempt status under Section 501(c)3 of the IRS Code, 3) his use of unofficial resources for official purposes, and 4) his activities and relationship with another foundation. The committee investigated and dismissed the first two allegations (Gingrich made restitution to pay for the use of the official resources). On Jan. 21, 1997, the House of Representatives reprimanded Gingrich and directed him to reimburse $300,000, 395-28.
|Jan. 17, 1997||House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated and dismissed the first two allegations (Gingrich made restitution to pay for the use of the official resources); initiated a preliminary inquiry regarding the third allegation and hired a Special Counsel (Dec. 6, 1995); recommended reprimand and reimbursement of $300,000 to House for investigative expenses, 7-1; filed its report on Jan. 17, 1997 acting as Select committee on Ethics|
|Jan. 21, 1997||House of Representatives reprimanded and directed to reimburse $300,000, 395-28|
In 1996, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Gringrich for improper use of services of volunteer in congressional office via a complaint known as the Third Miller Complaint. The charges were dismissed on Sep. 19, 1996.
|Sep. 19, 1996||House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct member complaint filed on behalf of outside organization (Apr. 22, 1996) (“Third Miller Complaint”); dismissed the complaint|
On Mar. 29, 1996, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Gingrich for the improper use of the services of a volunteer in congressional offices and concluded that the volunteer service, which had terminated by the time of the complaint, did not comply with the applicable guidelines.
|Mar. 29, 1996||House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct concluded that the volunteer service, which had terminated by the time of the complaint, did not comply with the applicable guidelines|
In 1995, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Gingrich for improper statements on House floor for political reasons and using official resource for political purposes. The complaints were dismissed in a public letter on Dec. 6, 1995 and a public report issued on Dec. 12, 1995.
In 1995, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Gingrich for accepting free cable television coverage of college lectures as improper gifts/solicitation. The complaint was dismissed in a public letter on Dec. 6, 1995 and a public report issued on Dec. 12, 1995.
In 1995, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Gingrich for improperly using the services of a volunteer for official purposes in a complaint known as the First Miller Complaint. The committee found violations and sent a public letter to Gingrich and took no further action on Dec. 6, 1995. The committee published its report on Dec. 12, 1995.
In 1995, Gingrich faced the allegations in “First Jones Complaint” plus improper receipt of book royalties for To Renew America, improper book auction, conflict of interest, improper solicitation, improper use of official resources, and improper intervention with federal authorities. On Dec. 6, 1995, the complaint was dismissed. On Dec. 22, 1995, the House of Representatives adopted the committee resolution on restricting advances from book contracts but not subjecting royalty income to outside earned income limit, 259-128.
|Dec. 6, 1995||Complaint dismissed.|
|Dec. 12, 1995||House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct recommended changes regarding book contracts|
|Dec. 22, 1995||House of Representatives adopted the committee resolution on restricting advances from book contracts but not subjecting royalty income to outside earned income limit, 259-128|
In 1990, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Gringrich for using book partnership to avoid outside income limits or to obtain impermissible gifts or contributions, improper use of official resources to prepare book, and inadequate financial disclosure. The committee issued a statement on Mar. 8, 1990.
|Mar. 8, 1990||House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct issued statement, 11-0|
Gingrich is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the House of Representatives in 1998 positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Gingrich sponsored and cosponsored. See full analysis methodology.
Gingrich was the primary sponsor of 2 bills that were enacted:
- H.R. 4354 (105th): To establish the United States Capitol Police Memorial Fund on behalf of the families of Detective John Michael Gibson and Private First Class Jacob Joseph Chestnut of ...
- H.J.Res. 125 (105th): Finding the Government of Iraq in material and unacceptable breach of its international obligations.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Gingrich sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Government Operations and Politics (29%) Crime and Law Enforcement (16%) Taxation (11%) Families (9%) Economics and Public Finance (9%) Law (9%) International Affairs (9%) Finance and Financial Sector (9%)
Some of Gingrich’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- H.Con.Res. 316 (105th): To express the sense of Congress that State and local governments and ...
- H.R. 4354 (105th): To establish the United States Capitol Police Memorial Fund on behalf of ...
- H.Con.Res. 310 (105th): Authorizing the use of the rotunda of the Capitol for a memorial ...
- H.Con.Res. 311 (105th): Honoring the memory of Detective John Michael Gibson and Private First Class ...
- H.R. 4250 (105th): Patient Protection Act of 1998
- H.R. 4141 (105th): To amend the Act authorizing the establishment of the Chattahoochee River National ...
- H.J.Res. 125 (105th): Finding the Government of Iraq in material and unacceptable breach of its ...
From Jan 1979 to Dec 1998, Gingrich missed 663 of 8,022 roll call votes, which is 8.3%. This is much worse than the median of 2.6% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Dec 1998. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- @unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- The House and Senate websites, for committee membership and voting records
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- Congressional Pictorial Directory for the photo
- GPO.gov/FDSys, for sponsored bills