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Rep. Niki Tsongas

Former Representative for Massachusetts’s 3rd District

pronounced NIH-kee // TSONG-uss

Tsongas was the representative for Massachusetts’s 3rd congressional district and was a Democrat. She served from 2013 to 2018.

She was previously the representative for Massachusetts’s 5th congressional district as a Democrat from 2007 to 2012.

Photo of Rep. Niki Tsongas [D-MA3, 2013-2018]


Legislative Metrics

Read our 2018 Report Card for Tsongas.

Ideology–Leadership Chart

Tsongas is shown as a purple triangle in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the House of Representatives in 2018 positioned according to our ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).

The chart is based on the bills Tsongas sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 3, 2013 to Dec 21, 2018. See full analysis methodology.

Enacted Legislation

Tsongas was the primary sponsor of 3 bills that were enacted:

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Does 3 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.

We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).

Bills Sponsored

Issue Areas

Tsongas sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:

Armed Forces and National Security (58%) Public Lands and Natural Resources (25%) Government Operations and Politics (17%)

Recently Introduced Bills

Tsongas recently introduced the following legislation:

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Most legislation has no activity after being introduced.

Voting Record

Key Votes

Tsongas voted Nay

Tsongas voted No

Tsongas voted Yea

Passed 338/88 on May 13, 2015.

The USA Freedom Act (H.R. 2048, Pub.L. 114–23) is a U.S. law enacted on June 2, 2015 that restored in modified form several provisions of …

Tsongas voted Nay

Passed 219/206 on Dec 11, 2014.

This bill became the vehicle for passage of the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015 [pdf], which was approved by the House on December …

Tsongas voted No

Tsongas voted Nay

Tsongas voted No

Tsongas voted No

Passed 304/117 on Jun 23, 2011.

The Leahy–Smith America Invents Act (AIA) is a United States federal statute that was passed by Congress and was signed into law by President Barack …

Missed Votes

From Oct 2007 to Dec 2018, Tsongas missed 395 of 7,895 roll call votes, which is 5.0%. This is much worse than the median of 2.5% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Dec 2018. The chart below reports missed votes over time.

We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses, major life events, and running for higher office.

Show the numbers...

Primary Sources

The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including: