Leahy is the senior senator from Vermont and is a Democrat. He has served since Jan 14, 1975. Leahy is next up for reelection in 2022 and serves until Jan 3, 2023.
He is also President Pro Tempore of the Senate, a party leadership role. Party leaders focus more on setting their party’s legislative priorties than on introducing legislation.
Read our 2020 Report Card for Leahy.
Leahy is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot is a member of the Senate positioned according to our ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Leahy has sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 3, 2017 to Jun 23, 2022. See full analysis methodology.
Patrick Leahy sits on the following committees:
Senate Committee on Appropriations
Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies, Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies, Defense, Energy and Water Development, Financial Services and General Government, Homeland Security, Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies, Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, and Related Agencies, Legislative Branch, Military Construction, Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies, State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs, Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies subcommittees
- Senate Committee on the Judiciary
- Joint Committee on the Library
- Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry
- Senate Committee on Rules and Administration
Leahy was the primary sponsor of 108 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:
- S.J.Res. 8: A joint resolution providing for the appointment of Barbara M. Barrett as a citizen regent of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution.
- S. 2814 (116th): Patents for Humanity Program Improvement Act
- S. 1231 (116th): A bill to reauthorize the Bulletproof Vest Partnership Grant Program.
- S. 340 (116th): CREATES Act of 2019
- S. 125 (114th): Bulletproof Vest Partnership Grant Program Reauthorization Act of 2015
- S.J.Res. 3 (114th): A joint resolution providing for the reappointment of David M. Rubenstein as a citizen regent of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution.
- S.J.Res. 40 (113th): A joint resolution providing for the appointment of Michael Lynton as a citizen regent of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution.
Does 108 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Leahy sponsors bills primarily in these issue areas:
Crime and Law Enforcement (20%) Government Operations and Politics (17%) Commerce (15%) International Affairs (12%) Immigration (12%) Agriculture and Food (10%) Armed Forces and National Security (7%) Taxation (7%)
Recently Introduced Bills
Leahy recently introduced the following legislation:
- S. 4417: Patent Trial and Appeal Board Reform Act of 2022
- S. 4415: Lake Champlain Basin Program Reauthorization Act of 2022
- S. 4373: NDO Fairness Act
- S. 4318: No Tax Write-offs for Corporate Wrongdoers Act
- S. 4195: PEACE through Music Diplomacy Act
- S. 4210: Patents for Humanity Act of 2022
- S. 4181: LIFELINE Act
Most legislation has no activity after being introduced.
As President Pro Tempore of the Senate, Leahy may be focused on his responsibilities other than introducing legislation, such as setting the chamber’s agenda, uniting his party, and brokering deals.
From Jan 1975 to Jun 2022, Leahy missed 637 of 17,842 roll call votes, which is 3.6%. This is worse than the median of 2.3% among the lifetime records of senators currently serving. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- The House and Senate websites, for committee membership and voting records
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- GPO Member Guide for the photo
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills