Hawkins is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the Senate in 1986 positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Hawkins sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 5, 1981 to Oct 18, 1986. See full analysis methodology.
Hawkins was the primary sponsor of 16 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:
- S.J.Res. 196 (99th): A joint resolution designating September 22, 1986, as “American Business Women’s Day”.
- S. 140 (99th): Children’s Justice and Assistance Act of 1986
- S.J.Res. 337 (99th): A joint resolution designating May 18-24, 1986, as “Just Say No to Drugs Week”.
- S.J.Res. 293 (99th): A joint resolution to designate the month of May 1986 as “National Child Safety Month”.
- S.J.Res. 315 (99th): A joint resolution designating May 1986 as “Older Americans Month”.
- S.J.Res. 181 (99th): A joint resolution to designate the week beginning September 1, 1985, as “National School-Age Child Care Awareness Week”.
- S.J.Res. 107 (99th): A joint resolution to designate the month of May, 1985 as “Older Americans Month”.
Does 16 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Hawkins sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Crime and Law Enforcement (21%) International Affairs (16%) Social Welfare (14%) Government Operations and Politics (13%) Families (9%) Finance and Financial Sector (9%) Economics and Public Finance (9%) Health (9%)
Some of Hawkins’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- S. 2881 (99th): A bill to terminate United States assistance to any country importing goods, ...
- S. 2822 (99th): A bill authorizing the Secretary of the Interior to preserve the Marshlands ...
- S. 2809 (99th): A bill to authorize the Secretary of Agriculture to expand drug and ...
- S. 2758 (99th): Nevada-Florida Land Exchange Authorization Act of 1986
- S. 2748 (99th): Customs Enforcement Act of 1986
- S. 2719 (99th): A bill to eliminate the statute of limitations for serious drug offenses ...
- S.Res. 456 (99th): A resolution expressing the sense of the Senate regarding a new international ...
From Jan 1981 to Oct 1986, Hawkins missed 245 of 2,368 roll call votes, which is 10.3%. This is worse than the median of 6.0% among the lifetime records of senators serving in Oct 1986. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress for the photo
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills