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Sen. Phil Gramm

Former Senator for Texas

Gramm was a senator from Texas and was a Republican. He served from 1985 to 2002.

He was previously the representative for Texas’s 6th congressional district as most recently a Republican (1983-1984) and previously a Democrat (1979-1982) from 1979 to 1984.

Photo of Sen. Phil Gramm [R-TX, 1985-2002]


Ideology–Leadership Chart

Gramm is shown as a purple triangle in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the Senate in 2002 positioned according to our ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).

The chart is based on the bills Gramm sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 7, 1997 to Nov 20, 2002. See full analysis methodology.

Enacted Legislation

Gramm was the primary sponsor of 6 bills that were enacted:

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Does 6 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.

We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).

Bills Sponsored

Issue Areas

Gramm sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:

Economics and Public Finance (17%) Government Operations and Politics (17%) Law (11%) Labor and Employment (11%) Taxation (11%) Foreign Trade and International Finance (11%) International Affairs (11%) Commerce (10%)

Recently Introduced Bills

Gramm recently introduced the following legislation:

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Most legislation has no activity after being introduced.

Voting Record

Missed Votes

From Jan 1985 to Nov 2002, Gramm missed 298 of 6,287 roll call votes, which is 4.7%. This is much worse than the median of 1.8% among the lifetime records of senators serving in Nov 2002. The chart below reports missed votes over time.

We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses, major life events, and running for higher office.

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Primary Sources

The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including: