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Sen. Phil Gramm

Former Senator for Texas

Gramm was a senator from Texas and was a Republican. He served from 1985 to 2002.

He was previously the representative for Texas’s 6th congressional district as most recently a Republican (1983-1984) and previously a Democrat (1979-1982) from 1979 to 1984.

Photo of Sen. Phil Gramm [R-TX, 1985-2002]


Ideology–Leadership Chart

Gramm is shown as a purple triangle in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the Senate in 2002 positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).

The chart is based on the bills Gramm sponsored and cosponsored. See full analysis methodology.

Enacted Legislation

Gramm was the primary sponsor of 6 bills that were enacted:

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We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).

Bills Sponsored

Issue Areas

Gramm sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:

Economics and Public Finance (17%) Government Operations and Politics (17%) Foreign Trade and International Finance (11%) International Affairs (11%) Law (11%) Labor and Employment (11%) Taxation (11%) Commerce (10%)

Recent Bills

Some of Gramm’s most recently sponsored bills include...

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Voting Record

Missed Votes

From Jan 1985 to Nov 2002, Gramm missed 298 of 6,287 roll call votes, which is 4.7%. This is much worse than the median of 1.8% among the lifetime records of senators serving in Nov 2002. The chart below reports missed votes over time.

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Primary Sources

The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including: