Hart is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the Senate in 1976 positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Hart sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 3, 1973 to Oct 1, 1976. See full analysis methodology.
Hart was the primary sponsor of 4 bills that were enacted:
- S. 1659 (94th): A bill to provide for the disposition of funds appropriated to pay a judgment in favor of the Grand River Band of Ottawa Indians in Indian Claims ...
- S. 2830 (94th): A bill for the relief of Gary A. Broyles.
- S. 1549 (94th): An Act to amend the Federal Rules of Evidence, and for other purposes.
- S. 544 (93rd): An Act to amend title 18 of the United States Code to permit the transportation, mailing, and broadcasting of advertising, information, and materials concerning lotteries authorized by ...
Does 4 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Hart sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Private Legislation (30%) Commerce (12%) Government Operations and Politics (12%) Transportation and Public Works (11%) Labor and Employment (11%) Energy (8%) Environmental Protection (8%) Finance and Financial Sector (8%)
Some of Hart’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- S. 3856 (94th): Retirement Benefit Fund Act
- S. 3711 (94th): A bill for the relief of Samson Kossivi Kpadenou.
- S. 3696 (94th): A bill for the relief of Je-An Pak and his wife, Soon-Pyo ...
- S. 3590 (94th): A bill for the relief of Dae Ho Park and Maria Park.
- S. 3429 (94th): Monopolization Reform Act
- S. 3416 (94th): A bill to amend section 186 (c) of the Labor-Management Relations Act ...
- S. 3417 (94th): A bill to amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1954.
From Jan 1959 to Oct 1976, Hart missed 1,031 of 6,547 roll call votes, which is 15.7%. This is worse than the median of 13.0% among the lifetime records of senators serving in Oct 1976. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress for the photo
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills