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Sen. Rand Paul’s 2016 Report Card

Junior Senator from Kentucky
Republican
Serving Jan 5, 2011 – Jan 3, 2023


These special statistics cover Paul’s record during the 114th Congress (Jan 6, 2015-Jan 3, 2017) and compare him to other senators also serving at the end of the session. Last updated on Aug 24, 2017. The statistics were updated on Jan 20, 2017 and Aug 24, 2017 to improve how we counted enacted laws. Originally published on Jan 7, 2017.

A higher or lower number below doesn’t necessarily make this legislator any better or worse, or more or less effective, than other Members of Congress. We present these statistics for you to understand the quantitative aspects of Paul’s legislative career and make your own judgements based on what activities you think are important.

Keep in mind that there are many important aspects of being a legislator besides what can be measured, such as constituent services and performing oversight of the executive branch, which aren’t reflected here.

 

Cosponsored the 5th fewest bills compared to All Senators

Paul cosponsored 133 bills and resolutions introduced by other Members of Congress. Cosponsorship shows a willingness to work with others to advance policy goals. View Cosponsored Bills »

Compare to all Senate Republicans (7th percentile); All Senators (4th percentile).


 

Supported government transparency the 6th most often compared to Senate Republicans (tied with 1 other)

GovTrack looked at whether Paul supported any of 22 government transparency, accountability, and effectiveness bills in the Senate that we identified in this session. We gave Paul 4 points, based on one point for cosponsoring and three points for sponsoring any of these bills.

Paul sponsored S. 1575: Write the Laws Act

Paul cosponsored S. 282: Taxpayers Right-To-Know Act

Compare to all Senate Republicans (87th percentile); All Senators (72nd percentile).


 

Introduced the 7th most bills compared to Senate Republicans (tied with 1 other)

Paul introduced 62 bills and resolutions in the 114th Congress. View Bills »

Compare to all Senate Republicans (85th percentile); All Senators (82nd percentile).


 

Got bicameral support on the 11th most bills compared to Senate Republicans

The House and Senate often work on the same issue simultaneously by introducing companion bills in each chamber. 15 of Paul’s bills and resolutions had a companion bill in the House. Working with a sponsor in the other chamber makes a bill more likely to be passed by both the House and Senate.

Those bills were: S. 34: Defend Israel by Defunding Palestinian ...; S. 226: Regulations From the Executive in ...; S. 255: FAIR Act; S. 300: Audit the Pentagon Act of ...; S. 353: Justice Safety Valve Act of ...; S. 457: Civil Rights Voting Restoration Act ...; S. 663: A bill to repeal the ...; S. 675: REDEEM Act; S. 889: Fuel Choice and Deregulation Act ...; S. 1138: RESET Act; S. 1572: One Subject at a Time ...; S. 1594: Arm All Pilots Act of ...; S. 2434: Separation of Powers Restoration and ...; S. 2995: Portfolio Lending and Mortgage Access ...; S.J.Res. 39: A joint resolution relating to ...

Compare to all Senate Republicans (80th percentile); All Senators (70th percentile).

Companion bills are those that are identified as “identical” by Congress’s Congressional Research Service.


 

Was 14th most absent in votes compared to All Senators

Paul missed 4.8% of votes (24 of 502 votes) in the 114th Congress. View Paul’s Profile »

Compare to all All Senators (86th percentile).


 

Got their bills out of committee the 16th most often compared to All Senators (tied with 2 others)

Most bills and resolutions languish in committee without any action. Paul introduced 10 bills in the 114th Congress that got past committee and to the floor for consideration.

Those bills were: S. 1378: Bonuses for Cost-Cutters Act of ...; S. 1861: A bill to prohibit Federal ...; S. 2181: Default Prevention Act; S. 2182: Cut, Cap, and Balance Act ...; S. 2232: Federal Reserve Transparency Act of ...; S. 2288: Bring Accountability Now to the ...; S. 2329: SECURE Act; S. 2359: Defend Our Capital Act of ...; S. 2434: Separation of Powers Restoration and ...; S. 2464: Life at Conception Act of ...

Compare to all Senate Republicans (76th percentile); All Senators (82nd percentile).


 

Got bipartisan cosponsors on the 24th fewest bills compared to All Senators (tied with 6 others)

Paul tends to gather cosponsors only on one side of the aisle. 7 of Paul’s 62 bills and resolutions had both a Democratic cosponsor and a Republican cosponsor in the 114th Congress.

Compare to all Senate Republicans (28th percentile); All Senators (23rd percentile).


 

Powerful Cosponsors

3 of Paul’s bills and resolutions in the 114th Congress had a cosponsor who was a chair or ranking member of a committee that the bill was referred to. Getting support from committee leaders on relevant committees is a crucial step in moving legislation forward.

Those bills were: S. 226: Regulations From the Executive in ...; S. 353: Justice Safety Valve Act of ...; S. 1378: Bonuses for Cost-Cutters Act of ...

Compare to all Senate Republicans (33rd percentile); All Senators (28th percentile).


 

Committee Positions

Paul held a leadership position on 0 committees and 2 subcommittees, as either a chair (majority party) or ranking member (minority party), at the end of the session. View Paul’s Profile »

Compare to all Senate Republicans (22nd percentile); All Senators (21st percentile).


 

Joining Bipartisan Bills

Of the 133 bills that Paul cosponsored, 23% were introduced by a legislator who was not a Republican. View Cosponsored Bills »

Compare to all Senate Republicans (59th percentile); All Senators (34th percentile).

Only Democratic and Republican Members of Congress who cosponsored more than 10 bills and resolutions are included in this statistic.


 

Ideology Score

Our unique ideology analysis assigns a score to Members of Congress according to their legislative behavior by how similar the pattern of bills and resolutions they cosponsor are to other Members of Congress.

For more, see our methodology. Note that because on this page only legislative activity in the 114th Congress is considered, the ideology score here may differ from Paul’s score elsewhere on GovTrack.

Compare to all Senate Republicans (30th percentile); All Senators (62nd percentile).


 

Leadership Score

Our unique leadership analysis looks at who is cosponsoring whose bills. A higher score shows a greater ability to get cosponsors on bills.

For more, see our methodology. Note that because on this page only legislative activity in the 114th Congress is considered, the leadership score here may differ from Paul’s score elsewhere on GovTrack.

Compare to all Senate Republicans (48th percentile); All Senators (58th percentile).


 

Laws Enacted

Paul introduced 0 bills that became law, including via incorporation into other measures, in the 114th Congress. Keep in mind that it takes a law to repeal a law. Very few bills ever become law.

Compare to all Senate Republicans (0th percentile); All Senators (0th percentile).

The legislator must be the primary sponsor of the bill or joint resolution that was enacted or the primary sponsor of a bill or joint resolution for which at least about one third of its text was incorporated into another bill or joint resolution that was enacted as law, as determined by an automated analysis. While a legislator may lay claim to authoring other bills that became law, these cases are difficult for us to track quantitatively. We also exclude bills where the sponsor’s original intent is not in the final bill.


 

Cosponsors

Paul’s bills and resolutions had 211 cosponsors in the 114th Congress. Securing cosponsors is an important part of getting support for a bill, although having more cosponsors does not always mean a bill will get a vote. View Bills »

Compare to all Senate Republicans (44th percentile); All Senators (41st percentile).


Additional Notes

The Speaker’s Votes: Missed votes are not computed for the Speaker of the House. According to current House rules, the Speaker of the House is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings.” In practice this means the Speaker of the House rarely votes but is not considered absent.

Leadership/Ideology: The leadership and ideology scores are not displayed for Members of Congress who introduced fewer than 10 bills, or, for ideology, for Members of Congress that have a low leadership score, as there is usually not enough data in these cases to compute reliable leadership and ideology statistics.

Missing Bills: We exclude bills from some statistics where the sponsor’s original intent is not in the final bill because the bill’s text was replaced in whole with unrelated provisions (i.e. it became a vehicle for passage of unrelated provisions).

Ranking Members (RkMembs): The chair of a committee is always selected from the political party that holds the most seats in the chamber, called the “majority party”. The “ranking member” (sometimes “RkMembs”) is the title given to the senior-most member of the committee not in the majority party.

Freshmen/Sophomores: Freshmen and sophomores are Members of Congress whose first term (in the same chamber at the end of the 114th Congress) was the 114th Congress (freshmen) or 113th (sophomores). Members of Congress who took office within the last few months of a Congress are considered freshmen in the next Congress as well.