2015 Report Cards

These special year-end statistics dissect the legislative records of Members of Congress during the 2015 legislative year (Jan 6, 2015-Dec 31, 2015), looking at Members who served at the end of that period. This page was last updated on Jan 9, 2016.

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Bills Cosponsored

The number of bills cosponsored by each legislator in 2015.

All Representatives
most bills
#1 651 Rep. Eleanor Norton [D-DC0]
#2 645 Rep. Charles “Charlie” Rangel [D-NY13, 2013-2016]
... EXPAND ...
#439 21 Rep. Darin LaHood [R-IL18]
#440 4 Rep. Kevin McCarthy [R-CA23]
fewest bills
All Senators
most bills
#1 301 Sen. Alan “Al” Franken [D-MN]
#2 295 Sen. Richard Blumenthal [D-CT]
... EXPAND ...
#99 52 Sen. Benjamin Sasse [R-NE]
#100 49 Sen. Richard Shelby [R-AL]
fewest bills
 

Bills Introduced

The number of bills each legislator introduced in 2015.

All Representatives
most bills
#1 65 Rep. Sheila Jackson Lee [D-TX18]
#2 54 Rep. Alan Grayson [D-FL9, 2013-2016]
... EXPAND ...
#439 0 Rep. Darin LaHood [R-IL18]
#439 0 Rep. Trent Kelly [R-MS1]
fewest bills
All Senators
most bills
#1 125 Sen. David Vitter [R-LA, 2005-2016]
#2 79 Sen. Orrin Hatch [R-UT]
... EXPAND ...
#99 4 Sen. David Perdue [R-GA]
#99 4 Sen. Benjamin Sasse [R-NE]
fewest bills
 

Bills Out of Committee

The number of bills that each legislator introduced in 2015 that got a committee vote sending it to the floor for further consideration. Most bills and resolutions languish in committee without any action.

All Representatives
most bills
#1 12 Rep. Michael Burgess [R-TX26]
#1 12 Rep. Pete Sessions [R-TX32]
... EXPAND ...
All Senators
most bills
#1 25 Sen. Orrin Hatch [R-UT]
#2 14 Sen. John Thune [R-SD]
... EXPAND ...
 

Committee Positions

A score, giving five points for each full committee leadership position and one point for each subcommittee leadership position, for each legislator.

All Representatives
highest score
#1 11 Rep. Candice Miller [R-MI10, 2003-2016]
#1 11 Rep. Gregg Harper [R-MS3]
... EXPAND ...
All Senators
highest score
#1 16 Sen. Roy Blunt [R-MO]
#2 12 Sen. Barbara Boxer [D-CA, 1993-2016]
... EXPAND ...
 

Cosponsors

The total number of cosponsors joining the bills written by each legislator in 2015.

All Representatives
most cosponsors
#1 1266 Rep. Rosa DeLauro [D-CT3]
#2 1202 Rep. Carolyn Maloney [D-NY12]
... EXPAND ...
All Senators
most cosponsors
#1 579 Sen. Mitch McConnell [R-KY]
#2 485 Sen. Ron Wyden [D-OR]
... EXPAND ...
#99 15 Sen. Thom Tillis [R-NC]
#100 10 Sen. Richard Shelby [R-AL]
fewest cosponsors
 

Government Transparency

GovTrack looked at whether legislators supported any of the government transparency bills that we identified in 2015. We gave a score to each legislator based on one point for cosponsoring and three points for sponsoring any of these bills.

All Representatives
most supportive
#1 9 Rep. Elijah Cummings [D-MD7]
#2 8 Rep. Theodore Deutch [D-FL22]
#2 8 Rep. Eleanor Norton [D-DC0]
#2 8 Rep. David Price [D-NC4]
... EXPAND ...
All Senators
most supportive
#1 11 Sen. Claire McCaskill [D-MO]
#2 8 Sen. Michael Bennet [D-CO]
... EXPAND ...
 

Ideology Score

Our unique ideology analysis assigns a score to Members of Congress according to their legislative behavior by how similar the pattern of bills and resolutions they cosponsor are to other Members of Congress. The score can be interpreted as a conservative—liberal scale, although of course it only takes into account a small aspect of reality.

All Representatives
most conservative
#1 1.00 Rep. Pete Olson [R-TX22]
#2 0.98 Rep. Brian Babin [R-TX36]
... EXPAND ...
#439 0.01 Rep. Eleanor Norton [D-DC0]
#440 0.00 Rep. Raúl Grijalva [D-AZ3]
most liberal
All Senators
most conservative
#1 1.00 Sen. James “Jim” Inhofe [R-OK]
#2 0.97 Sen. Pat Roberts [R-KS]
... EXPAND ...
#99 0.03 Sen. Edward “Ed” Markey [D-MA]
#100 0.00 Sen. Elizabeth Warren [D-MA]
most liberal

For more, see our methodology. An ideology score is not computed for Members of Congress who introduced fewer than 10 bills or who have a low leadership score, as there is usually not enough data in these cases to compute reliable statistics. Note that because on this page only legislative activity in 2015 is considered, the ideology score here may differ from those elsewhere on GovTrack.

 

Joining Bipartisan Bills

In this era of partisanship, it is encouraging to see Members of Congress working across the aisle. This is the percent of bills cosponsored by each legislator which were introduced by a member of the other party.

All Representatives
most bipartisan
#1 72.0% Rep. Collin Peterson [D-MN7]
#2 64.9% Rep. Gwen Graham [D-FL2, 2015-2016]
... EXPAND ...
#437 0.6% Rep. Jeb Hensarling [R-TX5]
#438 0.0% Rep. Trent Kelly [R-MS1]
least bipartisan
All Senators
most bipartisan
#1 61.3% Sen. Joe Manchin [D-WV]
#2 59.1% Sen. Joe Donnelly [D-IN]
... EXPAND ...
#97 10.9% Sen. Mike Lee [R-UT]
#98 9.7% Sen. John Barrasso [R-WY]
least bipartisan

Only Democratic and Republican Members of Congress who cosponsored more than 10 bills and resolutions are included in this statistic.

 

Laws Enacted

The number of bills each legislator introduced that became law in 2015. Keep in mind that it takes a law to repeal a law. Very few bills ever become law.

All Representatives
most bills
#1 5 Rep. Bill Shuster [R-PA9]
#2 3 Rep. Ann Wagner [R-MO2]
#2 3 Rep. Lou Barletta [R-PA11]
#2 3 Rep. Lamar Smith [R-TX21]
... EXPAND ...
All Senators
most bills
#1 3 Sen. Ron Wyden [D-OR]
... EXPAND ...

A bill or joint resolution is considered enacted if it or an exactly identical bill to it is enacted as law. We only consider bills that the legislator was the primary sponsor of. While a legislator may lay claim to authoring other bills that became law, such as through incorporation into larger bills, these cases are difficult for us to track quantitatively.

 

Leadership Score

Our unique leadership analysis looks at who is cosponsoring whose bills. A higher score shows a greater ability to get cosponsors on bills.

All Representatives
best score
#1 1.00 Rep. Diane Black [R-TN6]
#2 0.99 Rep. Erik Paulsen [R-MN3]
... EXPAND ...
#439 0.00 Rep. John Mica [R-FL7, 1993-2016]
#440 0.00 Rep. Jeb Hensarling [R-TX5]
worst score
All Senators
best score
#1 1.00 Sen. Mitch McConnell [R-KY]
#2 0.89 Sen. Charles “Chuck” Grassley [R-IA]
... EXPAND ...
#99 0.00 Sen. Richard Shelby [R-AL]
#100 0.00 Sen. Thom Tillis [R-NC]
worst score

For more, see our methodology. A leadership score is not computed for Members of Congress who introduced fewer than 10 bills, as there is usually not enough data in these cases to compute reliable statistics. Note that because on this page only legislative activity in 2015 is considered, the leadership scores here may differ from those elsewhere on GovTrack.

 

Missed Votes

The percentage of votes each legislator missed in 2015.

All Representatives
most absent
#1 24.1% Rep. Rubén Hinojosa [D-TX15, 1997-2016]
#2 22.6% Rep. Donald Payne [D-NJ10]
... EXPAND ...
All Senators
most absent
#1 35.4% Sen. Marco Rubio [R-FL]
#2 28.3% Sen. Lindsey Graham [R-SC]
... EXPAND ...

The Speaker of the House is not included in this statistic because according to current House rules, the Speaker of the House is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings, and the delegates from the five island territories and the District of Columbia are also not included because they were not elligible to vote in any roll call votes.

 

Powerful Cosponsors

The number of bills that each legislator introduced in 2015 that had a cosponsor who was a chair or ranking member of a committee that the bill was referred to. Getting support from committee leaders on relevant committees is a crucial step in moving legislation forward.

All Representatives
most bills
#1 16 Rep. Sheila Jackson Lee [D-TX18]
#2 14 Rep. Christopher “Chris” Smith [R-NJ4]
... EXPAND ...
All Senators
most bills
#1 12 Sen. John Thune [R-SD]
#2 10 Sen. John Barrasso [R-WY]
#2 10 Sen. Charles “Chuck” Grassley [R-IA]
#2 10 Sen. Dianne Feinstein [D-CA]
... EXPAND ...
 

Working with the Other Chamber

The House and Senate often work on the same issue simultaneously by introducing companion bills in each chamber. This is the number of bills introduced by each legislator in 2015 that had a companion bill in the other chamber. Working with a sponsor in the other chamber makes a bill more likely to be passed by both the House and Senate.

All Representatives
most bills
#1 10 Rep. Sam Johnson [R-TX3]
#2 9 Rep. Don Young [R-AK0]
#2 9 Rep. Carolyn Maloney [D-NY12]
... EXPAND ...
All Senators
most bills
#1 30 Sen. Orrin Hatch [R-UT]
#2 24 Sen. David Vitter [R-LA, 2005-2016]
... EXPAND ...
#96 1 Sen. Heidi Heitkamp [D-ND]
#96 1 Sen. Benjamin Sasse [R-NE]
#96 1 Sen. Richard Shelby [R-AL]
#96 1 Sen. Martin Heinrich [D-NM]
#100 0 Sen. Michael Bennet [D-CO]
fewest bills

Companion bills are those that are identified as “identical” by Congress’s Congressional Research Service.

 

Writing Bipartisan Bills

In this era of partisanship, it is encouraging to see Members of Congress working across the aisle. This is the percent of bills introduced by each legislator in 2015 which had both a Democratic cosponsor and a Republican cosponsor.

All Representatives
highest % of bills
#1 91.7% Rep. Blaine Luetkemeyer [R-MO3]
#2 81.3% Rep. Patrick “Pat” Tiberi [R-OH12]
... EXPAND ...
#196 0.0% Rep. Xavier Becerra [D-CA34, 2013-2017]
#196 0.0% Rep. Jim McDermott [D-WA7, 1989-2016]
lowest % of bills
All Senators
highest % of bills
#1 70.6% Sen. Roger Wicker [R-MS]
#2 63.6% Sen. Mark Warner [D-VA]
... EXPAND ...
#86 5.9% Sen. Martin Heinrich [D-NM]
#87 0.0% Sen. Bernard “Bernie” Sanders [I-VT]
lowest % of bills

Only Members of Congress who sponsored more than 10 bills and resolutions are included in this statistic.

Additional Notes

The Speaker’s Votes: Missed votes are not computed for the Speaker of the House. According to current House rules, the Speaker of the House is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings.” In practice this means the Speaker of the House rarely votes but is not considered absent.

Leadership/Ideology: The leadership and ideology scores are not displayed for Members of Congress who introduced fewer than 10 bills, or, for ideology, for Members of Congress that have a low leadership score, as there is usually not enough data in these cases to compute reliable leadership and ideology statistics.

Ranking Members (RkMembs): The chair of a committee is always selected from the political party that holds the most seats in the chamber, called the “majority party”. The “ranking member” (sometimes “RkMembs”) is the title given to the senior-most member of the committee not in the majority party.

Freshmen/Sophomores: Freshmen and sophomores are Members of Congress whose first term (in the same chamber at the end of 2015) was the 114th Congress (freshmen) or 113th (sophomores). Members of Congress who took office within the last few months of a Congress are considered freshmen in the next Congress as well.