2015 Report Cards

These special year-end statistics dissect the legislative records of Members of Congress during the 2015 legislative year, as of Jan 9, 2016.

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Bills Cosponsored

The number of bills cosponsored by each legislator in 2015.

All Representatives
#1 651 Rep. Eleanor Norton [D-DC0]
#2 645 Rep. Charles “Charlie” Rangel [D-NY13]
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All Senators
#1 301 Sen. Alan “Al” Franken [D-MN]
#2 295 Sen. Richard Blumenthal [D-CT]
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Bills Introduced

The number of bills each legislator introduced in 2015.

All Representatives
#1 65 Rep. Sheila Jackson Lee [D-TX18]
#2 54 Rep. Alan Grayson [D-FL9]
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All Senators
#1 125 Sen. David Vitter [R-LA]
#2 79 Sen. Orrin Hatch [R-UT]
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Bills Out of Committee

The number of bills that each legislator introduced in 2015 that got a committee vote sending it to the floor for further consideration. Most bills and resolutions languish in committee without any action.

All Representatives
#1 12 Rep. Michael Burgess [R-TX26]
#1 12 Rep. Pete Sessions [R-TX32]
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All Senators
#1 25 Sen. Orrin Hatch [R-UT]
#2 14 Sen. John Thune [R-SD]
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Committee Positions

A score, giving five points for each full committee leadership position and one point for each subcommittee leadership position, for each legislator.

All Representatives
#1 11 Rep. Candice Miller [R-MI10]
#1 11 Rep. Gregg Harper [R-MS3]
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All Senators
#1 16 Sen. Roy Blunt [R-MO]
#2 12 Sen. Barbara Boxer [D-CA]
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Cosponsors

The total number of cosponsors joining the bills written by each legislator in 2015.

All Representatives
#1 1266 Rep. Rosa DeLauro [D-CT3]
#2 1202 Rep. Carolyn Maloney [D-NY12]
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All Senators
#1 579 Sen. Mitch McConnell [R-KY]
#2 485 Sen. Ron Wyden [D-OR]
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Government Transparency

GovTrack looked at whether legislators supported any of 20 government transparency bills that we identified in 2015. We gave a score to each legislator based on one point for cosponsoring and three points for sponsoring any of these bills.

All Representatives
#1 9 Rep. Elijah Cummings [D-MD7]
#2 8 Rep. Eleanor Norton [D-DC0]
#2 8 Rep. Theodore Deutch [D-FL21]
#2 8 Rep. David Price [D-NC4]
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All Senators
#1 11 Sen. Claire McCaskill [D-MO]
#2 8 Sen. Michael Bennet [D-CO]
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Ideology Score

Our unique ideology analysis assigns a score to Members of Congress according to their legislative behavior by how similar the pattern of bills and resolutions they cosponsor are to other Members of Congress. The score can be interpreted as a conservative—progressive scale, although of course it only takes into account a small aspect of reality.

All Representatives
#1 1.00 Rep. Pete Olson [R-TX22]
#2 0.98 Rep. Brian Babin [R-TX36]
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#439 0.01 Rep. Eleanor Norton [D-DC0]
#440 0.00 Rep. Raúl Grijalva [D-AZ3]
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All Senators
#1 1.00 Sen. James “Jim” Inhofe [R-OK]
#2 0.97 Sen. Pat Roberts [R-KS]
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#99 0.03 Sen. Edward “Ed” Markey [D-MA]
#100 0.00 Sen. Elizabeth Warren [D-MA]
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For more, see our methodology. Note that because on this page only legislative activity in 2015 is considered, the ideology score here may differ from those elsewhere on GovTrack.

 

Joining Bipartisan Bills

In this era of partisanship, it is encouraging to see Members of Congress working across the aisle. This is the percent of bills cosponsored by each legislator which were introduced by a member of the other party.

All Representatives
#1 72.0% Rep. Collin Peterson [D-MN7]
#2 64.9% Rep. Gwen Graham [D-FL2]
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#437 0.6% Rep. Jeb Hensarling [R-TX5]
#438 0.0% Rep. Trent Kelly [R-MS1]
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All Senators
#1 61.3% Sen. Joe Manchin [D-WV]
#2 59.1% Sen. Joe Donnelly [D-IN]
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#97 10.9% Sen. Mike Lee [R-UT]
#98 9.7% Sen. John Barrasso [R-WY]
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Only Democratic and Republican Members of Congress who cosponsored more than 10 bills and resolutions are included in this statistic.

 

Laws Enacted

The number of bills each legislator introduced that became law in 2015. Keep in mind that it takes a law to repeal a law. Very few bills ever become law.

All Representatives
#1 5 Rep. Bill Shuster [R-PA9]
#2 3 Rep. Lou Barletta [R-PA11]
#2 3 Rep. Ann Wagner [R-MO2]
#2 3 Rep. Lamar Smith [R-TX21]
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All Senators
#1 3 Sen. Ron Wyden [D-OR]
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A bill is considered enacted if it or an exactly identical bill to it is enacted. We only consider bills that the legislator was the primary sponsor of. While a legislator may lay claim to authoring other bills that became law, such as through incorporation into larger bills, these cases are difficult for us to track quantitatively.

 

Leadership Score

Our unique leadership analysis looks at who is cosponsoring whose bills. A higher score shows a greater ability to get cosponsors on bills.

All Representatives
#1 1.00 Rep. Diane Black [R-TN6]
#2 0.99 Rep. Erik Paulsen [R-MN3]
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#439 0.00 Rep. John Mica [R-FL7]
#440 0.00 Rep. Jeb Hensarling [R-TX5]
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All Senators
#1 1.00 Sen. Mitch McConnell [R-KY]
#2 0.89 Sen. Charles “Chuck” Grassley [R-IA]
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#99 0.00 Sen. Richard Shelby [R-AL]
#100 0.00 Sen. Thom Tillis [R-NC]
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For more, see our methodology. Note that because on this page only legislative activity in 2015 is considered, the leadership scores here may differ from those elsewhere on GovTrack.

 

Missed Votes

The percentage of votes each legislator missed in 2015.

All Representatives
#1 24.1% Rep. Rubén Hinojosa [D-TX15]
#2 22.6% Rep. Donald Payne [D-NJ10]
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All Senators
#1 35.4% Sen. Marco Rubio [R-FL]
#2 28.3% Sen. Lindsey Graham [R-SC]
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The Speaker of the House is not included in this statistic (see the notes at the very bottom of the page for why), and the delegates from the five island territories and the District of Columbia are also not included because they were not elligible to vote in any roll call votes.

 

Powerful Cosponsors

The number of bills that each legislator introduced in 2015 that had a cosponsor who was a chair or ranking member of a committee that the bill was referred to. Getting support from committee leaders on relevant committees is a crucial step in moving legislation forward.

All Representatives
#1 16 Rep. Sheila Jackson Lee [D-TX18]
#2 14 Rep. Christopher “Chris” Smith [R-NJ4]
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All Senators
#1 12 Sen. John Thune [R-SD]
#2 10 Sen. Charles “Chuck” Grassley [R-IA]
#2 10 Sen. Dianne Feinstein [D-CA]
#2 10 Sen. John Barrasso [R-WY]
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Working with the Other Chamber

The House and Senate often work on the same issue simultaneously by introducing companion bills in each chamber. This is the number of bills introduced by each legislator in 2015 that had a companion bill in the other chamber. Working with a sponsor in the other chamber makes a bill more likely to be passed by both the House and Senate.

All Representatives
#1 10 Rep. Sam Johnson [R-TX3]
#2 9 Rep. Don Young [R-AK0]
#2 9 Rep. Carolyn Maloney [D-NY12]
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All Senators
#1 30 Sen. Orrin Hatch [R-UT]
#2 24 Sen. David Vitter [R-LA]
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Companion bills are those that are identified as “identical” by Congress’s Congressional Research Service.

 

Writing Bipartisan Bills

In this era of partisanship, it is encouraging to see Members of Congress working across the aisle. This is the percent of bills introduced by each legislator in 2015 which had both a Democratic cosponsor and a Republican cosponsor.

All Representatives
#1 91.7% Rep. Blaine Luetkemeyer [R-MO3]
#2 81.3% Rep. Patrick “Pat” Tiberi [R-OH12]
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#196 0.0% Rep. Jim McDermott [D-WA7]
#196 0.0% Rep. Xavier Becerra [D-CA34]
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All Senators
#1 70.6% Sen. Roger Wicker [R-MS]
#2 63.6% Sen. Mark Warner [D-VA]
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#86 5.9% Sen. Martin Heinrich [D-NM]
#87 0.0% Sen. Bernard “Bernie” Sanders [I-VT]
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Only Members of Congress who sponsored more than 10 bills and resolutions are included in this statistic.

Notes

The statistics on this page were last updated on Jan 9, 2016.

Legislative Year: “2015” refers to the legislative year that began on Jan 6, 2015 and ended on Dec 31, 2015. We only compare each legislator to other Members of Congress serving in the same chamber on Dec 31, 2015.

Enacted Joint Resolutions: When counting laws enacted, we also include joint resolutions that are enacted.

The Speaker’s Votes: Missed votes are not computed for the Speaker of the House. According to current House rules, the Speaker of the House is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings.” In practice this means the Speaker of the House rarely votes but is not considered absent.

Bipartisan Bills: When computing statistics for Writing Bipartisan Bills, we included only Members of Congress who sponsored more than 10 bills. Similarly for Joining Bipartisan Bills, we included Members of Congress who cosponsored more than 10 bills.

Leadership/Ideology: The leadership and ideology scores are not displayed for Members of Congress who introduced fewer than 10 bills, or, for ideology, for Members of Congress that have a low leadership score, as there is usually not enough data in these cases to compute reliable leadership and ideology statistics.

Transparency Bills: We identified several bills that improve access to government records or strengthen citizen participation in government and are on subjects that we believe are non-partisan.

Ranking Members (RkMembs): The chair of a committee is always selected from the political party that holds the most seats in the chamber, called the “majority party”. The “ranking member” (sometimes “RkMembs”) is the title given to the senior-most member of the committee not in the majority party.

Safe vs Competitive: Safe and competitive House seats are as listed in the Cook Political Report at the time these statistics were updated.

Freshmen/Sophomores: Freshmen and sophomores are Members of Congress whose first term (in the same chamber at the end of 2015) was the 114th Congress (freshmen) or 113th (sophomores). Members of Congress who took office within the last few months of a Congress are treated as having first taken office in the next Congress.