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2015 Report Cards: Safe House Seats

These special year-end statistics dissect the legislative records of Members of Congress during the 2015 legislative year (Jan 6, 2015-Dec 31, 2015), looking at Members who served at the end of that period. This page was last updated on Jan 9, 2016.

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Bills Out of Committee

The number of bills that each legislator introduced in 2015 that got past committee and to the floor for consideration. Most bills and resolutions languish in committee without any action.

Safe House Seats
most often
#1 12 Rep. Michael Burgess [R-TX26]
#1 12 Rep. Pete Sessions [R-TX32]
#10 7 Rep. Ann Wagner [R-MO2]
#10 7 Rep. Blaine Luetkemeyer [R-MO3]
#10 7 Rep. Dan Newhouse [R-WA4]
#10 7 Rep. Jeff Miller [R-FL1, 2001-2016]
#10 7 Rep. Kevin Brady [R-TX8]
#10 7 Rep. Tom Cole [R-OK4]
#16 6 Rep. Lou Barletta [R-PA11]
#16 6 Rep. Steve Stivers [R-OH15]
#18 5 Rep. Bennie Thompson [D-MS2]
#18 5 Rep. Bill Huizenga [R-MI2]
#18 5 Rep. Bradley Byrne [R-AL1]
#18 5 Rep. Ed Whitfield [R-KY1, 1995-2016]
#18 5 Rep. Jason Chaffetz [R-UT3, 2009-2017]
#18 5 Rep. Michael McCaul [R-TX10]
#18 5 Rep. Patrick “Pat” Tiberi [R-OH12, 2001-2018]
#213 0 Commish. Pedro Pierluisi [D-PR0, 2009-2016]
#213 0 Rep. A. Dutch Ruppersberger [D-MD2]
#213 0 Rep. Adam Kinzinger [R-IL16]
#213 0 Rep. Adam Schiff [D-CA28]
#213 0 Rep. Adam Smith [D-WA9]
#213 0 Rep. Al Green [D-TX9]
#213 0 Rep. Alan Lowenthal [D-CA47]
#213 0 Rep. Alcee Hastings [D-FL20]
#213 0 Rep. André Carson [D-IN7]
#213 0 Rep. Andy Harris [R-MD1]
#213 0 Rep. Ann Kuster [D-NH2]
#213 0 Rep. Anna Eshoo [D-CA18]
#213 0 Rep. Austin Scott [R-GA8]
#213 0 Rep. Barbara Lee [D-CA13]
#213 0 Rep. Beto O’Rourke [D-TX16]
#213 0 Rep. Betty McCollum [D-MN4]
#213 0 Rep. Bill Flores [R-TX17]
#213 0 Rep. Bill Foster [D-IL11]
#213 0 Rep. Bill Johnson [R-OH6]
#213 0 Rep. Bill Pascrell [D-NJ9]
#213 0 Rep. Billy Long [R-MO7]
#213 0 Rep. Bobby Rush [D-IL1]
#213 0 Rep. Brenda Lawrence [D-MI14]
#213 0 Rep. Brendan Boyle [D-PA13]
#213 0 Rep. Brian Babin [R-TX36]
#213 0 Rep. Carolyn Maloney [D-NY12]
#213 0 Rep. Chaka Fattah [D-PA2, 1995-2016]
#213 0 Rep. Cheri Bustos [D-IL17]
#213 0 Rep. Chris Stewart [R-UT2]
#213 0 Rep. Curtis “Curt” Clawson [R-FL19, 2014-2016]
#213 0 Rep. Danny Davis [D-IL7]
#213 0 Rep. Darin LaHood [R-IL18]
#213 0 Rep. Dave Trott [R-MI11]
#213 0 Rep. David Joyce [R-OH14]
#213 0 Rep. David Loebsack [D-IA2]
#213 0 Rep. David Price [D-NC4]
#213 0 Rep. David Rouzer [R-NC7]
#213 0 Rep. David “Dave” Brat [R-VA7]
#213 0 Rep. Debbie Dingell [D-MI12]
#213 0 Rep. Debbie Wasserman Schultz [D-FL23]
#213 0 Rep. Derek Kilmer [D-WA6]
#213 0 Rep. Diana DeGette [D-CO1]
#213 0 Rep. Dina Titus [D-NV1]
#213 0 Rep. Donald Norcross [D-NJ1]
#213 0 Rep. Donna Edwards [D-MD4, 2008-2016]
#213 0 Rep. Doris Matsui [D-CA6]
#213 0 Rep. Earl Blumenauer [D-OR3]
#213 0 Rep. Eddie Johnson [D-TX30]
#213 0 Rep. Edward “Scott” Rigell [R-VA2, 2011-2016]
#213 0 Rep. Eleanor Norton [D-DC0]
#213 0 Rep. Emanuel Cleaver [D-MO5]
#213 0 Rep. Eric Swalwell [D-CA15]
#213 0 Rep. Evan Jenkins [R-WV3]
#213 0 Rep. Frederica Wilson [D-FL24]
#213 0 Rep. Garret Graves [R-LA6]
#213 0 Rep. Gary Palmer [R-AL6]
#213 0 Rep. Gene Green [D-TX29]
#213 0 Rep. Glenn Grothman [R-WI6]
#213 0 Rep. Grace Meng [D-NY6]
#213 0 Rep. Gregorio Sablan [D-MP0]
#213 0 Rep. Hakeem Jeffries [D-NY8]
#213 0 Rep. Harold “Hal” Rogers [R-KY5]
#213 0 Rep. Jackie Speier [D-CA14]
#213 0 Rep. Jackie Walorski [R-IN2]
#213 0 Rep. James Himes [D-CT4]
#213 0 Rep. James “Jim” McGovern [D-MA2]
#213 0 Rep. Janice Hahn [D-CA44, 2013-2016]
#213 0 Rep. Janice “Jan” Schakowsky [D-IL9]
#213 0 Rep. Jared Huffman [D-CA2]
#213 0 Rep. Jeb Hensarling [R-TX5]
#213 0 Rep. Jeff Duncan [R-SC3]
#213 0 Rep. Jerrold Nadler [D-NY10]
#213 0 Rep. Jim Cooper [D-TN5]
#213 0 Rep. Jim Jordan [R-OH4]
#213 0 Rep. Jim McDermott [D-WA7, 1989-2016]
#213 0 Rep. Joaquin Castro [D-TX20]
#213 0 Rep. Jody Hice [R-GA10]
#213 0 Rep. Joe Courtney [D-CT2]
#213 0 Rep. Joe Wilson [R-SC2]
#213 0 Rep. John Conyers [D-MI13, 2013-2017]
#213 0 Rep. John Fleming [R-LA4, 2009-2016]
#213 0 Rep. John Garamendi [D-CA3]
#213 0 Rep. John Larson [D-CT1]
#213 0 Rep. John Lewis [D-GA5]
#213 0 Rep. John Moolenaar [R-MI4]
#213 0 Rep. John Sarbanes [D-MD3]
#213 0 Rep. John Yarmuth [D-KY3]
#213 0 Rep. Joseph Kennedy [D-MA4]
#213 0 Rep. Joseph “Joe” Crowley [D-NY14]
#213 0 Rep. Joyce Beatty [D-OH3]
#213 0 Rep. Juan Vargas [D-CA51]
#213 0 Rep. Judy Chu [D-CA27]
#213 0 Rep. Justin Amash [R-MI3]
#213 0 Rep. Kathy Castor [D-FL14]
#213 0 Rep. Keith Ellison [D-MN5]
#213 0 Rep. Kevin Yoder [R-KS3]
#213 0 Rep. Kurt Schrader [D-OR5]
#213 0 Rep. Leonard Lance [R-NJ7]
#213 0 Rep. Linda Sánchez [D-CA38]
#213 0 Rep. Lois Frankel [D-FL21]
#213 0 Rep. Loretta Sanchez [D-CA46, 2013-2016]
#213 0 Rep. Louie Gohmert [R-TX1]
#213 0 Rep. Lucille Roybal-Allard [D-CA40]
#213 0 Rep. Luis Gutiérrez [D-IL4]
#213 0 Rep. Marc Veasey [D-TX33]
#213 0 Rep. Marcia Fudge [D-OH11]
#213 0 Rep. Marcy Kaptur [D-OH9]
#213 0 Rep. Mark Pocan [D-WI2]
#213 0 Rep. Mark Takai [D-HI1, 2015-2016]
#213 0 Rep. Marlin Stutzman [R-IN3, 2010-2016]
#213 0 Rep. Marshall “Mark” Sanford [R-SC1]
#213 0 Rep. Martha Roby [R-AL2]
#213 0 Rep. Matthew Cartwright [D-PA17]
#213 0 Rep. Maxine Waters [D-CA43]
#213 0 Rep. Michael Capuano [D-MA7]
#213 0 Rep. Michael Turner [R-OH10]
#213 0 Rep. Mike Quigley [D-IL5]
#213 0 Rep. Mike Rogers [R-AL3]
#213 0 Rep. Mike Thompson [D-CA5]
#213 0 Rep. Mo Brooks [R-AL5]
#213 0 Rep. Morgan Griffith [R-VA9]
#213 0 Rep. Nancy Pelosi [D-CA12]
#213 0 Rep. Niki Tsongas [D-MA3]
#213 0 Rep. Nita Lowey [D-NY17]
#213 0 Rep. Paul Tonko [D-NY20]
#213 0 Rep. Pete Olson [R-TX22]
#213 0 Rep. Peter Visclosky [D-IN1]
#213 0 Rep. Peter Welch [D-VT0]
#213 0 Rep. Randy Weber [R-TX14]
#213 0 Rep. Raúl Labrador [R-ID1]
#213 0 Rep. Reid Ribble [R-WI8, 2011-2016]
#213 0 Rep. Renee Ellmers [R-NC2, 2011-2016]
#213 0 Rep. Richard Hudson [R-NC8]
#213 0 Rep. Richard Neal [D-MA1]
#213 0 Rep. Richard Nugent [R-FL11, 2013-2016]
#213 0 Rep. Rick Allen [R-GA12]
#213 0 Rep. Rick Larsen [D-WA2]
#213 0 Rep. Robert Brady [D-PA1]
#213 0 Rep. Robert “Bobby” Scott [D-VA3]
#213 0 Rep. Ron Kind [D-WI3]
#213 0 Rep. Rosa DeLauro [D-CT3]
#213 0 Rep. Ruben Gallego [D-AZ7]
#213 0 Rep. Rubén Hinojosa [D-TX15, 1997-2016]
#213 0 Rep. Sam Farr [D-CA20, 2013-2016]
#213 0 Rep. Sam Graves [R-MO6]
#213 0 Rep. Sam Johnson [R-TX3]
#213 0 Rep. Sanford Bishop [D-GA2]
#213 0 Rep. Scott DesJarlais [R-TN4]
#213 0 Rep. Stacey Plaskett [D-VI0]
#213 0 Rep. Stevan “Steve” Pearce [R-NM2]
#213 0 Rep. Steve Cohen [D-TN9]
#213 0 Rep. Steve Israel [D-NY3, 2013-2016]
#213 0 Rep. Steve King [R-IA4]
#213 0 Rep. Susan Davis [D-CA53]
#213 0 Rep. Suzan DelBene [D-WA1]
#213 0 Rep. Suzanne Bonamici [D-OR1]
#213 0 Rep. Terri Sewell [D-AL7]
#213 0 Rep. Theodore Deutch [D-FL22]
#213 0 Rep. Thomas Massie [R-KY4]
#213 0 Rep. Thomas Rooney [R-FL17]
#213 0 Rep. Tim Huelskamp [R-KS1, 2011-2016]
#213 0 Rep. Tim Murphy [R-PA18, 2003-2017]
#213 0 Rep. Tim Ryan [D-OH13]
#213 0 Rep. Tom Rice [R-SC7]
#213 0 Rep. Tony Cárdenas [D-CA29]
#213 0 Rep. Trent Kelly [R-MS1]
#213 0 Rep. Tulsi Gabbard [D-HI2]
#213 0 Rep. Vicky Hartzler [R-MO4]
#213 0 Rep. Xavier Becerra [D-CA34, 2013-2017]
#213 0 Rep. Yvette Clarke [D-NY9]
#213 0 Rep. Zoe Lofgren [D-CA19]
#213 0 Sen. Chris Van Hollen [D-MD]
#213 0 Sen. Tammy Duckworth [D-IL]
#25 4 Rep. Bill Shuster [R-PA9]
#25 4 Rep. David Reichert [R-WA8]
#25 4 Rep. Don Young [R-AK0]
#25 4 Rep. John Ratcliffe [R-TX4]
#25 4 Rep. Michael Conaway [R-TX11]
#25 4 Rep. Mike Kelly [R-PA3]
#25 4 Rep. Ted Poe [R-TX2]
#3 11 Rep. Virginia Foxx [R-NC5]
#32 3 Rep. Candice Miller [R-MI10, 2003-2016]
#32 3 Rep. Cedric Richmond [D-LA2]
#32 3 Rep. Christopher “Chris” Smith [R-NJ4]
#32 3 Rep. Darrell Issa [R-CA49]
#32 3 Rep. Diane Black [R-TN6]
#32 3 Rep. Erik Paulsen [R-MN3]
#32 3 Rep. French Hill [R-AR2]
#32 3 Rep. James Sensenbrenner [R-WI5]
#32 3 Rep. Markwayne Mullin [R-OK2]
#32 3 Rep. Mick Mulvaney [R-SC5, 2011-2017]
#32 3 Rep. Paul Ryan [R-WI1]
#32 3 Rep. Randy Hultgren [R-IL14]
#32 3 Rep. Stephen Fincher [R-TN8, 2011-2016]
#32 3 Rep. Tom Marino [R-PA10]
#32 3 Rep. Tom McClintock [R-CA4]
#32 3 Rep. Walter Jones [R-NC3]
#4 10 Rep. Rob Woodall [R-GA7]
#48 2 Rep. Albio Sires [D-NJ8]
#48 2 Rep. Bill Posey [R-FL8]
#48 2 Rep. Blake Farenthold [R-TX27, 2011-2018]
#48 2 Rep. Brad Sherman [D-CA30]
#48 2 Rep. Brad Wenstrup [R-OH2]
#48 2 Rep. Brett Guthrie [R-KY2]
#48 2 Rep. Buddy Carter [R-GA1]
#48 2 Rep. Charles Boustany [R-LA3, 2013-2016]
#48 2 Rep. Corrine Brown [D-FL5, 2013-2016]
#48 2 Rep. David Cicilline [D-RI1]
#48 2 Rep. David McKinley [R-WV1]
#48 2 Rep. Dennis Ross [R-FL15]
#48 2 Rep. Devin Nunes [R-CA22]
#48 2 Rep. Donald Payne [D-NJ10]
#48 2 Rep. Elijah Cummings [D-MD7]
#48 2 Rep. Eric “Rick” Crawford [R-AR1]
#48 2 Rep. Frank Lucas [R-OK3]
#48 2 Rep. Fred Upton [R-MI6]
#48 2 Rep. Garland “Andy” Barr [R-KY6]
#48 2 Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen [R-FL27]
#48 2 Rep. James “Jim” Langevin [D-RI2]
#48 2 Rep. John Carter [R-TX31]
#48 2 Rep. John Shimkus [R-IL15]
#48 2 Rep. Kenny Marchant [R-TX24]
#48 2 Rep. Luke Messer [R-IN6]
#48 2 Rep. Lynn Jenkins [R-KS2]
#48 2 Rep. Mac Thornberry [R-TX13]
#48 2 Rep. Mark Amodei [R-NV2]
#48 2 Rep. Mark Meadows [R-NC11]
#48 2 Rep. Matt Salmon [R-AZ5, 2013-2016]
#48 2 Rep. Michael “Mike” Simpson [R-ID2]
#48 2 Rep. Patrick Meehan [R-PA7, 2011-2018]
#48 2 Rep. Peter Roskam [R-IL6]
#48 2 Rep. Peter “Pete” King [R-NY2]
#48 2 Rep. Ralph Abraham [R-LA5]
#48 2 Rep. Randy Neugebauer [R-TX19, 2003-2016]
#48 2 Rep. Robert Hurt [R-VA5, 2011-2016]
#48 2 Rep. Scott Tipton [R-CO3]
#48 2 Rep. Sean Duffy [R-WI7]
#48 2 Rep. Stephen Lynch [D-MA8]
#48 2 Rep. Tom Price [R-GA6, 2005-2017]
#48 2 Rep. Trent Franks [R-AZ8, 2013-2017]
#5 9 Rep. Doug Collins [R-GA9]
#5 9 Rep. Steve Chabot [R-OH1]
#7 8 Rep. Bob Goodlatte [R-VA6]
#7 8 Rep. Edward “Ed” Royce [R-CA39]
#7 8 Rep. Lamar Smith [R-TX21]
#90 1 Rep. Adrian Smith [R-NE3]
#90 1 Rep. Alan Grayson [D-FL9, 2013-2016]
#90 1 Rep. Alma Adams [D-NC12]
#90 1 Rep. Ander Crenshaw [R-FL4, 2001-2016]
#90 1 Rep. Aumua Amata [R-AS0]
#90 1 Rep. Barry Loudermilk [R-GA11]
#90 1 Rep. Ben Luján [D-NM3]
#90 1 Rep. Bob Gibbs [R-OH7]
#90 1 Rep. Bonnie Watson Coleman [D-NJ12]
#90 1 Rep. Brian Higgins [D-NY26]
#90 1 Rep. Bruce Westerman [R-AR4]
#90 1 Rep. Cathy McMorris Rodgers [R-WA5]
#90 1 Rep. Charles Dent [R-PA15, 2005-2018]
#90 1 Rep. Charles “Charlie” Rangel [D-NY13, 2013-2016]
#90 1 Rep. Charles “Chuck” Fleischmann [R-TN3]
#90 1 Rep. Chellie Pingree [D-ME1]
#90 1 Rep. Chris Collins [R-NY27]
#90 1 Rep. Cynthia Lummis [R-WY0, 2009-2016]
#90 1 Rep. Dana Rohrabacher [R-CA48]
#90 1 Rep. Daniel Donovan [R-NY11]
#90 1 Rep. Daniel Kildee [D-MI5]
#90 1 Rep. Daniel Lipinski [D-IL3]
#90 1 Rep. David Schweikert [R-AZ6]
#90 1 Rep. David Scott [D-GA13]
#90 1 Rep. David “Phil” Roe [R-TN1]
#90 1 Rep. Denny Heck [D-WA10]
#90 1 Rep. Donald Beyer [D-VA8]
#90 1 Rep. Doug LaMalfa [R-CA1]
#90 1 Rep. Doug Lamborn [R-CO5]
#90 1 Rep. Duncan Hunter [R-CA50]
#90 1 Rep. Ed Perlmutter [D-CO7]
#90 1 Rep. Eliot Engel [D-NY16]
#90 1 Rep. Filemon Vela [D-TX34]
#90 1 Rep. Frank LoBiondo [R-NJ2]
#90 1 Rep. Frank Pallone [D-NJ6]
#90 1 Rep. George Holding [R-NC2]
#90 1 Rep. George “G.K.” Butterfield [D-NC1]
#90 1 Rep. Gerald Connolly [D-VA11]
#90 1 Rep. Glenn Thompson [R-PA5]
#90 1 Rep. Grace Napolitano [D-CA32]
#90 1 Rep. Greg Walden [R-OR2]
#90 1 Rep. Gregg Harper [R-MS3]
#90 1 Rep. Gregory Meeks [D-NY5]
#90 1 Rep. Gus Bilirakis [R-FL12]
#90 1 Rep. Gwen Moore [D-WI4]
#90 1 Rep. Henry Cuellar [D-TX28]
#90 1 Rep. Henry “Hank” Johnson [D-GA4]
#90 1 Rep. Jaime Herrera Beutler [R-WA3]
#90 1 Rep. James Renacci [R-OH16]
#90 1 Rep. James “Jim” Clyburn [D-SC6]
#90 1 Rep. Jared Polis [D-CO2]
#90 1 Rep. Jason Smith [R-MO8]
#90 1 Rep. Jeff Fortenberry [R-NE1]
#90 1 Rep. Jerry McNerney [D-CA9]
#90 1 Rep. Jim Bridenstine [R-OK1, 2013-2018]
#90 1 Rep. Joe Barton [R-TX6]
#90 1 Rep. John Carney [D-DE0, 2011-2016]
#90 1 Rep. John Culberson [R-TX7]
#90 1 Rep. John “Jimmy” Duncan [R-TN2]
#90 1 Rep. Joseph Pitts [R-PA16, 1997-2016]
#90 1 Rep. José Serrano [D-NY15]
#90 1 Rep. Julia Brownley [D-CA26]
#90 1 Rep. Karen Bass [D-CA37]
#90 1 Rep. Katherine Clark [D-MA5]
#90 1 Rep. Kathleen Rice [D-NY4]
#90 1 Rep. Kay Granger [R-TX12]
#90 1 Rep. Keith Rothfus [R-PA12]
#90 1 Rep. Ken Buck [R-CO4]
#90 1 Rep. Ken Calvert [R-CA42]
#90 1 Rep. Kevin Cramer [R-ND0]
#90 1 Rep. Kevin McCarthy [R-CA23]
#90 1 Rep. Kristi Noem [R-SD0]
#90 1 Rep. Lacy Clay [D-MO1]
#90 1 Rep. Larry Bucshon [R-IN8]
#90 1 Rep. Lloyd Doggett [D-TX35]
#90 1 Rep. Lynn Westmoreland [R-GA3, 2007-2016]
#90 1 Rep. Madeleine Bordallo [D-GU0]
#90 1 Rep. Mario Diaz-Balart [R-FL25]
#90 1 Rep. Mark DeSaulnier [D-CA11]
#90 1 Rep. Mark Takano [D-CA41]
#90 1 Rep. Mark Walker [R-NC6]
#90 1 Rep. Marsha Blackburn [R-TN7]
#90 1 Rep. Michael “Mike” Doyle [D-PA14]
#90 1 Rep. Michael “Mike” Honda [D-CA17, 2013-2016]
#90 1 Rep. Michelle Lujan Grisham [D-NM1]
#90 1 Rep. Mike Pompeo [R-KS4, 2011-2017]
#90 1 Rep. Mimi Walters [R-CA45]
#90 1 Rep. Norma Torres [D-CA35]
#90 1 Rep. Nydia Velázquez [D-NY7]
#90 1 Rep. Patrick McHenry [R-NC10]
#90 1 Rep. Paul Cook [R-CA8]
#90 1 Rep. Paul Gosar [R-AZ4]
#90 1 Rep. Peter DeFazio [D-OR4]
#90 1 Rep. Raúl Grijalva [D-AZ3]
#90 1 Rep. Rob Bishop [R-UT1]
#90 1 Rep. Robert Aderholt [R-AL4]
#90 1 Rep. Robert Latta [R-OH5]
#90 1 Rep. Robert Wittman [R-VA1]
#90 1 Rep. Robin Kelly [D-IL2]
#90 1 Rep. Rodney Frelinghuysen [R-NJ11]
#90 1 Rep. Roger Williams [R-TX25]
#90 1 Rep. Ron DeSantis [R-FL6, 2013-2018]
#90 1 Rep. Ryan Zinke [R-MT0, 2015-2017]
#90 1 Rep. Sander Levin [D-MI9]
#90 1 Rep. Scott Perry [R-PA4]
#90 1 Rep. Seth Moulton [D-MA6]
#90 1 Rep. Sheila Jackson Lee [D-TX18]
#90 1 Rep. Steny Hoyer [D-MD5]
#90 1 Rep. Steve Russell [R-OK5]
#90 1 Rep. Steve Scalise [R-LA1]
#90 1 Rep. Steve Womack [R-AR3]
#90 1 Rep. Steven Palazzo [R-MS4]
#90 1 Rep. Susan Brooks [R-IN5]
#90 1 Rep. Ted Lieu [D-CA33]
#90 1 Rep. Ted Yoho [R-FL3]
#90 1 Rep. Timothy Walz [D-MN1]
#90 1 Rep. Todd Rokita [R-IN4]
#90 1 Rep. Tom Emmer [R-MN6]
#90 1 Rep. Tom Graves [R-GA14]
#90 1 Rep. Trey Gowdy [R-SC4]
#90 1 Rep. Vern Buchanan [R-FL16]
#90 1 Rep. William Keating [D-MA9]
#90 1 Sen. Todd Young [R-IN]
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Additional Notes

The Speaker’s Votes: Missed votes are not computed for the Speaker of the House. According to current House rules, the Speaker of the House is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings.” In practice this means the Speaker of the House rarely votes but is not considered absent.

Leadership/Ideology: The leadership and ideology scores are not displayed for Members of Congress who introduced fewer than 10 bills, or, for ideology, for Members of Congress that have a low leadership score, as there is usually not enough data in these cases to compute reliable leadership and ideology statistics.

Missing Bills: We exclude bills from some statistics where the sponsor’s original intent is not in the final bill because the bill’s text was replaced in whole with unrelated provisions (i.e. it became a vehicle for passage of unrelated provisions).

Ranking Members (RkMembs): The chair of a committee is always selected from the political party that holds the most seats in the chamber, called the “majority party”. The “ranking member” (sometimes “RkMembs”) is the title given to the senior-most member of the committee not in the majority party.

Freshmen/Sophomores: Freshmen and sophomores are Members of Congress whose first term (in the same chamber at the end of 2015) was the 114th Congress (freshmen) or 113th (sophomores). Members of Congress who took office within the last few months of a Congress are considered freshmen in the next Congress as well.