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2015 Report Cards: Safe House Seats

These special year-end statistics dissect the legislative records of Members of Congress during the 2015 legislative year (Jan 6, 2015-Dec 31, 2015), looking at Members who served at the end of that period. This page was last updated on Jan 9, 2016.

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Bills Out of Committee

The number of bills that each legislator introduced in 2015 that got past committee and to the floor for consideration. Most bills and resolutions languish in committee without any action.

Safe House Seats
most often
#1 12 Rep. Pete Sessions [R-TX32]
#1 12 Rep. Michael Burgess [R-TX26]
#3 11 Rep. Virginia Foxx [R-NC5]
#4 10 Rep. Rob Woodall [R-GA7]
#5 9 Rep. Steve Chabot [R-OH1]
#5 9 Rep. Doug Collins [R-GA9]
#7 8 Rep. Lamar Smith [R-TX21]
#7 8 Rep. Edward “Ed” Royce [R-CA39]
#7 8 Rep. Bob Goodlatte [R-VA6]
#10 7 Rep. Tom Cole [R-OK4]
#10 7 Rep. Blaine Luetkemeyer [R-MO3]
#10 7 Rep. Kevin Brady [R-TX8]
#10 7 Rep. Dan Newhouse [R-WA4]
#10 7 Rep. Ann Wagner [R-MO2]
#10 7 Rep. Jeff Miller [R-FL1, 2001-2016]
#16 6 Rep. Steve Stivers [R-OH15]
#16 6 Rep. Lou Barletta [R-PA11]
#18 5 Rep. Bill Huizenga [R-MI2]
#18 5 Rep. Jason Chaffetz [R-UT3, 2009-2017]
#18 5 Rep. Bradley Byrne [R-AL1]
#18 5 Rep. Ed Whitfield [R-KY1, 1995-2016]
#18 5 Rep. Michael McCaul [R-TX10]
#18 5 Rep. Patrick “Pat” Tiberi [R-OH12, 2001-2018]
#18 5 Rep. Bennie Thompson [D-MS2]
#25 4 Rep. David Reichert [R-WA8]
#25 4 Rep. Michael Conaway [R-TX11]
#25 4 Rep. Ted Poe [R-TX2]
#25 4 Rep. Don Young [R-AK0]
#25 4 Rep. Mike Kelly [R-PA3]
#25 4 Rep. John Ratcliffe [R-TX4]
#25 4 Rep. Bill Shuster [R-PA9]
#32 3 Rep. Tom McClintock [R-CA4]
#32 3 Rep. Mick Mulvaney [R-SC5, 2011-2017]
#32 3 Rep. Christopher “Chris” Smith [R-NJ4]
#32 3 Rep. Diane Black [R-TN6]
#32 3 Rep. Stephen Fincher [R-TN8, 2011-2016]
#32 3 Rep. French Hill [R-AR2]
#32 3 Rep. Markwayne Mullin [R-OK2]
#32 3 Rep. Randy Hultgren [R-IL14]
#32 3 Rep. Walter Jones [R-NC3]
#32 3 Rep. James Sensenbrenner [R-WI5]
#32 3 Rep. Darrell Issa [R-CA49]
#32 3 Rep. Paul Ryan [R-WI1]
#32 3 Rep. Cedric Richmond [D-LA2]
#32 3 Rep. Tom Marino [R-PA10]
#32 3 Rep. Erik Paulsen [R-MN3]
#32 3 Rep. Candice Miller [R-MI10, 2003-2016]
#48 2 Rep. Mark Meadows [R-NC11]
#48 2 Rep. Peter Roskam [R-IL6]
#48 2 Rep. David Cicilline [D-RI1]
#48 2 Rep. Brett Guthrie [R-KY2]
#48 2 Rep. Sean Duffy [R-WI7]
#48 2 Rep. Corrine Brown [D-FL5, 2013-2016]
#48 2 Rep. Tom Price [R-GA6, 2005-2017]
#48 2 Rep. Brad Wenstrup [R-OH2]
#48 2 Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen [R-FL27]
#48 2 Rep. Buddy Carter [R-GA1]
#48 2 Rep. Fred Upton [R-MI6]
#48 2 Rep. Devin Nunes [R-CA22]
#48 2 Rep. Eric “Rick” Crawford [R-AR1]
#48 2 Rep. Scott Tipton [R-CO3]
#48 2 Rep. John Carter [R-TX31]
#48 2 Rep. Matt Salmon [R-AZ5, 2013-2016]
#48 2 Rep. Luke Messer [R-IN6]
#48 2 Rep. Garland “Andy” Barr [R-KY6]
#48 2 Rep. Patrick Meehan [R-PA7, 2011-2018]
#48 2 Rep. Stephen Lynch [D-MA8]
#48 2 Rep. Frank Lucas [R-OK3]
#48 2 Rep. Dennis Ross [R-FL15]
#48 2 Rep. Elijah Cummings [D-MD7]
#48 2 Rep. Donald Payne [D-NJ10]
#48 2 Rep. Trent Franks [R-AZ8, 2013-2017]
#48 2 Rep. Mark Amodei [R-NV2]
#48 2 Rep. Kenny Marchant [R-TX24]
#48 2 Rep. Peter “Pete” King [R-NY2]
#48 2 Rep. David McKinley [R-WV1]
#48 2 Rep. Robert Hurt [R-VA5, 2011-2016]
#48 2 Rep. Blake Farenthold [R-TX27, 2011-2018]
#48 2 Rep. Lynn Jenkins [R-KS2]
#48 2 Rep. Mac Thornberry [R-TX13]
#48 2 Rep. Ralph Abraham [R-LA5]
#48 2 Rep. James “Jim” Langevin [D-RI2]
#48 2 Rep. Bill Posey [R-FL8]
#48 2 Rep. Charles Boustany [R-LA3, 2013-2016]
#48 2 Rep. Randy Neugebauer [R-TX19, 2003-2016]
#48 2 Rep. Brad Sherman [D-CA30]
#48 2 Rep. John Shimkus [R-IL15]
#48 2 Rep. Michael “Mike” Simpson [R-ID2]
#48 2 Rep. Albio Sires [D-NJ8]
#90 1 Rep. William Keating [D-MA9]
#90 1 Rep. James “Jim” Clyburn [D-SC6]
#90 1 Rep. Lacy Clay [D-MO1]
#90 1 Rep. Steve Russell [R-OK5]
#90 1 Rep. Kevin Cramer [R-ND0]
#90 1 Rep. George Holding [R-NC2]
#90 1 Rep. Donald Beyer [D-VA8]
#90 1 Rep. George “G.K.” Butterfield [D-NC1]
#90 1 Rep. Michelle Lujan Grisham [D-NM1]
#90 1 Rep. Cynthia Lummis [R-WY0, 2009-2016]
#90 1 Rep. Ben Luján [D-NM3]
#90 1 Rep. Kristi Noem [R-SD0]
#90 1 Rep. Raúl Grijalva [D-AZ3]
#90 1 Rep. Gwen Moore [D-WI4]
#90 1 Rep. Trey Gowdy [R-SC4]
#90 1 Rep. Robert Aderholt [R-AL4]
#90 1 Rep. Denny Heck [D-WA10]
#90 1 Rep. Marsha Blackburn [R-TN7]
#90 1 Rep. Charles “Chuck” Fleischmann [R-TN3]
#90 1 Rep. Alan Grayson [D-FL9, 2013-2016]
#90 1 Rep. Gerald Connolly [D-VA11]
#90 1 Rep. Peter DeFazio [D-OR4]
#90 1 Rep. Barry Loudermilk [R-GA11]
#90 1 Rep. Paul Cook [R-CA8]
#90 1 Rep. Doug LaMalfa [R-CA1]
#90 1 Rep. Julia Brownley [D-CA26]
#90 1 Rep. Jaime Herrera Beutler [R-WA3]
#90 1 Rep. Madeleine Bordallo [D-GU0]
#90 1 Rep. Alma Adams [D-NC12]
#90 1 Rep. Lynn Westmoreland [R-GA3, 2007-2016]
#90 1 Rep. Katherine Clark [D-MA5]
#90 1 Rep. Scott Perry [R-PA4]
#90 1 Rep. Jim Bridenstine [R-OK1, 2013-2018]
#90 1 Rep. Mark Takano [D-CA41]
#90 1 Rep. Steny Hoyer [D-MD5]
#90 1 Rep. Michael “Mike” Honda [D-CA17, 2013-2016]
#90 1 Rep. Dana Rohrabacher [R-CA48]
#90 1 Rep. Ryan Zinke [R-MT0, 2015-2017]
#90 1 Sen. Todd Young [R-IN]
#90 1 Rep. Larry Bucshon [R-IN8]
#90 1 Rep. Todd Rokita [R-IN4]
#90 1 Rep. Ron DeSantis [R-FL6]
#90 1 Rep. Ted Yoho [R-FL3]
#90 1 Rep. Bonnie Watson Coleman [D-NJ12]
#90 1 Rep. Kathleen Rice [D-NY4]
#90 1 Rep. Jeff Fortenberry [R-NE1]
#90 1 Rep. Brian Higgins [D-NY26]
#90 1 Rep. Patrick McHenry [R-NC10]
#90 1 Rep. Tom Graves [R-GA14]
#90 1 Rep. Greg Walden [R-OR2]
#90 1 Rep. Nydia Velázquez [D-NY7]
#90 1 Rep. Karen Bass [D-CA37]
#90 1 Rep. John “Jimmy” Duncan [R-TN2]
#90 1 Rep. Michael “Mike” Doyle [D-PA14]
#90 1 Rep. Lloyd Doggett [D-TX35]
#90 1 Rep. Gus Bilirakis [R-FL12]
#90 1 Rep. Robert Wittman [R-VA1]
#90 1 Rep. Robert Latta [R-OH5]
#90 1 Rep. Glenn Thompson [R-PA5]
#90 1 Rep. Grace Napolitano [D-CA32]
#90 1 Rep. John Carney [D-DE0, 2011-2016]
#90 1 Rep. Steve Womack [R-AR3]
#90 1 Rep. Aumua Amata [R-AS0]
#90 1 Rep. Bob Gibbs [R-OH7]
#90 1 Rep. Daniel Kildee [D-MI5]
#90 1 Rep. José Serrano [D-NY15]
#90 1 Rep. David Scott [D-GA13]
#90 1 Rep. Frank LoBiondo [R-NJ2]
#90 1 Rep. Timothy Walz [D-MN1]
#90 1 Rep. Adrian Smith [R-NE3]
#90 1 Rep. Jason Smith [R-MO8]
#90 1 Rep. Henry “Hank” Johnson [D-GA4]
#90 1 Rep. Vern Buchanan [R-FL16]
#90 1 Rep. Doug Lamborn [R-CO5]
#90 1 Rep. Ed Perlmutter [D-CO7]
#90 1 Rep. Kevin McCarthy [R-CA23]
#90 1 Rep. Mark DeSaulnier [D-CA11]
#90 1 Rep. Rodney Frelinghuysen [R-NJ11]
#90 1 Rep. Rob Bishop [R-UT1]
#90 1 Rep. Joseph Pitts [R-PA16, 1997-2016]
#90 1 Rep. Henry Cuellar [D-TX28]
#90 1 Rep. Cathy McMorris Rodgers [R-WA5]
#90 1 Rep. Sheila Jackson Lee [D-TX18]
#90 1 Rep. Mimi Walters [R-CA45]
#90 1 Rep. Ken Buck [R-CO4]
#90 1 Rep. Norma Torres [D-CA35]
#90 1 Rep. Robin Kelly [D-IL2]
#90 1 Rep. Bruce Westerman [R-AR4]
#90 1 Rep. Ted Lieu [D-CA33]
#90 1 Rep. Paul Gosar [R-AZ4]
#90 1 Rep. David Schweikert [R-AZ6]
#90 1 Rep. Mario Diaz-Balart [R-FL25]
#90 1 Rep. Frank Pallone [D-NJ6]
#90 1 Rep. Tom Emmer [R-MN6]
#90 1 Rep. Gregg Harper [R-MS3]
#90 1 Rep. Seth Moulton [D-MA6]
#90 1 Rep. Duncan Hunter [R-CA50]
#90 1 Rep. Mike Pompeo [R-KS4, 2011-2017]
#90 1 Rep. Sander Levin [D-MI9]
#90 1 Rep. James Renacci [R-OH16]
#90 1 Rep. Jared Polis [D-CO2]
#90 1 Rep. Steve Scalise [R-LA1]
#90 1 Rep. Eliot Engel [D-NY16]
#90 1 Rep. Chellie Pingree [D-ME1]
#90 1 Rep. Ken Calvert [R-CA42]
#90 1 Rep. Steven Palazzo [R-MS4]
#90 1 Rep. Daniel Donovan [R-NY11]
#90 1 Rep. Daniel Lipinski [D-IL3]
#90 1 Rep. Mark Walker [R-NC6]
#90 1 Rep. Roger Williams [R-TX25]
#90 1 Rep. Keith Rothfus [R-PA12]
#90 1 Rep. Gregory Meeks [D-NY5]
#90 1 Rep. David “Phil” Roe [R-TN1]
#90 1 Rep. Ander Crenshaw [R-FL4, 2001-2016]
#90 1 Rep. John Culberson [R-TX7]
#90 1 Rep. Chris Collins [R-NY27]
#90 1 Rep. Jerry McNerney [D-CA9]
#90 1 Rep. Joe Barton [R-TX6]
#90 1 Rep. Kay Granger [R-TX12]
#90 1 Rep. Susan Brooks [R-IN5]
#90 1 Rep. Charles “Charlie” Rangel [D-NY13, 2013-2016]
#90 1 Rep. Charles Dent [R-PA15, 2005-2018]
#90 1 Rep. Filemon Vela [D-TX34]
#213 0 Rep. Rubén Hinojosa [D-TX15, 1997-2016]
#213 0 Rep. Ann Kuster [D-NH2]
#213 0 Rep. Richard Hudson [R-NC8]
#213 0 Rep. Brian Babin [R-TX36]
#213 0 Rep. Brendan Boyle [D-PA13]
#213 0 Rep. Stevan “Steve” Pearce [R-NM2]
#213 0 Rep. Betty McCollum [D-MN4]
#213 0 Rep. Nancy Pelosi [D-CA12]
#213 0 Rep. Carolyn Maloney [D-NY12]
#213 0 Rep. Leonard Lance [R-NJ7]
#213 0 Rep. Luis Gutiérrez [D-IL4]
#213 0 Rep. Doris Matsui [D-CA6]
#213 0 Rep. Scott DesJarlais [R-TN4]
#213 0 Rep. Steve King [R-IA4]
#213 0 Rep. Earl Blumenauer [D-OR3]
#213 0 Rep. Sanford Bishop [D-GA2]
#213 0 Rep. Jeff Duncan [R-SC3]
#213 0 Rep. John Fleming [R-LA4, 2009-2016]
#213 0 Rep. Judy Chu [D-CA27]
#213 0 Rep. Chaka Fattah [D-PA2, 1995-2016]
#213 0 Rep. Rick Allen [R-GA12]
#213 0 Rep. Mark Takai [D-HI1, 2015-2016]
#213 0 Rep. Jared Huffman [D-CA2]
#213 0 Rep. Tony Cárdenas [D-CA29]
#213 0 Rep. Robert Brady [D-PA1]
#213 0 Rep. Eric Swalwell [D-CA15]
#213 0 Rep. David “Dave” Brat [R-VA7]
#213 0 Rep. Debbie Wasserman Schultz [D-FL23]
#213 0 Rep. Curtis “Curt” Clawson [R-FL19, 2014-2016]
#213 0 Rep. Gary Palmer [R-AL6]
#213 0 Rep. David Joyce [R-OH14]
#213 0 Rep. Grace Meng [D-NY6]
#213 0 Rep. Joyce Beatty [D-OH3]
#213 0 Rep. Hakeem Jeffries [D-NY8]
#213 0 Rep. James “Jim” McGovern [D-MA2]
#213 0 Rep. Jim McDermott [D-WA7, 1989-2016]
#213 0 Rep. A. Dutch Ruppersberger [D-MD2]
#213 0 Rep. Lucille Roybal-Allard [D-CA40]
#213 0 Rep. Mike Rogers [R-AL3]
#213 0 Rep. Harold “Hal” Rogers [R-KY5]
#213 0 Rep. Mike Quigley [D-IL5]
#213 0 Rep. Steve Cohen [D-TN9]
#213 0 Rep. Peter Welch [D-VT0]
#213 0 Rep. Tim Huelskamp [R-KS1, 2011-2016]
#213 0 Rep. Gene Green [D-TX29]
#213 0 Rep. Adam Kinzinger [R-IL16]
#213 0 Rep. Juan Vargas [D-CA51]
#213 0 Rep. Alan Lowenthal [D-CA47]
#213 0 Rep. Donald Norcross [D-NJ1]
#213 0 Rep. David Rouzer [R-NC7]
#213 0 Rep. Lois Frankel [D-FL21]
#213 0 Rep. Jody Hice [R-GA10]
#213 0 Rep. Chris Stewart [R-UT2]
#213 0 Rep. Derek Kilmer [D-WA6]
#213 0 Rep. Joe Wilson [R-SC2]
#213 0 Rep. John Garamendi [D-CA3]
#213 0 Rep. Theodore Deutch [D-FL22]
#213 0 Rep. André Carson [D-IN7]
#213 0 Rep. Eddie Johnson [D-TX30]
#213 0 Rep. Sam Johnson [R-TX3]
#213 0 Sen. Chris Van Hollen [D-MD]
#213 0 Rep. Peter Visclosky [D-IN1]
#213 0 Rep. Michael Turner [R-OH10]
#213 0 Rep. Michael Capuano [D-MA7]
#213 0 Rep. Janice Hahn [D-CA44, 2013-2016]
#213 0 Rep. Dina Titus [D-NV1]
#213 0 Rep. Niki Tsongas [D-MA3]
#213 0 Rep. Bill Foster [D-IL11]
#213 0 Rep. Jackie Speier [D-CA14]
#213 0 Rep. Eleanor Norton [D-DC0]
#213 0 Rep. Gregorio Sablan [D-MP0]
#213 0 Rep. Kurt Schrader [D-OR5]
#213 0 Rep. Richard Nugent [R-FL11, 2013-2016]
#213 0 Rep. Glenn Grothman [R-WI6]
#213 0 Rep. Evan Jenkins [R-WV3]
#213 0 Rep. Marshall “Mark” Sanford [R-SC1]
#213 0 Rep. Joseph Kennedy [D-MA4]
#213 0 Rep. Robert “Bobby” Scott [D-VA3]
#213 0 Rep. Adam Schiff [D-CA28]
#213 0 Rep. Janice “Jan” Schakowsky [D-IL9]
#213 0 Rep. Zoe Lofgren [D-CA19]
#213 0 Rep. Nita Lowey [D-NY17]
#213 0 Rep. John Lewis [D-GA5]
#213 0 Rep. Danny Davis [D-IL7]
#213 0 Rep. Susan Davis [D-CA53]
#213 0 Rep. Keith Ellison [D-MN5]
#213 0 Rep. John Yarmuth [D-KY3]
#213 0 Rep. John Sarbanes [D-MD3]
#213 0 Rep. Xavier Becerra [D-CA34, 2013-2017]
#213 0 Rep. Kathy Castor [D-FL14]
#213 0 Rep. Joe Courtney [D-CT2]
#213 0 Rep. Jerrold Nadler [D-NY10]
#213 0 Rep. Anna Eshoo [D-CA18]
#213 0 Rep. Billy Long [R-MO7]
#213 0 Rep. Suzan DelBene [D-WA1]
#213 0 Rep. Suzanne Bonamici [D-OR1]
#213 0 Rep. Thomas Massie [R-KY4]
#213 0 Rep. David Price [D-NC4]
#213 0 Rep. Al Green [D-TX9]
#213 0 Rep. Louie Gohmert [R-TX1]
#213 0 Rep. David Loebsack [D-IA2]
#213 0 Rep. Marcy Kaptur [D-OH9]
#213 0 Rep. Ruben Gallego [D-AZ7]
#213 0 Rep. Mo Brooks [R-AL5]
#213 0 Rep. Marlin Stutzman [R-IN3, 2010-2016]
#213 0 Rep. Martha Roby [R-AL2]
#213 0 Rep. Terri Sewell [D-AL7]
#213 0 Rep. Steve Israel [D-NY3, 2013-2016]
#213 0 Rep. Ron Kind [D-WI3]
#213 0 Rep. Loretta Sanchez [D-CA46, 2013-2016]
#213 0 Rep. Tim Ryan [D-OH13]
#213 0 Rep. Linda Sánchez [D-CA38]
#213 0 Rep. Bobby Rush [D-IL1]
#213 0 Rep. Maxine Waters [D-CA43]
#213 0 Rep. Rosa DeLauro [D-CT3]
#213 0 Rep. Morgan Griffith [R-VA9]
#213 0 Rep. Marcia Fudge [D-OH11]
#213 0 Rep. Diana DeGette [D-CO1]
#213 0 Rep. Reid Ribble [R-WI8, 2011-2016]
#213 0 Rep. Jeb Hensarling [R-TX5]
#213 0 Rep. Bill Flores [R-TX17]
#213 0 Rep. Edward “Scott” Rigell [R-VA2, 2011-2016]
#213 0 Rep. Kevin Yoder [R-KS3]
#213 0 Rep. Trent Kelly [R-MS1]
#213 0 Rep. Andy Harris [R-MD1]
#213 0 Rep. Bill Pascrell [D-NJ9]
#213 0 Rep. Brenda Lawrence [D-MI14]
#213 0 Rep. Dave Trott [R-MI11]
#213 0 Rep. Debbie Dingell [D-MI12]
#213 0 Rep. John Moolenaar [R-MI4]
#213 0 Rep. Garret Graves [R-LA6]
#213 0 Rep. James Himes [D-CT4]
#213 0 Rep. Barbara Lee [D-CA13]
#213 0 Rep. John Larson [D-CT1]
#213 0 Rep. Rick Larsen [D-WA2]
#213 0 Rep. Alcee Hastings [D-FL20]
#213 0 Rep. Mike Thompson [D-CA5]
#213 0 Rep. Justin Amash [R-MI3]
#213 0 Rep. Bill Johnson [R-OH6]
#213 0 Rep. Sam Farr [D-CA20, 2013-2016]
#213 0 Rep. Tim Murphy [R-PA18, 2003-2017]
#213 0 Rep. Donna Edwards [D-MD4, 2008-2016]
#213 0 Rep. Pete Olson [R-TX22]
#213 0 Commish. Pedro Pierluisi [D-PR0, 2009-2016]
#213 0 Rep. Austin Scott [R-GA8]
#213 0 Rep. Frederica Wilson [D-FL24]
#213 0 Rep. Raúl Labrador [R-ID1]
#213 0 Rep. Darin LaHood [R-IL18]
#213 0 Rep. Vicky Hartzler [R-MO4]
#213 0 Rep. Emanuel Cleaver [D-MO5]
#213 0 Rep. Marc Veasey [D-TX33]
#213 0 Rep. Beto O’Rourke [D-TX16]
#213 0 Rep. Randy Weber [R-TX14]
#213 0 Rep. Joaquin Castro [D-TX20]
#213 0 Rep. Matthew Cartwright [D-PA17]
#213 0 Rep. Paul Tonko [D-NY20]
#213 0 Rep. Tom Rice [R-SC7]
#213 0 Rep. Adam Smith [D-WA9]
#213 0 Rep. Thomas Rooney [R-FL17]
#213 0 Rep. John Conyers [D-MI13, 2013-2017]
#213 0 Rep. Stacey Plaskett [D-VI0]
#213 0 Rep. Jim Cooper [D-TN5]
#213 0 Rep. Joseph “Joe” Crowley [D-NY14]
#213 0 Rep. Richard Neal [D-MA1]
#213 0 Rep. Yvette Clarke [D-NY9]
#213 0 Rep. Jim Jordan [R-OH4]
#213 0 Rep. Sam Graves [R-MO6]
#213 0 Sen. Tammy Duckworth [D-IL]
#213 0 Rep. Renee Ellmers [R-NC2, 2011-2016]
#213 0 Rep. Tulsi Gabbard [D-HI2]
#213 0 Rep. Cheri Bustos [D-IL17]
#213 0 Rep. Jackie Walorski [R-IN2]
#213 0 Rep. Mark Pocan [D-WI2]
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Additional Notes

The Speaker’s Votes: Missed votes are not computed for the Speaker of the House. According to current House rules, the Speaker of the House is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings.” In practice this means the Speaker of the House rarely votes but is not considered absent.

Leadership/Ideology: The leadership and ideology scores are not displayed for Members of Congress who introduced fewer than 10 bills, or, for ideology, for Members of Congress that have a low leadership score, as there is usually not enough data in these cases to compute reliable leadership and ideology statistics.

Missing Bills: We exclude bills from some statistics where the sponsor’s original intent is not in the final bill because the bill’s text was replaced in whole with unrelated provisions (i.e. it became a vehicle for passage of unrelated provisions).

Ranking Members (RkMembs): The chair of a committee is always selected from the political party that holds the most seats in the chamber, called the “majority party”. The “ranking member” (sometimes “RkMembs”) is the title given to the senior-most member of the committee not in the majority party.

Freshmen/Sophomores: Freshmen and sophomores are Members of Congress whose first term (in the same chamber at the end of 2015) was the 114th Congress (freshmen) or 113th (sophomores). Members of Congress who took office within the last few months of a Congress are considered freshmen in the next Congress as well.