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2015 Report Cards: Safe House Seats

These special year-end statistics dissect the legislative records of Members of Congress during the 2015 legislative year (Jan 6, 2015-Dec 31, 2015), looking at Members who served at the end of that period. This page was last updated on Jan 9, 2016.

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Committee Positions

A score, giving five points for each full committee leadership position and one point for each subcommittee leadership position, for each legislator.

Safe House Seats
most committee positions
#1 11 Rep. Gregg Harper [R-MS3]
#1 11 Rep. Candice Miller [R-MI10, 2003-2016]
#3 10 Rep. Kevin Brady [R-TX8]
#3 10 Rep. Elijah Cummings [D-MD7]
#5 7 Rep. Charles Dent [R-PA15, 2005-2018]
#6 6 Rep. Virginia Foxx [R-NC5]
#6 6 Rep. Trey Gowdy [R-SC4]
#6 6 Rep. Nita Lowey [D-NY17]
#6 6 Rep. Randy Neugebauer [R-TX19, 2003-2016]
#6 6 Rep. Todd Rokita [R-IN4]
#6 6 Rep. Christopher “Chris” Smith [R-NJ4]
#12 5 Rep. Rob Bishop [R-UT1]
#12 5 Rep. Marsha Blackburn [R-TN7]
#12 5 Rep. Robert Brady [D-PA1]
#12 5 Rep. Corrine Brown [D-FL5, 2013-2016]
#12 5 Rep. Steve Chabot [R-OH1]
#12 5 Rep. Jason Chaffetz [R-UT3, 2009-2017]
#12 5 Rep. Michael Conaway [R-TX11]
#12 5 Rep. John Conyers [D-MI13, 2013-2017]
#12 5 Rep. Peter DeFazio [D-OR4]
#12 5 Rep. John “Jimmy” Duncan [R-TN2]
#12 5 Rep. Eliot Engel [D-NY16]
#12 5 Rep. Bob Goodlatte [R-VA6]
#12 5 Rep. Raúl Grijalva [D-AZ3]
#12 5 Rep. Jeb Hensarling [R-TX5]
#12 5 Rep. Eddie Johnson [D-TX30]
#12 5 Rep. Sander Levin [D-MI9]
#12 5 Rep. Frank Lucas [R-OK3]
#12 5 Rep. Michael McCaul [R-TX10]
#12 5 Rep. Patrick McHenry [R-NC10]
#12 5 Rep. Jeff Miller [R-FL1, 2001-2016]
#12 5 Rep. Devin Nunes [R-CA22]
#12 5 Rep. Frank Pallone [D-NJ6]
#12 5 Rep. Tom Price [R-GA6, 2005-2017]
#12 5 Rep. Harold “Hal” Rogers [R-KY5]
#12 5 Rep. Edward “Ed” Royce [R-CA39]
#12 5 Rep. Paul Ryan [R-WI1]
#12 5 Rep. Adam Schiff [D-CA28]
#12 5 Rep. Robert “Bobby” Scott [D-VA3]
#12 5 Rep. Pete Sessions [R-TX32]
#12 5 Rep. Bill Shuster [R-PA9]
#12 5 Rep. Adam Smith [D-WA9]
#12 5 Rep. Lamar Smith [R-TX21]
#12 5 Rep. Linda Sánchez [D-CA38]
#12 5 Rep. Bennie Thompson [D-MS2]
#12 5 Rep. Mac Thornberry [R-TX13]
#12 5 Rep. Fred Upton [R-MI6]
#12 5 Sen. Chris Van Hollen [D-MD]
#12 5 Rep. Nydia Velázquez [D-NY7]
#12 5 Rep. Maxine Waters [D-CA43]
#51 2 Rep. Robert Aderholt [R-AL4]
#51 2 Rep. Ron DeSantis [R-FL6, 2013-2018]
#51 2 Rep. Blake Farenthold [R-TX27, 2011-2018]
#51 2 Rep. Trent Franks [R-AZ8, 2013-2017]
#51 2 Rep. Rodney Frelinghuysen [R-NJ11]
#51 2 Rep. Louie Gohmert [R-TX1]
#51 2 Rep. Kay Granger [R-TX12]
#51 2 Rep. Duncan Hunter [R-CA50]
#51 2 Rep. Doug Lamborn [R-CO5]
#51 2 Rep. Frank LoBiondo [R-NJ2]
#51 2 Rep. Mick Mulvaney [R-SC5, 2011-2017]
#51 2 Rep. Michael “Mike” Simpson [R-ID2]
#51 2 Rep. Lynn Westmoreland [R-GA3, 2007-2016]
#64 1 Rep. Ralph Abraham [R-LA5]
#64 1 Rep. Alma Adams [D-NC12]
#64 1 Rep. Aumua Amata [R-AS0]
#64 1 Rep. Mark Amodei [R-NV2]
#64 1 Rep. Brian Babin [R-TX36]
#64 1 Rep. Lou Barletta [R-PA11]
#64 1 Rep. Karen Bass [D-CA37]
#64 1 Rep. Xavier Becerra [D-CA34, 2013-2017]
#64 1 Rep. Donald Beyer [D-VA8]
#64 1 Rep. Sanford Bishop [D-GA2]
#64 1 Rep. Suzanne Bonamici [D-OR1]
#64 1 Rep. Madeleine Bordallo [D-GU0]
#64 1 Rep. Charles Boustany [R-LA3, 2013-2016]
#64 1 Rep. Jim Bridenstine [R-OK1, 2013-2018]
#64 1 Rep. Mo Brooks [R-AL5]
#64 1 Rep. Julia Brownley [D-CA26]
#64 1 Rep. Vern Buchanan [R-FL16]
#64 1 Rep. Ken Buck [R-CO4]
#64 1 Rep. Michael Burgess [R-TX26]
#64 1 Rep. Ken Calvert [R-CA42]
#64 1 Rep. Michael Capuano [D-MA7]
#64 1 Rep. André Carson [D-IN7]
#64 1 Rep. John Carter [R-TX31]
#64 1 Rep. Matthew Cartwright [D-PA17]
#64 1 Rep. Judy Chu [D-CA27]
#64 1 Rep. Lacy Clay [D-MO1]
#64 1 Rep. Emanuel Cleaver [D-MO5]
#64 1 Rep. Steve Cohen [D-TN9]
#64 1 Rep. Tom Cole [R-OK4]
#64 1 Rep. Doug Collins [R-GA9]
#64 1 Rep. Gerald Connolly [D-VA11]
#64 1 Rep. Paul Cook [R-CA8]
#64 1 Rep. Jim Cooper [D-TN5]
#64 1 Rep. Joe Courtney [D-CT2]
#64 1 Rep. Eric “Rick” Crawford [R-AR1]
#64 1 Rep. Ander Crenshaw [R-FL4, 2001-2016]
#64 1 Rep. John Culberson [R-TX7]
#64 1 Rep. Susan Davis [D-CA53]
#64 1 Rep. Diana DeGette [D-CO1]
#64 1 Rep. Rosa DeLauro [D-CT3]
#64 1 Rep. Suzan DelBene [D-WA1]
#64 1 Rep. Theodore Deutch [D-FL22]
#64 1 Rep. Mario Diaz-Balart [R-FL25]
#64 1 Rep. Debbie Dingell [D-MI12]
#64 1 Rep. Lloyd Doggett [D-TX35]
#64 1 Sen. Tammy Duckworth [D-IL]
#64 1 Rep. Sean Duffy [R-WI7]
#64 1 Rep. Jeff Duncan [R-SC3]
#64 1 Rep. Donna Edwards [D-MD4, 2008-2016]
#64 1 Rep. Anna Eshoo [D-CA18]
#64 1 Rep. Sam Farr [D-CA20, 2013-2016]
#64 1 Rep. Charles “Chuck” Fleischmann [R-TN3]
#64 1 Rep. John Fleming [R-LA4, 2009-2016]
#64 1 Rep. Jeff Fortenberry [R-NE1]
#64 1 Rep. Marcia Fudge [D-OH11]
#64 1 Rep. John Garamendi [D-CA3]
#64 1 Rep. Bob Gibbs [R-OH7]
#64 1 Rep. Sam Graves [R-MO6]
#64 1 Rep. Tom Graves [R-GA14]
#64 1 Rep. Alan Grayson [D-FL9, 2013-2016]
#64 1 Rep. Al Green [D-TX9]
#64 1 Rep. Gene Green [D-TX29]
#64 1 Rep. Glenn Grothman [R-WI6]
#64 1 Rep. Brett Guthrie [R-KY2]
#64 1 Rep. Vicky Hartzler [R-MO4]
#64 1 Rep. Alcee Hastings [D-FL20]
#64 1 Rep. Jaime Herrera Beutler [R-WA3]
#64 1 Rep. Brian Higgins [D-NY26]
#64 1 Rep. James Himes [D-CT4]
#64 1 Rep. Rubén Hinojosa [D-TX15, 1997-2016]
#64 1 Rep. Michael “Mike” Honda [D-CA17, 2013-2016]
#64 1 Rep. Jared Huffman [D-CA2]
#64 1 Rep. Bill Huizenga [R-MI2]
#64 1 Rep. Robert Hurt [R-VA5, 2011-2016]
#64 1 Rep. Darrell Issa [R-CA49]
#64 1 Rep. Sheila Jackson Lee [D-TX18]
#64 1 Rep. Bill Johnson [R-OH6]
#64 1 Rep. Henry “Hank” Johnson [D-GA4]
#64 1 Rep. Sam Johnson [R-TX3]
#64 1 Rep. Jim Jordan [R-OH4]
#64 1 Rep. Marcy Kaptur [D-OH9]
#64 1 Rep. William Keating [D-MA9]
#64 1 Rep. Robin Kelly [D-IL2]
#64 1 Rep. Peter “Pete” King [R-NY2]
#64 1 Rep. Ann Kuster [D-NH2]
#64 1 Rep. Raúl Labrador [R-ID1]
#64 1 Rep. Leonard Lance [R-NJ7]
#64 1 Rep. James “Jim” Langevin [D-RI2]
#64 1 Rep. Rick Larsen [D-WA2]
#64 1 Rep. Robert Latta [R-OH5]
#64 1 Rep. Brenda Lawrence [D-MI14]
#64 1 Rep. John Lewis [D-GA5]
#64 1 Rep. Daniel Lipinski [D-IL3]
#64 1 Rep. Zoe Lofgren [D-CA19]
#64 1 Rep. Barry Loudermilk [R-GA11]
#64 1 Rep. Alan Lowenthal [D-CA47]
#64 1 Rep. Blaine Luetkemeyer [R-MO3]
#64 1 Rep. Michelle Lujan Grisham [D-NM1]
#64 1 Rep. Cynthia Lummis [R-WY0, 2009-2016]
#64 1 Rep. Stephen Lynch [D-MA8]
#64 1 Rep. Carolyn Maloney [D-NY12]
#64 1 Rep. Tom Marino [R-PA10]
#64 1 Rep. Tom McClintock [R-CA4]
#64 1 Rep. Betty McCollum [D-MN4]
#64 1 Rep. Jim McDermott [D-WA7, 1989-2016]
#64 1 Rep. James “Jim” McGovern [D-MA2]
#64 1 Rep. David McKinley [R-WV1]
#64 1 Rep. Mark Meadows [R-NC11]
#64 1 Rep. Gregory Meeks [D-NY5]
#64 1 Rep. Grace Meng [D-NY6]
#64 1 Rep. John Moolenaar [R-MI4]
#64 1 Rep. Gwen Moore [D-WI4]
#64 1 Rep. Seth Moulton [D-MA6]
#64 1 Rep. Tim Murphy [R-PA18, 2003-2017]
#64 1 Rep. Jerrold Nadler [D-NY10]
#64 1 Rep. Grace Napolitano [D-CA32]
#64 1 Rep. Richard Neal [D-MA1]
#64 1 Rep. Eleanor Norton [D-DC0]
#64 1 Rep. Pete Olson [R-TX22]
#64 1 Rep. Donald Payne [D-NJ10]
#64 1 Rep. Stevan “Steve” Pearce [R-NM2]
#64 1 Rep. Scott Perry [R-PA4]
#64 1 Rep. Joseph Pitts [R-PA16, 1997-2016]
#64 1 Rep. Ted Poe [R-TX2]
#64 1 Rep. Jared Polis [D-CO2]
#64 1 Rep. David Price [D-NC4]
#64 1 Rep. Mike Quigley [D-IL5]
#64 1 Rep. Charles “Charlie” Rangel [D-NY13, 2013-2016]
#64 1 Rep. John Ratcliffe [R-TX4]
#64 1 Rep. David Reichert [R-WA8]
#64 1 Rep. Kathleen Rice [D-NY4]
#64 1 Rep. Cedric Richmond [D-LA2]
#64 1 Rep. David “Phil” Roe [R-TN1]
#64 1 Rep. Mike Rogers [R-AL3]
#64 1 Rep. Dana Rohrabacher [R-CA48]
#64 1 Rep. Thomas Rooney [R-FL17]
#64 1 Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen [R-FL27]
#64 1 Rep. Peter Roskam [R-IL6]
#64 1 Rep. David Rouzer [R-NC7]
#64 1 Rep. Lucille Roybal-Allard [D-CA40]
#64 1 Rep. Bobby Rush [D-IL1]
#64 1 Rep. Steve Russell [R-OK5]
#64 1 Rep. Matt Salmon [R-AZ5, 2013-2016]
#64 1 Rep. Loretta Sanchez [D-CA46, 2013-2016]
#64 1 Rep. Janice “Jan” Schakowsky [D-IL9]
#64 1 Rep. Austin Scott [R-GA8]
#64 1 Rep. David Scott [D-GA13]
#64 1 Rep. James Sensenbrenner [R-WI5]
#64 1 Rep. José Serrano [D-NY15]
#64 1 Rep. Terri Sewell [D-AL7]
#64 1 Rep. Brad Sherman [D-CA30]
#64 1 Rep. John Shimkus [R-IL15]
#64 1 Rep. Albio Sires [D-NJ8]
#64 1 Rep. Jackie Speier [D-CA14]
#64 1 Rep. Steve Stivers [R-OH15]
#64 1 Rep. Eric Swalwell [D-CA15]
#64 1 Rep. Mark Takai [D-HI1, 2015-2016]
#64 1 Rep. Mark Takano [D-CA41]
#64 1 Rep. Glenn Thompson [R-PA5]
#64 1 Rep. Patrick “Pat” Tiberi [R-OH12, 2001-2018]
#64 1 Rep. Dina Titus [D-NV1]
#64 1 Rep. Paul Tonko [D-NY20]
#64 1 Rep. Niki Tsongas [D-MA3]
#64 1 Rep. Michael Turner [R-OH10]
#64 1 Rep. Filemon Vela [D-TX34]
#64 1 Rep. Peter Visclosky [D-IN1]
#64 1 Rep. Greg Walden [R-OR2]
#64 1 Rep. Jackie Walorski [R-IN2]
#64 1 Rep. Timothy Walz [D-MN1]
#64 1 Rep. Debbie Wasserman Schultz [D-FL23]
#64 1 Rep. Bonnie Watson Coleman [D-NJ12]
#64 1 Rep. Randy Weber [R-TX14]
#64 1 Rep. Brad Wenstrup [R-OH2]
#64 1 Rep. Bruce Westerman [R-AR4]
#64 1 Rep. Ed Whitfield [R-KY1, 1995-2016]
#64 1 Rep. Frederica Wilson [D-FL24]
#64 1 Rep. Joe Wilson [R-SC2]
#64 1 Rep. Robert Wittman [R-VA1]
#64 1 Rep. Steve Womack [R-AR3]
#64 1 Rep. Rob Woodall [R-GA7]
#64 1 Rep. Kevin Yoder [R-KS3]
#64 1 Rep. Don Young [R-AK0]
#246 0 Rep. Rick Allen [R-GA12]
#246 0 Rep. Justin Amash [R-MI3]
#246 0 Rep. Garland “Andy” Barr [R-KY6]
#246 0 Rep. Joe Barton [R-TX6]
#246 0 Rep. Joyce Beatty [D-OH3]
#246 0 Rep. Gus Bilirakis [R-FL12]
#246 0 Rep. Diane Black [R-TN6]
#246 0 Rep. Earl Blumenauer [D-OR3]
#246 0 Rep. Brendan Boyle [D-PA13]
#246 0 Rep. David “Dave” Brat [R-VA7]
#246 0 Rep. Susan Brooks [R-IN5]
#246 0 Rep. Larry Bucshon [R-IN8]
#246 0 Rep. Cheri Bustos [D-IL17]
#246 0 Rep. George “G.K.” Butterfield [D-NC1]
#246 0 Rep. Bradley Byrne [R-AL1]
#246 0 Rep. John Carney [D-DE0, 2011-2016]
#246 0 Rep. Buddy Carter [R-GA1]
#246 0 Rep. Kathy Castor [D-FL14]
#246 0 Rep. Joaquin Castro [D-TX20]
#246 0 Rep. David Cicilline [D-RI1]
#246 0 Rep. Katherine Clark [D-MA5]
#246 0 Rep. Yvette Clarke [D-NY9]
#246 0 Rep. Curtis “Curt” Clawson [R-FL19, 2014-2016]
#246 0 Rep. James “Jim” Clyburn [D-SC6]
#246 0 Rep. Chris Collins [R-NY27]
#246 0 Rep. Kevin Cramer [R-ND0]
#246 0 Rep. Joseph “Joe” Crowley [D-NY14]
#246 0 Rep. Henry Cuellar [D-TX28]
#246 0 Rep. Tony Cárdenas [D-CA29]
#246 0 Rep. Danny Davis [D-IL7]
#246 0 Rep. Mark DeSaulnier [D-CA11]
#246 0 Rep. Scott DesJarlais [R-TN4]
#246 0 Rep. Daniel Donovan [R-NY11]
#246 0 Rep. Michael “Mike” Doyle [D-PA14]
#246 0 Rep. Keith Ellison [D-MN5]
#246 0 Rep. Renee Ellmers [R-NC2, 2011-2016]
#246 0 Rep. Tom Emmer [R-MN6]
#246 0 Rep. Chaka Fattah [D-PA2, 1995-2016]
#246 0 Rep. Stephen Fincher [R-TN8, 2011-2016]
#246 0 Rep. Bill Flores [R-TX17]
#246 0 Rep. Bill Foster [D-IL11]
#246 0 Rep. Lois Frankel [D-FL21]
#246 0 Rep. Tulsi Gabbard [D-HI2]
#246 0 Rep. Ruben Gallego [D-AZ7]
#246 0 Rep. Paul Gosar [R-AZ4]
#246 0 Rep. Garret Graves [R-LA6]
#246 0 Rep. Morgan Griffith [R-VA9]
#246 0 Rep. Luis Gutiérrez [D-IL4]
#246 0 Rep. Janice Hahn [D-CA44, 2013-2016]
#246 0 Rep. Andy Harris [R-MD1]
#246 0 Rep. Denny Heck [D-WA10]
#246 0 Rep. Jody Hice [R-GA10]
#246 0 Rep. French Hill [R-AR2]
#246 0 Rep. George Holding [R-NC2]
#246 0 Rep. Steny Hoyer [D-MD5]
#246 0 Rep. Richard Hudson [R-NC8]
#246 0 Rep. Tim Huelskamp [R-KS1, 2011-2016]
#246 0 Rep. Randy Hultgren [R-IL14]
#246 0 Rep. Steve Israel [D-NY3, 2013-2016]
#246 0 Rep. Hakeem Jeffries [D-NY8]
#246 0 Rep. Evan Jenkins [R-WV3, 2015-2018]
#246 0 Rep. Lynn Jenkins [R-KS2]
#246 0 Rep. Walter Jones [R-NC3]
#246 0 Rep. David Joyce [R-OH14]
#246 0 Rep. Mike Kelly [R-PA3]
#246 0 Rep. Trent Kelly [R-MS1]
#246 0 Rep. Joseph Kennedy [D-MA4]
#246 0 Rep. Daniel Kildee [D-MI5]
#246 0 Rep. Derek Kilmer [D-WA6]
#246 0 Rep. Ron Kind [D-WI3]
#246 0 Rep. Steve King [R-IA4]
#246 0 Rep. Adam Kinzinger [R-IL16]
#246 0 Rep. Darin LaHood [R-IL18]
#246 0 Rep. Doug LaMalfa [R-CA1]
#246 0 Rep. John Larson [D-CT1]
#246 0 Rep. Barbara Lee [D-CA13]
#246 0 Rep. Ted Lieu [D-CA33]
#246 0 Rep. David Loebsack [D-IA2]
#246 0 Rep. Billy Long [R-MO7]
#246 0 Rep. Ben Luján [D-NM3]
#246 0 Rep. Kenny Marchant [R-TX24]
#246 0 Rep. Thomas Massie [R-KY4]
#246 0 Rep. Doris Matsui [D-CA6]
#246 0 Rep. Kevin McCarthy [R-CA23]
#246 0 Rep. Cathy McMorris Rodgers [R-WA5]
#246 0 Rep. Jerry McNerney [D-CA9]
#246 0 Rep. Patrick Meehan [R-PA7, 2011-2018]
#246 0 Rep. Luke Messer [R-IN6]
#246 0 Rep. Markwayne Mullin [R-OK2]
#246 0 Rep. Dan Newhouse [R-WA4]
#246 0 Rep. Kristi Noem [R-SD0]
#246 0 Rep. Donald Norcross [D-NJ1]
#246 0 Rep. Richard Nugent [R-FL11, 2013-2016]
#246 0 Rep. Beto O’Rourke [D-TX16]
#246 0 Rep. Steven Palazzo [R-MS4]
#246 0 Rep. Gary Palmer [R-AL6]
#246 0 Rep. Bill Pascrell [D-NJ9]
#246 0 Rep. Erik Paulsen [R-MN3]
#246 0 Rep. Nancy Pelosi [D-CA12]
#246 0 Rep. Ed Perlmutter [D-CO7]
#246 0 Commish. Pedro Pierluisi [D-PR0, 2009-2016]
#246 0 Rep. Chellie Pingree [D-ME1]
#246 0 Rep. Stacey Plaskett [D-VI0]
#246 0 Rep. Mark Pocan [D-WI2]
#246 0 Rep. Mike Pompeo [R-KS4, 2011-2017]
#246 0 Rep. Bill Posey [R-FL8]
#246 0 Rep. James Renacci [R-OH16]
#246 0 Rep. Reid Ribble [R-WI8, 2011-2016]
#246 0 Rep. Tom Rice [R-SC7]
#246 0 Rep. Edward “Scott” Rigell [R-VA2, 2011-2016]
#246 0 Rep. Martha Roby [R-AL2]
#246 0 Rep. Dennis Ross [R-FL15]
#246 0 Rep. Keith Rothfus [R-PA12]
#246 0 Rep. A. Dutch Ruppersberger [D-MD2]
#246 0 Rep. Tim Ryan [D-OH13]
#246 0 Rep. Gregorio Sablan [D-MP0]
#246 0 Rep. Marshall “Mark” Sanford [R-SC1]
#246 0 Rep. John Sarbanes [D-MD3]
#246 0 Rep. Steve Scalise [R-LA1]
#246 0 Rep. Kurt Schrader [D-OR5]
#246 0 Rep. David Schweikert [R-AZ6]
#246 0 Rep. Adrian Smith [R-NE3]
#246 0 Rep. Jason Smith [R-MO8]
#246 0 Rep. Chris Stewart [R-UT2]
#246 0 Rep. Marlin Stutzman [R-IN3, 2010-2016]
#246 0 Rep. Mike Thompson [D-CA5]
#246 0 Rep. Scott Tipton [R-CO3]
#246 0 Rep. Norma Torres [D-CA35]
#246 0 Rep. Dave Trott [R-MI11]
#246 0 Rep. Juan Vargas [D-CA51]
#246 0 Rep. Marc Veasey [D-TX33]
#246 0 Rep. Ann Wagner [R-MO2]
#246 0 Rep. Mark Walker [R-NC6]
#246 0 Rep. Mimi Walters [R-CA45]
#246 0 Rep. Peter Welch [D-VT0]
#246 0 Rep. Roger Williams [R-TX25]
#246 0 Rep. John Yarmuth [D-KY3]
#246 0 Rep. Ted Yoho [R-FL3]
#246 0 Sen. Todd Young [R-IN]
#246 0 Rep. Ryan Zinke [R-MT0, 2015-2017]
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Additional Notes

The Speaker’s Votes: Missed votes are not computed for the Speaker of the House. According to current House rules, the Speaker of the House is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings.” In practice this means the Speaker of the House rarely votes but is not considered absent.

Leadership/Ideology: The leadership and ideology scores are not displayed for Members of Congress who introduced fewer than 10 bills, or, for ideology, for Members of Congress that have a low leadership score, as there is usually not enough data in these cases to compute reliable leadership and ideology statistics.

Missing Bills: We exclude bills from some statistics where the sponsor’s original intent is not in the final bill because the bill’s text was replaced in whole with unrelated provisions (i.e. it became a vehicle for passage of unrelated provisions).

Ranking Members (RkMembs): The chair of a committee is always selected from the political party that holds the most seats in the chamber, called the “majority party”. The “ranking member” (sometimes “RkMembs”) is the title given to the senior-most member of the committee not in the majority party.

Freshmen/Sophomores: Freshmen and sophomores are Members of Congress whose first term (in the same chamber at the end of 2015) was the 114th Congress (freshmen) or 113th (sophomores). Members of Congress who took office within the last few months of a Congress are considered freshmen in the next Congress as well.