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2015 Report Cards: Safe House Seats

These special year-end statistics dissect the legislative records of Members of Congress during the 2015 legislative year (Jan 6, 2015-Dec 31, 2015), looking at Members who served at the end of that period. This page was last updated on Jan 9, 2016.

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Committee Positions

A score, giving five points for each full committee leadership position and one point for each subcommittee leadership position, for each legislator.

Safe House Seats
highest score
#1 11 Rep. Candice Miller [R-MI10, 2003-2016]
#1 11 Rep. Gregg Harper [R-MS3]
#3 10 Rep. Kevin Brady [R-TX8]
#3 10 Rep. Elijah Cummings [D-MD7]
#5 7 Rep. Charles Dent [R-PA15]
#6 6 Rep. Todd Rokita [R-IN4]
#6 6 Rep. Trey Gowdy [R-SC4]
#6 6 Rep. Christopher “Chris” Smith [R-NJ4]
#6 6 Rep. Randy Neugebauer [R-TX19, 2003-2016]
#6 6 Rep. Virginia Foxx [R-NC5]
#6 6 Rep. Nita Lowey [D-NY17]
#12 5 Rep. Harold “Hal” Rogers [R-KY5]
#12 5 Rep. Michael McCaul [R-TX10]
#12 5 Rep. Linda Sánchez [D-CA38]
#12 5 Rep. Paul Ryan [R-WI1]
#12 5 Rep. Maxine Waters [D-CA43]
#12 5 Rep. Jeb Hensarling [R-TX5]
#12 5 Rep. Steve Chabot [R-OH1]
#12 5 Rep. Raúl Grijalva [D-AZ3]
#12 5 Rep. Lamar Smith [R-TX21]
#12 5 Rep. Marsha Blackburn [R-TN7]
#12 5 Rep. Jason Chaffetz [R-UT3, 2009-2017]
#12 5 Rep. Peter DeFazio [D-OR4]
#12 5 Rep. Robert Brady [D-PA1]
#12 5 Rep. Corrine Brown [D-FL5, 2013-2016]
#12 5 Rep. Tom Price [R-GA6, 2005-2017]
#12 5 Rep. Jeff Miller [R-FL1, 2001-2016]
#12 5 Rep. Adam Smith [D-WA9]
#12 5 Rep. John Conyers [D-MI13]
#12 5 Rep. Bob Goodlatte [R-VA6]
#12 5 Rep. Bill Shuster [R-PA9]
#12 5 Rep. Patrick McHenry [R-NC10]
#12 5 Rep. Edward “Ed” Royce [R-CA39]
#12 5 Rep. Fred Upton [R-MI6]
#12 5 Rep. Eddie Johnson [D-TX30]
#12 5 Sen. Chris Van Hollen [D-MD]
#12 5 Rep. Nydia Velázquez [D-NY7]
#12 5 Rep. John “Jimmy” Duncan [R-TN2]
#12 5 Rep. Devin Nunes [R-CA22]
#12 5 Rep. Pete Sessions [R-TX32]
#12 5 Rep. Robert “Bobby” Scott [D-VA3]
#12 5 Rep. Adam Schiff [D-CA28]
#12 5 Rep. Frank Lucas [R-OK3]
#12 5 Rep. Rob Bishop [R-UT1]
#12 5 Rep. Michael Conaway [R-TX11]
#12 5 Rep. Frank Pallone [D-NJ6]
#12 5 Rep. Sander Levin [D-MI9]
#12 5 Rep. Mac Thornberry [R-TX13]
#12 5 Rep. Bennie Thompson [D-MS2]
#12 5 Rep. Eliot Engel [D-NY16]
#51 2 Rep. Ron DeSantis [R-FL6]
#51 2 Rep. Louie Gohmert [R-TX1]
#51 2 Rep. Blake Farenthold [R-TX27]
#51 2 Rep. Mick Mulvaney [R-SC5, 2011-2017]
#51 2 Rep. Robert Aderholt [R-AL4]
#51 2 Rep. Lynn Westmoreland [R-GA3, 2007-2016]
#51 2 Rep. Michael “Mike” Simpson [R-ID2]
#51 2 Rep. Kay Granger [R-TX12]
#51 2 Rep. Frank LoBiondo [R-NJ2]
#51 2 Rep. Doug Lamborn [R-CO5]
#51 2 Rep. Rodney Frelinghuysen [R-NJ11]
#51 2 Rep. Trent Franks [R-AZ8]
#51 2 Rep. Duncan Hunter [R-CA50]
#64 1 Rep. Jim Bridenstine [R-OK1]
#64 1 Rep. Grace Meng [D-NY6]
#64 1 Rep. Brad Wenstrup [R-OH2]
#64 1 Rep. James “Jim” McGovern [D-MA2]
#64 1 Rep. Mark Takano [D-CA41]
#64 1 Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen [R-FL27]
#64 1 Rep. Jim McDermott [D-WA7, 1989-2016]
#64 1 Rep. Michael “Mike” Honda [D-CA17, 2013-2016]
#64 1 Rep. Ed Whitfield [R-KY1, 1995-2016]
#64 1 Rep. Lucille Roybal-Allard [D-CA40]
#64 1 Rep. Mike Rogers [R-AL3]
#64 1 Rep. Dana Rohrabacher [R-CA48]
#64 1 Rep. Steve Cohen [D-TN9]
#64 1 Rep. Mike Quigley [D-IL5]
#64 1 Rep. Gene Green [D-TX29]
#64 1 Rep. Alan Lowenthal [D-CA47]
#64 1 Rep. David Rouzer [R-NC7]
#64 1 Rep. Bonnie Watson Coleman [D-NJ12]
#64 1 Rep. Kathleen Rice [D-NY4]
#64 1 Rep. Al Green [D-TX9]
#64 1 Rep. Ted Poe [R-TX2]
#64 1 Rep. Sheila Jackson Lee [D-TX18]
#64 1 Rep. Ken Buck [R-CO4]
#64 1 Rep. Marcy Kaptur [D-OH9]
#64 1 Rep. Robin Kelly [D-IL2]
#64 1 Rep. Bruce Westerman [R-AR4]
#64 1 Rep. Mo Brooks [R-AL5]
#64 1 Rep. Terri Sewell [D-AL7]
#64 1 Rep. Darrell Issa [R-CA49]
#64 1 Rep. Peter “Pete” King [R-NY2]
#64 1 Rep. Loretta Sanchez [D-CA46, 2013-2016]
#64 1 Rep. Bobby Rush [D-IL1]
#64 1 Rep. Rosa DeLauro [D-CT3]
#64 1 Rep. Marcia Fudge [D-OH11]
#64 1 Rep. Diana DeGette [D-CO1]
#64 1 Rep. David McKinley [R-WV1]
#64 1 Rep. Robert Hurt [R-VA5, 2011-2016]
#64 1 Rep. Mario Diaz-Balart [R-FL25]
#64 1 Rep. Kevin Yoder [R-KS3]
#64 1 Rep. Cedric Richmond [D-LA2]
#64 1 Rep. Tom Cole [R-OK4]
#64 1 Rep. William Keating [D-MA9]
#64 1 Rep. Bill Huizenga [R-MI2]
#64 1 Rep. Lacy Clay [D-MO1]
#64 1 Rep. Mark Meadows [R-NC11]
#64 1 Rep. Rubén Hinojosa [D-TX15, 1997-2016]
#64 1 Rep. Ann Kuster [D-NH2]
#64 1 Rep. Steve Russell [R-OK5]
#64 1 Rep. Brian Babin [R-TX36]
#64 1 Rep. Donald Beyer [D-VA8]
#64 1 Rep. Michelle Lujan Grisham [D-NM1]
#64 1 Rep. Cynthia Lummis [R-WY0, 2009-2016]
#64 1 Rep. Stevan “Steve” Pearce [R-NM2]
#64 1 Rep. Betty McCollum [D-MN4]
#64 1 Rep. Tom McClintock [R-CA4]
#64 1 Rep. Carolyn Maloney [D-NY12]
#64 1 Rep. Leonard Lance [R-NJ7]
#64 1 Rep. Blaine Luetkemeyer [R-MO3]
#64 1 Rep. David Reichert [R-WA8]
#64 1 Rep. Gwen Moore [D-WI4]
#64 1 Rep. Peter Roskam [R-IL6]
#64 1 Rep. Charles “Chuck” Fleischmann [R-TN3]
#64 1 Rep. Sanford Bishop [D-GA2]
#64 1 Rep. John Fleming [R-LA4, 2009-2016]
#64 1 Rep. Jeff Duncan [R-SC3]
#64 1 Rep. Alan Grayson [D-FL9, 2013-2016]
#64 1 Rep. Gerald Connolly [D-VA11]
#64 1 Rep. Judy Chu [D-CA27]
#64 1 Rep. Barry Loudermilk [R-GA11]
#64 1 Rep. Sean Duffy [R-WI7]
#64 1 Rep. Mark Takai [D-HI1, 2015-2016]
#64 1 Rep. Brett Guthrie [R-KY2]
#64 1 Rep. Paul Cook [R-CA8]
#64 1 Rep. Jared Huffman [D-CA2]
#64 1 Rep. Julia Brownley [D-CA26]
#64 1 Rep. Eric Swalwell [D-CA15]
#64 1 Rep. Jaime Herrera Beutler [R-WA3]
#64 1 Rep. Madeleine Bordallo [D-GU0]
#64 1 Rep. Alma Adams [D-NC12]
#64 1 Rep. Debbie Wasserman Schultz [D-FL23]
#64 1 Rep. Scott Perry [R-PA4]
#64 1 Rep. Matthew Cartwright [D-PA17]
#64 1 Rep. Paul Tonko [D-NY20]
#64 1 Rep. Gregory Meeks [D-NY5]
#64 1 Rep. Don Young [R-AK0]
#64 1 Rep. Brad Sherman [D-CA30]
#64 1 Rep. John Shimkus [R-IL15]
#64 1 Rep. Thomas Rooney [R-FL17]
#64 1 Rep. David “Phil” Roe [R-TN1]
#64 1 Rep. Jim Cooper [D-TN5]
#64 1 Rep. Ander Crenshaw [R-FL4, 2001-2016]
#64 1 Rep. John Culberson [R-TX7]
#64 1 Rep. Richard Neal [D-MA1]
#64 1 Rep. Albio Sires [D-NJ8]
#64 1 Rep. Jim Jordan [R-OH4]
#64 1 Rep. Sam Graves [R-MO6]
#64 1 Sen. Tammy Duckworth [D-IL]
#64 1 Rep. Doug Collins [R-GA9]
#64 1 Rep. John Ratcliffe [R-TX4]
#64 1 Rep. Jackie Walorski [R-IN2]
#64 1 Rep. Charles “Charlie” Rangel [D-NY13, 2013-2016]
#64 1 Rep. Filemon Vela [D-TX34]
#64 1 Rep. Jeff Fortenberry [R-NE1]
#64 1 Rep. Brian Higgins [D-NY26]
#64 1 Rep. Joe Wilson [R-SC2]
#64 1 Rep. John Garamendi [D-CA3]
#64 1 Rep. Theodore Deutch [D-FL22]
#64 1 Rep. Tom Graves [R-GA14]
#64 1 Rep. André Carson [D-IN7]
#64 1 Rep. Sam Johnson [R-TX3]
#64 1 Rep. Greg Walden [R-OR2]
#64 1 Rep. Peter Visclosky [D-IN1]
#64 1 Rep. Michael Turner [R-OH10]
#64 1 Rep. Karen Bass [D-CA37]
#64 1 Rep. Dina Titus [D-NV1]
#64 1 Rep. Michael Capuano [D-MA7]
#64 1 Rep. Lloyd Doggett [D-TX35]
#64 1 Rep. Niki Tsongas [D-MA3]
#64 1 Rep. Robert Wittman [R-VA1]
#64 1 Rep. Robert Latta [R-OH5]
#64 1 Rep. Jackie Speier [D-CA14]
#64 1 Rep. Eleanor Norton [D-DC0]
#64 1 Rep. Glenn Thompson [R-PA5]
#64 1 Rep. Eric “Rick” Crawford [R-AR1]
#64 1 Rep. Grace Napolitano [D-CA32]
#64 1 Rep. John Carter [R-TX31]
#64 1 Rep. Steve Womack [R-AR3]
#64 1 Rep. Glenn Grothman [R-WI6]
#64 1 Rep. Aumua Amata [R-AS0]
#64 1 Rep. Matt Salmon [R-AZ5, 2013-2016]
#64 1 Rep. Bob Gibbs [R-OH7]
#64 1 Rep. José Serrano [D-NY15]
#64 1 Rep. James Sensenbrenner [R-WI5]
#64 1 Rep. David Scott [D-GA13]
#64 1 Rep. Stephen Lynch [D-MA8]
#64 1 Rep. Janice “Jan” Schakowsky [D-IL9]
#64 1 Rep. Zoe Lofgren [D-CA19]
#64 1 Rep. John Lewis [D-GA5]
#64 1 Rep. Susan Davis [D-CA53]
#64 1 Rep. Timothy Walz [D-MN1]
#64 1 Rep. Xavier Becerra [D-CA34, 2013-2017]
#64 1 Rep. Henry “Hank” Johnson [D-GA4]
#64 1 Rep. Vern Buchanan [R-FL16]
#64 1 Rep. Joe Courtney [D-CT2]
#64 1 Rep. Jerrold Nadler [D-NY10]
#64 1 Rep. Anna Eshoo [D-CA18]
#64 1 Rep. Donald Payne [D-NJ10]
#64 1 Rep. Suzan DelBene [D-WA1]
#64 1 Rep. David Price [D-NC4]
#64 1 Rep. Suzanne Bonamici [D-OR1]
#64 1 Rep. Mark Amodei [R-NV2]
#64 1 Rep. Joseph Pitts [R-PA16, 1997-2016]
#64 1 Rep. Brenda Lawrence [D-MI14]
#64 1 Rep. Debbie Dingell [D-MI12]
#64 1 Rep. John Moolenaar [R-MI4]
#64 1 Rep. Seth Moulton [D-MA6]
#64 1 Rep. Ralph Abraham [R-LA5]
#64 1 Rep. James Himes [D-CT4]
#64 1 Rep. James “Jim” Langevin [D-RI2]
#64 1 Rep. Rick Larsen [D-WA2]
#64 1 Rep. Alcee Hastings [D-FL20]
#64 1 Rep. Patrick “Pat” Tiberi [R-OH12]
#64 1 Rep. Steve Stivers [R-OH15]
#64 1 Rep. Bill Johnson [R-OH6]
#64 1 Rep. Jared Polis [D-CO2]
#64 1 Rep. Sam Farr [D-CA20, 2013-2016]
#64 1 Rep. Tom Marino [R-PA10]
#64 1 Rep. Lou Barletta [R-PA11]
#64 1 Rep. Tim Murphy [R-PA18]
#64 1 Rep. Donna Edwards [D-MD4, 2008-2016]
#64 1 Rep. Pete Olson [R-TX22]
#64 1 Rep. Michael Burgess [R-TX26]
#64 1 Rep. Rob Woodall [R-GA7]
#64 1 Rep. Austin Scott [R-GA8]
#64 1 Rep. Ken Calvert [R-CA42]
#64 1 Rep. Frederica Wilson [D-FL24]
#64 1 Rep. Raúl Labrador [R-ID1]
#64 1 Rep. Vicky Hartzler [R-MO4]
#64 1 Rep. Daniel Lipinski [D-IL3]
#64 1 Rep. Charles Boustany [R-LA3, 2013-2016]
#64 1 Rep. Emanuel Cleaver [D-MO5]
#64 1 Rep. Randy Weber [R-TX14]
#246 0 Rep. David Joyce [R-OH14]
#246 0 Rep. Joyce Beatty [D-OH3]
#246 0 Rep. Hakeem Jeffries [D-NY8]
#246 0 Rep. Steny Hoyer [D-MD5]
#246 0 Rep. A. Dutch Ruppersberger [D-MD2]
#246 0 Rep. Ryan Zinke [R-MT0, 2015-2017]
#246 0 Rep. Peter Welch [D-VT0]
#246 0 Rep. Tim Huelskamp [R-KS1, 2011-2016]
#246 0 Sen. Todd Young [R-IN]
#246 0 Rep. Larry Bucshon [R-IN8]
#246 0 Rep. Juan Vargas [D-CA51]
#246 0 Rep. Adam Kinzinger [R-IL16]
#246 0 Rep. Randy Hultgren [R-IL14]
#246 0 Rep. Donald Norcross [D-NJ1]
#246 0 Rep. Ted Yoho [R-FL3]
#246 0 Rep. Lois Frankel [D-FL21]
#246 0 Rep. Jody Hice [R-GA10]
#246 0 Rep. David Loebsack [D-IA2]
#246 0 Rep. Cathy McMorris Rodgers [R-WA5]
#246 0 Rep. Mimi Walters [R-CA45]
#246 0 Rep. Norma Torres [D-CA35]
#246 0 Rep. Ted Lieu [D-CA33]
#246 0 Rep. Ruben Gallego [D-AZ7]
#246 0 Rep. Marlin Stutzman [R-IN3, 2010-2016]
#246 0 Rep. Paul Gosar [R-AZ4]
#246 0 Rep. Martha Roby [R-AL2]
#246 0 Rep. David Schweikert [R-AZ6]
#246 0 Rep. Steve Israel [D-NY3, 2013-2016]
#246 0 Rep. Ron Kind [D-WI3]
#246 0 Rep. Tim Ryan [D-OH13]
#246 0 Rep. Morgan Griffith [R-VA9]
#246 0 Rep. Reid Ribble [R-WI8, 2011-2016]
#246 0 Rep. Bill Flores [R-TX17]
#246 0 Rep. Edward “Scott” Rigell [R-VA2, 2011-2016]
#246 0 Rep. Trent Kelly [R-MS1]
#246 0 Rep. Andy Harris [R-MD1]
#246 0 Rep. James “Jim” Clyburn [D-SC6]
#246 0 Rep. Kevin Cramer [R-ND0]
#246 0 Rep. George Holding [R-NC2]
#246 0 Rep. Richard Hudson [R-NC8]
#246 0 Rep. George “G.K.” Butterfield [D-NC1]
#246 0 Rep. Brendan Boyle [D-PA13]
#246 0 Rep. Nancy Pelosi [D-CA12]
#246 0 Rep. Ben Luján [D-NM3]
#246 0 Rep. Luis Gutiérrez [D-IL4]
#246 0 Rep. Kristi Noem [R-SD0]
#246 0 Rep. Doris Matsui [D-CA6]
#246 0 Rep. Scott DesJarlais [R-TN4]
#246 0 Rep. Steve King [R-IA4]
#246 0 Rep. Denny Heck [D-WA10]
#246 0 Rep. Earl Blumenauer [D-OR3]
#246 0 Rep. David Cicilline [D-RI1]
#246 0 Rep. Diane Black [R-TN6]
#246 0 Rep. Stephen Fincher [R-TN8, 2011-2016]
#246 0 Rep. Chaka Fattah [D-PA2, 1995-2016]
#246 0 Rep. Rick Allen [R-GA12]
#246 0 Rep. Doug LaMalfa [R-CA1]
#246 0 Rep. Tony Cárdenas [D-CA29]
#246 0 Rep. David “Dave” Brat [R-VA7]
#246 0 Rep. Gary Palmer [R-AL6]
#246 0 Rep. Curtis “Curt” Clawson [R-FL19, 2014-2016]
#246 0 Rep. Bradley Byrne [R-AL1]
#246 0 Rep. Katherine Clark [D-MA5]
#246 0 Rep. French Hill [R-AR2]
#246 0 Rep. Markwayne Mullin [R-OK2]
#246 0 Rep. Keith Rothfus [R-PA12]
#246 0 Rep. Tom Rice [R-SC7]
#246 0 Rep. Stacey Plaskett [D-VI0]
#246 0 Rep. Joseph “Joe” Crowley [D-NY14]
#246 0 Rep. Chris Collins [R-NY27]
#246 0 Rep. Joe Barton [R-TX6]
#246 0 Rep. Yvette Clarke [D-NY9]
#246 0 Rep. Jerry McNerney [D-CA9]
#246 0 Rep. Mike Kelly [R-PA3]
#246 0 Rep. Renee Ellmers [R-NC2, 2011-2016]
#246 0 Rep. Tulsi Gabbard [D-HI2]
#246 0 Rep. Cheri Bustos [D-IL17]
#246 0 Rep. Susan Brooks [R-IN5]
#246 0 Rep. Mark Pocan [D-WI2]
#246 0 Rep. Chris Stewart [R-UT2]
#246 0 Rep. Derek Kilmer [D-WA6]
#246 0 Rep. Buddy Carter [R-GA1]
#246 0 Rep. Walter Jones [R-NC3]
#246 0 Rep. Michael “Mike” Doyle [D-PA14]
#246 0 Rep. Janice Hahn [D-CA44, 2013-2016]
#246 0 Rep. Gus Bilirakis [R-FL12]
#246 0 Rep. Bill Foster [D-IL11]
#246 0 Rep. Gregorio Sablan [D-MP0]
#246 0 Rep. Kurt Schrader [D-OR5]
#246 0 Rep. Scott Tipton [R-CO3]
#246 0 Rep. Dan Newhouse [R-WA4]
#246 0 Rep. John Carney [D-DE0, 2011-2016]
#246 0 Rep. Richard Nugent [R-FL11, 2013-2016]
#246 0 Rep. Evan Jenkins [R-WV3]
#246 0 Rep. Ann Wagner [R-MO2]
#246 0 Rep. Marshall “Mark” Sanford [R-SC1]
#246 0 Rep. Luke Messer [R-IN6]
#246 0 Rep. Garland “Andy” Barr [R-KY6]
#246 0 Rep. Joseph Kennedy [D-MA4]
#246 0 Rep. Daniel Kildee [D-MI5]
#246 0 Rep. Patrick Meehan [R-PA7]
#246 0 Rep. Dennis Ross [R-FL15]
#246 0 Rep. Danny Davis [D-IL7]
#246 0 Rep. Keith Ellison [D-MN5]
#246 0 Rep. Adrian Smith [R-NE3]
#246 0 Rep. John Yarmuth [D-KY3]
#246 0 Rep. John Sarbanes [D-MD3]
#246 0 Rep. Jason Smith [R-MO8]
#246 0 Rep. Kathy Castor [D-FL14]
#246 0 Rep. Ed Perlmutter [D-CO7]
#246 0 Rep. Kevin McCarthy [R-CA23]
#246 0 Rep. Mark DeSaulnier [D-CA11]
#246 0 Rep. Billy Long [R-MO7]
#246 0 Rep. Thomas Massie [R-KY4]
#246 0 Rep. Kenny Marchant [R-TX24]
#246 0 Rep. Henry Cuellar [D-TX28]
#246 0 Rep. Bill Pascrell [D-NJ9]
#246 0 Rep. Tom Emmer [R-MN6]
#246 0 Rep. Lynn Jenkins [R-KS2]
#246 0 Rep. Dave Trott [R-MI11]
#246 0 Rep. Garret Graves [R-LA6]
#246 0 Rep. Mike Pompeo [R-KS4, 2011-2017]
#246 0 Rep. Barbara Lee [D-CA13]
#246 0 Rep. John Larson [D-CT1]
#246 0 Rep. Mike Thompson [D-CA5]
#246 0 Rep. Justin Amash [R-MI3]
#246 0 Rep. James Renacci [R-OH16]
#246 0 Rep. Bill Posey [R-FL8]
#246 0 Rep. Steve Scalise [R-LA1]
#246 0 Rep. Erik Paulsen [R-MN3]
#246 0 Commish. Pedro Pierluisi [D-PR0, 2009-2016]
#246 0 Rep. Chellie Pingree [D-ME1]
#246 0 Rep. Darin LaHood [R-IL18]
#246 0 Rep. Steven Palazzo [R-MS4]
#246 0 Rep. Daniel Donovan [R-NY11]
#246 0 Rep. Mark Walker [R-NC6]
#246 0 Rep. Roger Williams [R-TX25]
#246 0 Rep. Marc Veasey [D-TX33]
#246 0 Rep. Beto O’Rourke [D-TX16]
#246 0 Rep. Joaquin Castro [D-TX20]
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Additional Notes

The Speaker’s Votes: Missed votes are not computed for the Speaker of the House. According to current House rules, the Speaker of the House is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings.” In practice this means the Speaker of the House rarely votes but is not considered absent.

Leadership/Ideology: The leadership and ideology scores are not displayed for Members of Congress who introduced fewer than 10 bills, or, for ideology, for Members of Congress that have a low leadership score, as there is usually not enough data in these cases to compute reliable leadership and ideology statistics.

Ranking Members (RkMembs): The chair of a committee is always selected from the political party that holds the most seats in the chamber, called the “majority party”. The “ranking member” (sometimes “RkMembs”) is the title given to the senior-most member of the committee not in the majority party.

Freshmen/Sophomores: Freshmen and sophomores are Members of Congress whose first term (in the same chamber at the end of 2015) was the 114th Congress (freshmen) or 113th (sophomores). Members of Congress who took office within the last few months of a Congress are considered freshmen in the next Congress as well.