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2015 Report Cards: Safe House Seats

These special year-end statistics dissect the legislative records of Members of Congress during the 2015 legislative year (Jan 6, 2015-Dec 31, 2015), looking at Members who served at the end of that period. This page was last updated on Jan 9, 2016.

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Bills Cosponsored

The number of bills cosponsored by each legislator in 2015.

Safe House Seats
most bills
#1 651 Rep. Eleanor Norton [D-DC0]
#2 645 Rep. Charles “Charlie” Rangel [D-NY13, 2013-2016]
#3 599 Rep. Raúl Grijalva [D-AZ3]
#4 540 Rep. Alcee Hastings [D-FL20]
#5 537 Rep. Michael “Mike” Honda [D-CA17, 2013-2016]
#6 530 Rep. James “Jim” McGovern [D-MA2]
#7 507 Rep. Steve Cohen [D-TN9]
#8 491 Rep. Barbara Lee [D-CA13]
#9 480 Rep. Mark Pocan [D-WI2]
#10 437 Rep. Judy Chu [D-CA27]
#11 434 Rep. Matthew Cartwright [D-PA17]
#12 428 Rep. Mark Takano [D-CA41]
#13 415 Rep. Alan Lowenthal [D-CA47]
#13 415 Rep. Earl Blumenauer [D-OR3]
#15 413 Rep. Walter Jones [R-NC3]
#16 405 Rep. John Conyers [D-MI13]
#17 404 Rep. Zoe Lofgren [D-CA19]
#18 395 Rep. Sheila Jackson Lee [D-TX18]
#19 393 Rep. Betty McCollum [D-MN4]
#20 381 Rep. Janice “Jan” Schakowsky [D-IL9]
#21 371 Rep. Jared Huffman [D-CA2]
#22 362 Rep. Keith Ellison [D-MN5]
#23 355 Rep. Gwen Moore [D-WI4]
#24 349 Sen. Chris Van Hollen [D-MD]
#25 344 Rep. Eric Swalwell [D-CA15]
#25 344 Rep. Jim McDermott [D-WA7, 1989-2016]
#27 343 Rep. Ted Lieu [D-CA33]
#28 340 Rep. Peter Welch [D-VT0]
#28 340 Rep. Frederica Wilson [D-FL24]
#30 333 Rep. Grace Napolitano [D-CA32]
#31 330 Rep. Jared Polis [D-CO2]
#32 324 Rep. Derek Kilmer [D-WA6]
#33 317 Rep. Chellie Pingree [D-ME1]
#33 317 Rep. Gregory Meeks [D-NY5]
#35 316 Rep. David Cicilline [D-RI1]
#35 316 Rep. Yvette Clarke [D-NY9]
#37 315 Rep. Gerald Connolly [D-VA11]
#37 315 Rep. Julia Brownley [D-CA26]
#39 308 Rep. Paul Tonko [D-NY20]
#40 303 Rep. David Loebsack [D-IA2]
#40 303 Rep. Bill Johnson [R-OH6]
#42 302 Rep. Bobby Rush [D-IL1]
#42 302 Rep. Katherine Clark [D-MA5]
#44 297 Rep. Tony Cárdenas [D-CA29]
#45 293 Rep. Mark DeSaulnier [D-CA11]
#46 292 Rep. Brenda Lawrence [D-MI14]
#47 290 Rep. Donna Edwards [D-MD4, 2008-2016]
#48 289 Rep. Tim Ryan [D-OH13]
#48 289 Rep. Henry “Hank” Johnson [D-GA4]
#50 287 Rep. Peter DeFazio [D-OR4]
#51 286 Rep. Steve Israel [D-NY3, 2013-2016]
#51 286 Rep. Kevin Cramer [R-ND0]
#51 286 Rep. Joyce Beatty [D-OH3]
#51 286 Rep. Pete Olson [R-TX22]
#55 285 Rep. Reid Ribble [R-WI8, 2011-2016]
#55 285 Rep. Anna Eshoo [D-CA18]
#57 284 Rep. Corrine Brown [D-FL5, 2013-2016]
#58 283 Rep. Ann Kuster [D-NH2]
#59 282 Rep. Marcy Kaptur [D-OH9]
#60 281 Rep. Paul Gosar [R-AZ4]
#60 281 Rep. Adam Schiff [D-CA28]
#62 280 Rep. Sam Farr [D-CA20, 2013-2016]
#62 280 Rep. Mike Kelly [R-PA3]
#64 277 Rep. Mike Quigley [D-IL5]
#64 277 Rep. Blake Farenthold [R-TX27]
#64 277 Rep. Suzan DelBene [D-WA1]
#67 275 Rep. John Garamendi [D-CA3]
#68 270 Rep. Juan Vargas [D-CA51]
#69 269 Rep. Doris Matsui [D-CA6]
#69 269 Rep. Mike Thompson [D-CA5]
#71 267 Rep. André Carson [D-IN7]
#72 264 Rep. Theodore Deutch [D-FL22]
#73 261 Rep. Brian Babin [R-TX36]
#74 259 Rep. Bonnie Watson Coleman [D-NJ12]
#74 259 Rep. Trent Franks [R-AZ8]
#76 257 Rep. Eliot Engel [D-NY16]
#77 256 Rep. Lynn Jenkins [R-KS2]
#78 254 Rep. Ron Kind [D-WI3]
#78 254 Rep. William Keating [D-MA9]
#78 254 Rep. James “Jim” Langevin [D-RI2]
#81 253 Rep. Rosa DeLauro [D-CT3]
#82 252 Rep. Donald Beyer [D-VA8]
#82 252 Rep. Jerrold Nadler [D-NY10]
#82 252 Rep. Bill Pascrell [D-NJ9]
#85 251 Rep. Jackie Speier [D-CA14]
#86 249 Rep. Niki Tsongas [D-MA3]
#87 244 Rep. Lois Frankel [D-FL21]
#87 244 Rep. Kathleen Rice [D-NY4]
#87 244 Rep. Brian Higgins [D-NY26]
#87 244 Rep. Pete Sessions [R-TX32]
#87 244 Rep. David “Phil” Roe [R-TN1]
#92 243 Rep. Peter “Pete” King [R-NY2]
#92 243 Rep. Steve Stivers [R-OH15]
#94 241 Rep. John Lewis [D-GA5]
#95 238 Rep. Jeff Duncan [R-SC3]
#95 238 Rep. José Serrano [D-NY15]
#97 237 Rep. Michelle Lujan Grisham [D-NM1]
#97 237 Rep. Madeleine Bordallo [D-GU0]
#97 237 Rep. Marc Veasey [D-TX33]
#100 235 Rep. Randy Weber [R-TX14]
#101 234 Rep. Mark Amodei [R-NV2]
#102 233 Rep. Elijah Cummings [D-MD7]
#102 233 Rep. Cheri Bustos [D-IL17]
#104 232 Rep. Ryan Zinke [R-MT0, 2015-2017]
#105 231 Rep. Timothy Walz [D-MN1]
#106 229 Rep. Marsha Blackburn [R-TN7]
#107 228 Rep. David Joyce [R-OH14]
#108 226 Rep. Luis Gutiérrez [D-IL4]
#109 225 Rep. Grace Meng [D-NY6]
#109 225 Rep. John Larson [D-CT1]
#109 225 Rep. Jeff Miller [R-FL1, 2001-2016]
#112 224 Rep. Lou Barletta [R-PA11]
#112 224 Rep. Daniel Lipinski [D-IL3]
#114 222 Rep. Karen Bass [D-CA37]
#115 221 Rep. Marcia Fudge [D-OH11]
#116 220 Rep. Glenn Grothman [R-WI6]
#117 219 Rep. Robert “Bobby” Scott [D-VA3]
#117 219 Rep. Ted Poe [R-TX2]
#117 219 Sen. Tammy Duckworth [D-IL]
#120 218 Rep. Alan Grayson [D-FL9, 2013-2016]
#120 218 Rep. Ed Perlmutter [D-CO7]
#122 217 Rep. Stevan “Steve” Pearce [R-NM2]
#122 217 Rep. Albio Sires [D-NJ8]
#124 215 Rep. Dina Titus [D-NV1]
#125 214 Rep. Carolyn Maloney [D-NY12]
#125 214 Rep. Doug LaMalfa [R-CA1]
#125 214 Rep. Luke Messer [R-IN6]
#128 213 Rep. Danny Davis [D-IL7]
#129 211 Rep. Leonard Lance [R-NJ7]
#130 210 Rep. Steve Chabot [R-OH1]
#130 210 Rep. Garland “Andy” Barr [R-KY6]
#130 210 Rep. Mo Brooks [R-AL5]
#133 209 Rep. David Scott [D-GA13]
#133 209 Rep. Austin Scott [R-GA8]
#133 209 Rep. Chris Collins [R-NY27]
#136 208 Rep. David Rouzer [R-NC7]
#136 208 Rep. John Yarmuth [D-KY3]
#138 206 Rep. Donald Payne [D-NJ10]
#139 205 Rep. Rubén Hinojosa [D-TX15, 1997-2016]
#140 203 Rep. Ted Yoho [R-FL3]
#141 202 Rep. Chaka Fattah [D-PA2, 1995-2016]
#141 202 Rep. Mark Takai [D-HI1, 2015-2016]
#141 202 Rep. John “Jimmy” Duncan [R-TN2]
#144 201 Rep. Charles Boustany [R-LA3, 2013-2016]
#145 200 Rep. Don Young [R-AK0]
#146 199 Rep. Robert Brady [D-PA1]
#146 199 Rep. Matt Salmon [R-AZ5, 2013-2016]
#148 198 Rep. Michael Capuano [D-MA7]
#149 196 Rep. Robert Wittman [R-VA1]
#150 195 Rep. Lucille Roybal-Allard [D-CA40]
#151 194 Rep. Buddy Carter [R-GA1]
#151 194 Rep. Suzanne Bonamici [D-OR1]
#151 194 Rep. Keith Rothfus [R-PA12]
#154 193 Rep. Adam Smith [D-WA9]
#155 192 Rep. David McKinley [R-WV1]
#155 192 Rep. Lamar Smith [R-TX21]
#155 192 Rep. Joe Wilson [R-SC2]
#155 192 Rep. Janice Hahn [D-CA44, 2013-2016]
#155 192 Rep. Susan Davis [D-CA53]
#160 191 Rep. Tom Cole [R-OK4]
#161 190 Rep. Hakeem Jeffries [D-NY8]
#161 190 Rep. Kathy Castor [D-FL14]
#163 189 Rep. Nita Lowey [D-NY17]
#164 188 Rep. Jerry McNerney [D-CA9]
#165 187 Rep. Brendan Boyle [D-PA13]
#165 187 Rep. Robin Kelly [D-IL2]
#167 186 Rep. Sanford Bishop [D-GA2]
#167 186 Rep. Sander Levin [D-MI9]
#169 185 Rep. Diane Black [R-TN6]
#169 185 Rep. David Price [D-NC4]
#171 184 Rep. Paul Cook [R-CA8]
#172 183 Rep. Robert Latta [R-OH5]
#172 183 Rep. Stephen Lynch [D-MA8]
#174 181 Rep. Joe Courtney [D-CT2]
#175 180 Rep. Mick Mulvaney [R-SC5, 2011-2017]
#175 180 Rep. Denny Heck [D-WA10]
#175 180 Rep. Brad Sherman [D-CA30]
#178 179 Rep. Linda Sánchez [D-CA38]
#178 179 Rep. Bruce Westerman [R-AR4]
#180 178 Rep. Michael McCaul [R-TX10]
#180 178 Rep. Susan Brooks [R-IN5]
#182 177 Rep. George “G.K.” Butterfield [D-NC1]
#182 177 Rep. Scott DesJarlais [R-TN4]
#182 177 Rep. Beto O’Rourke [D-TX16]
#182 177 Rep. Renee Ellmers [R-NC2, 2011-2016]
#186 176 Rep. Cedric Richmond [D-LA2]
#186 176 Rep. Bill Posey [R-FL8]
#186 176 Rep. Tulsi Gabbard [D-HI2]
#189 175 Rep. David Schweikert [R-AZ6]
#189 175 Rep. Steven Palazzo [R-MS4]
#189 175 Rep. Vicky Hartzler [R-MO4]
#192 174 Rep. Blaine Luetkemeyer [R-MO3]
#193 173 Rep. Tom McClintock [R-CA4]
#193 173 Rep. Scott Tipton [R-CO3]
#193 173 Rep. Dan Newhouse [R-WA4]
#193 173 Rep. Mike Pompeo [R-KS4, 2011-2017]
#197 171 Rep. Jeb Hensarling [R-TX5]
#197 171 Rep. Bradley Byrne [R-AL1]
#197 171 Rep. Ralph Abraham [R-LA5]
#200 170 Rep. Gus Bilirakis [R-FL12]
#200 170 Rep. Daniel Kildee [D-MI5]
#202 169 Rep. Eddie Johnson [D-TX30]
#202 169 Rep. Glenn Thompson [R-PA5]
#202 169 Rep. Kenny Marchant [R-TX24]
#205 168 Rep. Mark Meadows [R-NC11]
#205 168 Rep. Ben Luján [D-NM3]
#205 168 Rep. Michael Burgess [R-TX26]
#208 167 Rep. James Himes [D-CT4]
#208 167 Rep. Tom Marino [R-PA10]
#210 165 Rep. Rick Allen [R-GA12]
#210 165 Rep. Richard Nugent [R-FL11, 2013-2016]
#212 164 Rep. Debbie Wasserman Schultz [D-FL23]
#212 164 Rep. Billy Long [R-MO7]
#212 164 Rep. Rick Larsen [D-WA2]
#215 163 Rep. Bill Flores [R-TX17]
#215 163 Rep. Gregg Harper [R-MS3]
#217 161 Rep. Tim Huelskamp [R-KS1, 2011-2016]
#218 160 Rep. Bill Foster [D-IL11]
#218 160 Rep. Jackie Walorski [R-IN2]
#220 159 Rep. Dennis Ross [R-FL15]
#220 159 Rep. Debbie Dingell [D-MI12]
#220 159 Rep. Bennie Thompson [D-MS2]
#223 158 Rep. Lacy Clay [D-MO1]
#223 158 Rep. Brett Guthrie [R-KY2]
#223 158 Rep. Chris Stewart [R-UT2]
#223 158 Rep. Patrick “Pat” Tiberi [R-OH12]
#227 157 Rep. Joseph Kennedy [D-MA4]
#227 157 Rep. Randy Neugebauer [R-TX19, 2003-2016]
#229 156 Rep. Todd Rokita [R-IN4]
#229 156 Rep. Cynthia Lummis [R-WY0, 2009-2016]
#231 155 Rep. Alma Adams [D-NC12]
#231 155 Rep. Bob Gibbs [R-OH7]
#231 155 Rep. Norma Torres [D-CA35]
#231 155 Rep. Richard Neal [D-MA1]
#235 154 Rep. Tom Emmer [R-MN6]
#236 153 Rep. Richard Hudson [R-NC8]
#236 153 Rep. Christopher “Chris” Smith [R-NJ4]
#236 153 Rep. Ann Wagner [R-MO2]
#239 151 Rep. Patrick Meehan [R-PA7]
#240 150 Rep. Gene Green [D-TX29]
#240 150 Rep. James Sensenbrenner [R-WI5]
#240 150 Rep. Doug Lamborn [R-CO5]
#243 149 Rep. Maxine Waters [D-CA43]
#243 149 Rep. Sam Johnson [R-TX3]
#243 149 Rep. Ruben Gallego [D-AZ7]
#243 149 Rep. Emanuel Cleaver [D-MO5]
#247 148 Rep. Randy Hultgren [R-IL14]
#247 148 Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen [R-FL27]
#249 147 Rep. Donald Norcross [D-NJ1]
#249 147 Rep. Lynn Westmoreland [R-GA3, 2007-2016]
#251 146 Rep. Jeff Fortenberry [R-NE1]
#251 146 Rep. Joseph “Joe” Crowley [D-NY14]
#251 146 Rep. Sam Graves [R-MO6]
#254 145 Rep. Al Green [D-TX9]
#255 144 Rep. Adam Kinzinger [R-IL16]
#256 142 Rep. Peter Roskam [R-IL6]
#256 142 Rep. Markwayne Mullin [R-OK2]
#256 142 Rep. Duncan Hunter [R-CA50]
#259 141 Rep. Kurt Schrader [D-OR5]
#260 140 Rep. Jim Bridenstine [R-OK1]
#260 140 Rep. Nydia Velázquez [D-NY7]
#262 139 Rep. Jody Hice [R-GA10]
#262 139 Rep. Thomas Rooney [R-FL17]
#262 139 Rep. Bob Goodlatte [R-VA6]
#265 138 Rep. Bill Huizenga [R-MI2]
#265 138 Rep. James Renacci [R-OH16]
#267 137 Rep. Frank LoBiondo [R-NJ2]
#268 136 Rep. Diana DeGette [D-CO1]
#269 135 Rep. Kevin Yoder [R-KS3]
#269 135 Rep. Erik Paulsen [R-MN3]
#271 134 Rep. Frank Pallone [D-NJ6]
#271 134 Rep. Candice Miller [R-MI10, 2003-2016]
#273 133 Rep. Larry Bucshon [R-IN8]
#273 133 Rep. Stephen Fincher [R-TN8, 2011-2016]
#273 133 Rep. Eric “Rick” Crawford [R-AR1]
#273 133 Rep. Seth Moulton [D-MA6]
#273 133 Rep. John Culberson [R-TX7]
#278 132 Rep. Jason Smith [R-MO8]
#278 132 Rep. Roger Williams [R-TX25]
#280 131 Rep. Kristi Noem [R-SD0]
#281 130 Rep. Scott Perry [R-PA4]
#282 129 Rep. Thomas Massie [R-KY4]
#283 128 Rep. Terri Sewell [D-AL7]
#283 128 Rep. Steve King [R-IA4]
#283 128 Rep. John Carney [D-DE0, 2011-2016]
#283 128 Rep. John Sarbanes [D-MD3]
#283 128 Rep. Ander Crenshaw [R-FL4, 2001-2016]
#288 127 Rep. Andy Harris [R-MD1]
#288 127 Rep. Lloyd Doggett [D-TX35]
#290 125 Rep. Tim Murphy [R-PA18]
#291 124 Rep. Dana Rohrabacher [R-CA48]
#291 124 Rep. French Hill [R-AR2]
#293 123 Rep. Devin Nunes [R-CA22]
#293 123 Rep. Rob Bishop [R-UT1]
#293 123 Rep. Charles Dent [R-PA15]
#296 121 Rep. Ron DeSantis [R-FL6]
#296 121 Rep. Doug Collins [R-GA9]
#298 119 Rep. Morgan Griffith [R-VA9]
#299 118 Rep. Michael “Mike” Doyle [D-PA14]
#299 118 Rep. Dave Trott [R-MI11]
#301 117 Rep. Edward “Scott” Rigell [R-VA2, 2011-2016]
#301 117 Rep. Mike Rogers [R-AL3]
#303 116 Rep. Loretta Sanchez [D-CA46, 2013-2016]
#304 115 Rep. Michael Conaway [R-TX11]
#305 114 Rep. John Carter [R-TX31]
#306 113 Rep. Barry Loudermilk [R-GA11]
#306 113 Rep. Edward “Ed” Royce [R-CA39]
#306 113 Rep. Frank Lucas [R-OK3]
#309 112 Rep. Curtis “Curt” Clawson [R-FL19, 2014-2016]
#309 112 Commish. Pedro Pierluisi [D-PR0, 2009-2016]
#309 112 Rep. Jim Cooper [D-TN5]
#312 111 Rep. A. Dutch Ruppersberger [D-MD2]
#313 110 Sen. Todd Young [R-IN]
#313 110 Rep. Michael Turner [R-OH10]
#315 109 Rep. David “Dave” Brat [R-VA7]
#315 109 Rep. Louie Gohmert [R-TX1]
#317 108 Rep. Sean Duffy [R-WI7]
#317 108 Rep. Mimi Walters [R-CA45]
#317 108 Rep. Michael “Mike” Simpson [R-ID2]
#317 108 Rep. John Ratcliffe [R-TX4]
#321 107 Rep. Brad Wenstrup [R-OH2]
#321 107 Rep. Jim Jordan [R-OH4]
#323 106 Rep. Charles “Chuck” Fleischmann [R-TN3]
#324 105 Rep. Rodney Frelinghuysen [R-NJ11]
#325 104 Rep. John Fleming [R-LA4, 2009-2016]
#325 104 Rep. Ken Buck [R-CO4]
#325 104 Rep. John Moolenaar [R-MI4]
#325 104 Rep. Tom Rice [R-SC7]
#329 103 Rep. John Shimkus [R-IL15]
#330 102 Rep. David Reichert [R-WA8]
#330 102 Rep. Steve Womack [R-AR3]
#332 101 Rep. Filemon Vela [D-TX34]
#333 99 Rep. Mario Diaz-Balart [R-FL25]
#333 99 Rep. Steve Russell [R-OK5]
#333 99 Rep. Jaime Herrera Beutler [R-WA3]
#336 96 Rep. Gregorio Sablan [D-MP0]
#337 94 Rep. Ed Whitfield [R-KY1, 1995-2016]
#337 94 Rep. Vern Buchanan [R-FL16]
#337 94 Rep. Joseph Pitts [R-PA16, 1997-2016]
#337 94 Rep. Cathy McMorris Rodgers [R-WA5]
#337 94 Rep. Ken Calvert [R-CA42]
#342 93 Rep. Tom Price [R-GA6, 2005-2017]
#343 91 Rep. George Holding [R-NC2]
#343 91 Rep. Marlin Stutzman [R-IN3, 2010-2016]
#345 90 Rep. Robert Aderholt [R-AL4]
#345 90 Rep. Kay Granger [R-TX12]
#347 89 Rep. Joe Barton [R-TX6]
#348 87 Rep. Trey Gowdy [R-SC4]
#348 87 Rep. Greg Walden [R-OR2]
#348 87 Rep. Joaquin Castro [D-TX20]
#348 87 Rep. Stacey Plaskett [D-VI0]
#352 85 Rep. Darrell Issa [R-CA49]
#352 85 Rep. Xavier Becerra [D-CA34, 2013-2017]
#352 85 Rep. Martha Roby [R-AL2]
#352 85 Rep. Bill Shuster [R-PA9]
#356 84 Rep. Raúl Labrador [R-ID1]
#356 84 Rep. Mark Walker [R-NC6]
#358 83 Rep. Patrick McHenry [R-NC10]
#359 82 Rep. Robert Hurt [R-VA5, 2011-2016]
#359 82 Rep. Marshall “Mark” Sanford [R-SC1]
#359 82 Rep. Henry Cuellar [D-TX28]
#359 82 Rep. Daniel Donovan [R-NY11]
#363 81 Rep. Peter Visclosky [D-IN1]
#364 80 Rep. Kevin Brady [R-TX8]
#365 79 Rep. Adrian Smith [R-NE3]
#366 78 Rep. Jason Chaffetz [R-UT3, 2009-2017]
#366 78 Rep. Tom Graves [R-GA14]
#368 76 Rep. Gary Palmer [R-AL6]
#368 76 Rep. Evan Jenkins [R-WV3]
#370 71 Rep. Fred Upton [R-MI6]
#371 70 Rep. James “Jim” Clyburn [D-SC6]
#372 63 Rep. Rob Woodall [R-GA7]
#373 61 Rep. Harold “Hal” Rogers [R-KY5]
#374 59 Rep. Mac Thornberry [R-TX13]
#374 59 Rep. Garret Graves [R-LA6]
#376 57 Rep. Steny Hoyer [D-MD5]
#377 52 Rep. Virginia Foxx [R-NC5]
#377 52 Rep. Aumua Amata [R-AS0]
#379 50 Rep. Trent Kelly [R-MS1]
#380 41 Rep. Nancy Pelosi [D-CA12]
#380 41 Rep. Justin Amash [R-MI3]
#382 40 Rep. Steve Scalise [R-LA1]
#383 34 Rep. Paul Ryan [R-WI1]
#384 21 Rep. Darin LaHood [R-IL18]
#385 4 Rep. Kevin McCarthy [R-CA23]
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Additional Notes

The Speaker’s Votes: Missed votes are not computed for the Speaker of the House. According to current House rules, the Speaker of the House is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings.” In practice this means the Speaker of the House rarely votes but is not considered absent.

Leadership/Ideology: The leadership and ideology scores are not displayed for Members of Congress who introduced fewer than 10 bills, or, for ideology, for Members of Congress that have a low leadership score, as there is usually not enough data in these cases to compute reliable leadership and ideology statistics.

Ranking Members (RkMembs): The chair of a committee is always selected from the political party that holds the most seats in the chamber, called the “majority party”. The “ranking member” (sometimes “RkMembs”) is the title given to the senior-most member of the committee not in the majority party.

Freshmen/Sophomores: Freshmen and sophomores are Members of Congress whose first term (in the same chamber at the end of 2015) was the 114th Congress (freshmen) or 113th (sophomores). Members of Congress who took office within the last few months of a Congress are considered freshmen in the next Congress as well.