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2015 Report Cards: Safe House Seats

These special year-end statistics dissect the legislative records of Members of Congress during the 2015 legislative year (Jan 6, 2015-Dec 31, 2015), looking at Members who served at the end of that period. This page was last updated on Jan 9, 2016.

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Cosponsors

The total number of cosponsors joining the bills written by each legislator in 2015.

Safe House Seats
most cosponsors
#1 1266 Rep. Rosa DeLauro [D-CT3]
#2 1202 Rep. Carolyn Maloney [D-NY12]
#3 1020 Rep. Matthew Cartwright [D-PA17]
#4 985 Rep. Diane Black [R-TN6]
#5 940 Rep. Brett Guthrie [R-KY2]
#6 888 Rep. Christopher “Chris” Smith [R-NJ4]
#6 888 Rep. Erik Paulsen [R-MN3]
#8 777 Rep. Paul Gosar [R-AZ4]
#9 727 Rep. Bob Goodlatte [R-VA6]
#10 694 Rep. Jackie Speier [D-CA14]
#11 684 Rep. Maxine Waters [D-CA43]
#12 679 Rep. Joe Courtney [D-CT2]
#13 677 Rep. Charles Boustany [R-LA3, 2013-2016]
#14 661 Rep. David Cicilline [D-RI1]
#15 656 Rep. Peter Roskam [R-IL6]
#16 629 Rep. Barbara Lee [D-CA13]
#17 626 Rep. Sam Graves [R-MO6]
#18 620 Rep. Raúl Grijalva [D-AZ3]
#19 615 Rep. Sam Johnson [R-TX3]
#20 588 Rep. James Sensenbrenner [R-WI5]
#21 584 Rep. Robert “Bobby” Scott [D-VA3]
#22 563 Rep. Michael “Mike” Honda [D-CA17, 2013-2016]
#23 554 Rep. Jeff Fortenberry [R-NE1]
#24 550 Rep. David McKinley [R-WV1]
#25 548 Rep. Sheila Jackson Lee [D-TX18]
#25 548 Rep. Peter “Pete” King [R-NY2]
#27 506 Rep. Lynn Jenkins [R-KS2]
#28 503 Rep. Edward “Ed” Royce [R-CA39]
#29 491 Rep. Trent Franks [R-AZ8, 2013-2017]
#30 472 Rep. Kevin Brady [R-TX8]
#31 471 Rep. David Reichert [R-WA8]
#31 471 Rep. Terri Sewell [D-AL7]
#33 470 Rep. Matt Salmon [R-AZ5, 2013-2016]
#34 469 Rep. Steve King [R-IA4]
#35 467 Rep. John Conyers [D-MI13, 2013-2017]
#36 464 Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen [R-FL27]
#37 456 Sen. Todd Young [R-IN]
#37 456 Rep. Doug Collins [R-GA9]
#39 438 Rep. Ted Yoho [R-FL3]
#39 438 Rep. Michael McCaul [R-TX10]
#41 436 Rep. Adam Kinzinger [R-IL16]
#42 429 Rep. Mike Kelly [R-PA3]
#43 428 Rep. Henry “Hank” Johnson [D-GA4]
#44 424 Rep. Katherine Clark [D-MA5]
#44 424 Rep. Charles Dent [R-PA15]
#46 419 Rep. Joyce Beatty [D-OH3]
#47 408 Rep. Blaine Luetkemeyer [R-MO3]
#47 408 Rep. Lloyd Doggett [D-TX35]
#49 402 Rep. John Lewis [D-GA5]
#50 399 Rep. Lamar Smith [R-TX21]
#51 395 Rep. Patrick “Pat” Tiberi [R-OH12]
#52 394 Rep. Ted Poe [R-TX2]
#53 388 Rep. Michael Conaway [R-TX11]
#54 378 Rep. James Renacci [R-OH16]
#55 377 Rep. Tom Price [R-GA6, 2005-2017]
#56 374 Rep. Mark Pocan [D-WI2]
#57 373 Rep. Eliot Engel [D-NY16]
#58 370 Rep. Pete Olson [R-TX22]
#59 369 Rep. Kevin Yoder [R-KS3]
#60 368 Rep. Janice “Jan” Schakowsky [D-IL9]
#61 361 Rep. Bill Shuster [R-PA9]
#62 360 Rep. Ed Whitfield [R-KY1, 1995-2016]
#63 359 Rep. Tony Cárdenas [D-CA29]
#64 355 Rep. George “G.K.” Butterfield [D-NC1]
#65 350 Rep. David “Phil” Roe [R-TN1]
#66 346 Rep. Joe Barton [R-TX6]
#67 345 Rep. Jerrold Nadler [D-NY10]
#68 344 Rep. Michael Burgess [R-TX26]
#69 341 Sen. Tammy Duckworth [D-IL]
#70 340 Rep. Reid Ribble [R-WI8, 2011-2016]
#70 340 Rep. Steve Chabot [R-OH1]
#72 339 Rep. Susan Davis [D-CA53]
#73 338 Rep. Earl Blumenauer [D-OR3]
#73 338 Rep. Lucille Roybal-Allard [D-CA40]
#73 338 Rep. Gus Bilirakis [R-FL12]
#76 333 Rep. Robin Kelly [D-IL2]
#77 330 Rep. Cathy McMorris Rodgers [R-WA5]
#78 329 Rep. Suzan DelBene [D-WA1]
#79 327 Rep. Mike Thompson [D-CA5]
#80 326 Rep. Linda Sánchez [D-CA38]
#81 322 Rep. Karen Bass [D-CA37]
#82 321 Rep. Thomas Massie [R-KY4]
#83 320 Rep. Jared Polis [D-CO2]
#84 318 Rep. Steve Cohen [D-TN9]
#85 314 Rep. Keith Ellison [D-MN5]
#86 307 Rep. Diana DeGette [D-CO1]
#87 306 Rep. Donald Beyer [D-VA8]
#88 304 Rep. Gerald Connolly [D-VA11]
#89 300 Rep. Nita Lowey [D-NY17]
#90 299 Rep. Theodore Deutch [D-FL22]
#91 298 Rep. Alan Lowenthal [D-CA47]
#92 288 Rep. Alcee Hastings [D-FL20]
#93 287 Rep. Renee Ellmers [R-NC2, 2011-2016]
#93 287 Rep. Charles “Charlie” Rangel [D-NY13, 2013-2016]
#95 286 Rep. Bill Posey [R-FL8]
#95 286 Rep. Don Young [R-AK0]
#97 281 Rep. Lois Frankel [D-FL21]
#98 272 Rep. Jason Chaffetz [R-UT3, 2009-2017]
#99 271 Rep. André Carson [D-IN7]
#100 264 Rep. Al Green [D-TX9]
#101 262 Rep. Richard Hudson [R-NC8]
#101 262 Rep. Cheri Bustos [D-IL17]
#103 261 Rep. Kathy Castor [D-FL14]
#103 261 Rep. Dina Titus [D-NV1]
#105 260 Rep. Tim Murphy [R-PA18, 2003-2017]
#105 260 Rep. Devin Nunes [R-CA22]
#107 258 Rep. Joe Wilson [R-SC2]
#108 253 Rep. Timothy Walz [D-MN1]
#109 252 Rep. Marsha Blackburn [R-TN7]
#109 252 Rep. Frank Pallone [D-NJ6]
#111 251 Sen. Chris Van Hollen [D-MD]
#112 250 Rep. Sean Duffy [R-WI7]
#113 246 Rep. Raúl Labrador [R-ID1]
#114 245 Rep. Jared Huffman [D-CA2]
#115 244 Rep. Morgan Griffith [R-VA9]
#116 237 Rep. Daniel Kildee [D-MI5]
#117 234 Rep. Garland “Andy” Barr [R-KY6]
#117 234 Rep. John Larson [D-CT1]
#119 233 Rep. Judy Chu [D-CA27]
#119 233 Rep. Steve Israel [D-NY3, 2013-2016]
#121 230 Rep. Fred Upton [R-MI6]
#122 228 Rep. Frederica Wilson [D-FL24]
#123 226 Rep. Adrian Smith [R-NE3]
#124 225 Rep. John Sarbanes [D-MD3]
#124 225 Rep. Derek Kilmer [D-WA6]
#126 224 Rep. Grace Meng [D-NY6]
#126 224 Rep. Tom Marino [R-PA10]
#128 223 Rep. Donna Edwards [D-MD4, 2008-2016]
#129 220 Rep. Kristi Noem [R-SD0]
#130 218 Rep. Darrell Issa [R-CA49]
#130 218 Rep. Greg Walden [R-OR2]
#132 217 Rep. Mike Pompeo [R-KS4, 2011-2017]
#133 215 Rep. Alan Grayson [D-FL9, 2013-2016]
#134 214 Rep. James “Jim” Langevin [D-RI2]
#135 212 Rep. Duncan Hunter [R-CA50]
#136 211 Rep. James “Jim” McGovern [D-MA2]
#137 202 Rep. Ryan Zinke [R-MT0, 2015-2017]
#138 199 Rep. Brian Babin [R-TX36]
#138 199 Rep. Steve Womack [R-AR3]
#140 198 Rep. Mark Takano [D-CA41]
#140 198 Rep. Joseph “Joe” Crowley [D-NY14]
#142 191 Rep. Michael “Mike” Simpson [R-ID2]
#143 190 Rep. Mick Mulvaney [R-SC5, 2011-2017]
#144 188 Rep. Eleanor Norton [D-DC0]
#145 186 Rep. Stacey Plaskett [D-VI0]
#146 185 Rep. Stephen Fincher [R-TN8, 2011-2016]
#146 185 Rep. Vern Buchanan [R-FL16]
#146 185 Rep. Jackie Walorski [R-IN2]
#149 184 Rep. Rubén Hinojosa [D-TX15, 1997-2016]
#150 182 Rep. Zoe Lofgren [D-CA19]
#151 181 Rep. Steve Stivers [R-OH15]
#151 181 Rep. Jeff Miller [R-FL1, 2001-2016]
#153 180 Rep. Gary Palmer [R-AL6]
#154 179 Rep. Michael Turner [R-OH10]
#155 178 Rep. Alma Adams [D-NC12]
#156 175 Rep. Joaquin Castro [D-TX20]
#156 175 Rep. Eddie Johnson [D-TX30]
#158 171 Rep. Candice Miller [R-MI10, 2003-2016]
#159 170 Commish. Pedro Pierluisi [D-PR0, 2009-2016]
#159 170 Rep. Glenn Thompson [R-PA5]
#161 168 Rep. Adam Schiff [D-CA28]
#161 168 Rep. Scott Tipton [R-CO3]
#163 167 Rep. Bradley Byrne [R-AL1]
#164 166 Rep. Tom McClintock [R-CA4]
#165 165 Rep. Richard Nugent [R-FL11, 2013-2016]
#166 163 Rep. Lou Barletta [R-PA11]
#167 162 Rep. Todd Rokita [R-IN4]
#168 157 Rep. Randy Neugebauer [R-TX19, 2003-2016]
#169 154 Rep. Bonnie Watson Coleman [D-NJ12]
#169 154 Rep. Pete Sessions [R-TX32]
#169 154 Rep. John Ratcliffe [R-TX4]
#172 153 Rep. Patrick Meehan [R-PA7]
#172 153 Rep. Billy Long [R-MO7]
#172 153 Rep. Ron Kind [D-WI3]
#175 151 Rep. Peter DeFazio [D-OR4]
#176 149 Rep. Martha Roby [R-AL2]
#177 148 Rep. Donald Payne [D-NJ10]
#178 147 Rep. Marcy Kaptur [D-OH9]
#178 147 Rep. Robert Latta [R-OH5]
#180 146 Rep. Bill Huizenga [R-MI2]
#180 146 Rep. Leonard Lance [R-NJ7]
#182 142 Rep. James “Jim” Clyburn [D-SC6]
#183 140 Rep. Chris Stewart [R-UT2]
#184 139 Rep. Dennis Ross [R-FL15]
#184 139 Rep. Rick Larsen [D-WA2]
#184 139 Rep. Roger Williams [R-TX25]
#187 137 Rep. Ted Lieu [D-CA33]
#188 135 Rep. Luke Messer [R-IN6]
#188 135 Rep. Anna Eshoo [D-CA18]
#190 134 Rep. José Serrano [D-NY15]
#190 134 Rep. George Holding [R-NC2]
#192 133 Rep. Julia Brownley [D-CA26]
#193 129 Rep. Charles “Chuck” Fleischmann [R-TN3]
#194 128 Rep. Sander Levin [D-MI9]
#195 127 Rep. Randy Weber [R-TX14]
#196 126 Rep. Cynthia Lummis [R-WY0, 2009-2016]
#196 126 Rep. Marc Veasey [D-TX33]
#198 125 Rep. Kenny Marchant [R-TX24]
#199 124 Rep. Randy Hultgren [R-IL14]
#200 122 Rep. Danny Davis [D-IL7]
#201 121 Rep. Joseph Pitts [R-PA16, 1997-2016]
#201 121 Rep. David Schweikert [R-AZ6]
#201 121 Rep. Gregg Harper [R-MS3]
#201 121 Rep. Albio Sires [D-NJ8]
#205 120 Rep. Dana Rohrabacher [R-CA48]
#206 118 Rep. Jim McDermott [D-WA7, 1989-2016]
#206 118 Rep. Ron DeSantis [R-FL6]
#208 117 Rep. Elijah Cummings [D-MD7]
#209 115 Rep. Lynn Westmoreland [R-GA3, 2007-2016]
#209 115 Rep. Ann Wagner [R-MO2]
#209 115 Rep. Tom Cole [R-OK4]
#212 114 Rep. Bill Foster [D-IL11]
#213 113 Rep. Stephen Lynch [D-MA8]
#214 112 Rep. Scott Perry [R-PA4]
#215 111 Rep. Gene Green [D-TX29]
#215 111 Rep. Daniel Lipinski [D-IL3]
#217 110 Rep. John Shimkus [R-IL15]
#218 109 Rep. Xavier Becerra [D-CA34, 2013-2017]
#218 109 Rep. Walter Jones [R-NC3]
#220 108 Rep. Adam Smith [D-WA9]
#221 107 Rep. Scott DesJarlais [R-TN4]
#222 105 Rep. John Yarmuth [D-KY3]
#222 105 Rep. Rob Woodall [R-GA7]
#222 105 Rep. Janice Hahn [D-CA44, 2013-2016]
#225 104 Rep. Rob Bishop [R-UT1]
#226 103 Rep. Debbie Wasserman Schultz [D-FL23]
#227 102 Rep. Patrick McHenry [R-NC10]
#228 100 Rep. Lacy Clay [D-MO1]
#229 99 Rep. Markwayne Mullin [R-OK2]
#229 99 Rep. Tim Ryan [D-OH13]
#231 98 Rep. Ben Luján [D-NM3]
#231 98 Rep. Mo Brooks [R-AL5]
#231 98 Rep. Brian Higgins [D-NY26]
#234 97 Rep. Jody Hice [R-GA10]
#234 97 Rep. Suzanne Bonamici [D-OR1]
#234 97 Rep. Jerry McNerney [D-CA9]
#237 95 Rep. Bob Gibbs [R-OH7]
#237 95 Rep. Stevan “Steve” Pearce [R-NM2]
#237 95 Rep. Steven Palazzo [R-MS4]
#237 95 Rep. Robert Wittman [R-VA1]
#241 94 Rep. Blake Farenthold [R-TX27]
#242 93 Rep. Mac Thornberry [R-TX13]
#242 93 Rep. Vicky Hartzler [R-MO4]
#242 93 Rep. Thomas Rooney [R-FL17]
#245 91 Rep. James Himes [D-CT4]
#245 91 Rep. Grace Napolitano [D-CA32]
#247 89 Rep. Mark Walker [R-NC6]
#248 87 Rep. Madeleine Bordallo [D-GU0]
#248 87 Rep. Jim Cooper [D-TN5]
#250 85 Rep. David “Dave” Brat [R-VA7]
#251 84 Rep. Richard Neal [D-MA1]
#252 83 Rep. Doug LaMalfa [R-CA1]
#252 83 Rep. Austin Scott [R-GA8]
#254 82 Rep. Corrine Brown [D-FL5, 2013-2016]
#254 82 Rep. Marcia Fudge [D-OH11]
#254 82 Rep. Nydia Velázquez [D-NY7]
#257 81 Rep. Ruben Gallego [D-AZ7]
#257 81 Rep. Tulsi Gabbard [D-HI2]
#257 81 Rep. Susan Brooks [R-IN5]
#260 80 Rep. Mike Quigley [D-IL5]
#260 80 Rep. Chellie Pingree [D-ME1]
#262 78 Rep. Ralph Abraham [R-LA5]
#262 78 Rep. Beto O’Rourke [D-TX16]
#264 77 Rep. Sanford Bishop [D-GA2]
#264 77 Rep. Juan Vargas [D-CA51]
#264 77 Rep. Loretta Sanchez [D-CA46, 2013-2016]
#267 76 Rep. Hakeem Jeffries [D-NY8]
#267 76 Rep. Chris Collins [R-NY27]
#269 75 Rep. Doug Lamborn [R-CO5]
#270 74 Rep. Brenda Lawrence [D-MI14]
#270 74 Rep. Bill Pascrell [D-NJ9]
#272 73 Rep. Buddy Carter [R-GA1]
#273 71 Rep. David Rouzer [R-NC7]
#274 69 Rep. Keith Rothfus [R-PA12]
#274 69 Rep. Paul Tonko [D-NY20]
#276 68 Rep. Ed Perlmutter [D-CO7]
#276 68 Rep. Kevin Cramer [R-ND0]
#278 65 Rep. Denny Heck [D-WA10]
#279 64 Rep. Mark Amodei [R-NV2]
#280 63 Rep. Marshall “Mark” Sanford [R-SC1]
#280 63 Rep. Mark Meadows [R-NC11]
#280 63 Rep. Michelle Lujan Grisham [D-NM1]
#280 63 Rep. Eric “Rick” Crawford [R-AR1]
#284 62 Rep. Doris Matsui [D-CA6]
#284 62 Rep. Gregory Meeks [D-NY5]
#286 61 Rep. David Joyce [R-OH14]
#286 61 Rep. John “Jimmy” Duncan [R-TN2]
#288 60 Rep. Virginia Foxx [R-NC5]
#289 59 Rep. Joseph Kennedy [D-MA4]
#289 59 Rep. Cedric Richmond [D-LA2]
#291 58 Rep. Steve Russell [R-OK5]
#292 57 Rep. Mimi Walters [R-CA45]
#293 55 Rep. William Keating [D-MA9]
#294 54 Rep. Peter Welch [D-VT0]
#295 53 Rep. Robert Aderholt [R-AL4]
#295 53 Rep. Michael “Mike” Doyle [D-PA14]
#295 53 Rep. Michael Capuano [D-MA7]
#298 52 Rep. Mario Diaz-Balart [R-FL25]
#298 52 Rep. Seth Moulton [D-MA6]
#298 52 Rep. Niki Tsongas [D-MA3]
#301 51 Rep. Frank LoBiondo [R-NJ2]
#301 51 Rep. Ken Calvert [R-CA42]
#303 50 Rep. Mark DeSaulnier [D-CA11]
#304 49 Rep. Betty McCollum [D-MN4]
#304 49 Rep. Dan Newhouse [R-WA4]
#306 48 Rep. Bennie Thompson [D-MS2]
#307 47 Rep. Edward “Scott” Rigell [R-VA2, 2011-2016]
#307 47 Rep. Garret Graves [R-LA6]
#309 46 Rep. Marlin Stutzman [R-IN3, 2010-2016]
#310 44 Rep. Trey Gowdy [R-SC4]
#310 44 Rep. Tom Emmer [R-MN6]
#312 43 Rep. Paul Cook [R-CA8]
#312 43 Rep. Kurt Schrader [D-OR5]
#312 43 Rep. John Carney [D-DE0, 2011-2016]
#315 42 Rep. John Garamendi [D-CA3]
#316 40 Rep. David Scott [D-GA13]
#316 40 Rep. Henry Cuellar [D-TX28]
#318 39 Rep. Mark Takai [D-HI1, 2015-2016]
#318 39 Rep. John Carter [R-TX31]
#320 38 Rep. David Price [D-NC4]
#320 38 Rep. Paul Ryan [R-WI1]
#322 37 Rep. Tim Huelskamp [R-KS1, 2011-2016]
#323 36 Rep. Larry Bucshon [R-IN8]
#323 36 Rep. Ann Kuster [D-NH2]
#323 36 Rep. John Culberson [R-TX7]
#326 35 Rep. Jim Bridenstine [R-OK1]
#327 34 Rep. Jeff Duncan [R-SC3]
#327 34 Rep. Jaime Herrera Beutler [R-WA3]
#327 34 Rep. Evan Jenkins [R-WV3]
#327 34 Rep. Frank Lucas [R-OK3]
#331 33 Rep. Louie Gohmert [R-TX1]
#332 31 Rep. Eric Swalwell [D-CA15]
#332 31 Rep. Kathleen Rice [D-NY4]
#332 31 Rep. Yvette Clarke [D-NY9]
#335 30 Rep. Bruce Westerman [R-AR4]
#335 30 Rep. Bill Flores [R-TX17]
#335 30 Rep. Bill Johnson [R-OH6]
#338 29 Rep. Ken Buck [R-CO4]
#338 29 Rep. Dave Trott [R-MI11]
#340 28 Rep. Justin Amash [R-MI3]
#341 27 Rep. Mike Rogers [R-AL3]
#341 27 Rep. Andy Harris [R-MD1]
#343 26 Rep. Luis Gutiérrez [D-IL4]
#343 26 Rep. David Loebsack [D-IA2]
#345 25 Rep. Gwen Moore [D-WI4]
#346 22 Rep. Brad Wenstrup [R-OH2]
#346 22 Rep. Donald Norcross [D-NJ1]
#346 22 Rep. Jason Smith [R-MO8]
#346 22 Rep. Rodney Frelinghuysen [R-NJ11]
#346 22 Rep. Bobby Rush [D-IL1]
#346 22 Rep. Tom Rice [R-SC7]
#352 21 Rep. John Fleming [R-LA4, 2009-2016]
#352 21 Rep. Barry Loudermilk [R-GA11]
#354 20 Rep. Chaka Fattah [D-PA2, 1995-2016]
#355 17 Rep. Ander Crenshaw [R-FL4, 2001-2016]
#356 16 Rep. Rick Allen [R-GA12]
#357 15 Rep. Robert Hurt [R-VA5, 2011-2016]
#358 14 Rep. Curtis “Curt” Clawson [R-FL19, 2014-2016]
#359 13 Rep. Steve Scalise [R-LA1]
#359 13 Rep. Glenn Grothman [R-WI6]
#361 12 Rep. Kevin McCarthy [R-CA23]
#361 12 Rep. Debbie Dingell [D-MI12]
#361 12 Rep. Brad Sherman [D-CA30]
#364 9 Rep. A. Dutch Ruppersberger [D-MD2]
#364 9 Rep. Sam Farr [D-CA20, 2013-2016]
#366 8 Rep. Norma Torres [D-CA35]
#366 8 Rep. Emanuel Cleaver [D-MO5]
#366 8 Rep. Jim Jordan [R-OH4]
#366 8 Rep. Gregorio Sablan [D-MP0]
#370 7 Rep. French Hill [R-AR2]
#370 7 Rep. Steny Hoyer [D-MD5]
#372 6 Rep. Daniel Donovan [R-NY11]
#373 2 Rep. Brendan Boyle [D-PA13]
#373 2 Rep. John Moolenaar [R-MI4]
#373 2 Rep. Kay Granger [R-TX12]
#376 1 Rep. Robert Brady [D-PA1]
#376 1 Rep. Aumua Amata [R-AS0]
#376 1 Rep. Filemon Vela [D-TX34]
#379 0 Rep. Harold “Hal” Rogers [R-KY5]
#379 0 Rep. Jeb Hensarling [R-TX5]
#379 0 Rep. Trent Kelly [R-MS1]
#379 0 Rep. Nancy Pelosi [D-CA12]
#379 0 Rep. Darin LaHood [R-IL18]
#379 0 Rep. Tom Graves [R-GA14]
#379 0 Rep. Peter Visclosky [D-IN1]
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Additional Notes

The Speaker’s Votes: Missed votes are not computed for the Speaker of the House. According to current House rules, the Speaker of the House is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings.” In practice this means the Speaker of the House rarely votes but is not considered absent.

Leadership/Ideology: The leadership and ideology scores are not displayed for Members of Congress who introduced fewer than 10 bills, or, for ideology, for Members of Congress that have a low leadership score, as there is usually not enough data in these cases to compute reliable leadership and ideology statistics.

Ranking Members (RkMembs): The chair of a committee is always selected from the political party that holds the most seats in the chamber, called the “majority party”. The “ranking member” (sometimes “RkMembs”) is the title given to the senior-most member of the committee not in the majority party.

Freshmen/Sophomores: Freshmen and sophomores are Members of Congress whose first term (in the same chamber at the end of 2015) was the 114th Congress (freshmen) or 113th (sophomores). Members of Congress who took office within the last few months of a Congress are considered freshmen in the next Congress as well.