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2015 Report Cards
Serving 10+ Years (House) / Missed Votes

These special year-end statistics dissect the legislative records of Members of Congress during the 2015 legislative year (Jan 6, 2015-Dec 31, 2015), looking at Members who served at the end of that period. This page was last updated on Jan 9, 2016.

A higher or lower number below doesn’t necessarily make a legislator any better or worse, or more or less effective, than other Members of Congress. We present these statistics for you to understand the quantitative aspects of legislating and make your own judgements based on what legislative activities you think are important.

Keep in mind that there are many important aspects of being a legislator besides what can be measured, such as constituent services and performing oversight of the executive branch, which aren’t reflected here.

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Missed Votes

The percentage of votes each legislator missed in 2015.

Serving 10+ Years (House)
most absent
#1 24.1% Rep. Rubén Hinojosa [D-TX15, 1997-2016]
#2 20.3% Rep. Loretta Sanchez [D-CA46, 2013-2016]
#3 18.8% Rep. Adam Smith [D-WA9]
#4 17.2% Rep. Gregory Meeks [D-NY5]
#5 15.6% Rep. Bobby Rush [D-IL1]
#6 15.3% Rep. Luis Gutiérrez [D-IL4, 1993-2018]
#7 12.2% Rep. Barbara Lee [D-CA13]
#8 12.1% Rep. Peter DeFazio [D-OR4]
#9 11.8% Rep. Emanuel Cleaver [D-MO5]
#10 11.6% Rep. Sheila Jackson Lee [D-TX18]
#11 10.5% Rep. Debbie Wasserman Schultz [D-FL23]
#12 10.4% Rep. Zoe Lofgren [D-CA19]
#13 8.9% Rep. John Lewis [D-GA5]
#14 8.6% Rep. John Carter [R-TX31]
#15 8.0% Rep. Sam Graves [R-MO6]
#16 7.8% Rep. Raúl Grijalva [D-AZ3]
#17 7.7% Rep. Lois Capps [D-CA24, 2013-2016]
#18 7.5% Rep. John Culberson [R-TX7, 2001-2018]
#19 7.2% Rep. A. Dutch Ruppersberger [D-MD2]
#20 7.2% Rep. Eliot Engel [D-NY16]
#21 7.1% Rep. John Conyers [D-MI13, 2013-2017]
#22 6.7% Rep. Robert Brady [D-PA1, 1998-2018]
#22 6.7% Rep. Gwen Moore [D-WI4]
#24 6.7% Rep. Don Young [R-AK0]
#25 6.4% Rep. Nancy Pelosi [D-CA12]
#26 6.3% Rep. Henry Cuellar [D-TX28]
#27 6.1% Rep. James “Jim” Clyburn [D-SC6]
#27 6.1% Rep. Kenny Marchant [R-TX24]
#29 6.0% Rep. Sam Johnson [R-TX3, 1991-2018]
#29 6.0% Rep. Marcy Kaptur [D-OH9]
#31 5.7% Rep. Tim Ryan [D-OH13]
#32 5.3% Rep. Carolyn Maloney [D-NY12]
#32 5.3% Rep. Charles “Charlie” Rangel [D-NY13, 2013-2016]
#34 5.1% Rep. Chaka Fattah [D-PA2, 1995-2016]
#34 5.1% Rep. Louie Gohmert [R-TX1]
#36 5.0% Rep. Kevin Brady [R-TX8]
#37 4.9% Rep. Maxine Waters [D-CA43]
#38 4.8% Rep. Xavier Becerra [D-CA34, 2013-2017]
#38 4.8% Rep. Dana Rohrabacher [R-CA48, 2013-2018]
#40 4.7% Rep. Danny Davis [D-IL7]
#40 4.7% Rep. John Larson [D-CT1]
#40 4.7% Rep. Mike Thompson [D-CA5]
#43 4.5% Rep. Rob Bishop [R-UT1]
#43 4.5% Rep. Michael “Mike” Doyle [D-PA18]
#43 4.5% Rep. Alcee Hastings [D-FL20]
#43 4.5% Rep. Lynn Westmoreland [R-GA3, 2007-2016]
#47 4.3% Rep. Jeff Miller [R-FL1, 2001-2016]
#47 4.3% Rep. Louise Slaughter [D-NY25, 2013-2018]
#49 4.1% Rep. Kay Granger [R-TX12]
#49 4.1% Rep. David Scott [D-GA13]
#51 4.0% Rep. Bennie Thompson [D-MS2]
#52 3.8% Rep. Joe Barton [R-TX6, 1985-2018]
#52 3.8% Rep. Al Green [D-TX9]
#54 3.7% Rep. Grace Napolitano [D-CA32]
#55 3.6% Rep. Daniel Lipinski [D-IL3]
#56 3.4% Rep. Corrine Brown [D-FL5, 2013-2016]
#56 3.4% Rep. Elijah Cummings [D-MD7, 1996-2019]
#58 3.3% Rep. Richard Nolan [D-MN8, 2013-2018]
#59 3.1% Rep. George “G.K.” Butterfield [D-NC1]
#59 3.1% Rep. Lacy Clay [D-MO1]
#59 3.1% Rep. Walter Jones [R-NC3, 1995-2019]
#59 3.1% Rep. Richard Neal [D-MA1]
#59 3.1% Rep. Tom Price [R-GA6, 2005-2017]
#64 3.0% Rep. Anna Eshoo [D-CA18]
#64 3.0% Rep. Ron Kind [D-WI3]
#66 2.8% Rep. Steny Hoyer [D-MD5]
#66 2.8% Rep. Marshall “Mark” Sanford [R-SC1, 2013-2018]
#66 2.8% Rep. Ed Whitfield [R-KY1, 1995-2016]
#66 2.8% Rep. Joe Wilson [R-SC2]
#70 2.7% Rep. Joseph “Joe” Crowley [D-NY14, 2013-2018]
#71 2.7% Rep. Eddie Johnson [D-TX30]
#71 2.7% Rep. David Reichert [R-WA8, 2005-2018]
#73 2.6% Rep. Jim Costa [D-CA16]
#74 2.6% Rep. David Price [D-NC4]
#75 2.6% Rep. Michael Fitzpatrick [R-PA8, 2011-2016]
#75 2.6% Rep. Steve Israel [D-NY3, 2013-2016]
#75 2.6% Rep. Sander Levin [D-MI9, 2013-2018]
#75 2.6% Rep. Stevan “Steve” Pearce [R-NM2, 2011-2018]
#79 2.4% Rep. Trent Franks [R-AZ8, 2013-2017]
#79 2.4% Rep. Gene Green [D-TX29, 1993-2018]
#79 2.4% Rep. Stephen Lynch [D-MA8]
#79 2.4% Rep. Patrick “Pat” Tiberi [R-OH12, 2001-2018]
#83 2.3% Sen. Marsha Blackburn [R-TN]
#83 2.3% Rep. Betty McCollum [D-MN4]
#83 2.3% Rep. Albio Sires [D-NJ8]
#83 2.3% Rep. Michael Turner [R-OH10]
#87 2.1% Rep. Jerrold Nadler [D-NY10]
#88 2.1% Rep. Michael Capuano [D-MA7, 2013-2018]
#88 2.1% Rep. Randy Forbes [R-VA4, 2001-2016]
#88 2.1% Rep. Jeff Fortenberry [R-NE1]
#88 2.1% Rep. Steve King [R-IA4]
#88 2.1% Rep. Bill Pascrell [D-NJ9]
#93 2.0% Rep. Sanford Bishop [D-GA2]
#93 2.0% Rep. John “Jimmy” Duncan [R-TN2, 1988-2018]
#93 2.0% Rep. Lucille Roybal-Allard [D-CA40]
#96 1.8% Rep. Rosa DeLauro [D-CT3]
#96 1.8% Rep. James “Jim” Langevin [D-RI2]
#96 1.8% Rep. Jim McDermott [D-WA7, 1989-2016]
#96 1.8% Rep. Janice “Jan” Schakowsky [D-IL9]
#96 1.8% Rep. Lamar Smith [R-TX21, 1987-2018]
#101 1.7% Rep. Brian Higgins [D-NY26]
#102 1.7% Rep. Earl Blumenauer [D-OR3]
#102 1.7% Rep. Mario Diaz-Balart [R-FL25]
#102 1.7% Rep. Joseph Pitts [R-PA16, 1997-2016]
#102 1.7% Rep. Michael “Mike” Simpson [R-ID2]
#102 1.7% Rep. Linda Sánchez [D-CA38]
#107 1.6% Rep. Robert Aderholt [R-AL4]
#107 1.6% Rep. Tom Cole [R-OK4]
#107 1.6% Rep. Scott Garrett [R-NJ5, 2003-2016]
#107 1.6% Rep. Mike Rogers [R-AL3]
#107 1.6% Rep. Peter Visclosky [D-IN1]
#112 1.4% Rep. Nita Lowey [D-NY17]
#113 1.4% Rep. Lloyd Doggett [D-TX35]
#113 1.4% Rep. Ted Poe [R-TX2, 2005-2018]
#113 1.4% Rep. Edward “Ed” Royce [R-CA39, 2013-2018]
#116 1.3% Rep. James “Jim” McGovern [D-MA2]
#116 1.3% Rep. Pete Sessions [R-TX32, 2003-2018]
#118 1.1% Rep. Frank Pallone [D-NJ6]
#118 1.1% Rep. Christopher “Chris” Smith [R-NJ4]
#120 1.0% Rep. Nydia Velázquez [D-NY7]
#121 1.0% Rep. Michael “Mike” Honda [D-CA17, 2013-2016]
#121 1.0% Rep. Peter “Pete” King [R-NY2]
#121 1.0% Rep. Rick Larsen [D-WA2]
#121 1.0% Rep. Randy Neugebauer [R-TX19, 2003-2016]
#121 1.0% Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen [R-FL27, 2013-2018]
#121 1.0% Rep. Robert “Bobby” Scott [D-VA3]
#121 1.0% Rep. Greg Walden [R-OR2]
#128 0.9% Rep. Diana DeGette [D-CO1]
#128 0.9% Rep. Sam Farr [D-CA20, 2013-2016]
#128 0.9% Rep. Collin Peterson [D-MN7]
#128 0.9% Rep. Harold “Hal” Rogers [R-KY5]
#128 0.9% Sen. Chris Van Hollen [D-MD]
#133 0.7% Rep. Ken Calvert [R-CA42]
#133 0.7% Rep. Ander Crenshaw [R-FL4, 2001-2016]
#133 0.7% Rep. Brad Sherman [D-CA30]
#133 0.7% Rep. John Shimkus [R-IL15]
#133 0.7% Rep. Bill Shuster [R-PA9, 2001-2018]
#138 0.6% Rep. Jim Cooper [D-TN5]
#138 0.6% Rep. Rodney Frelinghuysen [R-NJ11, 1995-2018]
#138 0.6% Rep. Frank Lucas [R-OK3]
#138 0.6% Rep. Patrick McHenry [R-NC10]
#138 0.6% Rep. Cathy McMorris Rodgers [R-WA5]
#138 0.6% Rep. John Mica [R-FL7, 1993-2016]
#138 0.6% Rep. Tim Murphy [R-PA18, 2003-2017]
#138 0.6% Rep. Matt Salmon [R-AZ5, 2013-2016]
#146 0.4% Rep. Doris Matsui [D-CA6]
#147 0.3% Rep. Michael Burgess [R-TX26]
#147 0.3% Rep. Bob Goodlatte [R-VA6, 1993-2018]
#147 0.3% Rep. Darrell Issa [R-CA49, 2003-2018]
#147 0.3% Rep. Devin Nunes [R-CA22]
#147 0.3% Rep. Adam Schiff [D-CA28]
#147 0.3% Rep. Mac Thornberry [R-TX13]
#153 0.1% Rep. Virginia Foxx [R-NC5]
#153 0.1% Rep. John Kline [R-MN2, 2003-2016]
#153 0.1% Rep. Candice Miller [R-MI10, 2003-2016]
#156 0.0% Rep. Charles Boustany [R-LA3, 2013-2016]
#156 0.0% Rep. Steve Chabot [R-OH1]
#156 0.0% Rep. Michael Conaway [R-TX11]
#156 0.0% Rep. Susan Davis [D-CA53]
#156 0.0% Rep. Charles Dent [R-PA15, 2005-2018]
#156 0.0% Rep. Jeb Hensarling [R-TX5, 2003-2018]
#156 0.0% Rep. Frank LoBiondo [R-NJ2, 1995-2018]
#156 0.0% Rep. Michael McCaul [R-TX10]
#156 0.0% Rep. James Sensenbrenner [R-WI5]
#156 0.0% Rep. José Serrano [D-NY15]
#156 0.0% Rep. Fred Upton [R-MI6]
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The Speaker of the House is not included in this statistic because according to current House rules, the Speaker of the House is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings, and the delegates from the five island territories and the District of Columbia are also not included because they were not elligible to vote in any roll call votes.

Additional Notes

The Speaker’s Votes: Missed votes are not computed for the Speaker of the House. According to current House rules, the Speaker of the House is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings.” In practice this means the Speaker of the House rarely votes but is not considered absent.

Leadership/Ideology: The leadership and ideology scores are not displayed for Members of Congress who introduced fewer than 10 bills, or, for ideology, for Members of Congress that have a low leadership score, as there is usually not enough data in these cases to compute reliable leadership and ideology statistics.

Missing Bills: We exclude bills from some statistics where the sponsor’s original intent is not in the final bill because the bill’s text was replaced in whole with unrelated provisions (i.e. it became a vehicle for passage of unrelated provisions).

Ranking Members (RkMembs): The chair of a committee is always selected from the political party that holds the most seats in the chamber, called the “majority party”. The “ranking member” (sometimes “RkMembs”) is the title given to the senior-most member of the committee not in the majority party.

Freshmen/Sophomores: Freshmen and sophomores are Members of Congress whose first term (in the same chamber at the end of 2015) was the 114th Congress (freshmen) or 113th (sophomores). Members of Congress who took office within the last few months of a Congress are considered freshmen in the next Congress as well.