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2015 Report Cards
House Democrats / Missed Votes

These special year-end statistics dissect the legislative records of Members of Congress during the 2015 legislative year (Jan 6, 2015-Dec 31, 2015), looking at Members who served at the end of that period. This page was last updated on Jan 9, 2016.

A higher or lower number below doesn’t necessarily make a legislator any better or worse, or more or less effective, than other Members of Congress. We present these statistics for you to understand the quantitative aspects of legislating and make your own judgements based on what legislative activities you think are important.

Keep in mind that there are many important aspects of being a legislator besides what can be measured, such as constituent services and performing oversight of the executive branch, which aren’t reflected here.

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Missed Votes

The percentage of votes each legislator missed in 2015.

House Democrats
most absent
#1 24.1% Rep. Rubén Hinojosa [D-TX15, 1997-2016]
#2 22.6% Rep. Donald Payne [D-NJ10]
#3 20.3% Rep. Loretta Sanchez [D-CA46, 2013-2016]
#4 18.8% Rep. Adam Smith [D-WA9]
#5 17.2% Rep. Gregory Meeks [D-NY5]
#6 16.2% Rep. Mark Takai [D-HI1, 2015-2016]
#7 15.6% Rep. Bobby Rush [D-IL1]
#8 15.3% Rep. Luis Gutiérrez [D-IL4, 1993-2018]
#9 12.2% Rep. Barbara Lee [D-CA13]
#10 12.1% Rep. Peter DeFazio [D-OR4]
#11 11.8% Rep. Emanuel Cleaver [D-MO5]
#12 11.6% Rep. Sheila Jackson Lee [D-TX18]
#13 11.5% Sen. Tammy Duckworth [D-IL]
#14 10.5% Rep. Debbie Wasserman Schultz [D-FL23]
#15 10.4% Rep. Zoe Lofgren [D-CA19]
#16 10.1% Rep. Alma Adams [D-NC12]
#17 9.5% Rep. Jackie Speier [D-CA14]
#18 9.2% Rep. Robin Kelly [D-IL2]
#19 8.9% Rep. John Lewis [D-GA5]
#20 8.7% Rep. Theodore Deutch [D-FL22]
#21 7.8% Rep. Raúl Grijalva [D-AZ3]
#22 7.7% Rep. Lois Capps [D-CA24, 2013-2016]
#23 7.5% Rep. Raul Ruiz [D-CA36]
#24 7.4% Rep. Karen Bass [D-CA37]
#25 7.2% Rep. A. Dutch Ruppersberger [D-MD2]
#26 7.2% Rep. Eliot Engel [D-NY16]
#27 7.1% Rep. John Conyers [D-MI13, 2013-2017]
#28 6.8% Rep. Terri Sewell [D-AL7]
#29 6.7% Rep. Robert Brady [D-PA1, 1998-2018]
#29 6.7% Rep. Gwen Moore [D-WI4]
#31 6.5% Rep. Michelle Lujan Grisham [D-NM1, 2013-2018]
#31 6.5% Rep. Ed Perlmutter [D-CO7]
#31 6.5% Rep. John Yarmuth [D-KY3]
#34 6.4% Rep. Nancy Pelosi [D-CA12]
#35 6.3% Rep. Henry Cuellar [D-TX28]
#35 6.3% Rep. Niki Tsongas [D-MA3, 2013-2018]
#37 6.1% Rep. Brendan Boyle [D-PA2]
#37 6.1% Rep. James “Jim” Clyburn [D-SC6]
#39 6.0% Rep. Tony Cárdenas [D-CA29]
#39 6.0% Rep. Marcy Kaptur [D-OH9]
#41 5.8% Rep. Pete Aguilar [D-CA31]
#41 5.8% Rep. Cedric Richmond [D-LA2]
#43 5.7% Rep. Tim Ryan [D-OH13]
#44 5.4% Rep. Frederica Wilson [D-FL24]
#45 5.3% Rep. Carolyn Maloney [D-NY12]
#45 5.3% Rep. Charles “Charlie” Rangel [D-NY13, 2013-2016]
#47 5.1% Rep. Chaka Fattah [D-PA2, 1995-2016]
#48 5.0% Rep. Ted Lieu [D-CA33]
#49 4.9% Rep. Maxine Waters [D-CA43]
#50 4.8% Rep. Xavier Becerra [D-CA34, 2013-2017]
#50 4.8% Rep. John Garamendi [D-CA3]
#52 4.7% Rep. Danny Davis [D-IL7]
#52 4.7% Rep. Daniel Kildee [D-MI5]
#52 4.7% Rep. John Larson [D-CT1]
#52 4.7% Rep. Mike Thompson [D-CA5]
#56 4.5% Rep. Michael “Mike” Doyle [D-PA18]
#56 4.5% Rep. Alcee Hastings [D-FL20]
#56 4.5% Rep. Patrick Murphy [D-FL18, 2013-2016]
#59 4.4% Sen. Kyrsten Sinema [D-AZ]
#60 4.3% Rep. Debbie Dingell [D-MI12]
#60 4.3% Rep. Louise Slaughter [D-NY25, 2013-2018]
#62 4.1% Rep. Grace Meng [D-NY6]
#63 4.1% Rep. David Scott [D-GA13]
#64 4.0% Rep. Judy Chu [D-CA27]
#64 4.0% Rep. Bennie Thompson [D-MS2]
#66 3.8% Rep. Alan Grayson [D-FL9, 2013-2016]
#66 3.8% Rep. Al Green [D-TX9]
#66 3.8% Rep. Henry “Hank” Johnson [D-GA4]
#69 3.7% Rep. Marcia Fudge [D-OH11]
#69 3.7% Rep. Grace Napolitano [D-CA32]
#71 3.6% Rep. Ann Kirkpatrick [D-AZ2]
#71 3.6% Rep. Daniel Lipinski [D-IL3]
#73 3.4% Rep. Corrine Brown [D-FL5, 2013-2016]
#73 3.4% Rep. Elijah Cummings [D-MD7, 1996-2019]
#75 3.3% Rep. Richard Nolan [D-MN8, 2013-2018]
#76 3.3% Rep. Keith Ellison [D-MN5, 2007-2018]
#77 3.1% Rep. George “G.K.” Butterfield [D-NC1]
#77 3.1% Rep. Lacy Clay [D-MO1]
#77 3.1% Rep. William Keating [D-MA9]
#77 3.1% Rep. Richard Neal [D-MA1]
#81 3.0% Rep. Matthew Cartwright [D-PA8]
#81 3.0% Rep. Yvette Clarke [D-NY9]
#81 3.0% Rep. Anna Eshoo [D-CA18]
#81 3.0% Rep. Ron Kind [D-WI3]
#81 3.0% Rep. Dina Titus [D-NV1]
#86 2.8% Rep. Peter Welch [D-VT0]
#87 2.8% Rep. Steny Hoyer [D-MD5]
#87 2.8% Rep. Kurt Schrader [D-OR5]
#89 2.7% Rep. Joseph “Joe” Crowley [D-NY14, 2013-2018]
#90 2.7% Rep. Eddie Johnson [D-TX30]
#90 2.7% Rep. Jerry McNerney [D-CA9]
#90 2.7% Rep. Kathleen Rice [D-NY4]
#93 2.6% Rep. Jim Costa [D-CA16]
#94 2.6% Rep. David Price [D-NC4]
#95 2.6% Rep. Donna Edwards [D-MD4, 2008-2016]
#95 2.6% Rep. Steve Israel [D-NY3, 2013-2016]
#95 2.6% Rep. Sander Levin [D-MI9, 2013-2018]
#95 2.6% Rep. John Sarbanes [D-MD3]
#99 2.4% Rep. Ami Bera [D-CA7]
#99 2.4% Rep. Gene Green [D-TX29, 1993-2018]
#99 2.4% Rep. Stephen Lynch [D-MA8]
#99 2.4% Rep. Beto O’Rourke [D-TX16, 2013-2018]
#103 2.3% Rep. Hakeem Jeffries [D-NY8]
#103 2.3% Rep. Betty McCollum [D-MN4]
#103 2.3% Rep. Mike Quigley [D-IL5]
#103 2.3% Rep. Albio Sires [D-NJ8]
#107 2.1% Rep. Jerrold Nadler [D-NY10]
#108 2.1% Rep. Michael Capuano [D-MA7, 2013-2018]
#108 2.1% Rep. John Carney [D-DE0, 2011-2016]
#108 2.1% Rep. Kathy Castor [D-FL14]
#108 2.1% Rep. Jared Huffman [D-CA2]
#108 2.1% Rep. Bill Pascrell [D-NJ9]
#113 2.0% Rep. Sanford Bishop [D-GA2]
#113 2.0% Rep. David Loebsack [D-IA2]
#113 2.0% Rep. Scott Peters [D-CA52]
#113 2.0% Rep. Lucille Roybal-Allard [D-CA40]
#117 1.8% Rep. Rosa DeLauro [D-CT3]
#117 1.8% Rep. Joseph Kennedy [D-MA4]
#117 1.8% Rep. James “Jim” Langevin [D-RI2]
#117 1.8% Rep. Jim McDermott [D-WA7, 1989-2016]
#117 1.8% Rep. Janice “Jan” Schakowsky [D-IL9]
#122 1.7% Rep. Brian Higgins [D-NY26]
#122 1.7% Rep. Sean Maloney [D-NY18]
#124 1.7% Rep. Donald Beyer [D-VA8]
#124 1.7% Rep. Earl Blumenauer [D-OR3]
#124 1.7% Rep. Lois Frankel [D-FL21]
#124 1.7% Rep. Linda Sánchez [D-CA38]
#128 1.6% Rep. Steve Cohen [D-TN9]
#128 1.6% Rep. Joe Courtney [D-CT2]
#128 1.6% Rep. Ruben Gallego [D-AZ7]
#128 1.6% Rep. Brenda Lawrence [D-MI14]
#128 1.6% Rep. Peter Visclosky [D-IN1]
#133 1.4% Rep. Nita Lowey [D-NY17]
#134 1.4% Rep. David Cicilline [D-RI1]
#135 1.4% Rep. John Delaney [D-MD6, 2013-2018]
#135 1.4% Rep. Lloyd Doggett [D-TX35]
#135 1.4% Rep. Chellie Pingree [D-ME1]
#135 1.4% Rep. Bonnie Watson Coleman [D-NJ12]
#139 1.3% Rep. James “Jim” McGovern [D-MA2]
#139 1.3% Rep. Filemon Vela [D-TX34]
#141 1.1% Rep. André Carson [D-IN7]
#141 1.1% Rep. Frank Pallone [D-NJ6]
#141 1.1% Rep. Mark Pocan [D-WI2]
#141 1.1% Rep. Jared Polis [D-CO2, 2009-2018]
#145 1.0% Rep. Nydia Velázquez [D-NY7]
#146 1.0% Rep. Brad Ashford [D-NE2, 2015-2016]
#146 1.0% Rep. Joyce Beatty [D-OH3]
#146 1.0% Rep. Michael “Mike” Honda [D-CA17, 2013-2016]
#146 1.0% Rep. Ann Kuster [D-NH2]
#146 1.0% Rep. Rick Larsen [D-WA2]
#146 1.0% Rep. Robert “Bobby” Scott [D-VA3]
#146 1.0% Rep. Eric Swalwell [D-CA15]
#146 1.0% Rep. Juan Vargas [D-CA51]
#154 0.9% Rep. Julia Brownley [D-CA26]
#154 0.9% Rep. Joaquin Castro [D-TX20]
#154 0.9% Rep. Diana DeGette [D-CO1]
#154 0.9% Rep. Mark DeSaulnier [D-CA11]
#154 0.9% Rep. Sam Farr [D-CA20, 2013-2016]
#154 0.9% Rep. Janice Hahn [D-CA44, 2013-2016]
#154 0.9% Rep. Collin Peterson [D-MN7]
#154 0.9% Sen. Chris Van Hollen [D-MD]
#162 0.7% Rep. Cheri Bustos [D-IL17]
#162 0.7% Rep. Katherine Clark [D-MA5]
#162 0.7% Rep. Elizabeth Esty [D-CT5, 2013-2018]
#162 0.7% Rep. Bill Foster [D-IL11]
#162 0.7% Rep. Tulsi Gabbard [D-HI2]
#162 0.7% Rep. Denny Heck [D-WA10]
#162 0.7% Rep. Donald Norcross [D-NJ1]
#162 0.7% Rep. Brad Sherman [D-CA30]
#170 0.6% Rep. Paul Tonko [D-NY20]
#171 0.6% Rep. Jim Cooper [D-TN5]
#171 0.6% Rep. James Himes [D-CT4]
#171 0.6% Rep. Norma Torres [D-CA35]
#174 0.4% Rep. Suzanne Bonamici [D-OR1]
#174 0.4% Rep. Alan Lowenthal [D-CA47]
#174 0.4% Rep. Ben Luján [D-NM3]
#174 0.4% Rep. Doris Matsui [D-CA6]
#174 0.4% Rep. Timothy Walz [D-MN1, 2007-2018]
#179 0.3% Rep. Gwen Graham [D-FL2, 2015-2016]
#179 0.3% Rep. Adam Schiff [D-CA28]
#181 0.1% Rep. Gerald Connolly [D-VA11]
#181 0.1% Rep. Seth Moulton [D-MA6]
#181 0.1% Rep. Mark Takano [D-CA41]
#181 0.1% Rep. Marc Veasey [D-TX33]
#185 0.0% Rep. Susan Davis [D-CA53]
#185 0.0% Rep. Suzan DelBene [D-WA1]
#185 0.0% Rep. Derek Kilmer [D-WA6]
#185 0.0% Rep. José Serrano [D-NY15]
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The Speaker of the House is not included in this statistic because according to current House rules, the Speaker of the House is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings, and the delegates from the five island territories and the District of Columbia are also not included because they were not elligible to vote in any roll call votes.

Additional Notes

The Speaker’s Votes: Missed votes are not computed for the Speaker of the House. According to current House rules, the Speaker of the House is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings.” In practice this means the Speaker of the House rarely votes but is not considered absent.

Leadership/Ideology: The leadership and ideology scores are not displayed for Members of Congress who introduced fewer than 10 bills, or, for ideology, for Members of Congress that have a low leadership score, as there is usually not enough data in these cases to compute reliable leadership and ideology statistics.

Missing Bills: We exclude bills from some statistics where the sponsor’s original intent is not in the final bill because the bill’s text was replaced in whole with unrelated provisions (i.e. it became a vehicle for passage of unrelated provisions).

Ranking Members (RkMembs): The chair of a committee is always selected from the political party that holds the most seats in the chamber, called the “majority party”. The “ranking member” (sometimes “RkMembs”) is the title given to the senior-most member of the committee not in the majority party.

Freshmen/Sophomores: Freshmen and sophomores are Members of Congress whose first term (in the same chamber at the end of 2015) was the 114th Congress (freshmen) or 113th (sophomores). Members of Congress who took office within the last few months of a Congress are considered freshmen in the next Congress as well.