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2016 Report Cards
House Sophomores / Missed Votes

These statistics dissect the legislative records of Members of Congress during the 114th Congress (Jan 6, 2015-Jan 3, 2017), as of Aug 24, 2017.

A higher or lower number below doesn’t necessarily make a legislator any better or worse, or more or less effective, than other Members of Congress. We present these statistics for you to understand the quantitative aspects of legislating and make your own judgements based on what legislative activities you think are important.

Keep in mind that there are many important aspects of being a legislator besides what can be measured, such as constituent services and performing oversight of the executive branch, which aren’t reflected here.

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Missed Votes

The percentage of votes each legislator missed in the 114th Congress.

House Sophomores
most absent
#1 18.7% Rep. Donald Payne [D-NJ10]
#2 12.2% Sen. Tammy Duckworth [D-IL]
#3 8.6% Rep. Curtis “Curt” Clawson [R-FL19, 2014-2016]
#4 8.5% Rep. Tony Cárdenas [D-CA29]
#5 8.4% Rep. Robin Kelly [D-IL2]
#6 7.3% Rep. Richard Hudson [R-NC8]
#7 6.9% Rep. Joaquin Castro [D-TX20]
#8 6.7% Rep. Ann Wagner [R-MO2]
#9 6.3% Rep. Roger Williams [R-TX25]
#10 5.8% Rep. David Jolly [R-FL13, 2014-2016]
#11 5.4% Rep. John Delaney [D-MD6, 2013-2018]
#12 4.8% Rep. Joseph Kennedy [D-MA4]
#13 4.6% Rep. Michelle Lujan Grisham [D-NM1, 2013-2018]
#14 4.5% Rep. Grace Meng [D-NY6]
#15 4.5% Rep. Beto O’Rourke [D-TX16, 2013-2018]
#16 4.2% Rep. Raul Ruiz [D-CA36]
#17 3.7% Sen. Kyrsten Sinema [D-AZ]
#17 3.7% Rep. Eric Swalwell [D-CA15]
#19 3.5% Rep. Hakeem Jeffries [D-NY8]
#19 3.5% Rep. Patrick Murphy [D-FL18, 2013-2016]
#21 3.1% Rep. Bradley Byrne [R-AL1]
#21 3.1% Rep. David Joyce [R-OH14]
#23 3.0% Rep. Daniel Kildee [D-MI5]
#24 2.9% Sen. Kevin Cramer [R-ND]
#25 2.7% Rep. Robert Pittenger [R-NC9, 2013-2018]
#25 2.7% Rep. Filemon Vela [D-TX34]
#27 2.6% Rep. Chris Stewart [R-UT2]
#28 2.4% Rep. Ron DeSantis [R-FL6, 2013-2018]
#29 2.3% Rep. Matthew Cartwright [D-PA8]
#29 2.3% Rep. Chris Collins [R-NY27]
#29 2.3% Rep. Doug LaMalfa [R-CA1]
#29 2.3% Rep. Mark Pocan [D-WI2]
#33 2.3% Rep. Sean Maloney [D-NY18]
#34 2.3% Rep. Jared Huffman [D-CA2]
#35 2.0% Rep. Jim Bridenstine [R-OK1, 2013-2018]
#36 2.0% Rep. Joyce Beatty [D-OH3]
#36 2.0% Rep. Lois Frankel [D-FL21]
#38 1.9% Rep. Doug Collins [R-GA9]
#38 1.9% Rep. Rodney Davis [R-IL13]
#40 1.7% Rep. Paul Cook [R-CA8]
#40 1.7% Rep. Frank Guinta [R-NH1, 2015-2016]
#40 1.7% Rep. Marc Veasey [D-TX33]
#43 1.6% Rep. Scott Peters [D-CA52]
#44 1.5% Rep. Bob Dold [R-IL10, 2015-2016]
#45 1.4% Rep. Jackie Walorski [R-IN2]
#45 1.4% Rep. Brad Wenstrup [R-OH2]
#45 1.4% Rep. Ted Yoho [R-FL3]
#48 1.4% Rep. Ami Bera [D-CA7]
#48 1.4% Rep. Mark Meadows [R-NC11]
#50 1.2% Rep. Susan Brooks [R-IN5]
#50 1.2% Rep. Luke Messer [R-IN6, 2013-2018]
#52 1.1% Rep. Thomas Massie [R-KY4]
#52 1.1% Rep. Juan Vargas [D-CA51]
#54 1.0% Rep. Cheri Bustos [D-IL17]
#54 1.0% Rep. Alan Lowenthal [D-CA47]
#54 1.0% Rep. Markwayne Mullin [R-OK2]
#54 1.0% Rep. Keith Rothfus [R-PA12, 2013-2018]
#58 0.9% Rep. Jason Smith [R-MO8]
#59 0.8% Rep. Julia Brownley [D-CA26]
#59 0.8% Rep. Tulsi Gabbard [D-HI2]
#59 0.8% Rep. Ann Kuster [D-NH2]
#59 0.8% Rep. Scott Perry [R-PA10]
#63 0.7% Rep. Garland “Andy” Barr [R-KY6]
#63 0.7% Rep. Katherine Clark [D-MA5]
#63 0.7% Rep. Suzan DelBene [D-WA1]
#63 0.7% Rep. Elizabeth Esty [D-CT5, 2013-2018]
#63 0.7% Rep. George Holding [R-NC2]
#68 0.6% Rep. Denny Heck [D-WA10]
#68 0.6% Rep. David Valadao [R-CA21, 2013-2018]
#68 0.6% Rep. Randy Weber [R-TX14]
#71 0.5% Rep. Tom Rice [R-SC7]
#72 0.4% Rep. Mark Takano [D-CA41]
#73 0.2% Rep. Derek Kilmer [D-WA6]
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The Speaker of the House is not included in this statistic because according to current House rules, the Speaker of the House is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings, and the delegates from the five island territories and the District of Columbia are also not included because they were not elligible to vote in any roll call votes.

Additional Notes

The Speaker’s Votes: Missed votes are not computed for the Speaker of the House. According to current House rules, the Speaker of the House is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings.” In practice this means the Speaker of the House rarely votes but is not considered absent.

Leadership/Ideology: The leadership and ideology scores are not displayed for Members of Congress who introduced fewer than 10 bills, or, for ideology, for Members of Congress that have a low leadership score, as there is usually not enough data in these cases to compute reliable leadership and ideology statistics.

Missing Bills: We exclude bills from some statistics where the sponsor’s original intent is not in the final bill because the bill’s text was replaced in whole with unrelated provisions (i.e. it became a vehicle for passage of unrelated provisions).

Ranking Members (RkMembs): The chair of a committee is always selected from the political party that holds the most seats in the chamber, called the “majority party”. The “ranking member” (sometimes “RkMembs”) is the title given to the senior-most member of the committee not in the majority party.

Freshmen/Sophomores: Freshmen and sophomores are Members of Congress whose first term (in the same chamber at the end of the 114th Congress) was the 114th Congress (freshmen) or 113th (sophomores). Members of Congress who took office within the last few months of a Congress are considered freshmen in the next Congress as well.