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2016 Report Cards
Serving 10+ Years (House) / Laws Enacted

These statistics dissect the legislative records of Members of Congress during the 114th Congress (Jan 6, 2015-Jan 3, 2017), as of Aug 24, 2017.

A higher or lower number below doesn’t necessarily make a legislator any better or worse, or more or less effective, than other Members of Congress. We present these statistics for you to understand the quantitative aspects of legislating and make your own judgements based on what legislative activities you think are important.

Keep in mind that there are many important aspects of being a legislator besides what can be measured, such as constituent services and performing oversight of the executive branch, which aren’t reflected here.

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Laws Enacted

The number of bills each legislator introduced that became law in the 114th Congress, including via incorporation into other bills. Keep in mind that it takes a law to repeal a law. Very few bills ever become law.

Serving 10+ Years (House)
most laws
#1 8 Rep. Jeff Miller [R-FL1, 2001-2016]
#1 8 Rep. Bill Shuster [R-PA9, 2001-2018]
#3 7 Rep. Christopher “Chris” Smith [R-NJ4]
#3 7 Rep. Patrick “Pat” Tiberi [R-OH12, 2001-2018]
#5 5 Rep. Kevin Brady [R-TX8]
#5 5 Rep. Steve Chabot [R-OH1]
#5 5 Rep. Ted Poe [R-TX2, 2005-2018]
#5 5 Rep. Edward “Ed” Royce [R-CA39, 2013-2018]
#5 5 Rep. Paul Ryan [R-WI1, 2015-2018]
#5 5 Rep. James Sensenbrenner [R-WI5]
#5 5 Rep. Lamar Smith [R-TX21, 1987-2018]
#12 4 Rep. Gus Bilirakis [R-FL12]
#12 4 Rep. Michael Burgess [R-TX26]
#12 4 Rep. Henry Cuellar [D-TX28]
#15 3 Rep. Stephen Lynch [D-MA8]
#15 3 Rep. Kevin McCarthy [R-CA23]
#15 3 Rep. David Reichert [R-WA8, 2005-2018]
#15 3 Rep. Michael “Mike” Simpson [R-ID2]
#15 3 Rep. Mac Thornberry [R-TX13]
#15 3 Rep. Don Young [R-AK0]
#21 2 Rep. George “G.K.” Butterfield [D-NC1]
#21 2 Rep. Ken Calvert [R-CA42]
#21 2 Rep. James “Jim” Clyburn [D-SC6]
#21 2 Rep. Charles Dent [R-PA15, 2005-2018]
#21 2 Rep. Lloyd Doggett [D-TX35]
#21 2 Rep. Eliot Engel [D-NY16]
#21 2 Rep. Scott Garrett [R-NJ5, 2003-2016]
#21 2 Rep. Sam Johnson [R-TX3, 1991-2018]
#21 2 Rep. Patrick McHenry [R-NC10]
#21 2 Rep. Randy Neugebauer [R-TX19, 2003-2016]
#21 2 Rep. Richard Nolan [D-MN8, 2013-2018]
#21 2 Rep. Frank Pallone [D-NJ6]
#21 2 Rep. Tom Price [R-GA6, 2005-2017]
#21 2 Rep. Harold “Hal” Rogers [R-KY5]
#21 2 Rep. David Scott [D-GA13]
#21 2 Rep. José Serrano [D-NY15]
#21 2 Rep. John Shimkus [R-IL15]
#21 2 Rep. Debbie Wasserman Schultz [D-FL23]
#39 1 Rep. Robert Aderholt [R-AL4]
#39 1 Rep. Rob Bishop [R-UT1]
#39 1 Rep. Madeleine Bordallo [D-GU0, 2003-2018]
#39 1 Rep. Charles Boustany [R-LA3, 2013-2016]
#39 1 Rep. Vern Buchanan [R-FL16]
#39 1 Rep. Lois Capps [D-CA24, 2013-2016]
#39 1 Rep. John Carter [R-TX31]
#39 1 Rep. Lacy Clay [D-MO1]
#39 1 Rep. Steve Cohen [D-TN9]
#39 1 Rep. Tom Cole [R-OK4]
#39 1 Rep. Michael Conaway [R-TX11]
#39 1 Rep. Ander Crenshaw [R-FL4, 2001-2016]
#39 1 Rep. Joseph “Joe” Crowley [D-NY14, 2013-2018]
#39 1 Rep. John Culberson [R-TX7, 2001-2018]
#39 1 Rep. Elijah Cummings [D-MD7]
#39 1 Rep. Susan Davis [D-CA53]
#39 1 Rep. Michael “Mike” Doyle [D-PA18]
#39 1 Rep. Jeff Fortenberry [R-NE1]
#39 1 Rep. Trent Franks [R-AZ8, 2013-2017]
#39 1 Rep. Rodney Frelinghuysen [R-NJ11, 1995-2018]
#39 1 Rep. Bob Goodlatte [R-VA6, 1993-2018]
#39 1 Rep. Kay Granger [R-TX12]
#39 1 Rep. Al Green [D-TX9]
#39 1 Rep. Raúl Grijalva [D-AZ3]
#39 1 Rep. Darrell Issa [R-CA49, 2003-2018]
#39 1 Rep. Sheila Jackson Lee [D-TX18]
#39 1 Rep. Henry “Hank” Johnson [D-GA4]
#39 1 Rep. Walter Jones [R-NC3, 1995-2019]
#39 1 Rep. Ron Kind [D-WI3]
#39 1 Rep. Peter “Pete” King [R-NY2]
#39 1 Rep. James “Jim” Langevin [D-RI2]
#39 1 Rep. Rick Larsen [D-WA2]
#39 1 Rep. Sander Levin [D-MI9, 2013-2018]
#39 1 Rep. John Lewis [D-GA5]
#39 1 Rep. Frank LoBiondo [R-NJ2, 1995-2018]
#39 1 Rep. Carolyn Maloney [D-NY12]
#39 1 Rep. Betty McCollum [D-MN4]
#39 1 Rep. Cathy McMorris Rodgers [R-WA5]
#39 1 Rep. Jerry McNerney [D-CA9]
#39 1 Rep. John Mica [R-FL7, 1993-2016]
#39 1 Rep. Gwen Moore [D-WI4]
#39 1 Rep. Grace Napolitano [D-CA32]
#39 1 Rep. Eleanor Norton [D-DC0]
#39 1 Rep. Devin Nunes [R-CA22]
#39 1 Rep. Joseph Pitts [R-PA16, 1997-2016]
#39 1 Rep. David Price [D-NC4]
#39 1 Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen [R-FL27, 2013-2018]
#39 1 Rep. Peter Roskam [R-IL6, 2007-2018]
#39 1 Rep. Lucille Roybal-Allard [D-CA40]
#39 1 Rep. Matt Salmon [R-AZ5, 2013-2016]
#39 1 Rep. Janice “Jan” Schakowsky [D-IL9]
#39 1 Rep. Louise Slaughter [D-NY25, 2013-2018]
#39 1 Rep. Fred Upton [R-MI6]
#39 1 Rep. Nydia Velázquez [D-NY7]
#39 1 Rep. Peter Visclosky [D-IN1]
#39 1 Rep. Greg Walden [R-OR2]
#39 1 Rep. Timothy Walz [D-MN1, 2007-2018]
#39 1 Rep. Maxine Waters [D-CA43]
#97 0 Rep. Joe Barton [R-TX6, 1985-2018]
#97 0 Rep. Xavier Becerra [D-CA34, 2013-2017]
#97 0 Rep. Sanford Bishop [D-GA2]
#97 0 Sen. Marsha Blackburn [R-TN]
#97 0 Rep. Earl Blumenauer [D-OR3]
#97 0 Rep. Robert Brady [D-PA1, 1998-2018]
#97 0 Rep. Corrine Brown [D-FL5, 2013-2016]
#97 0 Rep. Michael Capuano [D-MA7, 2013-2018]
#97 0 Rep. Kathy Castor [D-FL14]
#97 0 Rep. Yvette Clarke [D-NY9]
#97 0 Rep. Emanuel Cleaver [D-MO5]
#97 0 Rep. John Conyers [D-MI13, 2013-2017]
#97 0 Rep. Jim Cooper [D-TN5]
#97 0 Rep. Jim Costa [D-CA16]
#97 0 Rep. Joe Courtney [D-CT2]
#97 0 Rep. Danny Davis [D-IL7]
#97 0 Rep. Peter DeFazio [D-OR4]
#97 0 Rep. Diana DeGette [D-CO1]
#97 0 Rep. Rosa DeLauro [D-CT3]
#97 0 Rep. Mario Diaz-Balart [R-FL25]
#97 0 Rep. John “Jimmy” Duncan [R-TN2, 1988-2018]
#97 0 Rep. Keith Ellison [D-MN5, 2007-2018]
#97 0 Rep. Anna Eshoo [D-CA18]
#97 0 Rep. Sam Farr [D-CA20, 2013-2016]
#97 0 Rep. Randy Forbes [R-VA4, 2001-2016]
#97 0 Rep. Virginia Foxx [R-NC5]
#97 0 Rep. Louie Gohmert [R-TX1]
#97 0 Rep. Sam Graves [R-MO6]
#97 0 Rep. Gene Green [D-TX29, 1993-2018]
#97 0 Rep. Luis Gutiérrez [D-IL4, 1993-2018]
#97 0 Rep. Alcee Hastings [D-FL20]
#97 0 Rep. Jeb Hensarling [R-TX5, 2003-2018]
#97 0 Rep. Brian Higgins [D-NY26]
#97 0 Rep. Rubén Hinojosa [D-TX15, 1997-2016]
#97 0 Rep. Michael “Mike” Honda [D-CA17, 2013-2016]
#97 0 Rep. Steny Hoyer [D-MD5]
#97 0 Rep. Steve Israel [D-NY3, 2013-2016]
#97 0 Rep. Eddie Johnson [D-TX30]
#97 0 Rep. Jim Jordan [R-OH4]
#97 0 Rep. Marcy Kaptur [D-OH9]
#97 0 Rep. Steve King [R-IA4]
#97 0 Rep. John Kline [R-MN2, 2003-2016]
#97 0 Rep. Doug Lamborn [R-CO5]
#97 0 Rep. John Larson [D-CT1]
#97 0 Rep. Barbara Lee [D-CA13]
#97 0 Rep. Daniel Lipinski [D-IL3]
#97 0 Rep. David Loebsack [D-IA2]
#97 0 Rep. Zoe Lofgren [D-CA19]
#97 0 Rep. Nita Lowey [D-NY17]
#97 0 Rep. Frank Lucas [R-OK3]
#97 0 Rep. Kenny Marchant [R-TX24]
#97 0 Rep. Doris Matsui [D-CA6]
#97 0 Rep. Michael McCaul [R-TX10]
#97 0 Rep. Jim McDermott [D-WA7, 1989-2016]
#97 0 Rep. James “Jim” McGovern [D-MA2]
#97 0 Rep. Gregory Meeks [D-NY5]
#97 0 Rep. Tim Murphy [R-PA18, 2003-2017]
#97 0 Rep. Jerrold Nadler [D-NY10]
#97 0 Rep. Richard Neal [D-MA1]
#97 0 Rep. Bill Pascrell [D-NJ9]
#97 0 Rep. Stevan “Steve” Pearce [R-NM2, 2011-2018]
#97 0 Rep. Nancy Pelosi [D-CA12]
#97 0 Rep. Ed Perlmutter [D-CO7]
#97 0 Rep. Collin Peterson [D-MN7]
#97 0 Rep. Charles “Charlie” Rangel [D-NY13, 2013-2016]
#97 0 Rep. Mike Rogers [R-AL3]
#97 0 Rep. Dana Rohrabacher [R-CA48, 2013-2018]
#97 0 Rep. A. Dutch Ruppersberger [D-MD2]
#97 0 Rep. Bobby Rush [D-IL1]
#97 0 Rep. Tim Ryan [D-OH13]
#97 0 Rep. Loretta Sanchez [D-CA46, 2013-2016]
#97 0 Rep. Marshall “Mark” Sanford [R-SC1, 2013-2018]
#97 0 Rep. John Sarbanes [D-MD3]
#97 0 Rep. Adam Schiff [D-CA28]
#97 0 Rep. Robert “Bobby” Scott [D-VA3]
#97 0 Rep. Pete Sessions [R-TX32, 2003-2018]
#97 0 Rep. Brad Sherman [D-CA30]
#97 0 Rep. Albio Sires [D-NJ8]
#97 0 Rep. Adam Smith [D-WA9]
#97 0 Rep. Adrian Smith [R-NE3]
#97 0 Rep. Linda Sánchez [D-CA38]
#97 0 Rep. Bennie Thompson [D-MS2]
#97 0 Rep. Mike Thompson [D-CA5]
#97 0 Rep. Michael Turner [R-OH10]
#97 0 Sen. Chris Van Hollen [D-MD]
#97 0 Rep. Peter Welch [D-VT0]
#97 0 Rep. Lynn Westmoreland [R-GA3, 2007-2016]
#97 0 Rep. Joe Wilson [R-SC2]
#97 0 Rep. John Yarmuth [D-KY3]
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The legislator must be the primary sponsor of the bill or joint resolution that was enacted or the primary sponsor of a bill or joint resolution for which at least about one third of its text was incorporated into another bill or joint resolution that was enacted as law, as determined by an automated analysis. While a legislator may lay claim to authoring other bills that became law, these cases are difficult for us to track quantitatively. We also exclude bills where the sponsor’s original intent is not in the final bill.

Additional Notes

The Speaker’s Votes: Missed votes are not computed for the Speaker of the House. According to current House rules, the Speaker of the House is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings.” In practice this means the Speaker of the House rarely votes but is not considered absent.

Leadership/Ideology: The leadership and ideology scores are not displayed for Members of Congress who introduced fewer than 10 bills, or, for ideology, for Members of Congress that have a low leadership score, as there is usually not enough data in these cases to compute reliable leadership and ideology statistics.

Missing Bills: We exclude bills from some statistics where the sponsor’s original intent is not in the final bill because the bill’s text was replaced in whole with unrelated provisions (i.e. it became a vehicle for passage of unrelated provisions).

Ranking Members (RkMembs): The chair of a committee is always selected from the political party that holds the most seats in the chamber, called the “majority party”. The “ranking member” (sometimes “RkMembs”) is the title given to the senior-most member of the committee not in the majority party.

Freshmen/Sophomores: Freshmen and sophomores are Members of Congress whose first term (in the same chamber at the end of the 114th Congress) was the 114th Congress (freshmen) or 113th (sophomores). Members of Congress who took office within the last few months of a Congress are considered freshmen in the next Congress as well.

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