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2016 Report Cards
Serving 10+ Years (House) / Missed Votes

These statistics dissect the legislative records of Members of Congress during the 114th Congress (Jan 6, 2015-Jan 3, 2017), as of Aug 24, 2017.

A higher or lower number below doesn’t necessarily make a legislator any better or worse, or more or less effective, than other Members of Congress. We present these statistics for you to understand the quantitative aspects of legislating and make your own judgements based on what legislative activities you think are important.

Keep in mind that there are many important aspects of being a legislator besides what can be measured, such as constituent services and performing oversight of the executive branch, which aren’t reflected here.

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Missed Votes

The percentage of votes each legislator missed in the 114th Congress.

Serving 10+ Years (House)
most absent
#1 29.3% Rep. Loretta Sanchez [D-CA46, 2013-2016]
#2 24.1% Rep. Bobby Rush [D-IL1]
#3 22.8% Rep. Rubén Hinojosa [D-TX15, 1997-2016]
#4 20.2% Rep. Adam Smith [D-WA9]
#5 17.5% Rep. Lynn Westmoreland [R-GA3, 2007-2016]
#6 16.3% Rep. Ted Poe [R-TX2, 2005-2018]
#7 15.8% Rep. Luis Gutiérrez [D-IL4, 1993-2018]
#8 15.5% Rep. Alcee Hastings [D-FL20]
#9 14.1% Rep. Corrine Brown [D-FL5, 2013-2016]
#10 13.5% Rep. Gregory Meeks [D-NY5]
#11 12.4% Rep. Sheila Jackson Lee [D-TX18]
#12 10.2% Rep. Raúl Grijalva [D-AZ3]
#13 10.1% Rep. Barbara Lee [D-CA13]
#14 9.6% Rep. Emanuel Cleaver [D-MO5]
#15 9.5% Rep. Sam Johnson [R-TX3, 1991-2018]
#16 9.1% Rep. Nancy Pelosi [D-CA12]
#17 8.4% Rep. Randy Forbes [R-VA4, 2001-2016]
#18 8.3% Rep. Gwen Moore [D-WI4]
#18 8.3% Rep. Debbie Wasserman Schultz [D-FL23]
#20 8.1% Rep. Peter DeFazio [D-OR4]
#21 7.7% Rep. Jerrold Nadler [D-NY10]
#22 7.6% Rep. Maxine Waters [D-CA43]
#23 7.5% Rep. Eddie Johnson [D-TX30]
#24 7.4% Rep. John Lewis [D-GA5]
#25 7.2% Rep. Kenny Marchant [R-TX24]
#25 7.2% Rep. John Yarmuth [D-KY3]
#27 7.1% Rep. Eliot Engel [D-NY16]
#28 7.1% Rep. Sam Graves [R-MO6]
#29 6.9% Rep. Kay Granger [R-TX12]
#30 6.4% Rep. Zoe Lofgren [D-CA19]
#31 6.3% Rep. Dana Rohrabacher [R-CA48, 2013-2018]
#31 6.3% Rep. Albio Sires [D-NJ8]
#33 6.0% Rep. John Carter [R-TX31]
#34 6.0% Rep. Vern Buchanan [R-FL16]
#34 6.0% Rep. Sam Farr [D-CA20, 2013-2016]
#34 6.0% Rep. Peter Roskam [R-IL6, 2007-2018]
#37 5.9% Rep. Don Young [R-AK0]
#38 5.8% Rep. James “Jim” Clyburn [D-SC6]
#39 5.7% Rep. Xavier Becerra [D-CA34, 2013-2017]
#40 5.5% Rep. David Scott [D-GA13]
#41 5.5% Rep. Carolyn Maloney [D-NY12]
#42 5.4% Rep. John Conyers [D-MI13, 2013-2017]
#42 5.4% Rep. Ron Kind [D-WI3]
#42 5.4% Rep. Stevan “Steve” Pearce [R-NM2, 2011-2018]
#45 5.4% Rep. Robert Brady [D-PA1, 1998-2018]
#45 5.4% Rep. Danny Davis [D-IL7]
#47 5.3% Rep. George “G.K.” Butterfield [D-NC1]
#48 5.2% Rep. Patrick “Pat” Tiberi [R-OH12, 2001-2018]
#49 5.1% Rep. Ed Perlmutter [D-CO7]
#49 5.1% Rep. Michael Turner [R-OH10]
#51 5.0% Rep. Rob Bishop [R-UT1]
#52 4.9% Rep. Marcy Kaptur [D-OH9]
#52 4.9% Rep. Grace Napolitano [D-CA32]
#54 4.8% Rep. John Culberson [R-TX7, 2001-2018]
#55 4.8% Rep. Tim Ryan [D-OH13]
#56 4.7% Rep. Michael “Mike” Doyle [D-PA18]
#57 4.6% Rep. Kevin Brady [R-TX8]
#57 4.6% Rep. Lois Capps [D-CA24, 2013-2016]
#59 4.6% Rep. Richard Nolan [D-MN8, 2013-2018]
#60 4.5% Rep. Charles “Charlie” Rangel [D-NY13, 2013-2016]
#61 4.5% Rep. Keith Ellison [D-MN5, 2007-2018]
#61 4.5% Rep. Louie Gohmert [R-TX1]
#63 4.5% Rep. Rosa DeLauro [D-CT3]
#63 4.5% Rep. A. Dutch Ruppersberger [D-MD2]
#65 4.4% Rep. John Larson [D-CT1]
#66 4.3% Rep. Gene Green [D-TX29, 1993-2018]
#67 4.2% Rep. Daniel Lipinski [D-IL3]
#68 4.2% Rep. Steve King [R-IA4]
#69 4.1% Rep. Earl Blumenauer [D-OR3]
#69 4.1% Rep. Al Green [D-TX9]
#69 4.1% Rep. Jim McDermott [D-WA7, 1989-2016]
#72 4.0% Rep. Steny Hoyer [D-MD5]
#73 3.9% Rep. Walter Jones [R-NC3, 1995-2019]
#73 3.9% Rep. Janice “Jan” Schakowsky [D-IL9]
#73 3.9% Rep. Bennie Thompson [D-MS2]
#76 3.8% Rep. David Reichert [R-WA8, 2005-2018]
#77 3.8% Rep. Tom Price [R-GA6, 2005-2017]
#78 3.6% Rep. Jim Costa [D-CA16]
#79 3.6% Rep. Henry Cuellar [D-TX28]
#79 3.6% Rep. Darrell Issa [R-CA49, 2003-2018]
#81 3.5% Rep. Lacy Clay [D-MO1]
#82 3.5% Rep. Joseph “Joe” Crowley [D-NY14, 2013-2018]
#83 3.4% Rep. David Price [D-NC4]
#84 3.3% Rep. Henry “Hank” Johnson [D-GA4]
#85 3.2% Rep. Joe Barton [R-TX6, 1985-2018]
#85 3.2% Rep. Steve Cohen [D-TN9]
#85 3.2% Rep. Bill Pascrell [D-NJ9]
#88 3.2% Rep. Steve Israel [D-NY3, 2013-2016]
#88 3.2% Rep. Jeff Miller [R-FL1, 2001-2016]
#88 3.2% Rep. Mike Thompson [D-CA5]
#91 3.1% Rep. Peter Welch [D-VT0]
#92 3.1% Sen. Marsha Blackburn [R-TN]
#92 3.1% Rep. Kathy Castor [D-FL14]
#94 3.0% Rep. Trent Franks [R-AZ8, 2013-2017]
#94 3.0% Rep. Louise Slaughter [D-NY25, 2013-2018]
#94 3.0% Sen. Chris Van Hollen [D-MD]
#97 2.9% Rep. Elijah Cummings [D-MD7]
#97 2.9% Rep. Doug Lamborn [R-CO5]
#97 2.9% Rep. Richard Neal [D-MA1]
#97 2.9% Rep. Marshall “Mark” Sanford [R-SC1, 2013-2018]
#101 2.9% Rep. Michael Capuano [D-MA7, 2013-2018]
#102 2.8% Rep. Yvette Clarke [D-NY9]
#102 2.8% Rep. Matt Salmon [R-AZ5, 2013-2016]
#102 2.8% Rep. Michael “Mike” Simpson [R-ID2]
#105 2.7% Rep. Linda Sánchez [D-CA38]
#106 2.6% Rep. Joseph Pitts [R-PA16, 1997-2016]
#107 2.6% Rep. Mike Rogers [R-AL3]
#108 2.3% Rep. Virginia Foxx [R-NC5]
#109 2.3% Rep. Mario Diaz-Balart [R-FL25]
#109 2.3% Rep. Anna Eshoo [D-CA18]
#111 2.2% Rep. Brian Higgins [D-NY26]
#112 2.2% Rep. Scott Garrett [R-NJ5, 2003-2016]
#113 2.1% Rep. Sanford Bishop [D-GA2]
#113 2.1% Rep. Michael McCaul [R-TX10]
#115 2.0% Rep. Jerry McNerney [D-CA9]
#116 2.0% Rep. Ander Crenshaw [R-FL4, 2001-2016]
#116 2.0% Rep. Stephen Lynch [D-MA8]
#116 2.0% Rep. Lamar Smith [R-TX21, 1987-2018]
#119 1.9% Rep. Frank Pallone [D-NJ6]
#120 1.8% Rep. Lucille Roybal-Allard [D-CA40]
#120 1.8% Rep. Pete Sessions [R-TX32, 2003-2018]
#122 1.7% Rep. Michael “Mike” Honda [D-CA17, 2013-2016]
#123 1.7% Rep. Nydia Velázquez [D-NY7]
#124 1.7% Rep. Robert Aderholt [R-AL4]
#124 1.7% Rep. John Sarbanes [D-MD3]
#124 1.7% Rep. Joe Wilson [R-SC2]
#127 1.6% Rep. Jim Cooper [D-TN5]
#127 1.6% Rep. Diana DeGette [D-CO1]
#127 1.6% Rep. Sander Levin [D-MI9, 2013-2018]
#127 1.6% Rep. James “Jim” McGovern [D-MA2]
#131 1.5% Rep. Tom Cole [R-OK4]
#131 1.5% Rep. Lloyd Doggett [D-TX35]
#131 1.5% Rep. Adam Schiff [D-CA28]
#134 1.4% Rep. Jeff Fortenberry [R-NE1]
#134 1.4% Rep. Jim Jordan [R-OH4]
#134 1.4% Rep. James “Jim” Langevin [D-RI2]
#134 1.4% Rep. David Loebsack [D-IA2]
#134 1.4% Rep. Kevin McCarthy [R-CA23]
#134 1.4% Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen [R-FL27, 2013-2018]
#134 1.4% Rep. Christopher “Chris” Smith [R-NJ4]
#134 1.4% Rep. Peter Visclosky [D-IN1]
#142 1.4% Rep. John “Jimmy” Duncan [R-TN2, 1988-2018]
#142 1.4% Rep. Bob Goodlatte [R-VA6, 1993-2018]
#144 1.3% Rep. Charles Boustany [R-LA3, 2013-2016]
#144 1.3% Rep. Ken Calvert [R-CA42]
#144 1.3% Rep. Joe Courtney [D-CT2]
#144 1.3% Rep. Peter “Pete” King [R-NY2]
#144 1.3% Rep. Betty McCollum [D-MN4]
#149 1.2% Rep. Collin Peterson [D-MN7]
#150 1.1% Rep. Jeb Hensarling [R-TX5, 2003-2018]
#150 1.1% Rep. John Kline [R-MN2, 2003-2016]
#150 1.1% Rep. Harold “Hal” Rogers [R-KY5]
#150 1.1% Rep. Brad Sherman [D-CA30]
#150 1.1% Rep. Adrian Smith [R-NE3]
#155 1.1% Rep. Rodney Frelinghuysen [R-NJ11, 1995-2018]
#155 1.1% Rep. José Serrano [D-NY15]
#155 1.1% Rep. Timothy Walz [D-MN1, 2007-2018]
#158 1.0% Rep. Nita Lowey [D-NY17]
#159 1.0% Rep. Edward “Ed” Royce [R-CA39, 2013-2018]
#159 1.0% Rep. Bill Shuster [R-PA9, 2001-2018]
#161 0.9% Rep. Rick Larsen [D-WA2]
#161 0.9% Rep. Tim Murphy [R-PA18, 2003-2017]
#161 0.9% Rep. Mac Thornberry [R-TX13]
#164 0.8% Rep. Susan Davis [D-CA53]
#164 0.8% Rep. Doris Matsui [D-CA6]
#164 0.8% Rep. Randy Neugebauer [R-TX19, 2003-2016]
#164 0.8% Rep. Robert “Bobby” Scott [D-VA3]
#164 0.8% Rep. John Shimkus [R-IL15]
#169 0.8% Rep. Gus Bilirakis [R-FL12]
#170 0.7% Rep. John Mica [R-FL7, 1993-2016]
#171 0.6% Rep. Cathy McMorris Rodgers [R-WA5]
#171 0.6% Rep. Greg Walden [R-OR2]
#173 0.5% Rep. Michael Burgess [R-TX26]
#173 0.5% Rep. Patrick McHenry [R-NC10]
#175 0.3% Rep. Frank Lucas [R-OK3]
#175 0.3% Rep. Devin Nunes [R-CA22]
#177 0.2% Rep. Charles Dent [R-PA15, 2005-2018]
#178 0.1% Rep. Steve Chabot [R-OH1]
#179 0.0% Rep. Michael Conaway [R-TX11]
#179 0.0% Rep. Frank LoBiondo [R-NJ2, 1995-2018]
#179 0.0% Rep. James Sensenbrenner [R-WI5]
#179 0.0% Rep. Fred Upton [R-MI6]
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The Speaker of the House is not included in this statistic because according to current House rules, the Speaker of the House is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings, and the delegates from the five island territories and the District of Columbia are also not included because they were not elligible to vote in any roll call votes.

Additional Notes

The Speaker’s Votes: Missed votes are not computed for the Speaker of the House. According to current House rules, the Speaker of the House is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings.” In practice this means the Speaker of the House rarely votes but is not considered absent.

Leadership/Ideology: The leadership and ideology scores are not displayed for Members of Congress who introduced fewer than 10 bills, or, for ideology, for Members of Congress that have a low leadership score, as there is usually not enough data in these cases to compute reliable leadership and ideology statistics.

Missing Bills: We exclude bills from some statistics where the sponsor’s original intent is not in the final bill because the bill’s text was replaced in whole with unrelated provisions (i.e. it became a vehicle for passage of unrelated provisions).

Ranking Members (RkMembs): The chair of a committee is always selected from the political party that holds the most seats in the chamber, called the “majority party”. The “ranking member” (sometimes “RkMembs”) is the title given to the senior-most member of the committee not in the majority party.

Freshmen/Sophomores: Freshmen and sophomores are Members of Congress whose first term (in the same chamber at the end of the 114th Congress) was the 114th Congress (freshmen) or 113th (sophomores). Members of Congress who took office within the last few months of a Congress are considered freshmen in the next Congress as well.

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