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2016 Report Cards
House Democrats / Laws Enacted

These statistics dissect the legislative records of Members of Congress during the 114th Congress (Jan 6, 2015-Jan 3, 2017), as of Aug 24, 2017.

A higher or lower number below doesn’t necessarily make a legislator any better or worse, or more or less effective, than other Members of Congress. We present these statistics for you to understand the quantitative aspects of legislating and make your own judgements based on what legislative activities you think are important.

Keep in mind that there are many important aspects of being a legislator besides what can be measured, such as constituent services and performing oversight of the executive branch, which aren’t reflected here.

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Laws Enacted

The number of bills each legislator introduced that became law in the 114th Congress, including via incorporation into other bills. Keep in mind that it takes a law to repeal a law. Very few bills ever become law.

House Democrats
most laws
#1 4 Rep. Henry Cuellar [D-TX28]
#2 3 Rep. Elizabeth Esty [D-CT5, 2013-2018]
#2 3 Rep. Ann Kuster [D-NH2]
#2 3 Rep. Stephen Lynch [D-MA8]
#5 2 Rep. Brad Ashford [D-NE2, 2015-2016]
#5 2 Rep. George “G.K.” Butterfield [D-NC1]
#5 2 Rep. David Cicilline [D-RI1]
#5 2 Rep. James “Jim” Clyburn [D-SC6]
#5 2 Rep. Gerald Connolly [D-VA11]
#5 2 Rep. Lloyd Doggett [D-TX35]
#5 2 Rep. Eliot Engel [D-NY16]
#5 2 Rep. Daniel Kildee [D-MI5]
#5 2 Rep. Brenda Lawrence [D-MI14]
#5 2 Rep. Ted Lieu [D-CA33]
#5 2 Rep. Ben Luján [D-NM3]
#5 2 Rep. Richard Nolan [D-MN8, 2013-2018]
#5 2 Rep. Frank Pallone [D-NJ6]
#5 2 Rep. Cedric Richmond [D-LA2]
#5 2 Rep. Kurt Schrader [D-OR5]
#5 2 Rep. David Scott [D-GA13]
#5 2 Rep. José Serrano [D-NY15]
#5 2 Rep. Terri Sewell [D-AL7]
#5 2 Rep. Debbie Wasserman Schultz [D-FL23]
#5 2 Rep. Frederica Wilson [D-FL24]
#25 1 Rep. Alma Adams [D-NC12]
#25 1 Rep. Donald Beyer [D-VA8]
#25 1 Rep. Suzanne Bonamici [D-OR1]
#25 1 Rep. Madeleine Bordallo [D-GU0, 2003-2018]
#25 1 Rep. Julia Brownley [D-CA26]
#25 1 Rep. Lois Capps [D-CA24, 2013-2016]
#25 1 Rep. John Carney [D-DE0, 2011-2016]
#25 1 Rep. André Carson [D-IN7]
#25 1 Rep. Matthew Cartwright [D-PA8]
#25 1 Rep. Judy Chu [D-CA27]
#25 1 Rep. Katherine Clark [D-MA5]
#25 1 Rep. Lacy Clay [D-MO1]
#25 1 Rep. Steve Cohen [D-TN9]
#25 1 Rep. Joseph “Joe” Crowley [D-NY14, 2013-2018]
#25 1 Rep. Elijah Cummings [D-MD7]
#25 1 Rep. Susan Davis [D-CA53]
#25 1 Rep. Debbie Dingell [D-MI12]
#25 1 Rep. Michael “Mike” Doyle [D-PA18]
#25 1 Rep. Bill Foster [D-IL11]
#25 1 Rep. Tulsi Gabbard [D-HI2]
#25 1 Rep. Ruben Gallego [D-AZ7]
#25 1 Rep. John Garamendi [D-CA3]
#25 1 Rep. Al Green [D-TX9]
#25 1 Rep. Raúl Grijalva [D-AZ3]
#25 1 Rep. Denny Heck [D-WA10]
#25 1 Rep. Sheila Jackson Lee [D-TX18]
#25 1 Rep. Hakeem Jeffries [D-NY8]
#25 1 Rep. Henry “Hank” Johnson [D-GA4]
#25 1 Rep. Joseph Kennedy [D-MA4]
#25 1 Rep. Ron Kind [D-WI3]
#25 1 Rep. James “Jim” Langevin [D-RI2]
#25 1 Rep. Rick Larsen [D-WA2]
#25 1 Rep. Sander Levin [D-MI9, 2013-2018]
#25 1 Rep. John Lewis [D-GA5]
#25 1 Rep. Alan Lowenthal [D-CA47]
#25 1 Rep. Michelle Lujan Grisham [D-NM1, 2013-2018]
#25 1 Rep. Carolyn Maloney [D-NY12]
#25 1 Rep. Betty McCollum [D-MN4]
#25 1 Rep. Jerry McNerney [D-CA9]
#25 1 Rep. Grace Meng [D-NY6]
#25 1 Rep. Gwen Moore [D-WI4]
#25 1 Rep. Seth Moulton [D-MA6]
#25 1 Rep. Grace Napolitano [D-CA32]
#25 1 Rep. Donald Norcross [D-NJ1]
#25 1 Rep. Eleanor Norton [D-DC0]
#25 1 Rep. Beto O’Rourke [D-TX16, 2013-2018]
#25 1 Rep. Donald Payne [D-NJ10]
#25 1 Rep. Stacey Plaskett [D-VI0]
#25 1 Rep. David Price [D-NC4]
#25 1 Rep. Mike Quigley [D-IL5]
#25 1 Rep. Kathleen Rice [D-NY4]
#25 1 Rep. Lucille Roybal-Allard [D-CA40]
#25 1 Rep. Janice “Jan” Schakowsky [D-IL9]
#25 1 Rep. Louise Slaughter [D-NY25, 2013-2018]
#25 1 Rep. Jackie Speier [D-CA14]
#25 1 Rep. Mark Takano [D-CA41]
#25 1 Rep. Paul Tonko [D-NY20]
#25 1 Rep. Nydia Velázquez [D-NY7]
#25 1 Rep. Peter Visclosky [D-IN1]
#25 1 Rep. Timothy Walz [D-MN1, 2007-2018]
#25 1 Rep. Maxine Waters [D-CA43]
#86 0 Rep. Pete Aguilar [D-CA31]
#86 0 Rep. Karen Bass [D-CA37]
#86 0 Rep. Joyce Beatty [D-OH3]
#86 0 Rep. Xavier Becerra [D-CA34, 2013-2017]
#86 0 Rep. Ami Bera [D-CA7]
#86 0 Rep. Sanford Bishop [D-GA2]
#86 0 Rep. Earl Blumenauer [D-OR3]
#86 0 Rep. Brendan Boyle [D-PA2]
#86 0 Rep. Robert Brady [D-PA1, 1998-2018]
#86 0 Rep. Corrine Brown [D-FL5, 2013-2016]
#86 0 Rep. Cheri Bustos [D-IL17]
#86 0 Rep. Michael Capuano [D-MA7, 2013-2018]
#86 0 Rep. Kathy Castor [D-FL14]
#86 0 Rep. Joaquin Castro [D-TX20]
#86 0 Rep. Yvette Clarke [D-NY9]
#86 0 Rep. Emanuel Cleaver [D-MO5]
#86 0 Rep. John Conyers [D-MI13, 2013-2017]
#86 0 Rep. Jim Cooper [D-TN5]
#86 0 Rep. Jim Costa [D-CA16]
#86 0 Rep. Joe Courtney [D-CT2]
#86 0 Rep. Tony Cárdenas [D-CA29]
#86 0 Rep. Danny Davis [D-IL7]
#86 0 Rep. Peter DeFazio [D-OR4]
#86 0 Rep. Diana DeGette [D-CO1]
#86 0 Rep. Rosa DeLauro [D-CT3]
#86 0 Rep. Mark DeSaulnier [D-CA11]
#86 0 Rep. Suzan DelBene [D-WA1]
#86 0 Rep. John Delaney [D-MD6, 2013-2018]
#86 0 Rep. Theodore Deutch [D-FL22]
#86 0 Sen. Tammy Duckworth [D-IL]
#86 0 Rep. Donna Edwards [D-MD4, 2008-2016]
#86 0 Rep. Keith Ellison [D-MN5, 2007-2018]
#86 0 Rep. Anna Eshoo [D-CA18]
#86 0 Rep. Dwight Evans [D-PA3]
#86 0 Rep. Sam Farr [D-CA20, 2013-2016]
#86 0 Rep. Lois Frankel [D-FL21]
#86 0 Rep. Marcia Fudge [D-OH11]
#86 0 Rep. Gwen Graham [D-FL2, 2015-2016]
#86 0 Rep. Alan Grayson [D-FL9, 2013-2016]
#86 0 Rep. Gene Green [D-TX29, 1993-2018]
#86 0 Rep. Luis Gutiérrez [D-IL4, 1993-2018]
#86 0 Rep. Colleen Hanabusa [D-HI1, 2016-2018]
#86 0 Rep. Alcee Hastings [D-FL20]
#86 0 Rep. Brian Higgins [D-NY26]
#86 0 Rep. James Himes [D-CT4]
#86 0 Rep. Rubén Hinojosa [D-TX15, 1997-2016]
#86 0 Rep. Michael “Mike” Honda [D-CA17, 2013-2016]
#86 0 Rep. Steny Hoyer [D-MD5]
#86 0 Rep. Jared Huffman [D-CA2]
#86 0 Rep. Steve Israel [D-NY3, 2013-2016]
#86 0 Rep. Eddie Johnson [D-TX30]
#86 0 Rep. Marcy Kaptur [D-OH9]
#86 0 Rep. William Keating [D-MA9]
#86 0 Rep. Robin Kelly [D-IL2]
#86 0 Rep. Derek Kilmer [D-WA6]
#86 0 Rep. Ann Kirkpatrick [D-AZ2]
#86 0 Rep. John Larson [D-CT1]
#86 0 Rep. Barbara Lee [D-CA13]
#86 0 Rep. Daniel Lipinski [D-IL3]
#86 0 Rep. David Loebsack [D-IA2]
#86 0 Rep. Zoe Lofgren [D-CA19]
#86 0 Rep. Nita Lowey [D-NY17]
#86 0 Rep. Sean Maloney [D-NY18]
#86 0 Rep. Doris Matsui [D-CA6]
#86 0 Rep. Jim McDermott [D-WA7, 1989-2016]
#86 0 Rep. James “Jim” McGovern [D-MA2]
#86 0 Rep. Gregory Meeks [D-NY5]
#86 0 Rep. Patrick Murphy [D-FL18, 2013-2016]
#86 0 Rep. Jerrold Nadler [D-NY10]
#86 0 Rep. Richard Neal [D-MA1]
#86 0 Rep. Bill Pascrell [D-NJ9]
#86 0 Rep. Nancy Pelosi [D-CA12]
#86 0 Rep. Ed Perlmutter [D-CO7]
#86 0 Rep. Scott Peters [D-CA52]
#86 0 Rep. Collin Peterson [D-MN7]
#86 0 Commish. Pedro Pierluisi [D-PR0, 2009-2016]
#86 0 Rep. Chellie Pingree [D-ME1]
#86 0 Rep. Mark Pocan [D-WI2]
#86 0 Rep. Jared Polis [D-CO2, 2009-2018]
#86 0 Rep. Charles “Charlie” Rangel [D-NY13, 2013-2016]
#86 0 Rep. Raul Ruiz [D-CA36]
#86 0 Rep. A. Dutch Ruppersberger [D-MD2]
#86 0 Rep. Bobby Rush [D-IL1]
#86 0 Rep. Tim Ryan [D-OH13]
#86 0 Rep. Loretta Sanchez [D-CA46, 2013-2016]
#86 0 Rep. John Sarbanes [D-MD3]
#86 0 Rep. Adam Schiff [D-CA28]
#86 0 Rep. Robert “Bobby” Scott [D-VA3]
#86 0 Rep. Brad Sherman [D-CA30]
#86 0 Sen. Kyrsten Sinema [D-AZ]
#86 0 Rep. Albio Sires [D-NJ8]
#86 0 Rep. Adam Smith [D-WA9]
#86 0 Rep. Eric Swalwell [D-CA15]
#86 0 Rep. Linda Sánchez [D-CA38]
#86 0 Rep. Bennie Thompson [D-MS2]
#86 0 Rep. Mike Thompson [D-CA5]
#86 0 Rep. Dina Titus [D-NV1]
#86 0 Rep. Norma Torres [D-CA35]
#86 0 Rep. Niki Tsongas [D-MA3, 2013-2018]
#86 0 Sen. Chris Van Hollen [D-MD]
#86 0 Rep. Juan Vargas [D-CA51]
#86 0 Rep. Marc Veasey [D-TX33]
#86 0 Rep. Filemon Vela [D-TX34]
#86 0 Rep. Bonnie Watson Coleman [D-NJ12]
#86 0 Rep. Peter Welch [D-VT0]
#86 0 Rep. John Yarmuth [D-KY3]
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The legislator must be the primary sponsor of the bill or joint resolution that was enacted or the primary sponsor of a bill or joint resolution for which at least about one third of its text was incorporated into another bill or joint resolution that was enacted as law, as determined by an automated analysis. While a legislator may lay claim to authoring other bills that became law, these cases are difficult for us to track quantitatively. We also exclude bills where the sponsor’s original intent is not in the final bill.

Additional Notes

The Speaker’s Votes: Missed votes are not computed for the Speaker of the House. According to current House rules, the Speaker of the House is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings.” In practice this means the Speaker of the House rarely votes but is not considered absent.

Leadership/Ideology: The leadership and ideology scores are not displayed for Members of Congress who introduced fewer than 10 bills, or, for ideology, for Members of Congress that have a low leadership score, as there is usually not enough data in these cases to compute reliable leadership and ideology statistics.

Missing Bills: We exclude bills from some statistics where the sponsor’s original intent is not in the final bill because the bill’s text was replaced in whole with unrelated provisions (i.e. it became a vehicle for passage of unrelated provisions).

Ranking Members (RkMembs): The chair of a committee is always selected from the political party that holds the most seats in the chamber, called the “majority party”. The “ranking member” (sometimes “RkMembs”) is the title given to the senior-most member of the committee not in the majority party.

Freshmen/Sophomores: Freshmen and sophomores are Members of Congress whose first term (in the same chamber at the end of the 114th Congress) was the 114th Congress (freshmen) or 113th (sophomores). Members of Congress who took office within the last few months of a Congress are considered freshmen in the next Congress as well.