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2016 Report Cards: All Senators

These statistics dissect the legislative records of Members of Congress during the 114th Congress (Jan 6, 2015-Jan 3, 2017), as of Aug 24, 2017.

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Ideology Score

Our unique ideology analysis assigns a score to Members of Congress according to their legislative behavior by how similar the pattern of bills and resolutions they cosponsor are to other Members of Congress. The score can be interpreted as a conservative—liberal scale, although of course it only takes into account a small aspect of reality.

All Senators
most conservative
#1 1.00 Sen. James “Jim” Inhofe [R-OK]
#10 0.87 Sen. Tom Cotton [R-AR]
#100 0.00 Sen. Elizabeth Warren [D-MA]
#11 0.87 Sen. Tim Scott [R-SC]
#12 0.87 Sen. Michael Enzi [R-WY]
#13 0.87 Sen. John Boozman [R-AR]
#14 0.86 Sen. David Vitter [R-LA, 2005-2016]
#15 0.86 Sen. Steve Daines [R-MT]
#16 0.85 Sen. John Cornyn [R-TX]
#17 0.85 Sen. Jefferson “Jeff” Sessions [R-AL, 1997-2017]
#18 0.85 Sen. Michael Crapo [R-ID]
#19 0.84 Sen. Ron Johnson [R-WI]
#2 0.94 Sen. Pat Roberts [R-KS]
#20 0.84 Sen. John Thune [R-SD]
#21 0.84 Sen. Mike Rounds [R-SD]
#22 0.83 Sen. Daniel Coats [R-IN, 2011-2016]
#23 0.83 Sen. Bill Cassidy [R-LA]
#24 0.82 Sen. John “Johnny” Isakson [R-GA]
#25 0.82 Sen. Cory Gardner [R-CO]
#26 0.81 Sen. Marco Rubio [R-FL]
#27 0.81 Sen. Roy Blunt [R-MO]
#28 0.81 Sen. Jeff Flake [R-AZ]
#29 0.80 Sen. Roger Wicker [R-MS]
#3 0.92 Sen. Ted Cruz [R-TX]
#30 0.79 Sen. Mitch McConnell [R-KY]
#31 0.79 Sen. Jerry Moran [R-KS]
#32 0.79 Sen. John McCain [R-AZ, 1987-2018]
#33 0.79 Sen. John Hoeven [R-ND]
#34 0.79 Sen. Benjamin Sasse [R-NE]
#35 0.78 Sen. Orrin Hatch [R-UT]
#36 0.78 Sen. Thom Tillis [R-NC]
#37 0.78 Sen. Joni Ernst [R-IA]
#38 0.77 Sen. Rand Paul [R-KY]
#39 0.77 Sen. Patrick “Pat” Toomey [R-PA]
#4 0.92 Sen. John Barrasso [R-WY]
#40 0.75 Sen. Charles “Chuck” Grassley [R-IA]
#41 0.75 Sen. Shelley Capito [R-WV]
#42 0.75 Sen. Richard Burr [R-NC]
#43 0.75 Sen. Thad Cochran [R-MS, 1979-2018]
#44 0.73 Sen. Dan Sullivan [R-AK]
#45 0.73 Sen. Richard Shelby [R-AL]
#46 0.72 Sen. Lamar Alexander [R-TN]
#47 0.70 Sen. Bob Corker [R-TN]
#48 0.69 Sen. Dean Heller [R-NV]
#49 0.69 Sen. Lindsey Graham [R-SC]
#5 0.90 Sen. James Lankford [R-OK]
#50 0.69 Sen. Kelly Ayotte [R-NH, 2011-2016]
#51 0.68 Sen. Robert “Rob” Portman [R-OH]
#52 0.63 Sen. Mark Kirk [R-IL, 2010-2016]
#53 0.62 Sen. Joe Manchin [D-WV]
#54 0.61 Sen. Lisa Murkowski [R-AK]
#55 0.56 Sen. Joe Donnelly [D-IN]
#56 0.56 Sen. Heidi Heitkamp [D-ND]
#57 0.47 Sen. Mark Warner [D-VA]
#58 0.44 Sen. Bill Nelson [D-FL]
#59 0.43 Sen. Angus King [I-ME]
#6 0.90 Sen. James Risch [R-ID]
#60 0.43 Sen. Jon Tester [D-MT]
#61 0.43 Sen. Susan Collins [R-ME]
#62 0.39 Sen. Thomas Carper [D-DE]
#63 0.39 Sen. Michael Bennet [D-CO]
#64 0.38 Sen. Claire McCaskill [D-MO]
#65 0.35 Sen. Tom Udall [D-NM]
#66 0.32 Sen. Timothy Kaine [D-VA]
#67 0.29 Sen. Maria Cantwell [D-WA]
#68 0.28 Sen. Robert “Bob” Casey [D-PA]
#69 0.28 Sen. Chris Coons [D-DE]
#7 0.88 Sen. David Perdue [R-GA]
#70 0.26 Sen. Gary Peters [D-MI]
#71 0.26 Sen. Martin Heinrich [D-NM]
#72 0.26 Sen. Jeanne Shaheen [D-NH]
#73 0.25 Sen. Amy Klobuchar [D-MN]
#74 0.24 Sen. Cory Booker [D-NJ]
#75 0.23 Sen. Harry Reid [D-NV, 1987-2016]
#76 0.22 Sen. Benjamin Cardin [D-MD]
#77 0.21 Sen. Ron Wyden [D-OR]
#78 0.20 Sen. Patrick Leahy [D-VT]
#79 0.20 Sen. Debbie Stabenow [D-MI]
#8 0.88 Sen. Deb Fischer [R-NE]
#80 0.19 Sen. Brian Schatz [D-HI]
#81 0.18 Sen. Robert “Bob” Menéndez [D-NJ]
#82 0.17 Sen. Christopher Murphy [D-CT]
#83 0.16 Sen. Charles “Chuck” Schumer [D-NY]
#84 0.15 Sen. Patty Murray [D-WA]
#85 0.15 Sen. Barbara Mikulski [D-MD, 1987-2016]
#86 0.14 Sen. Tammy Baldwin [D-WI]
#87 0.14 Sen. Dianne Feinstein [D-CA]
#88 0.13 Sen. Mazie Hirono [D-HI]
#89 0.12 Sen. Sheldon Whitehouse [D-RI]
#9 0.88 Sen. Mike Lee [R-UT]
#90 0.12 Sen. Sherrod Brown [D-OH]
#91 0.11 Sen. John “Jack” Reed [D-RI]
#92 0.11 Sen. Richard Blumenthal [D-CT]
#93 0.11 Sen. Barbara Boxer [D-CA, 1993-2016]
#94 0.08 Sen. Jeff Merkley [D-OR]
#95 0.07 Sen. Richard Durbin [D-IL]
#96 0.06 Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand [D-NY]
#97 0.05 Sen. Alan “Al” Franken [D-MN, 2009-2017]
#98 0.04 Sen. Edward “Ed” Markey [D-MA]
#99 0.04 Sen. Bernard “Bernie” Sanders [I-VT]
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For more, see our methodology. An ideology score is not computed for Members of Congress who introduced fewer than 10 bills or who have a low leadership score, as there is usually not enough data in these cases to compute reliable statistics. Note that because on this page only legislative activity in the 114th Congress is considered, the ideology score here may differ from those elsewhere on GovTrack.

Additional Notes

The Speaker’s Votes: Missed votes are not computed for the Speaker of the House. According to current House rules, the Speaker of the House is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings.” In practice this means the Speaker of the House rarely votes but is not considered absent.

Leadership/Ideology: The leadership and ideology scores are not displayed for Members of Congress who introduced fewer than 10 bills, or, for ideology, for Members of Congress that have a low leadership score, as there is usually not enough data in these cases to compute reliable leadership and ideology statistics.

Missing Bills: We exclude bills from some statistics where the sponsor’s original intent is not in the final bill because the bill’s text was replaced in whole with unrelated provisions (i.e. it became a vehicle for passage of unrelated provisions).

Ranking Members (RkMembs): The chair of a committee is always selected from the political party that holds the most seats in the chamber, called the “majority party”. The “ranking member” (sometimes “RkMembs”) is the title given to the senior-most member of the committee not in the majority party.

Freshmen/Sophomores: Freshmen and sophomores are Members of Congress whose first term (in the same chamber at the end of the 114th Congress) was the 114th Congress (freshmen) or 113th (sophomores). Members of Congress who took office within the last few months of a Congress are considered freshmen in the next Congress as well.