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2016 Report Cards: All Senators

These statistics dissect the legislative records of Members of Congress during the 114th Congress (Jan 6, 2015-Jan 3, 2017), as of Aug 24, 2017.

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Missed Votes

The percentage of votes each legislator missed in the 114th Congress.

All Senators
most absent
#1 32.3% Sen. Ted Cruz [R-TX]
#2 31.3% Sen. Marco Rubio [R-FL]
#3 28.5% Sen. Bernard “Bernie” Sanders [I-VT]
#4 24.5% Sen. Lindsey Graham [R-SC]
#5 15.1% Sen. David Vitter [R-LA, 2005-2016]
#6 13.3% Sen. Barbara Boxer [D-CA, 1993-2016]
#7 12.2% Sen. Harry Reid [D-NV, 1987-2016]
#8 8.0% Sen. Patrick “Pat” Toomey [R-PA]
#9 7.2% Sen. Mike Lee [R-UT]
#9 7.2% Sen. Mark Warner [D-VA]
#11 6.4% Sen. Bill Nelson [D-FL]
#12 6.2% Sen. Mark Kirk [R-IL, 2010-2016]
#13 5.4% Sen. Barbara Mikulski [D-MD, 1987-2016]
#14 4.8% Sen. Rand Paul [R-KY]
#15 4.4% Sen. Roy Blunt [R-MO]
#15 4.4% Sen. Claire McCaskill [D-MO]
#17 4.2% Sen. Jeff Flake [R-AZ]
#17 4.2% Sen. Lisa Murkowski [R-AK]
#19 4.0% Sen. Richard Shelby [R-AL]
#20 3.8% Sen. Jerry Moran [R-KS]
#21 3.6% Sen. Chris Coons [D-DE]
#22 3.4% Sen. Michael Enzi [R-WY]
#22 3.4% Sen. Dan Sullivan [R-AK]
#24 3.2% Sen. Ron Johnson [R-WI]
#24 3.2% Sen. Timothy Kaine [D-VA]
#26 3.0% Sen. Daniel Coats [R-IN, 2011-2016]
#26 3.0% Sen. Dean Heller [R-NV]
#28 2.8% Sen. Lamar Alexander [R-TN]
#28 2.8% Sen. Bob Corker [R-TN]
#28 2.8% Sen. Tom Cotton [R-AR]
#28 2.8% Sen. Alan “Al” Franken [D-MN, 2009-2017]
#28 2.8% Sen. John McCain [R-AZ, 1987-2018]
#28 2.8% Sen. Jefferson “Jeff” Sessions [R-AL, 1997-2017]
#34 2.6% Sen. Thomas Carper [D-DE]
#34 2.6% Sen. Dianne Feinstein [D-CA]
#34 2.6% Sen. James “Jim” Inhofe [R-OK]
#37 2.2% Sen. Sherrod Brown [D-OH]
#37 2.2% Sen. Michael Crapo [R-ID]
#37 2.2% Sen. Richard Durbin [D-IL]
#37 2.2% Sen. Cory Gardner [R-CO]
#37 2.2% Sen. Angus King [I-ME]
#37 2.2% Sen. Pat Roberts [R-KS]
#37 2.2% Sen. Tim Scott [R-SC]
#37 2.2% Sen. Roger Wicker [R-MS]
#45 1.8% Sen. John Cornyn [R-TX]
#45 1.8% Sen. Joe Manchin [D-WV]
#45 1.8% Sen. Robert “Bob” Menéndez [D-NJ]
#48 1.6% Sen. Cory Booker [D-NJ]
#48 1.6% Sen. Thad Cochran [R-MS, 1979-2018]
#48 1.6% Sen. Amy Klobuchar [D-MN]
#48 1.6% Sen. Patrick Leahy [D-VT]
#48 1.6% Sen. Edward “Ed” Markey [D-MA]
#48 1.6% Sen. David Perdue [R-GA]
#54 1.4% Sen. Kelly Ayotte [R-NH, 2011-2016]
#54 1.4% Sen. Gary Peters [D-MI]
#54 1.4% Sen. Robert “Rob” Portman [R-OH]
#54 1.4% Sen. Mike Rounds [R-SD]
#54 1.4% Sen. Debbie Stabenow [D-MI]
#59 1.2% Sen. Bill Cassidy [R-LA]
#59 1.2% Sen. John Hoeven [R-ND]
#59 1.2% Sen. John “Johnny” Isakson [R-GA]
#59 1.2% Sen. Patty Murray [D-WA]
#59 1.2% Sen. Ron Wyden [D-OR]
#64 1.0% Sen. Robert “Bob” Casey [D-PA]
#64 1.0% Sen. Jeff Merkley [D-OR]
#64 1.0% Sen. Benjamin Sasse [R-NE]
#67 0.8% Sen. John Boozman [R-AR]
#67 0.8% Sen. Shelley Capito [R-WV]
#67 0.8% Sen. Joe Donnelly [D-IN]
#67 0.8% Sen. James Risch [R-ID]
#67 0.8% Sen. Jeanne Shaheen [D-NH]
#67 0.8% Sen. John Thune [R-SD]
#67 0.8% Sen. Tom Udall [D-NM]
#74 0.6% Sen. Richard Burr [R-NC]
#74 0.6% Sen. Orrin Hatch [R-UT]
#74 0.6% Sen. Martin Heinrich [D-NM]
#74 0.6% Sen. Christopher Murphy [D-CT]
#74 0.6% Sen. Brian Schatz [D-HI]
#74 0.6% Sen. Thom Tillis [R-NC]
#80 0.4% Sen. Richard Blumenthal [D-CT]
#80 0.4% Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand [D-NY]
#80 0.4% Sen. Heidi Heitkamp [D-ND]
#80 0.4% Sen. Charles “Chuck” Schumer [D-NY]
#84 0.2% Sen. John Barrasso [R-WY]
#84 0.2% Sen. Mazie Hirono [D-HI]
#84 0.2% Sen. James Lankford [R-OK]
#84 0.2% Sen. Jon Tester [D-MT]
#84 0.2% Sen. Sheldon Whitehouse [D-RI]
#89 0.0% Sen. Tammy Baldwin [D-WI]
#89 0.0% Sen. Michael Bennet [D-CO]
#89 0.0% Sen. Maria Cantwell [D-WA]
#89 0.0% Sen. Benjamin Cardin [D-MD]
#89 0.0% Sen. Susan Collins [R-ME]
#89 0.0% Sen. Steve Daines [R-MT]
#89 0.0% Sen. Joni Ernst [R-IA]
#89 0.0% Sen. Deb Fischer [R-NE]
#89 0.0% Sen. Charles “Chuck” Grassley [R-IA]
#89 0.0% Sen. Mitch McConnell [R-KY]
#89 0.0% Sen. John “Jack” Reed [D-RI]
#89 0.0% Sen. Elizabeth Warren [D-MA]
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The Speaker of the House is not included in this statistic because according to current House rules, the Speaker of the House is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings, and the delegates from the five island territories and the District of Columbia are also not included because they were not elligible to vote in any roll call votes.

Additional Notes

The Speaker’s Votes: Missed votes are not computed for the Speaker of the House. According to current House rules, the Speaker of the House is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings.” In practice this means the Speaker of the House rarely votes but is not considered absent.

Leadership/Ideology: The leadership and ideology scores are not displayed for Members of Congress who introduced fewer than 10 bills, or, for ideology, for Members of Congress that have a low leadership score, as there is usually not enough data in these cases to compute reliable leadership and ideology statistics.

Missing Bills: We exclude bills from some statistics where the sponsor’s original intent is not in the final bill because the bill’s text was replaced in whole with unrelated provisions (i.e. it became a vehicle for passage of unrelated provisions).

Ranking Members (RkMembs): The chair of a committee is always selected from the political party that holds the most seats in the chamber, called the “majority party”. The “ranking member” (sometimes “RkMembs”) is the title given to the senior-most member of the committee not in the majority party.

Freshmen/Sophomores: Freshmen and sophomores are Members of Congress whose first term (in the same chamber at the end of the 114th Congress) was the 114th Congress (freshmen) or 113th (sophomores). Members of Congress who took office within the last few months of a Congress are considered freshmen in the next Congress as well.