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2016 Report Cards: All Senators

These statistics dissect the legislative records of Members of Congress during the 114th Congress (Jan 6, 2015-Jan 3, 2017), as of Aug 24, 2017.

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Government Transparency

GovTrack looked at whether legislators supported any of the government transparency, accountability, and effectiveness bills that we identified in the 114th Congress. We gave a score to each legislator based on one point for cosponsoring and three points for sponsoring any of these bills.

All Senators
most often
#1 11 Sen. Claire McCaskill [D-MO]
#2 10 Sen. Ron Johnson [R-WI]
#2 10 Sen. Patrick Leahy [D-VT]
#4 9 Sen. Tom Udall [D-NM]
#5 8 Sen. Michael Bennet [D-CO]
#6 7 Sen. Thomas Carper [D-DE]
#6 7 Sen. James Lankford [R-OK]
#8 6 Sen. Kelly Ayotte [R-NH, 2011-2016]
#8 6 Sen. Jeff Merkley [D-OR]
#8 6 Sen. Jon Tester [D-MT]
#8 6 Sen. Richard Durbin [D-IL]
#8 6 Sen. Gary Peters [D-MI]
#13 5 Sen. John Cornyn [R-TX]
#13 5 Sen. Angus King [I-ME]
#13 5 Sen. Brian Schatz [D-HI]
#13 5 Sen. Jeanne Shaheen [D-NH]
#13 5 Sen. Mazie Hirono [D-HI]
#13 5 Sen. Charles “Chuck” Grassley [R-IA]
#19 4 Sen. Robert “Bob” Menéndez [D-NJ]
#19 4 Sen. Heidi Heitkamp [D-ND]
#19 4 Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand [D-NY]
#19 4 Sen. Rand Paul [R-KY]
#19 4 Sen. Richard Blumenthal [D-CT]
#19 4 Sen. Joni Ernst [R-IA]
#19 4 Sen. Chris Coons [D-DE]
#19 4 Sen. Sheldon Whitehouse [D-RI]
#19 4 Sen. Amy Klobuchar [D-MN]
#19 4 Sen. Alan “Al” Franken [D-MN, 2009-2017]
#29 3 Sen. Tammy Baldwin [D-WI]
#29 3 Sen. David Vitter [R-LA, 2005-2016]
#29 3 Sen. Edward “Ed” Markey [D-MA]
#29 3 Sen. Benjamin Cardin [D-MD]
#29 3 Sen. Elizabeth Warren [D-MA]
#29 3 Sen. Christopher Murphy [D-CT]
#29 3 Sen. Barbara Boxer [D-CA, 1993-2016]
#29 3 Sen. Robert “Rob” Portman [R-OH]
#29 3 Sen. Cory Booker [D-NJ]
#29 3 Sen. Joe Manchin [D-WV]
#29 3 Sen. Bernard “Bernie” Sanders [I-VT]
#29 3 Sen. Deb Fischer [R-NE]
#29 3 Sen. Mark Kirk [R-IL, 2010-2016]
#29 3 Sen. Martin Heinrich [D-NM]
#29 3 Sen. Sherrod Brown [D-OH]
#29 3 Sen. Barbara Mikulski [D-MD, 1987-2016]
#45 2 Sen. Timothy Kaine [D-VA]
#45 2 Sen. Susan Collins [R-ME]
#45 2 Sen. Maria Cantwell [D-WA]
#45 2 Sen. Mark Warner [D-VA]
#45 2 Sen. Michael Enzi [R-WY]
#45 2 Sen. Dianne Feinstein [D-CA]
#45 2 Sen. Ron Wyden [D-OR]
#45 2 Sen. Charles “Chuck” Schumer [D-NY]
#45 2 Sen. John “Jack” Reed [D-RI]
#45 2 Sen. Benjamin Sasse [R-NE]
#45 2 Sen. John McCain [R-AZ]
#45 2 Sen. Patty Murray [D-WA]
#57 1 Sen. Thad Cochran [R-MS, 1979-2018]
#57 1 Sen. Cory Gardner [R-CO]
#57 1 Sen. Mike Rounds [R-SD]
#57 1 Sen. Jerry Moran [R-KS]
#57 1 Sen. Steve Daines [R-MT]
#57 1 Sen. John “Johnny” Isakson [R-GA]
#57 1 Sen. Robert “Bob” Casey [D-PA]
#57 1 Sen. Joe Donnelly [D-IN]
#57 1 Sen. Tim Scott [R-SC]
#57 1 Sen. Debbie Stabenow [D-MI]
#57 1 Sen. Roy Blunt [R-MO]
#57 1 Sen. Lamar Alexander [R-TN]
#57 1 Sen. Roger Wicker [R-MS]
#57 1 Sen. Harry Reid [D-NV, 1987-2016]
#57 1 Sen. Bill Nelson [D-FL]
#57 1 Sen. Lisa Murkowski [R-AK]
#73 0 Sen. John Barrasso [R-WY]
#73 0 Sen. John Hoeven [R-ND]
#73 0 Sen. Mike Lee [R-UT]
#73 0 Sen. Marco Rubio [R-FL]
#73 0 Sen. Shelley Capito [R-WV]
#73 0 Sen. David Perdue [R-GA]
#73 0 Sen. Dan Sullivan [R-AK]
#73 0 Sen. Thom Tillis [R-NC]
#73 0 Sen. Bill Cassidy [R-LA]
#73 0 Sen. Dean Heller [R-NV]
#73 0 Sen. Tom Cotton [R-AR]
#73 0 Sen. James Risch [R-ID]
#73 0 Sen. James “Jim” Inhofe [R-OK]
#73 0 Sen. Bob Corker [R-TN]
#73 0 Sen. Richard Burr [R-NC]
#73 0 Sen. John Thune [R-SD]
#73 0 Sen. Jeff Flake [R-AZ]
#73 0 Sen. John Boozman [R-AR]
#73 0 Sen. Daniel Coats [R-IN, 2011-2016]
#73 0 Sen. Lindsey Graham [R-SC]
#73 0 Sen. Michael Crapo [R-ID]
#73 0 Sen. Patrick “Pat” Toomey [R-PA]
#73 0 Sen. Pat Roberts [R-KS]
#73 0 Sen. Orrin Hatch [R-UT]
#73 0 Sen. Jefferson “Jeff” Sessions [R-AL, 1997-2017]
#73 0 Sen. Richard Shelby [R-AL]
#73 0 Sen. Mitch McConnell [R-KY]
#73 0 Sen. Ted Cruz [R-TX]
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Additional Notes

The Speaker’s Votes: Missed votes are not computed for the Speaker of the House. According to current House rules, the Speaker of the House is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings.” In practice this means the Speaker of the House rarely votes but is not considered absent.

Leadership/Ideology: The leadership and ideology scores are not displayed for Members of Congress who introduced fewer than 10 bills, or, for ideology, for Members of Congress that have a low leadership score, as there is usually not enough data in these cases to compute reliable leadership and ideology statistics.

Missing Bills: We exclude bills from some statistics where the sponsor’s original intent is not in the final bill because the bill’s text was replaced in whole with unrelated provisions (i.e. it became a vehicle for passage of unrelated provisions).

Ranking Members (RkMembs): The chair of a committee is always selected from the political party that holds the most seats in the chamber, called the “majority party”. The “ranking member” (sometimes “RkMembs”) is the title given to the senior-most member of the committee not in the majority party.

Freshmen/Sophomores: Freshmen and sophomores are Members of Congress whose first term (in the same chamber at the end of the 114th Congress) was the 114th Congress (freshmen) or 113th (sophomores). Members of Congress who took office within the last few months of a Congress are considered freshmen in the next Congress as well.