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2016 Report Cards: All Senators

These statistics dissect the legislative records of Members of Congress during the 114th Congress (Jan 6, 2015-Jan 3, 2017), as of Aug 24, 2017.

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Government Transparency

GovTrack looked at whether legislators supported any of the government transparency, accountability, and effectiveness bills that we identified in the 114th Congress. We gave a score to each legislator based on one point for cosponsoring and three points for sponsoring any of these bills.

All Senators
most often
#1 11 Sen. Claire McCaskill [D-MO]
#2 10 Sen. Ron Johnson [R-WI]
#2 10 Sen. Patrick Leahy [D-VT]
#4 9 Sen. Tom Udall [D-NM]
#5 8 Sen. Michael Bennet [D-CO]
#6 7 Sen. Thomas Carper [D-DE]
#6 7 Sen. James Lankford [R-OK]
#8 6 Sen. Kelly Ayotte [R-NH, 2011-2016]
#8 6 Sen. Richard Durbin [D-IL]
#8 6 Sen. Jeff Merkley [D-OR]
#8 6 Sen. Gary Peters [D-MI]
#8 6 Sen. Jon Tester [D-MT]
#13 5 Sen. John Cornyn [R-TX]
#13 5 Sen. Charles “Chuck” Grassley [R-IA]
#13 5 Sen. Mazie Hirono [D-HI]
#13 5 Sen. Angus King [I-ME]
#13 5 Sen. Brian Schatz [D-HI]
#13 5 Sen. Jeanne Shaheen [D-NH]
#19 4 Sen. Richard Blumenthal [D-CT]
#19 4 Sen. Chris Coons [D-DE]
#19 4 Sen. Joni Ernst [R-IA]
#19 4 Sen. Alan “Al” Franken [D-MN, 2009-2017]
#19 4 Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand [D-NY]
#19 4 Sen. Heidi Heitkamp [D-ND]
#19 4 Sen. Amy Klobuchar [D-MN]
#19 4 Sen. Robert “Bob” Menéndez [D-NJ]
#19 4 Sen. Rand Paul [R-KY]
#19 4 Sen. Sheldon Whitehouse [D-RI]
#29 3 Sen. Tammy Baldwin [D-WI]
#29 3 Sen. Cory Booker [D-NJ]
#29 3 Sen. Barbara Boxer [D-CA, 1993-2016]
#29 3 Sen. Sherrod Brown [D-OH]
#29 3 Sen. Benjamin Cardin [D-MD]
#29 3 Sen. Deb Fischer [R-NE]
#29 3 Sen. Martin Heinrich [D-NM]
#29 3 Sen. Mark Kirk [R-IL, 2010-2016]
#29 3 Sen. Joe Manchin [D-WV]
#29 3 Sen. Edward “Ed” Markey [D-MA]
#29 3 Sen. Barbara Mikulski [D-MD, 1987-2016]
#29 3 Sen. Christopher Murphy [D-CT]
#29 3 Sen. Robert “Rob” Portman [R-OH]
#29 3 Sen. Bernard “Bernie” Sanders [I-VT]
#29 3 Sen. David Vitter [R-LA, 2005-2016]
#29 3 Sen. Elizabeth Warren [D-MA]
#45 2 Sen. Maria Cantwell [D-WA]
#45 2 Sen. Susan Collins [R-ME]
#45 2 Sen. Michael Enzi [R-WY]
#45 2 Sen. Dianne Feinstein [D-CA]
#45 2 Sen. Timothy Kaine [D-VA]
#45 2 Sen. John McCain [R-AZ, 1987-2018]
#45 2 Sen. Patty Murray [D-WA]
#45 2 Sen. John “Jack” Reed [D-RI]
#45 2 Sen. Benjamin Sasse [R-NE]
#45 2 Sen. Charles “Chuck” Schumer [D-NY]
#45 2 Sen. Mark Warner [D-VA]
#45 2 Sen. Ron Wyden [D-OR]
#57 1 Sen. Lamar Alexander [R-TN]
#57 1 Sen. Roy Blunt [R-MO]
#57 1 Sen. Robert “Bob” Casey [D-PA]
#57 1 Sen. Thad Cochran [R-MS, 1979-2018]
#57 1 Sen. Steve Daines [R-MT]
#57 1 Sen. Joe Donnelly [D-IN]
#57 1 Sen. Cory Gardner [R-CO]
#57 1 Sen. John “Johnny” Isakson [R-GA]
#57 1 Sen. Jerry Moran [R-KS]
#57 1 Sen. Lisa Murkowski [R-AK]
#57 1 Sen. Bill Nelson [D-FL]
#57 1 Sen. Harry Reid [D-NV, 1987-2016]
#57 1 Sen. Mike Rounds [R-SD]
#57 1 Sen. Tim Scott [R-SC]
#57 1 Sen. Debbie Stabenow [D-MI]
#57 1 Sen. Roger Wicker [R-MS]
#73 0 Sen. John Barrasso [R-WY]
#73 0 Sen. John Boozman [R-AR]
#73 0 Sen. Richard Burr [R-NC]
#73 0 Sen. Shelley Capito [R-WV]
#73 0 Sen. Bill Cassidy [R-LA]
#73 0 Sen. Daniel Coats [R-IN, 2011-2016]
#73 0 Sen. Bob Corker [R-TN]
#73 0 Sen. Tom Cotton [R-AR]
#73 0 Sen. Michael Crapo [R-ID]
#73 0 Sen. Ted Cruz [R-TX]
#73 0 Sen. Jeff Flake [R-AZ]
#73 0 Sen. Lindsey Graham [R-SC]
#73 0 Sen. Orrin Hatch [R-UT]
#73 0 Sen. Dean Heller [R-NV]
#73 0 Sen. John Hoeven [R-ND]
#73 0 Sen. James “Jim” Inhofe [R-OK]
#73 0 Sen. Mike Lee [R-UT]
#73 0 Sen. Mitch McConnell [R-KY]
#73 0 Sen. David Perdue [R-GA]
#73 0 Sen. James Risch [R-ID]
#73 0 Sen. Pat Roberts [R-KS]
#73 0 Sen. Marco Rubio [R-FL]
#73 0 Sen. Jefferson “Jeff” Sessions [R-AL, 1997-2017]
#73 0 Sen. Richard Shelby [R-AL]
#73 0 Sen. Dan Sullivan [R-AK]
#73 0 Sen. John Thune [R-SD]
#73 0 Sen. Thom Tillis [R-NC]
#73 0 Sen. Patrick “Pat” Toomey [R-PA]
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Additional Notes

The Speaker’s Votes: Missed votes are not computed for the Speaker of the House. According to current House rules, the Speaker of the House is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings.” In practice this means the Speaker of the House rarely votes but is not considered absent.

Leadership/Ideology: The leadership and ideology scores are not displayed for Members of Congress who introduced fewer than 10 bills, or, for ideology, for Members of Congress that have a low leadership score, as there is usually not enough data in these cases to compute reliable leadership and ideology statistics.

Missing Bills: We exclude bills from some statistics where the sponsor’s original intent is not in the final bill because the bill’s text was replaced in whole with unrelated provisions (i.e. it became a vehicle for passage of unrelated provisions).

Ranking Members (RkMembs): The chair of a committee is always selected from the political party that holds the most seats in the chamber, called the “majority party”. The “ranking member” (sometimes “RkMembs”) is the title given to the senior-most member of the committee not in the majority party.

Freshmen/Sophomores: Freshmen and sophomores are Members of Congress whose first term (in the same chamber at the end of the 114th Congress) was the 114th Congress (freshmen) or 113th (sophomores). Members of Congress who took office within the last few months of a Congress are considered freshmen in the next Congress as well.