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2018 Report Cards
Serving 10+ Years (House) / Missed Votes

These statistics dissect the legislative records of Members of Congress during the 115th Congress (Jan 3, 2017-Jan 3, 2019), as of Jan 20, 2019.

A higher or lower number below doesn’t necessarily make a legislator any better or worse, or more or less effective, than other Members of Congress. We present these statistics for you to understand the quantitative aspects of legislating and make your own judgements based on what legislative activities you think are important.

Keep in mind that there are many important aspects of being a legislator besides what can be measured, such as constituent services and performing oversight of the executive branch, which aren’t reflected here.

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Missed Votes

The percentage of votes each legislator missed in the 115th Congress.

Serving 10+ Years (House)
most absent
#1 33.2% Rep. Elijah Cummings [D-MD7, 1996-2019]
#2 32.6% Rep. Timothy Walz [D-MN1, 2007-2018]
#3 29.2% Rep. Steve Scalise [R-LA1]
#4 22.1% Rep. Luis Gutiérrez [D-IL4, 1993-2018]
#5 22.1% Rep. Bobby Rush [D-IL1]
#6 19.1% Rep. Walter Jones [R-NC3, 1995-2019]
#7 17.8% Rep. Grace Napolitano [D-CA32]
#8 17.4% Rep. Keith Ellison [D-MN5, 2007-2018]
#9 16.2% Sen. Marsha Blackburn [R-TN]
#10 15.0% Rep. Sam Johnson [R-TX3, 1991-2018]
#11 14.8% Rep. Jim Costa [D-CA16]
#12 14.7% Rep. Jackie Speier [D-CA14]
#13 14.5% Rep. Thomas Rooney [R-FL17, 2013-2018]
#14 14.5% Rep. Jared Polis [D-CO2, 2009-2018]
#15 14.1% Rep. Danny Davis [D-IL7]
#16 12.9% Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen [R-FL27, 2013-2018]
#17 12.7% Rep. Niki Tsongas [D-MA3, 2013-2018]
#18 12.1% Rep. Bill Shuster [R-PA9, 2001-2018]
#19 10.6% Rep. Nancy Pelosi [D-CA12]
#20 9.7% Rep. Joseph “Joe” Crowley [D-NY14, 2013-2018]
#20 9.7% Rep. Lynn Jenkins [R-KS2, 2009-2018]
#22 9.4% Rep. Bennie Thompson [D-MS2]
#23 9.3% Rep. Richard Nolan [D-MN8, 2013-2018]
#24 9.3% Rep. Dana Rohrabacher [R-CA48, 2013-2018]
#25 9.2% Rep. Ted Poe [R-TX2, 2005-2018]
#25 9.2% Rep. Bill Posey [R-FL8]
#27 8.8% Rep. Emanuel Cleaver [D-MO5]
#28 8.5% Rep. Ron Kind [D-WI3]
#29 8.4% Rep. Darrell Issa [R-CA49, 2003-2018]
#29 8.4% Rep. Eddie Johnson [D-TX30]
#31 7.7% Rep. Vern Buchanan [R-FL16]
#31 7.7% Rep. Sam Graves [R-MO6]
#33 7.6% Rep. Robert Brady [D-PA1, 1998-2018]
#33 7.6% Rep. James “Jim” Clyburn [D-SC6]
#33 7.6% Rep. David Scott [D-GA13]
#36 7.5% Rep. Mario Diaz-Balart [R-FL25]
#37 7.4% Rep. Raúl Grijalva [D-AZ3]
#38 7.0% Rep. George “G.K.” Butterfield [D-NC1]
#39 6.9% Rep. Alcee Hastings [D-FL20]
#40 6.8% Rep. Stevan “Steve” Pearce [R-NM2, 2011-2018]
#40 6.8% Rep. Harold “Hal” Rogers [R-KY5]
#42 6.7% Rep. Michael Capuano [D-MA7, 2013-2018]
#42 6.7% Rep. Rosa DeLauro [D-CT3]
#42 6.7% Rep. Gwen Moore [D-WI4]
#42 6.7% Rep. Lamar Smith [R-TX21, 1987-2018]
#46 6.6% Rep. Peter Roskam [R-IL6, 2007-2018]
#46 6.6% Rep. Tim Ryan [D-OH13]
#48 6.4% Rep. Diana DeGette [D-CO1]
#48 6.4% Rep. Kenny Marchant [R-TX24]
#50 6.3% Rep. Debbie Wasserman Schultz [D-FL23]
#51 6.1% Rep. Louie Gohmert [R-TX1]
#51 6.1% Rep. John Lewis [D-GA5]
#53 6.0% Rep. Earl Blumenauer [D-OR3]
#53 6.0% Rep. Anna Eshoo [D-CA18]
#53 6.0% Rep. Kay Granger [R-TX12]
#56 5.8% Rep. Gregory Meeks [D-NY5]
#56 5.8% Rep. Michael “Mike” Simpson [R-ID2]
#58 5.1% Rep. John Larson [D-CT1]
#59 5.0% Rep. Eliot Engel [D-NY16]
#59 5.0% Rep. Gene Green [D-TX29, 1993-2018]
#59 5.0% Rep. Steny Hoyer [D-MD5]
#62 4.9% Rep. Lacy Clay [D-MO1]
#63 4.8% Rep. Albio Sires [D-NJ8]
#64 4.7% Rep. Collin Peterson [D-MN7]
#65 4.6% Rep. Joe Barton [R-TX6, 1985-2018]
#65 4.6% Rep. Ed Perlmutter [D-CO7]
#67 4.5% Rep. Daniel Lipinski [D-IL3]
#68 4.5% Rep. Maxine Waters [D-CA43]
#69 4.4% Rep. Gus Bilirakis [R-FL12]
#70 4.3% Rep. Carolyn Maloney [D-NY12]
#71 4.2% Rep. Kevin Brady [R-TX8]
#71 4.2% Rep. Peter Visclosky [D-IN1]
#73 4.1% Rep. Robert Aderholt [R-AL4]
#73 4.1% Rep. Peter “Pete” King [R-NY2]
#75 4.1% Rep. Jerry McNerney [D-CA9]
#76 3.9% Rep. Peter DeFazio [D-OR4]
#76 3.9% Rep. Marcia Fudge [D-OH11]
#78 3.8% Rep. Sanford Bishop [D-GA2]
#79 3.7% Rep. Stephen Lynch [D-MA8]
#80 3.6% Rep. Gregg Harper [R-MS3, 2009-2018]
#80 3.6% Rep. Pete Olson [R-TX22]
#80 3.6% Rep. Don Young [R-AK0]
#83 3.6% Rep. Kathy Castor [D-FL14]
#84 3.5% Rep. Brian Higgins [D-NY26]
#84 3.5% Rep. Mike Quigley [D-IL5]
#86 3.4% Rep. Henry “Hank” Johnson [D-GA4]
#86 3.4% Rep. Chellie Pingree [D-ME1]
#86 3.4% Rep. John Yarmuth [D-KY3]
#89 3.3% Rep. Richard Neal [D-MA1]
#89 3.3% Rep. Marshall “Mark” Sanford [R-SC1, 2013-2018]
#91 3.2% Rep. John Carter [R-TX31]
#91 3.2% Rep. David Reichert [R-WA8, 2005-2018]
#93 3.1% Rep. Rick Larsen [D-WA2]
#94 3.1% Rep. Duncan Hunter [R-CA50]
#94 3.1% Rep. Zoe Lofgren [D-CA19]
#96 3.0% Rep. Sheila Jackson Lee [D-TX18]
#96 3.0% Rep. Adrian Smith [R-NE3]
#98 2.9% Rep. Nydia Velázquez [D-NY7]
#99 2.8% Rep. Michael Turner [R-OH10]
#100 2.7% Rep. Rob Bishop [R-UT1]
#100 2.7% Rep. André Carson [D-IN7]
#100 2.7% Rep. Yvette Clarke [D-NY9]
#103 2.6% Rep. Susan Davis [D-CA53]
#103 2.6% Rep. Bill Pascrell [D-NJ9]
#103 2.6% Rep. Lucille Roybal-Allard [D-CA40]
#106 2.6% Rep. John Culberson [R-TX7, 2001-2018]
#106 2.6% Rep. Adam Smith [D-WA9]
#106 2.6% Rep. Linda Sánchez [D-CA38]
#109 2.5% Rep. Jeff Fortenberry [R-NE1]
#109 2.5% Rep. Fred Upton [R-MI6]
#111 2.3% Rep. John “Jimmy” Duncan [R-TN2, 1988-2018]
#111 2.3% Rep. Patrick McHenry [R-NC10]
#113 2.2% Rep. Jim Jordan [R-OH4]
#113 2.2% Rep. Devin Nunes [R-CA22]
#115 2.1% Rep. Jerrold Nadler [D-NY10]
#115 2.1% Rep. David Price [D-NC4]
#115 2.1% Rep. Mac Thornberry [R-TX13]
#115 2.1% Rep. Peter Welch [D-VT0]
#119 2.1% Rep. Tom Cole [R-OK4]
#119 2.1% Rep. David Loebsack [D-IA2]
#119 2.1% Rep. Michael McCaul [R-TX10]
#119 2.1% Rep. Mike Thompson [D-CA5]
#123 2.0% Rep. Michael “Mike” Doyle [D-PA18]
#123 2.0% Rep. Rodney Frelinghuysen [R-NJ11, 1995-2018]
#123 2.0% Rep. A. Dutch Ruppersberger [D-MD2]
#126 1.9% Rep. Michael Burgess [R-TX26]
#126 1.9% Rep. Bob Goodlatte [R-VA6, 1993-2018]
#126 1.9% Rep. Al Green [D-TX9]
#126 1.9% Rep. Marcy Kaptur [D-OH9]
#126 1.9% Rep. Barbara Lee [D-CA13]
#131 1.8% Rep. Lloyd Doggett [D-TX35]
#131 1.8% Rep. Edward “Ed” Royce [R-CA39, 2013-2018]
#131 1.8% Rep. James Sensenbrenner [R-WI5]
#134 1.7% Rep. James Himes [D-CT4]
#135 1.7% Rep. Kurt Schrader [D-OR5]
#136 1.6% Rep. Henry Cuellar [D-TX28]
#136 1.6% Rep. Steve King [R-IA4]
#136 1.6% Rep. James “Jim” Langevin [D-RI2]
#136 1.6% Rep. Mike Rogers [R-AL3]
#140 1.5% Rep. Kevin McCarthy [R-CA23]
#141 1.4% Rep. Joe Courtney [D-CT2]
#141 1.4% Rep. Jeb Hensarling [R-TX5, 2003-2018]
#141 1.4% Rep. James “Jim” McGovern [D-MA2]
#144 1.3% Rep. Doug Lamborn [R-CO5]
#144 1.3% Rep. Doris Matsui [D-CA6]
#144 1.3% Rep. Betty McCollum [D-MN4]
#144 1.3% Rep. Pete Sessions [R-TX32, 2003-2018]
#144 1.3% Rep. Brad Sherman [D-CA30]
#149 1.2% Rep. Blaine Luetkemeyer [R-MO3]
#149 1.2% Rep. Joe Wilson [R-SC2]
#149 1.2% Rep. Robert Wittman [R-VA1]
#152 1.2% Rep. Nita Lowey [D-NY17]
#152 1.2% Rep. Erik Paulsen [R-MN3, 2009-2018]
#152 1.2% Rep. John Shimkus [R-IL15]
#155 1.0% Rep. Ken Calvert [R-CA42]
#155 1.0% Rep. Robert “Bobby” Scott [D-VA3]
#157 0.9% Rep. John Sarbanes [D-MD3]
#157 0.9% Rep. Janice “Jan” Schakowsky [D-IL9]
#159 0.8% Rep. Gerald Connolly [D-VA11]
#159 0.8% Rep. Frank LoBiondo [R-NJ2, 1995-2018]
#159 0.8% Rep. Tom McClintock [R-CA4]
#159 0.8% Rep. Glenn Thompson [R-PA15]
#159 0.8% Rep. Paul Tonko [D-NY20]
#164 0.7% Rep. Mike Coffman [R-CO6, 2009-2018]
#164 0.7% Rep. Christopher “Chris” Smith [R-NJ4]
#166 0.7% Rep. Frank Lucas [R-OK3]
#167 0.6% Rep. Steve Cohen [D-TN9]
#167 0.6% Rep. David “Phil” Roe [R-TN1]
#167 0.6% Rep. Greg Walden [R-OR2]
#170 0.5% Rep. Jim Cooper [D-TN5]
#170 0.5% Rep. Brett Guthrie [R-KY2]
#170 0.5% Rep. Adam Schiff [D-CA28]
#170 0.5% Rep. José Serrano [D-NY15]
#174 0.2% Rep. Steve Chabot [R-OH1]
#174 0.2% Rep. Ben Luján [D-NM3]
#174 0.2% Rep. Cathy McMorris Rodgers [R-WA5]
#177 0.2% Rep. Michael Conaway [R-TX11]
#177 0.2% Rep. Leonard Lance [R-NJ7, 2009-2018]
#177 0.2% Rep. Tim Walberg [R-MI7]
#180 0.1% Rep. Virginia Foxx [R-NC5]
#180 0.1% Rep. Sander Levin [D-MI9, 2013-2018]
#180 0.1% Rep. Frank Pallone [D-NJ6]
#183 0.0% Rep. Robert Latta [R-OH5]
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The Speaker of the House is not included in this statistic because according to current House rules, the Speaker of the House is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings, and the delegates from the five island territories and the District of Columbia are also not included because they were not elligible to vote in any roll call votes.

Additional Notes

The Speaker’s Votes: Missed votes are not computed for the Speaker of the House. According to current House rules, the Speaker of the House is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings.” In practice this means the Speaker of the House rarely votes but is not considered absent.

Leadership/Ideology: The leadership and ideology scores are not displayed for Members of Congress who introduced fewer than 10 bills, or, for ideology, for Members of Congress that have a low leadership score, as there is usually not enough data in these cases to compute reliable leadership and ideology statistics.

Missing Bills: We exclude bills from some statistics where the sponsor’s original intent is not in the final bill because the bill’s text was replaced in whole with unrelated provisions (i.e. it became a vehicle for passage of unrelated provisions).

Ranking Members (RkMembs): The chair of a committee is always selected from the political party that holds the most seats in the chamber, called the “majority party”. The “ranking member” (sometimes “RkMembs”) is the title given to the senior-most member of the committee not in the majority party.

Freshmen/Sophomores: Freshmen and sophomores are Members of Congress whose first term (in the same chamber at the end of the 115th Congress) was the 115th Congress (freshmen) or 114th (sophomores). Members of Congress who took office within the last few months of a Congress are considered freshmen in the next Congress as well.