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2018 Report Cards
House Democrats / Missed Votes

These statistics dissect the legislative records of Members of Congress during the 115th Congress (Jan 3, 2017-Jan 3, 2019), as of Jan 20, 2019.

A higher or lower number below doesn’t necessarily make a legislator any better or worse, or more or less effective, than other Members of Congress. We present these statistics for you to understand the quantitative aspects of legislating and make your own judgements based on what legislative activities you think are important.

Keep in mind that there are many important aspects of being a legislator besides what can be measured, such as constituent services and performing oversight of the executive branch, which aren’t reflected here.

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Missed Votes

The percentage of votes each legislator missed in the 115th Congress.

House Democrats
most absent
#1 33.2% Rep. Elijah Cummings [D-MD7, 1996-2019]
#2 32.6% Rep. Timothy Walz [D-MN1, 2007-2018]
#3 22.1% Rep. Luis Gutiérrez [D-IL4, 1993-2018]
#4 22.1% Rep. Bobby Rush [D-IL1]
#5 17.8% Rep. Grace Napolitano [D-CA32]
#6 17.4% Rep. Keith Ellison [D-MN5, 2007-2018]
#7 15.0% Rep. Frederica Wilson [D-FL24]
#8 14.8% Rep. Jim Costa [D-CA16]
#8 14.8% Rep. Colleen Hanabusa [D-HI1, 2016-2018]
#10 14.7% Rep. Jackie Speier [D-CA14]
#11 14.5% Rep. Jared Polis [D-CO2, 2009-2018]
#12 14.1% Rep. Danny Davis [D-IL7]
#13 12.7% Rep. Niki Tsongas [D-MA3, 2013-2018]
#14 12.7% Rep. Susan Wild [D-PA7]
#15 11.4% Rep. Cedric Richmond [D-LA2]
#16 11.3% Rep. Mark Pocan [D-WI2]
#17 10.6% Rep. Nancy Pelosi [D-CA12]
#18 10.1% Sen. Kyrsten Sinema [D-AZ]
#19 9.9% Rep. Carol Shea-Porter [D-NH1, 2017-2018]
#20 9.7% Rep. Joseph “Joe” Crowley [D-NY14, 2013-2018]
#21 9.4% Rep. Bennie Thompson [D-MS2]
#22 9.3% Rep. Richard Nolan [D-MN8, 2013-2018]
#23 8.9% Rep. Joseph Kennedy [D-MA4]
#24 8.8% Rep. Emanuel Cleaver [D-MO5]
#24 8.8% Rep. Ted Lieu [D-CA33]
#26 8.6% Rep. Karen Bass [D-CA37]
#27 8.5% Rep. Ron Kind [D-WI3]
#28 8.4% Rep. Eddie Johnson [D-TX30]
#29 8.3% Rep. William Keating [D-MA9]
#30 8.2% Rep. Donald Payne [D-NJ10]
#31 7.9% Sen. Jacky Rosen [D-NV]
#32 7.9% Rep. Alan Lowenthal [D-CA47]
#33 7.8% Rep. Dina Titus [D-NV1]
#34 7.6% Rep. Robert Brady [D-PA1, 1998-2018]
#34 7.6% Rep. James “Jim” Clyburn [D-SC6]
#34 7.6% Rep. David Scott [D-GA13]
#37 7.4% Rep. Raúl Grijalva [D-AZ3]
#38 7.1% Rep. Theodore “Ted” Deutch [D-FL22]
#39 7.0% Rep. George “G.K.” Butterfield [D-NC1]
#40 6.9% Rep. Lois Frankel [D-FL21]
#40 6.9% Rep. Alcee Hastings [D-FL20]
#42 6.7% Rep. Michael Capuano [D-MA7, 2013-2018]
#42 6.7% Rep. Tony Cárdenas [D-CA29]
#42 6.7% Rep. Rosa DeLauro [D-CT3]
#42 6.7% Rep. Gwen Moore [D-WI4]
#46 6.6% Rep. Tim Ryan [D-OH13]
#47 6.4% Rep. Diana DeGette [D-CO1]
#47 6.4% Rep. Eric Swalwell [D-CA15]
#49 6.3% Rep. Al Lawson [D-FL5]
#49 6.3% Rep. Debbie Wasserman Schultz [D-FL23]
#51 6.1% Rep. John Lewis [D-GA5, 1987-2020]
#52 6.0% Rep. Earl Blumenauer [D-OR3]
#52 6.0% Rep. Anna Eshoo [D-CA18]
#54 6.0% Rep. Filemon Vela [D-TX34]
#55 5.9% Rep. Brendan Boyle [D-PA2]
#56 5.8% Rep. Gregory Meeks [D-NY5]
#57 5.6% Rep. Joyce Beatty [D-OH3]
#57 5.6% Rep. Tulsi Gabbard [D-HI2]
#57 5.6% Rep. Kathleen Rice [D-NY4]
#60 5.5% Rep. Jared Huffman [D-CA2]
#61 5.2% Rep. Terri Sewell [D-AL7]
#62 5.1% Rep. John Larson [D-CT1]
#63 5.0% Rep. Eliot Engel [D-NY16]
#63 5.0% Rep. Gene Green [D-TX29, 1993-2018]
#63 5.0% Rep. Steny Hoyer [D-MD5]
#66 4.9% Rep. Lacy Clay [D-MO1]
#67 4.8% Rep. Donald Beyer [D-VA8]
#67 4.8% Rep. Albio Sires [D-NJ8]
#69 4.7% Rep. Collin Peterson [D-MN7]
#70 4.6% Rep. Ed Perlmutter [D-CO7]
#71 4.5% Rep. Daniel Lipinski [D-IL3]
#72 4.5% Rep. Maxine Waters [D-CA43]
#73 4.4% Rep. Anthony Brown [D-MD4]
#73 4.4% Rep. Charlie Crist [D-FL13]
#75 4.3% Rep. Carolyn Maloney [D-NY12]
#76 4.2% Rep. John Garamendi [D-CA3]
#76 4.2% Rep. Peter Visclosky [D-IN1]
#78 4.1% Rep. Beto O’Rourke [D-TX16, 2013-2018]
#79 4.1% Rep. Jerry McNerney [D-CA9]
#80 3.9% Rep. Peter DeFazio [D-OR4]
#80 3.9% Rep. Marcia Fudge [D-OH11]
#82 3.8% Rep. Sanford Bishop [D-GA2]
#83 3.7% Rep. Hakeem Jeffries [D-NY8]
#83 3.7% Rep. Stephen Lynch [D-MA8]
#83 3.7% Rep. Sean Maloney [D-NY18]
#83 3.7% Rep. Donald McEachin [D-VA4]
#87 3.6% Rep. Kathy Castor [D-FL14]
#87 3.6% Rep. Juan Vargas [D-CA51]
#89 3.5% Rep. Brian Higgins [D-NY26]
#89 3.5% Rep. Mike Quigley [D-IL5]
#91 3.4% Rep. Henry “Hank” Johnson [D-GA4]
#91 3.4% Rep. Ann Kuster [D-NH2]
#91 3.4% Rep. Chellie Pingree [D-ME1]
#91 3.4% Rep. John Yarmuth [D-KY3]
#95 3.3% Rep. Vicente Gonzalez [D-TX15]
#95 3.3% Rep. Richard Neal [D-MA1]
#97 3.2% Rep. John Delaney [D-MD6, 2013-2018]
#98 3.1% Rep. Robin Kelly [D-IL2]
#98 3.1% Rep. Rick Larsen [D-WA2]
#98 3.1% Rep. Grace Meng [D-NY6]
#101 3.1% Rep. Zoe Lofgren [D-CA19]
#101 3.1% Rep. Thomas Suozzi [D-NY3]
#103 3.0% Rep. Jimmy Gomez [D-CA34]
#104 3.0% Rep. Sheila Jackson Lee [D-TX18]
#105 2.9% Rep. Nydia Velázquez [D-NY7]
#106 2.7% Rep. André Carson [D-IN7]
#106 2.7% Rep. Yvette Clarke [D-NY9]
#108 2.6% Rep. Alma Adams [D-NC12]
#108 2.6% Rep. Susan Davis [D-CA53]
#108 2.6% Rep. Ruben Gallego [D-AZ7]
#108 2.6% Rep. Seth Moulton [D-MA6]
#108 2.6% Rep. Bill Pascrell [D-NJ9]
#108 2.6% Rep. Lucille Roybal-Allard [D-CA40]
#114 2.6% Rep. Nanette Barragán [D-CA44]
#114 2.6% Rep. Katherine Clark [D-MA5]
#114 2.6% Rep. Ruben Kihuen [D-NV4, 2017-2018]
#114 2.6% Rep. Adam Smith [D-WA9]
#114 2.6% Rep. Linda Sánchez [D-CA38]
#119 2.5% Rep. Stephanie Murphy [D-FL7]
#120 2.4% Rep. Julia Brownley [D-CA26]
#120 2.4% Rep. Salud Carbajal [D-CA24]
#120 2.4% Rep. Brenda Lawrence [D-MI14]
#123 2.2% Rep. Judy Chu [D-CA27]
#124 2.1% Rep. Bill Foster [D-IL11]
#124 2.1% Rep. Jerrold Nadler [D-NY10]
#124 2.1% Rep. David Price [D-NC4]
#124 2.1% Rep. Peter Welch [D-VT0]
#128 2.1% Rep. David Loebsack [D-IA2]
#128 2.1% Rep. Mike Thompson [D-CA5]
#128 2.1% Rep. Norma Torres [D-CA35]
#131 2.0% Rep. Michael “Mike” Doyle [D-PA18]
#131 2.0% Rep. A. Dutch Ruppersberger [D-MD2]
#133 1.9% Rep. David Cicilline [D-RI1]
#133 1.9% Rep. Al Green [D-TX9]
#133 1.9% Rep. Pramila Jayapal [D-WA7]
#133 1.9% Rep. Marcy Kaptur [D-OH9]
#133 1.9% Rep. Barbara Lee [D-CA13]
#133 1.9% Rep. Mark Takano [D-CA41]
#139 1.8% Rep. Lloyd Doggett [D-TX35]
#140 1.7% Rep. James Himes [D-CT4]
#140 1.7% Rep. Scott Peters [D-CA52]
#142 1.7% Rep. Kurt Schrader [D-OR5]
#143 1.6% Rep. Lisa Blunt Rochester [D-DE0]
#143 1.6% Rep. Henry Cuellar [D-TX28]
#143 1.6% Rep. James “Jim” Langevin [D-RI2]
#143 1.6% Rep. Bonnie Watson Coleman [D-NJ12]
#147 1.5% Rep. Mark DeSaulnier [D-CA11]
#148 1.4% Rep. Joe Courtney [D-CT2]
#148 1.4% Rep. Val Demings [D-FL10]
#148 1.4% Rep. James “Jim” McGovern [D-MA2]
#148 1.4% Rep. Donald Norcross [D-NJ1]
#152 1.3% Rep. Josh Gottheimer [D-NJ5]
#152 1.3% Rep. Doris Matsui [D-CA6]
#152 1.3% Rep. Betty McCollum [D-MN4]
#152 1.3% Rep. Brad Sherman [D-CA30]
#156 1.2% Rep. Joseph Morelle [D-NY25]
#156 1.2% Rep. Mary Scanlon [D-PA5]
#158 1.2% Rep. Pete Aguilar [D-CA31]
#158 1.2% Rep. Nita Lowey [D-NY17]
#160 1.1% Rep. Debbie Dingell [D-MI12]
#160 1.1% Rep. Adriano Espaillat [D-NY13]
#160 1.1% Rep. Tom O’Halleran [D-AZ1]
#163 1.0% Rep. Matthew Cartwright [D-PA8]
#163 1.0% Rep. Joaquin Castro [D-TX20]
#163 1.0% Rep. Bradley “Brad” Schneider [D-IL10]
#163 1.0% Rep. Robert “Bobby” Scott [D-VA3]
#167 0.9% Rep. John Sarbanes [D-MD3]
#167 0.9% Rep. Janice “Jan” Schakowsky [D-IL9]
#169 0.8% Rep. Gerald Connolly [D-VA11]
#169 0.8% Rep. Dwight Evans [D-PA3]
#169 0.8% Rep. Ro Khanna [D-CA17]
#169 0.8% Rep. Daniel Kildee [D-MI5]
#169 0.8% Rep. Jamie Raskin [D-MD8]
#169 0.8% Rep. Paul Tonko [D-NY20]
#169 0.8% Rep. Marc Veasey [D-TX33]
#176 0.7% Rep. Cheri Bustos [D-IL17]
#177 0.6% Rep. Suzanne Bonamici [D-OR1]
#177 0.6% Rep. Steve Cohen [D-TN9]
#179 0.6% Rep. Conor Lamb [D-PA17]
#180 0.5% Rep. Jim Cooper [D-TN5]
#180 0.5% Rep. Luis Correa [D-CA46]
#180 0.5% Rep. Adam Schiff [D-CA28]
#180 0.5% Rep. José Serrano [D-NY15]
#184 0.4% Rep. Elizabeth Esty [D-CT5, 2013-2018]
#184 0.4% Rep. Raul Ruiz [D-CA36]
#184 0.4% Rep. Darren Soto [D-FL9]
#187 0.2% Rep. Denny Heck [D-WA10]
#187 0.2% Rep. Ben Luján [D-NM3]
#187 0.2% Rep. Jimmy Panetta [D-CA20]
#190 0.2% Rep. Suzan DelBene [D-WA1]
#190 0.2% Rep. Derek Kilmer [D-WA6]
#190 0.2% Rep. Raja Krishnamoorthi [D-IL8]
#193 0.1% Rep. Ami Bera [D-CA7]
#193 0.1% Rep. Sander Levin [D-MI9, 2013-2018]
#193 0.1% Rep. Frank Pallone [D-NJ6]
#196 0.0% Rep. Brenda Jones [D-MI13, 2018-2018]
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The Speaker of the House is not included in this statistic because according to current House rules, the Speaker of the House is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings, and the delegates from the five island territories and the District of Columbia are also not included because they were not elligible to vote in any roll call votes.

Additional Notes

The Speaker’s Votes: Missed votes are not computed for the Speaker of the House. According to current House rules, the Speaker of the House is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings.” In practice this means the Speaker of the House rarely votes but is not considered absent.

Leadership/Ideology: The leadership and ideology scores are not displayed for Members of Congress who introduced fewer than 10 bills, or, for ideology, for Members of Congress that have a low leadership score, as there is usually not enough data in these cases to compute reliable leadership and ideology statistics.

Missing Bills: We exclude bills from some statistics where the sponsor’s original intent is not in the final bill because the bill’s text was replaced in whole with unrelated provisions (i.e. it became a vehicle for passage of unrelated provisions).

Ranking Members (RkMembs): The chair of a committee is always selected from the political party that holds the most seats in the chamber, called the “majority party”. The “ranking member” (sometimes “RkMembs”) is the title given to the senior-most member of the committee not in the majority party.

Freshmen/Sophomores: Freshmen and sophomores are Members of Congress whose first term (in the same chamber at the end of the 115th Congress) was the 115th Congress (freshmen) or 114th (sophomores). Members of Congress who took office within the last few months of a Congress are considered freshmen in the next Congress as well.