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2018 Report Cards
All Senators / Missed Votes

These statistics dissect the legislative records of Members of Congress during the 115th Congress (Jan 3, 2017-Jan 3, 2019), as of Jan 20, 2019.

A higher or lower number below doesn’t necessarily make a legislator any better or worse, or more or less effective, than other Members of Congress. We present these statistics for you to understand the quantitative aspects of legislating and make your own judgements based on what legislative activities you think are important.

Keep in mind that there are many important aspects of being a legislator besides what can be measured, such as constituent services and performing oversight of the executive branch, which aren’t reflected here.

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Missed Votes

The percentage of votes each legislator missed in the 115th Congress.

All Senators
most absent
#1 14.0% Sen. Robert “Bob” Menendez [D-NJ]
#2 12.9% Sen. Tammy Duckworth [D-IL]
#3 11.0% Sen. John “Johnny” Isakson [R-GA]
#4 8.0% Sen. Jeff Flake [R-AZ, 2013-2018]
#5 6.3% Sen. Bill Nelson [D-FL, 2001-2018]
#6 6.2% Sen. Dianne Feinstein [D-CA]
#7 6.0% Sen. Lindsey Graham [R-SC]
#8 5.8% Sen. Marco Rubio [R-FL]
#9 5.5% Sen. Thom Tillis [R-NC]
#10 5.3% Sen. Ted Cruz [R-TX]
#11 4.8% Sen. Dean Heller [R-NV, 2011-2018]
#12 4.7% Sen. Cory Booker [D-NJ]
#12 4.7% Sen. Patrick “Pat” Toomey [R-PA]
#14 4.5% Sen. Lamar Alexander [R-TN]
#15 4.3% Sen. Martin Heinrich [D-NM]
#15 4.3% Sen. Jerry Moran [R-KS]
#17 4.2% Sen. Richard Burr [R-NC]
#17 4.2% Sen. Bob Corker [R-TN, 2007-2018]
#19 3.8% Sen. Chris Coons [D-DE]
#20 3.5% Sen. Rand Paul [R-KY]
#21 3.3% Sen. Dan Sullivan [R-AK]
#22 3.0% Sen. Lisa Murkowski [R-AK]
#22 3.0% Sen. Jeanne Shaheen [D-NH]
#24 2.8% Sen. Cindy Hyde-Smith [R-MS]
#25 2.8% Sen. Heidi Heitkamp [D-ND, 2013-2018]
#25 2.8% Sen. Patrick Leahy [D-VT]
#25 2.8% Sen. Claire McCaskill [D-MO, 2007-2018]
#28 2.7% Sen. Patty Murray [D-WA]
#29 2.5% Sen. Richard Durbin [D-IL]
#29 2.5% Sen. James “Jim” Inhofe [R-OK]
#29 2.5% Sen. Bernard “Bernie” Sanders [I-VT]
#32 2.3% Sen. Roy Blunt [R-MO]
#33 2.0% Sen. Mazie Hirono [D-HI]
#33 2.0% Sen. Brian Schatz [D-HI]
#35 1.8% Sen. Doug Jones [D-AL]
#36 1.7% Sen. Catherine Cortez Masto [D-NV]
#36 1.7% Sen. Mike Lee [R-UT]
#36 1.7% Sen. Jeff Merkley [D-OR]
#39 1.5% Sen. Mike Rounds [R-SD]
#39 1.5% Sen. Mark Warner [D-VA]
#41 1.3% Sen. Joe Donnelly [D-IN, 2013-2018]
#42 1.2% Sen. John Hoeven [R-ND]
#42 1.2% Sen. David Perdue [R-GA]
#42 1.2% Sen. Pat Roberts [R-KS]
#45 1.0% Sen. Shelley Capito [R-WV]
#45 1.0% Sen. Thomas Carper [D-DE]
#45 1.0% Sen. Bill Cassidy [R-LA]
#45 1.0% Sen. Benjamin Sasse [R-NE]
#45 1.0% Sen. Jon Tester [D-MT]
#45 1.0% Sen. Tom Udall [D-NM]
#51 0.8% Sen. Michael Bennet [D-CO]
#51 0.8% Sen. Benjamin Cardin [D-MD]
#51 0.8% Sen. Michael Crapo [R-ID]
#51 0.8% Sen. Ron Johnson [R-WI]
#51 0.8% Sen. Joe Manchin [D-WV]
#51 0.8% Sen. Gary Peters [D-MI]
#51 0.8% Sen. James Risch [R-ID]
#51 0.8% Sen. Tim Scott [R-SC]
#51 0.8% Sen. Richard Shelby [R-AL]
#51 0.8% Sen. Debbie Stabenow [D-MI]
#61 0.7% Sen. John Boozman [R-AR]
#61 0.7% Sen. Deb Fischer [R-NE]
#61 0.7% Sen. Robert “Rob” Portman [R-OH]
#61 0.7% Sen. Chris Van Hollen [D-MD]
#61 0.7% Sen. Sheldon Whitehouse [D-RI]
#61 0.7% Sen. Todd Young [R-IN]
#67 0.5% Sen. Tammy Baldwin [D-WI]
#67 0.5% Sen. Richard Blumenthal [D-CT]
#67 0.5% Sen. Margaret “Maggie” Hassan [D-NH]
#67 0.5% Sen. Orrin Hatch [R-UT, 1977-2018]
#67 0.5% Sen. Timothy “Tim” Kaine [D-VA]
#67 0.5% Sen. Amy Klobuchar [D-MN]
#67 0.5% Sen. Edward “Ed” Markey [D-MA]
#67 0.5% Sen. Christopher Murphy [D-CT]
#75 0.3% Sen. Sherrod Brown [D-OH]
#75 0.3% Sen. Maria Cantwell [D-WA]
#75 0.3% Sen. John Cornyn [R-TX]
#75 0.3% Sen. Tom Cotton [R-AR]
#75 0.3% Sen. Steve Daines [R-MT]
#75 0.3% Sen. Cory Gardner [R-CO]
#75 0.3% Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand [D-NY]
#75 0.3% Sen. Kamala Harris [D-CA]
#75 0.3% Sen. John Kennedy [R-LA]
#75 0.3% Sen. James Lankford [R-OK]
#75 0.3% Sen. Roger Wicker [R-MS]
#75 0.3% Sen. Ron Wyden [D-OR]
#87 0.2% Sen. John Barrasso [R-WY]
#87 0.2% Sen. Robert “Bob” Casey [D-PA]
#87 0.2% Sen. Joni Ernst [R-IA]
#87 0.2% Sen. Charles “Chuck” Schumer [D-NY]
#91 0.0% Sen. Susan Collins [R-ME]
#91 0.0% Sen. Michael Enzi [R-WY]
#91 0.0% Sen. Charles “Chuck” Grassley [R-IA]
#91 0.0% Sen. Angus King [I-ME]
#91 0.0% Sen. Mitch McConnell [R-KY]
#91 0.0% Sen. John “Jack” Reed [D-RI]
#91 0.0% Sen. Tina Smith [D-MN]
#91 0.0% Sen. John Thune [R-SD]
#91 0.0% Sen. Elizabeth Warren [D-MA]
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The Speaker of the House is not included in this statistic because according to current House rules, the Speaker of the House is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings, and the delegates from the five island territories and the District of Columbia are also not included because they were not elligible to vote in any roll call votes.

Additional Notes

The Speaker’s Votes: Missed votes are not computed for the Speaker of the House. According to current House rules, the Speaker of the House is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings.” In practice this means the Speaker of the House rarely votes but is not considered absent.

Leadership/Ideology: The leadership and ideology scores are not displayed for Members of Congress who introduced fewer than 10 bills, or, for ideology, for Members of Congress that have a low leadership score, as there is usually not enough data in these cases to compute reliable leadership and ideology statistics.

Missing Bills: We exclude bills from some statistics where the sponsor’s original intent is not in the final bill because the bill’s text was replaced in whole with unrelated provisions (i.e. it became a vehicle for passage of unrelated provisions).

Ranking Members (RkMembs): The chair of a committee is always selected from the political party that holds the most seats in the chamber, called the “majority party”. The “ranking member” (sometimes “RkMembs”) is the title given to the senior-most member of the committee not in the majority party.

Freshmen/Sophomores: Freshmen and sophomores are Members of Congress whose first term (in the same chamber at the end of the 115th Congress) was the 115th Congress (freshmen) or 114th (sophomores). Members of Congress who took office within the last few months of a Congress are considered freshmen in the next Congress as well.