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2019 Report Cards
House Freshmen / Bills Out of Committee

These special year-end statistics dissect the legislative records of Members of Congress during the 2019 legislative year (Jan 3, 2019-Dec 31, 2019), looking at Members who served at the end of that period. This page was last updated on Jan 18, 2020.

A higher or lower number below doesn’t necessarily make a legislator any better or worse, or more or less effective, than other Members of Congress. We present these statistics for you to understand the quantitative aspects of legislating and make your own judgements based on what legislative activities you think are important.

Keep in mind that there are many important aspects of being a legislator besides what can be measured, such as constituent services and performing oversight of the executive branch, which aren’t reflected here.

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Bills Out of Committee

The number of bills that each legislator introduced in 2019 that got past committee and to the floor for consideration. Most bills and resolutions languish in committee without any action.

House Freshmen
most often
#1 8 Rep. Joseph Morelle [D-NY25]
#2 6 Rep. Elaine Luria [D-VA2]
#3 5 Rep. Andy Kim [D-NJ3]
#3 5 Rep. Joe Neguse [D-CO2]
#3 5 Rep. Mary Scanlon [D-PA5]
#3 5 Rep. Donna Shalala [D-FL27]
#3 5 Rep. Jennifer Wexton [D-VA10]
#8 4 Rep. Max Rose [D-NY11]
#9 3 Rep. Sean Casten [D-IL6]
#9 3 Rep. Angie Craig [D-MN2]
#9 3 Rep. Dan Crenshaw [R-TX2]
#9 3 Rep. Joe Cunningham [D-SC1]
#9 3 Rep. Madeleine Dean [D-PA4]
#9 3 Rep. Antonio Delgado [D-NY19]
#9 3 Rep. Sylvia Garcia [D-TX29]
#9 3 Rep. Jared Golden [D-ME2]
#9 3 Rep. Anthony Gonzalez [R-OH16]
#9 3 Rep. Tom Malinowski [D-NJ7]
#9 3 Rep. Ben McAdams [D-UT4]
#9 3 Rep. Dean Phillips [D-MN3]
#9 3 Rep. Katie Porter [D-CA45]
#9 3 Rep. Ayanna Pressley [D-MA7]
#9 3 Rep. Harley Rouda [D-CA48]
#9 3 Rep. Mikie Sherrill [D-NJ11]
#9 3 Rep. Haley Stevens [D-MI11]
#9 3 Rep. Xochitl Torres Small [D-NM2]
#9 3 Rep. Lauren Underwood [D-IL14]
#28 2 Rep. Cynthia Axne [D-IA3]
#28 2 Rep. Anthony Brindisi [D-NY22]
#28 2 Rep. Gilbert Cisneros [D-CA39]
#28 2 Rep. Sharice Davids [D-KS3]
#28 2 Rep. Abby Finkenauer [D-IA1]
#28 2 Rep. Mark Green [R-TN7]
#28 2 Rep. Mike Levin [D-CA49]
#28 2 Rep. Lucy McBath [D-GA6]
#28 2 Rep. Chris Pappas [D-NH1]
#28 2 Rep. Kim Schrier [D-WA8]
#28 2 Rep. Elissa Slotkin [D-MI8]
#28 2 Rep. Abigail Spanberger [D-VA7]
#28 2 Rep. Greg Stanton [D-AZ9]
#28 2 Rep. Pete Stauber [R-MN8]
#28 2 Rep. Rashida Tlaib [D-MI13]
#28 2 Rep. Lori Trahan [D-MA3]
#28 2 Rep. Ron Wright [R-TX6]
#45 1 Rep. Colin Allred [D-TX32]
#45 1 Rep. Ben Cline [R-VA6]
#45 1 Rep. TJ Cox [D-CA21]
#45 1 Rep. Jason Crow [D-CO6]
#45 1 Rep. Veronica Escobar [D-TX16]
#45 1 Rep. Lizzie Fletcher [D-TX7]
#45 1 Rep. Jesús García [D-IL4]
#45 1 Rep. Michael Guest [R-MS3]
#45 1 Rep. Debra Haaland [D-NM1]
#45 1 Rep. Jim Hagedorn [R-MN1]
#45 1 Rep. Josh Harder [D-CA10]
#45 1 Rep. Kevin Hern [R-OK1]
#45 1 Rep. Dusty Johnson [R-SD0]
#45 1 Rep. John Joyce [R-PA13]
#45 1 Rep. Susie Lee [D-NV3]
#45 1 Rep. Andy Levin [D-MI9]
#45 1 Rep. Carol Miller [R-WV3]
#45 1 Rep. Debbie Mucarsel-Powell [D-FL26]
#45 1 Rep. Guy Reschenthaler [R-PA14]
#45 1 Rep. Denver Riggleman [R-VA5]
#45 1 Rep. Michael San Nicolas [D-GU0]
#45 1 Rep. Bryan Steil [R-WI1]
#45 1 Rep. Van Taylor [R-TX3]
#45 1 Rep. Jefferson Van Drew [R-NJ2]
#45 1 Rep. Michael Waltz [R-FL6]
#70 0 Rep. Kelly Armstrong [R-ND0]
#70 0 Rep. James Baird [R-IN4]
#70 0 Rep. Dan Bishop [R-NC9]
#70 0 Rep. Tim Burchett [R-TN2]
#70 0 Rep. Russ Fulcher [R-ID1]
#70 0 Rep. Lance Gooden [R-TX5]
#70 0 Rep. Jahana Hayes [D-CT5]
#70 0 Rep. Kendra Horn [D-OK5]
#70 0 Rep. Chrissy Houlahan [D-PA6]
#70 0 Rep. Fred Keller [R-PA12]
#70 0 Rep. Daniel Meuser [R-PA9]
#70 0 Rep. Gregory Murphy [R-NC3]
#70 0 Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez [D-NY14]
#70 0 Rep. Ilhan Omar [D-MN5]
#70 0 Rep. Greg Pence [R-IN6]
#70 0 Rep. John Rose [R-TN6]
#70 0 Rep. Chip Roy [R-TX21]
#70 0 Rep. Ross Spano [R-FL15]
#70 0 Rep. Gregory Steube [R-FL17]
#70 0 Rep. William Timmons [R-SC4]
#70 0 Rep. David Trone [D-MD6]
#70 0 Rep. Steven Watkins [R-KS2]
#70 0 Rep. Susan Wild [D-PA7]
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Additional Notes

The Speaker’s Votes: Missed votes are not computed for the Speaker of the House. According to current House rules, the Speaker of the House is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings.” In practice this means the Speaker of the House rarely votes but is not considered absent.

Leadership/Ideology: The leadership and ideology scores are not displayed for Members of Congress who introduced fewer than 10 bills, or, for ideology, for Members of Congress that have a low leadership score, as there is usually not enough data in these cases to compute reliable leadership and ideology statistics.

Missing Bills: We exclude bills from some statistics where the sponsor’s original intent is not in the final bill because the bill’s text was replaced in whole with unrelated provisions (i.e. it became a vehicle for passage of unrelated provisions).

Ranking Members (RkMembs): The chair of a committee is always selected from the political party that holds the most seats in the chamber, called the “majority party”. The “ranking member” (sometimes “RkMembs”) is the title given to the senior-most member of the committee not in the majority party.

Freshmen/Sophomores: Freshmen and sophomores are Members of Congress whose first term (in the same chamber at the end of 2019) was the 116th Congress (freshmen) or 115th (sophomores). Members of Congress who took office within the last few months of a Congress are considered freshmen in the next Congress as well.