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2019 Report Cards
House Freshmen / Missed Votes

These special year-end statistics dissect the legislative records of Members of Congress during the 2019 legislative year (Jan 3, 2019-Dec 31, 2019), looking at Members who served at the end of that period. This page was last updated on Jan 18, 2020.

A higher or lower number below doesn’t necessarily make a legislator any better or worse, or more or less effective, than other Members of Congress. We present these statistics for you to understand the quantitative aspects of legislating and make your own judgements based on what legislative activities you think are important.

Keep in mind that there are many important aspects of being a legislator besides what can be measured, such as constituent services and performing oversight of the executive branch, which aren’t reflected here.

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Missed Votes

The percentage of votes each legislator missed in 2019.

House Freshmen
most absent
#1 52.2% Rep. Michael San Nicolas [D-GU0]
#2 19.8% Rep. Ron Wright [R-TX6]
#3 16.5% Rep. Dan Bishop [R-NC9]
#4 13.4% Rep. Mark Green [R-TN7]
#5 11.0% Rep. William Timmons [R-SC4]
#6 6.1% Rep. John Joyce [R-PA13]
#7 5.7% Rep. Ilhan Omar [D-MN5]
#7 5.7% Rep. Michael Waltz [R-FL6]
#9 4.9% Rep. Jahana Hayes [D-CT5]
#10 4.1% Rep. Fred Keller [R-PA12]
#11 3.7% Rep. Kelly Armstrong [R-ND0]
#12 3.6% Rep. Colin Allred [D-TX32]
#12 3.6% Rep. Daniel Meuser [R-PA9]
#14 3.0% Rep. Guy Reschenthaler [R-PA14]
#14 3.0% Rep. Gregory Steube [R-FL17]
#16 2.9% Rep. Lance Gooden [R-TX5]
#16 2.9% Rep. John Rose [R-TN6]
#18 2.6% Rep. Katie Porter [D-CA45]
#19 2.4% Rep. Cynthia Axne [D-IA3]
#19 2.4% Rep. Jefferson Van Drew [R-NJ2]
#21 2.3% Rep. David Trone [D-MD6]
#22 2.0% Rep. Ayanna Pressley [D-MA7]
#23 1.7% Rep. Tim Burchett [R-TN2]
#23 1.7% Rep. Joe Cunningham [D-SC1, 2019-2020]
#23 1.7% Rep. Michael Guest [R-MS3]
#23 1.7% Rep. Harley Rouda [D-CA48, 2019-2020]
#27 1.6% Rep. Dan Crenshaw [R-TX2]
#28 1.3% Rep. TJ Cox [D-CA21, 2019-2020]
#28 1.3% Rep. Veronica Escobar [D-TX16]
#28 1.3% Rep. Max Rose [D-NY11, 2019-2020]
#28 1.3% Rep. Chip Roy [R-TX21]
#28 1.3% Rep. Susan Wild [D-PA7]
#33 1.1% Rep. Russ Fulcher [R-ID1]
#33 1.1% Rep. Debra Haaland [D-NM1]
#33 1.1% Rep. Josh Harder [D-CA10]
#36 1.0% Rep. Kevin Hern [R-OK1]
#36 1.0% Rep. Rashida Tlaib [D-MI13]
#36 1.0% Rep. Lauren Underwood [D-IL14]
#39 0.9% Rep. Jason Crow [D-CO6]
#39 0.9% Rep. Madeleine Dean [D-PA4]
#39 0.9% Rep. Greg Pence [R-IN6]
#39 0.9% Rep. Mikie Sherrill [D-NJ11]
#39 0.9% Rep. Bryan Steil [R-WI1]
#44 0.7% Rep. James Baird [R-IN4]
#44 0.7% Rep. Carol Miller [R-WV3]
#44 0.7% Rep. Joseph Morelle [D-NY25]
#44 0.7% Rep. Ross Spano [R-FL15, 2019-2020]
#48 0.6% Rep. Gregory Murphy [R-NC3]
#49 0.6% Rep. Lizzie Fletcher [D-TX7]
#49 0.6% Rep. Jim Hagedorn [R-MN1]
#49 0.6% Rep. Denver Riggleman [R-VA5, 2019-2020]
#49 0.6% Rep. Mary Scanlon [D-PA5]
#49 0.6% Rep. Pete Stauber [R-MN8]
#49 0.6% Rep. Van Taylor [R-TX3]
#49 0.6% Rep. Steven Watkins [R-KS2, 2019-2020]
#56 0.4% Rep. Anthony Brindisi [D-NY22, 2019-2020]
#56 0.4% Rep. Jesús “Chuy” García [D-IL4]
#56 0.4% Rep. Dusty Johnson [R-SD0]
#56 0.4% Rep. Susie Lee [D-NV3]
#56 0.4% Rep. Tom Malinowski [D-NJ7]
#56 0.4% Rep. Debbie Mucarsel-Powell [D-FL26, 2019-2020]
#56 0.4% Rep. Greg Stanton [D-AZ9]
#56 0.4% Rep. Xochitl Torres Small [D-NM2, 2019-2020]
#56 0.4% Rep. Lori Trahan [D-MA3]
#65 0.3% Rep. Sean Casten [D-IL6]
#65 0.3% Rep. Sharice Davids [D-KS3]
#65 0.3% Rep. Anthony Gonzalez [R-OH16]
#65 0.3% Rep. Kendra Horn [D-OK5, 2019-2020]
#65 0.3% Rep. Chrissy Houlahan [D-PA6]
#65 0.3% Rep. Andy Levin [D-MI9]
#65 0.3% Rep. Ben McAdams [D-UT4, 2019-2020]
#65 0.3% Rep. Lucy McBath [D-GA6]
#65 0.3% Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez [D-NY14]
#65 0.3% Rep. Donna Shalala [D-FL27, 2019-2020]
#65 0.3% Rep. Abigail Spanberger [D-VA7]
#65 0.3% Rep. Jennifer Wexton [D-VA10]
#77 0.1% Rep. Gilbert Cisneros [D-CA39, 2019-2020]
#77 0.1% Rep. Ben Cline [R-VA6]
#77 0.1% Rep. Abby Finkenauer [D-IA1, 2019-2020]
#77 0.1% Rep. Jared Golden [D-ME2]
#77 0.1% Rep. Elaine Luria [D-VA2]
#77 0.1% Rep. Joe Neguse [D-CO2]
#77 0.1% Rep. Chris Pappas [D-NH1]
#77 0.1% Rep. Kim Schrier [D-WA8]
#77 0.1% Rep. Haley Stevens [D-MI11]
#86 0.0% Rep. Angie Craig [D-MN2]
#86 0.0% Rep. Antonio Delgado [D-NY19]
#86 0.0% Rep. Sylvia Garcia [D-TX29]
#86 0.0% Rep. Andy Kim [D-NJ3]
#86 0.0% Rep. Mike Levin [D-CA49]
#86 0.0% Rep. Dean Phillips [D-MN3]
#86 0.0% Rep. Elissa Slotkin [D-MI8]
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The Speaker of the House is not included in this statistic because according to current House rules, the Speaker of the House is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings, and the delegates from the five island territories and the District of Columbia are also not included because they were not elligible to vote in any roll call votes.

Additional Notes

The Speaker’s Votes: Missed votes are not computed for the Speaker of the House. According to current House rules, the Speaker of the House is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings.” In practice this means the Speaker of the House rarely votes but is not considered absent.

Leadership/Ideology: The leadership and ideology scores are not displayed for Members of Congress who introduced fewer than 10 bills, or, for ideology, for Members of Congress that have a low leadership score, as there is usually not enough data in these cases to compute reliable leadership and ideology statistics.

Missing Bills: We exclude bills from some statistics where the sponsor’s original intent is not in the final bill because the bill’s text was replaced in whole with unrelated provisions (i.e. it became a vehicle for passage of unrelated provisions).

Ranking Members (RkMembs): The chair of a committee is always selected from the political party that holds the most seats in the chamber, called the “majority party”. The “ranking member” (sometimes “RkMembs”) is the title given to the senior-most member of the committee not in the majority party.

Freshmen/Sophomores: Freshmen and sophomores are Members of Congress whose first term (in the same chamber at the end of 2019) was the 116th Congress (freshmen) or 115th (sophomores). Members of Congress who took office within the last few months of a Congress are considered freshmen in the next Congress as well.