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2019 Report Cards
Serving 10+ Years (House) / Missed Votes

These special year-end statistics dissect the legislative records of Members of Congress during the 2019 legislative year (Jan 3, 2019-Dec 31, 2019), looking at Members who served at the end of that period. This page was last updated on Jan 18, 2020.

A higher or lower number below doesn’t necessarily make a legislator any better or worse, or more or less effective, than other Members of Congress. We present these statistics for you to understand the quantitative aspects of legislating and make your own judgements based on what legislative activities you think are important.

Keep in mind that there are many important aspects of being a legislator besides what can be measured, such as constituent services and performing oversight of the executive branch, which aren’t reflected here.

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Missed Votes

The percentage of votes each legislator missed in 2019.

Serving 10+ Years (House)
most absent
#1 29.1% Rep. Alcee Hastings [D-FL20]
#2 28.5% Rep. Gregorio Sablan [D-MP0]
#3 24.4% Rep. Tim Ryan [D-OH13]
#4 14.7% Rep. James Sensenbrenner [R-WI5]
#5 13.4% Rep. José Serrano [D-NY15]
#6 13.1% Rep. James “Jim” Clyburn [D-SC6]
#7 13.1% Rep. Eleanor Norton [D-DC0]
#8 10.0% Rep. Kenny Marchant [R-TX24]
#9 8.7% Rep. Marcia Fudge [D-OH11]
#10 8.6% Rep. Duncan Hunter [R-CA50, 2013-2020]
#11 7.4% Rep. Gregory Meeks [D-NY5]
#12 7.1% Rep. Louie Gohmert [R-TX1]
#13 6.8% Rep. John Carter [R-TX31]
#14 6.7% Rep. Bobby Rush [D-IL1]
#15 6.4% Rep. Frank Lucas [R-OK3]
#16 6.1% Rep. John Shimkus [R-IL15]
#17 5.7% Rep. Rob Bishop [R-UT1]
#17 5.7% Rep. Ed Perlmutter [D-CO7]
#19 5.3% Rep. Kay Granger [R-TX12]
#19 5.3% Rep. Raúl Grijalva [D-AZ3]
#21 5.1% Rep. Kevin Brady [R-TX8]
#22 4.7% Rep. Christopher “Chris” Smith [R-NJ4]
#22 4.7% Rep. Bennie Thompson [D-MS2]
#24 4.1% Rep. Lacy Clay [D-MO1]
#24 4.1% Rep. Rosa DeLauro [D-CT3]
#24 4.1% Rep. Pete Olson [R-TX22]
#24 4.1% Rep. Mike Rogers [R-AL3]
#24 4.1% Rep. Don Young [R-AK0]
#29 4.0% Rep. Michael “Mike” Doyle [D-PA18]
#29 4.0% Rep. Jerry McNerney [D-CA9]
#31 3.9% Rep. Ron Kind [D-WI3]
#32 3.7% Rep. Robert Aderholt [R-AL4]
#32 3.7% Rep. Debbie Wasserman Schultz [D-FL23]
#34 3.6% Rep. Danny Davis [D-IL7]
#34 3.6% Rep. Lloyd Doggett [D-TX35]
#36 3.4% Rep. Gus Bilirakis [R-FL12]
#36 3.4% Rep. Sanford Bishop [D-GA2]
#36 3.4% Rep. Sam Graves [R-MO6]
#36 3.4% Rep. Linda Sánchez [D-CA38]
#40 3.3% Rep. John Lewis [D-GA5]
#40 3.3% Rep. Albio Sires [D-NJ8]
#42 3.1% Rep. Peter DeFazio [D-OR4]
#42 3.1% Rep. Anna Eshoo [D-CA18]
#42 3.1% Rep. Joe Wilson [R-SC2]
#45 3.0% Rep. Doug Lamborn [R-CO5]
#45 3.0% Rep. Mac Thornberry [R-TX13]
#47 2.9% Rep. Emanuel Cleaver [D-MO5]
#47 2.9% Rep. Daniel Lipinski [D-IL3]
#47 2.9% Rep. David Loebsack [D-IA2]
#47 2.9% Rep. Zoe Lofgren [D-CA19]
#51 2.7% Rep. Bill Posey [R-FL8]
#52 2.6% Rep. Mike Quigley [D-IL5]
#52 2.6% Rep. Adam Smith [D-WA9]
#52 2.6% Rep. Jackie Speier [D-CA14]
#52 2.6% Rep. Glenn Thompson [R-PA15]
#52 2.6% Rep. Mike Thompson [D-CA5]
#57 2.4% Rep. Theodore Deutch [D-FL22]
#57 2.4% Rep. Marcy Kaptur [D-OH9]
#57 2.4% Rep. Steve King [R-IA4]
#57 2.4% Rep. Jerrold Nadler [D-NY10]
#57 2.4% Rep. Kurt Schrader [D-OR5]
#57 2.4% Rep. Michael Turner [R-OH10]
#63 2.3% Rep. Nita Lowey [D-NY17]
#63 2.3% Rep. Michael “Mike” Simpson [R-ID2]
#65 2.1% Rep. John Garamendi [D-CA3]
#65 2.1% Rep. Steny Hoyer [D-MD5]
#65 2.1% Rep. Patrick McHenry [R-NC10]
#65 2.1% Rep. Peter Welch [D-VT0]
#69 2.0% Rep. Michael Burgess [R-TX26]
#69 2.0% Rep. Jim Cooper [D-TN5]
#69 2.0% Rep. Sheila Jackson Lee [D-TX18]
#69 2.0% Rep. Gwen Moore [D-WI4]
#69 2.0% Rep. Brad Sherman [D-CA30]
#74 1.9% Rep. George “G.K.” Butterfield [D-NC1]
#74 1.9% Rep. Jim Jordan [R-OH4]
#74 1.9% Rep. Chellie Pingree [D-ME1]
#74 1.9% Rep. David “Phil” Roe [R-TN1]
#74 1.9% Rep. Nydia Velázquez [D-NY7]
#79 1.7% Rep. Vern Buchanan [R-FL16]
#79 1.7% Rep. Jim Costa [D-CA16]
#79 1.7% Rep. Susan Davis [D-CA53]
#79 1.7% Rep. Eddie Johnson [D-TX30]
#79 1.7% Rep. Peter “Pete” King [R-NY2]
#79 1.7% Rep. Kevin McCarthy [R-CA23]
#79 1.7% Rep. Richard Neal [D-MA1]
#79 1.7% Rep. Greg Walden [R-OR2]
#87 1.6% Rep. James Himes [D-CT4]
#88 1.4% Rep. Earl Blumenauer [D-OR3]
#88 1.4% Rep. Steve Cohen [D-TN9]
#88 1.4% Rep. Brian Higgins [D-NY26]
#88 1.4% Rep. Cathy McMorris Rodgers [R-WA5]
#88 1.4% Rep. A. Dutch Ruppersberger [D-MD2]
#88 1.4% Rep. John Yarmuth [D-KY3]
#94 1.1% Rep. Jeff Fortenberry [R-NE1]
#94 1.1% Rep. Bill Foster [D-IL11]
#94 1.1% Rep. John Larson [D-CT1]
#94 1.1% Rep. Barbara Lee [D-CA13]
#94 1.1% Rep. Doris Matsui [D-CA6]
#94 1.1% Rep. Tom McClintock [R-CA4]
#94 1.1% Rep. Bill Pascrell [D-NJ9]
#94 1.1% Rep. Collin Peterson [D-MN7]
#102 1.0% Rep. Gerald Connolly [D-VA11]
#102 1.0% Rep. Mario Diaz-Balart [R-FL25]
#102 1.0% Rep. Eliot Engel [D-NY16]
#102 1.0% Rep. Henry “Hank” Johnson [D-GA4]
#102 1.0% Rep. Blaine Luetkemeyer [R-MO3]
#102 1.0% Rep. James “Jim” McGovern [D-MA2]
#102 1.0% Rep. Lucille Roybal-Allard [D-CA40]
#102 1.0% Rep. Steve Scalise [R-LA1]
#102 1.0% Rep. Janice “Jan” Schakowsky [D-IL9]
#102 1.0% Rep. Fred Upton [R-MI6]
#112 0.9% Rep. André Carson [D-IN7]
#112 0.9% Rep. Stephen Lynch [D-MA8]
#112 0.9% Rep. Devin Nunes [R-CA22]
#112 0.9% Rep. David Price [D-NC4]
#112 0.9% Rep. Harold “Hal” Rogers [R-KY5]
#112 0.9% Rep. Paul Tonko [D-NY20]
#112 0.9% Rep. Peter Visclosky [D-IN1]
#112 0.9% Rep. Tim Walberg [R-MI7]
#112 0.9% Rep. Robert Wittman [R-VA1]
#121 0.7% Rep. Kathy Castor [D-FL14]
#121 0.7% Rep. Michael McCaul [R-TX10]
#121 0.7% Rep. Adrian Smith [R-NE3]
#124 0.6% Rep. Ken Calvert [R-CA42]
#124 0.6% Rep. Yvette Clarke [D-NY9]
#124 0.6% Rep. Al Green [D-TX9]
#124 0.6% Rep. James “Jim” Langevin [D-RI2]
#124 0.6% Rep. Rick Larsen [D-WA2]
#124 0.6% Rep. Ben Luján [D-NM3]
#124 0.6% Rep. David Scott [D-GA13]
#124 0.6% Rep. Maxine Waters [D-CA43]
#132 0.4% Rep. Judy Chu [D-CA27]
#132 0.4% Rep. Tom Cole [R-OK4]
#132 0.4% Rep. Diana DeGette [D-CO1]
#132 0.4% Rep. Tom Graves [R-GA14]
#132 0.4% Rep. John Sarbanes [D-MD3]
#132 0.4% Rep. Adam Schiff [D-CA28]
#132 0.4% Rep. Robert “Bobby” Scott [D-VA3]
#139 0.3% Rep. Joe Courtney [D-CT2]
#139 0.3% Rep. Carolyn Maloney [D-NY12]
#139 0.3% Rep. Grace Napolitano [D-CA32]
#139 0.3% Rep. Frank Pallone [D-NJ6]
#143 0.1% Rep. Michael Conaway [R-TX11]
#143 0.1% Rep. Virginia Foxx [R-NC5]
#143 0.1% Rep. Robert Latta [R-OH5]
#146 0.0% Rep. Steve Chabot [R-OH1]
#146 0.0% Rep. Henry Cuellar [D-TX28]
#146 0.0% Rep. Brett Guthrie [R-KY2]
#146 0.0% Rep. Betty McCollum [D-MN4]
#146 0.0% Rep. Nancy Pelosi [D-CA12]
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The Speaker of the House is not included in this statistic because according to current House rules, the Speaker of the House is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings, and the delegates from the five island territories and the District of Columbia are also not included because they were not elligible to vote in any roll call votes.

Additional Notes

The Speaker’s Votes: Missed votes are not computed for the Speaker of the House. According to current House rules, the Speaker of the House is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings.” In practice this means the Speaker of the House rarely votes but is not considered absent.

Leadership/Ideology: The leadership and ideology scores are not displayed for Members of Congress who introduced fewer than 10 bills, or, for ideology, for Members of Congress that have a low leadership score, as there is usually not enough data in these cases to compute reliable leadership and ideology statistics.

Missing Bills: We exclude bills from some statistics where the sponsor’s original intent is not in the final bill because the bill’s text was replaced in whole with unrelated provisions (i.e. it became a vehicle for passage of unrelated provisions).

Ranking Members (RkMembs): The chair of a committee is always selected from the political party that holds the most seats in the chamber, called the “majority party”. The “ranking member” (sometimes “RkMembs”) is the title given to the senior-most member of the committee not in the majority party.

Freshmen/Sophomores: Freshmen and sophomores are Members of Congress whose first term (in the same chamber at the end of 2019) was the 116th Congress (freshmen) or 115th (sophomores). Members of Congress who took office within the last few months of a Congress are considered freshmen in the next Congress as well.