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2019 Report Cards
House Democrats / Laws Enacted

These special year-end statistics dissect the legislative records of Members of Congress during the 2019 legislative year (Jan 3, 2019-Dec 31, 2019), looking at Members who served at the end of that period. This page was last updated on Jan 18, 2020.

A higher or lower number below doesn’t necessarily make a legislator any better or worse, or more or less effective, than other Members of Congress. We present these statistics for you to understand the quantitative aspects of legislating and make your own judgements based on what legislative activities you think are important.

Keep in mind that there are many important aspects of being a legislator besides what can be measured, such as constituent services and performing oversight of the executive branch, which aren’t reflected here.

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Laws Enacted

The number of bills each legislator introduced that became law in 2019, including via incorporation into other bills. Keep in mind that it takes a law to repeal a law. Very few bills ever become law.

House Democrats
most laws
#1 7 Rep. Nita Lowey [D-NY17]
#2 4 Rep. Anthony Brown [D-MD4]
#2 4 Rep. David Cicilline [D-RI1]
#2 4 Rep. Peter DeFazio [D-OR4]
#2 4 Rep. Elaine Luria [D-VA2]
#6 3 Rep. Danny Davis [D-IL7]
#6 3 Rep. Ron Kind [D-WI3]
#6 3 Rep. Ben Luján [D-NM3]
#6 3 Rep. Joe Neguse [D-CO2]
#6 3 Rep. Frank Pallone [D-NJ6]
#6 3 Rep. Mike Quigley [D-IL5]
#12 2 Rep. Sanford Bishop [D-GA2]
#12 2 Rep. Earl Blumenauer [D-OR3]
#12 2 Rep. Anthony Brindisi [D-NY22]
#12 2 Rep. Tony Cárdenas [D-CA29]
#12 2 Rep. Antonio Delgado [D-NY19]
#12 2 Rep. Jimmy Gomez [D-CA34]
#12 2 Rep. Raúl Grijalva [D-AZ3]
#12 2 Rep. Eddie Johnson [D-TX30]
#12 2 Rep. Derek Kilmer [D-WA6]
#12 2 Rep. James “Jim” Langevin [D-RI2]
#12 2 Rep. John Lewis [D-GA5]
#12 2 Rep. Carolyn Maloney [D-NY12]
#12 2 Rep. Betty McCollum [D-MN4]
#12 2 Rep. Richard Neal [D-MA1]
#12 2 Rep. Bill Pascrell [D-NJ9]
#12 2 Rep. Mark Pocan [D-WI2]
#12 2 Rep. David Price [D-NC4]
#12 2 Rep. Harley Rouda [D-CA48]
#12 2 Rep. Lucille Roybal-Allard [D-CA40]
#12 2 Rep. Gregorio Sablan [D-MP0]
#12 2 Rep. Mikie Sherrill [D-NJ11]
#12 2 Rep. Linda Sánchez [D-CA38]
#12 2 Rep. Lori Trahan [D-MA3]
#12 2 Rep. John Yarmuth [D-KY3]
#36 1 Rep. Alma Adams [D-NC12]
#36 1 Rep. Pete Aguilar [D-CA31]
#36 1 Rep. Donald Beyer [D-VA8]
#36 1 Rep. Lisa Blunt Rochester [D-DE0]
#36 1 Rep. Cheri Bustos [D-IL17]
#36 1 Rep. Kathy Castor [D-FL14]
#36 1 Rep. James “Jim” Clyburn [D-SC6]
#36 1 Rep. Steve Cohen [D-TN9]
#36 1 Rep. Luis Correa [D-CA46]
#36 1 Rep. Joe Courtney [D-CT2]
#36 1 Rep. Joe Cunningham [D-SC1]
#36 1 Rep. Diana DeGette [D-CO1]
#36 1 Rep. Rosa DeLauro [D-CT3]
#36 1 Rep. Mark DeSaulnier [D-CA11]
#36 1 Rep. Suzan DelBene [D-WA1]
#36 1 Rep. Theodore Deutch [D-FL22]
#36 1 Rep. Debbie Dingell [D-MI12]
#36 1 Rep. Michael “Mike” Doyle [D-PA18]
#36 1 Rep. Anna Eshoo [D-CA18]
#36 1 Rep. Abby Finkenauer [D-IA1]
#36 1 Rep. Tulsi Gabbard [D-HI2]
#36 1 Rep. John Garamendi [D-CA3]
#36 1 Rep. Jared Golden [D-ME2]
#36 1 Rep. Denny Heck [D-WA10]
#36 1 Rep. Jared Huffman [D-CA2]
#36 1 Rep. Marcy Kaptur [D-OH9]
#36 1 Rep. Robin Kelly [D-IL2]
#36 1 Rep. Daniel Kildee [D-MI5]
#36 1 Rep. Ann Kirkpatrick [D-AZ2]
#36 1 Rep. Raja Krishnamoorthi [D-IL8]
#36 1 Rep. Ann Kuster [D-NH2]
#36 1 Rep. John Larson [D-CT1]
#36 1 Rep. Susie Lee [D-NV3]
#36 1 Rep. Zoe Lofgren [D-CA19]
#36 1 Rep. Alan Lowenthal [D-CA47]
#36 1 Rep. Stephen Lynch [D-MA8]
#36 1 Rep. Doris Matsui [D-CA6]
#36 1 Rep. Lucy McBath [D-GA6]
#36 1 Rep. Donald McEachin [D-VA4]
#36 1 Rep. Joseph Morelle [D-NY25]
#36 1 Rep. Stephanie Murphy [D-FL7]
#36 1 Rep. Jerrold Nadler [D-NY10]
#36 1 Rep. Eleanor Norton [D-DC0]
#36 1 Rep. Tom O’Halleran [D-AZ1]
#36 1 Rep. Chris Pappas [D-NH1]
#36 1 Rep. Scott Peters [D-CA52]
#36 1 Rep. Max Rose [D-NY11]
#36 1 Rep. Raul Ruiz [D-CA36]
#36 1 Rep. A. Dutch Ruppersberger [D-MD2]
#36 1 Rep. Tim Ryan [D-OH13]
#36 1 Rep. Adam Schiff [D-CA28]
#36 1 Rep. Kurt Schrader [D-OR5]
#36 1 Rep. José Serrano [D-NY15]
#36 1 Rep. Terri Sewell [D-AL7]
#36 1 Rep. Darren Soto [D-FL9]
#36 1 Rep. Greg Stanton [D-AZ9]
#36 1 Rep. Haley Stevens [D-MI11]
#36 1 Rep. Mark Takano [D-CA41]
#36 1 Rep. Bennie Thompson [D-MS2]
#36 1 Rep. Mike Thompson [D-CA5]
#36 1 Rep. Dina Titus [D-NV1]
#36 1 Rep. Xochitl Torres Small [D-NM2]
#36 1 Rep. Peter Visclosky [D-IN1]
#36 1 Rep. Debbie Wasserman Schultz [D-FL23]
#36 1 Rep. Maxine Waters [D-CA43]
#36 1 Rep. Peter Welch [D-VT0]
#102 0 Rep. Colin Allred [D-TX32]
#102 0 Rep. Cynthia Axne [D-IA3]
#102 0 Rep. Nanette Barragán [D-CA44]
#102 0 Rep. Karen Bass [D-CA37]
#102 0 Rep. Joyce Beatty [D-OH3]
#102 0 Rep. Ami Bera [D-CA7]
#102 0 Rep. Suzanne Bonamici [D-OR1]
#102 0 Rep. Brendan Boyle [D-PA2]
#102 0 Rep. Julia Brownley [D-CA26]
#102 0 Rep. George “G.K.” Butterfield [D-NC1]
#102 0 Rep. Salud Carbajal [D-CA24]
#102 0 Rep. André Carson [D-IN7]
#102 0 Rep. Matthew Cartwright [D-PA8]
#102 0 Rep. Ed Case [D-HI1]
#102 0 Rep. Sean Casten [D-IL6]
#102 0 Rep. Joaquin Castro [D-TX20]
#102 0 Rep. Judy Chu [D-CA27]
#102 0 Rep. Gilbert Cisneros [D-CA39]
#102 0 Rep. Katherine Clark [D-MA5]
#102 0 Rep. Yvette Clarke [D-NY9]
#102 0 Rep. Lacy Clay [D-MO1]
#102 0 Rep. Emanuel Cleaver [D-MO5]
#102 0 Rep. Gerald Connolly [D-VA11]
#102 0 Rep. Jim Cooper [D-TN5]
#102 0 Rep. Jim Costa [D-CA16]
#102 0 Rep. TJ Cox [D-CA21]
#102 0 Rep. Angie Craig [D-MN2]
#102 0 Rep. Charlie Crist [D-FL13]
#102 0 Rep. Jason Crow [D-CO6]
#102 0 Rep. Henry Cuellar [D-TX28]
#102 0 Rep. Sharice Davids [D-KS3]
#102 0 Rep. Susan Davis [D-CA53]
#102 0 Rep. Madeleine Dean [D-PA4]
#102 0 Rep. Val Demings [D-FL10]
#102 0 Rep. Lloyd Doggett [D-TX35]
#102 0 Rep. Eliot Engel [D-NY16]
#102 0 Rep. Veronica Escobar [D-TX16]
#102 0 Rep. Adriano Espaillat [D-NY13]
#102 0 Rep. Dwight Evans [D-PA3]
#102 0 Rep. Lizzie Fletcher [D-TX7]
#102 0 Rep. Bill Foster [D-IL11]
#102 0 Rep. Lois Frankel [D-FL21]
#102 0 Rep. Marcia Fudge [D-OH11]
#102 0 Rep. Ruben Gallego [D-AZ7]
#102 0 Rep. Sylvia Garcia [D-TX29]
#102 0 Rep. Jesús García [D-IL4]
#102 0 Rep. Vicente Gonzalez [D-TX15]
#102 0 Rep. Josh Gottheimer [D-NJ5]
#102 0 Rep. Al Green [D-TX9]
#102 0 Rep. Debra Haaland [D-NM1]
#102 0 Rep. Josh Harder [D-CA10]
#102 0 Rep. Alcee Hastings [D-FL20]
#102 0 Rep. Jahana Hayes [D-CT5]
#102 0 Rep. Brian Higgins [D-NY26]
#102 0 Rep. James Himes [D-CT4]
#102 0 Rep. Kendra Horn [D-OK5]
#102 0 Rep. Steven Horsford [D-NV4]
#102 0 Rep. Chrissy Houlahan [D-PA6]
#102 0 Rep. Steny Hoyer [D-MD5]
#102 0 Rep. Sheila Jackson Lee [D-TX18]
#102 0 Rep. Pramila Jayapal [D-WA7]
#102 0 Rep. Hakeem Jeffries [D-NY8]
#102 0 Rep. Henry “Hank” Johnson [D-GA4]
#102 0 Rep. William Keating [D-MA9]
#102 0 Rep. Joseph Kennedy [D-MA4]
#102 0 Rep. Ro Khanna [D-CA17]
#102 0 Rep. Andy Kim [D-NJ3]
#102 0 Rep. Conor Lamb [D-PA17]
#102 0 Rep. Rick Larsen [D-WA2]
#102 0 Rep. Brenda Lawrence [D-MI14]
#102 0 Rep. Al Lawson [D-FL5]
#102 0 Rep. Barbara Lee [D-CA13]
#102 0 Rep. Andy Levin [D-MI9]
#102 0 Rep. Mike Levin [D-CA49]
#102 0 Rep. Ted Lieu [D-CA33]
#102 0 Rep. Daniel Lipinski [D-IL3]
#102 0 Rep. David Loebsack [D-IA2]
#102 0 Rep. Tom Malinowski [D-NJ7]
#102 0 Rep. Sean Maloney [D-NY18]
#102 0 Rep. Ben McAdams [D-UT4]
#102 0 Rep. James “Jim” McGovern [D-MA2]
#102 0 Rep. Jerry McNerney [D-CA9]
#102 0 Rep. Gregory Meeks [D-NY5]
#102 0 Rep. Grace Meng [D-NY6]
#102 0 Rep. Gwen Moore [D-WI4]
#102 0 Rep. Seth Moulton [D-MA6]
#102 0 Rep. Debbie Mucarsel-Powell [D-FL26]
#102 0 Rep. Grace Napolitano [D-CA32]
#102 0 Rep. Donald Norcross [D-NJ1]
#102 0 Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez [D-NY14]
#102 0 Rep. Ilhan Omar [D-MN5]
#102 0 Rep. Jimmy Panetta [D-CA20]
#102 0 Rep. Donald Payne [D-NJ10]
#102 0 Rep. Nancy Pelosi [D-CA12]
#102 0 Rep. Ed Perlmutter [D-CO7]
#102 0 Rep. Collin Peterson [D-MN7]
#102 0 Rep. Dean Phillips [D-MN3]
#102 0 Rep. Chellie Pingree [D-ME1]
#102 0 Rep. Stacey Plaskett [D-VI0]
#102 0 Rep. Katie Porter [D-CA45]
#102 0 Rep. Ayanna Pressley [D-MA7]
#102 0 Rep. Jamie Raskin [D-MD8]
#102 0 Rep. Kathleen Rice [D-NY4]
#102 0 Rep. Cedric Richmond [D-LA2]
#102 0 Rep. Bobby Rush [D-IL1]
#102 0 Rep. Michael San Nicolas [D-GU0]
#102 0 Rep. John Sarbanes [D-MD3]
#102 0 Rep. Mary Scanlon [D-PA5]
#102 0 Rep. Janice “Jan” Schakowsky [D-IL9]
#102 0 Rep. Bradley Schneider [D-IL10]
#102 0 Rep. Kim Schrier [D-WA8]
#102 0 Rep. David Scott [D-GA13]
#102 0 Rep. Robert “Bobby” Scott [D-VA3]
#102 0 Rep. Donna Shalala [D-FL27]
#102 0 Rep. Brad Sherman [D-CA30]
#102 0 Rep. Albio Sires [D-NJ8]
#102 0 Rep. Elissa Slotkin [D-MI8]
#102 0 Rep. Adam Smith [D-WA9]
#102 0 Rep. Abigail Spanberger [D-VA7]
#102 0 Rep. Jackie Speier [D-CA14]
#102 0 Rep. Thomas Suozzi [D-NY3]
#102 0 Rep. Eric Swalwell [D-CA15]
#102 0 Rep. Rashida Tlaib [D-MI13]
#102 0 Rep. Paul Tonko [D-NY20]
#102 0 Rep. Norma Torres [D-CA35]
#102 0 Rep. David Trone [D-MD6]
#102 0 Rep. Lauren Underwood [D-IL14]
#102 0 Rep. Juan Vargas [D-CA51]
#102 0 Rep. Marc Veasey [D-TX33]
#102 0 Rep. Filemon Vela [D-TX34]
#102 0 Rep. Nydia Velázquez [D-NY7]
#102 0 Rep. Bonnie Watson Coleman [D-NJ12]
#102 0 Rep. Jennifer Wexton [D-VA10]
#102 0 Rep. Susan Wild [D-PA7]
#102 0 Rep. Frederica Wilson [D-FL24]
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The legislator must be the primary sponsor of the bill or joint resolution that was enacted or the primary sponsor of a bill or joint resolution for which at least about one third of its text was incorporated into another bill or joint resolution that was enacted as law, as determined by an automated analysis. While a legislator may lay claim to authoring other bills that became law, these cases are difficult for us to track quantitatively. We also exclude bills where the sponsor’s original intent is not in the final bill.

Additional Notes

The Speaker’s Votes: Missed votes are not computed for the Speaker of the House. According to current House rules, the Speaker of the House is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings.” In practice this means the Speaker of the House rarely votes but is not considered absent.

Leadership/Ideology: The leadership and ideology scores are not displayed for Members of Congress who introduced fewer than 10 bills, or, for ideology, for Members of Congress that have a low leadership score, as there is usually not enough data in these cases to compute reliable leadership and ideology statistics.

Missing Bills: We exclude bills from some statistics where the sponsor’s original intent is not in the final bill because the bill’s text was replaced in whole with unrelated provisions (i.e. it became a vehicle for passage of unrelated provisions).

Ranking Members (RkMembs): The chair of a committee is always selected from the political party that holds the most seats in the chamber, called the “majority party”. The “ranking member” (sometimes “RkMembs”) is the title given to the senior-most member of the committee not in the majority party.

Freshmen/Sophomores: Freshmen and sophomores are Members of Congress whose first term (in the same chamber at the end of 2019) was the 116th Congress (freshmen) or 115th (sophomores). Members of Congress who took office within the last few months of a Congress are considered freshmen in the next Congress as well.